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Harry Truman Harry Truman  
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Archival film footage on Harry Truman from Footage Farm

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Know Your Enemy - Japan (1945) R1 of 6

Reviews Japanese history, & philosophical and religious concepts. Notice that this film does not concern Japanese-Americans. Narrated by Walter Huston.

Timber against heavy gong or bell. Newspaper headline & picture re Japanese executing American w/ sword; samurai sword & quote. Theater production & General w/ sword cutting bundles of straw. Ext. firing historic guns, street performers balancing ??, marching.

01:32:27 POV thru city; moving past telephone switchboard operators; outdoor festival traditional dance & costumes, subway, train & crowds. Martial arts w/ pole.

01:32:56 Montage: Railroad, windmill, pump, printer, typewriter, man on irrigation treadmill in rice field, traffic, street scene, ethnic festival, trolley, women & men parade in street.

01:33:44 VO We shall never completely understand the Japanese mind. But then, they don t understand either... Festival shots continue... Men carry floats, dead on beach. Large man on street, girls walking in western dress, in kimonos, shopping, old men, gong.

01:34:26 Japanese troops marchng in China, bathing, smoking.

01:34:46 Troops receive pay. Put on packs, march in China. Drilling. Cross river; Japanese advance carry artillery. Filling meal box, eating rice in field, laughing.

01:35:36 CU soldiers at attention; stern looks, advancing. CU Artillery cannon fires. Pan over crouched soldiers. Order to charge, CUs, running across fields, ladder on wall. Cheering, Banzai in front of Chinese (?) temple. Troops at attention. Dead bodies; troops w/ battle flag; troops advance behind tank; battle scenes.

01:36:58 Emperor Hirohito on white horse leading mounted generals. Crowd bowing. CU Hirohito saluting.

01:37:19 Map diagram of world w/ Truman, Churchill, Stalin, Pope, Archbishop of Canterbury & head of Russian Orthodox Church pictures, dissolve into cross. Hirohito picture in center of flag - illustration. 01:37:55 Hirohito reviewing troops; in royal coach thru streets.

01:38:08 Railroad passenger train runby along coast w/ Mt. Fuji beyond. Motorcade, Emperor out of car, into government building. People bow outside palace wall.

01:38:43 On Time Magazine cover. Soldiers at attention. Hirohito on horseback. Captured & dead in China.

Racist WWII Propaganda; Anti-Japan; Violence; Oddities; Gods; Religion; Ethnic Culture; Military; Militarism;

Pre-WWII;

[Clay, Lucius receiving Medal; Speaking to House of Representatives]

Truman w/ General Lucius Clay outside White House, crowd behind including Dean Acheson & others. Truman: This is a citation for Distinguished Service Medal, 2nd Oak Leaf Cluster... Truman reads entire citation re Clay s service in Germany during framing of Constitution of Germany. Applause. Truman pins on Medal. Shaking of hands and small talk by Sec. of Defense & Senator.

18:02:50 Truman: This is something I enjoy immensely... re handing out honors & medals. Talks of how he s handed out more medals than anyone else.

18:03:45 Clay: ...to a soldier there can come no higher honor than receiving a declaration for service from his Commander In Chief, The President of the United States... Cameramen, posing. Pinning again for photographers. Kisses wife & wipes off lipstick.

18:05:30 Clay in front of House of Representatives, introduced by Speaker of House Sam Rayburn. Speaks without notes on behalf of all American military personnel, especially those who flew the Berlin Airlift. ...we tried for four years to make the four part government work...we failed. Incomplete.

Cold War Speech; Anti-USSR;

[Potsdam Conference, w/ Churchill]

Cars parked w/ British, Soviet & USA flags visible.

11:47:01 Int. Stalin enters w/ Molotov & other Russians; shakes hands w/ President Truman. Seated at table & pan around w/ various delegates visible

11:47:29 Airfield & planes. POV down tree-lined country street.

11:47:42 Two Soviet soldiers to attention, USA motorcade pulls in.

11:47:58 Black

11:48:41: Truman, Stalin & others walking L. to R. to wicker chairs, cameramen, Churchill arrives & stand & talk.

11:49:04 Newsreel & still cameramen setting up. Big 3 leaders seated. CU Stalin. CU Truman.

11:49:26 Int. group standing w/ Attlee, Truman & Stalin and others. Flash & still.

WWII Conference - Potsdam; Post-WWII;

KOREA K12 - Ex North Korean Film - FATHERLAND LIBERATION WAR Pt. 2 of 10

Military & civilian observers looking over valley. Camouflaged soldiers pointing; artillery firing (sync sd.) Soldiers moving up & coming down hillside. View of forested mountains. North Korean officers on hillside w/ officer talking to men.

06:10:58 Rhee off plane greeted by MacArthur; reporters. MacArthur & Rhee leaving Dai Chi.

06:11:36 MacArthur greeting ??; Gen. Omar Bradley present. Many photographers.

06:11:49 Army parade of US troops in Japan reviewed by Mac & Bradley. Largely ceremonial occupation duty.

06:12:13 Wipe, back to Jap army of occupation. Mass parading by soldiers & sailors, reviewed by Emperor Hirohito (?) in army uniform.

06:12:36 CU MacArthur saluting. Mass tanks & large guns etc on parade in Japan (?).

06:12:46 Plane: Northwest, John Foster Dulles & ?? off; cars arrive at US Army Base.

06:13:21 Dulles up to 38th parallel w/ large number of people; looking across - When ? looks like 1950 letter in June 1950. :pplomg at ,a[/

06:14:14 Dulles w/ Rhee dining on balcony, shaking hands w/ other Koreans.

06:14:33 Pan across large airfield w/ mothballed planes; taking off protective covering. Carrier & planes w/ pilots. Briefing room & pilots & crew.

06:15:03 South Korean (?) Army moves up. City street scenes; Korean girls & families walking. Kindergarten scenes.

06:15:40 Artillery attack, title 1950,6,25. Firing artillery. explosions on hillside. Mass up hill.

06:16:18 Artillery & more firing; moving up hillside on foot w/ rifles. Crossing 38th parallel marker. Map.

06:17:03 Truman in MCU. UN flags, UN Security Council meeting & CU US Draft Resolution. UN meeting (MOS) w/ Warren Austin gesturing.

06:17:50 MacArthur. Air crew in Japan & B-29 bomber take off, bombing; burning city. North Korean (?) General speaking flanked by other bemedaled military officers.

06:19:06 Still of Kim Il Sung behind microphone.

06:19:39 T-34 tanks lead North Koreans forward sequence; North Koreans advance. Camouflaged vehicles thru nearly empty streets of city.

Korean War; Propaganda; Military History;

KOREA K12 - EX North Korean Film - FATHERLAND LIBERATION WAR Pt. 4 of 10 Task force Smith

US soldiers at foot of hill, move up & on ground w/ rifles at top firing. North Koreans watch; w/ map. Maxim replies US soldiers run for cover (various shots). Best task force sequence seen. (GOOD).

Dead & captured US prisoners of war (POWS), CUs, surrounded by North Korean officers. Naval battle. 06:30:42 Stagey advance after tanks by North Koreans. 1950-7-7 UN Security Council w/ empty USSR chair. Demonstrator evicted. Warren Austin gesturing. Truman at podium addressing Reserve Officers. Draftees. MacArthur w/ flags of US, UN & military.

06:31:56 Soldiers march w/ flags, Pennsylvania Ave, Washington, DC. Troops into NYC Penn Station (?).

06:32:16 Rockets loaded under planes, line of planes. Mass of planes on aircraft carrier deck, wings folded. British (?) politicians. Sailors march onto carrier, bombs or shells brought up by British sailors. Troops HMS Theseus ??? & Greek or Turkish troops?? Various cavalry & marching.

06:33:32 Mass tanks on parade; troops on small railroad platform: Task Force Smith. Similar crowd of GIs on train in B/G. Ship decks crammed & soldiers down ramps etc at Pusan build up. Tanks on train. CU US & Korean officers. Tank up at speed US M-46 then Sherman Tank followed by columns US troops. Jeeps, trucks & troops, artillery. Americans moving up. GOOD

06:35:00 Naval sequence. Navy ships anchored, firing, jet planes off carrier, mass wings in flight. Bombing.

Destruction on the ground, burning buildings & smoke.

06:35:51 Camouflaged North Korean truck in city. Kim Il Sung photo in paper

06:36:16 T34 tanks & infantry forward & across stream. HA North Korean mass columns advance up valley.

US soldiers running after tanks; jeeps fording river. GI looks at watch; US blowing bridge; still of destruction.

06:37:07 Machine guns firing; artillery sequence; planes bombing run over river.

06:37:33 Two shots of North Koreans at river, crossing under fire. Some stagey. T34 into water. Planes diving. North Koreans in small boats down river; infantry fording.

Korean War; Military History; Propaganda;

Air Force Now - Birth and History of the Air Force Pt. 1 of 2

Fast Montage USAF from pre WWII early flight to Vietnam; to NASA Space Program, rockets launched. Incl. NY Times Headline: Senators Oppose the League of Nations.

02:22:15 18Sept47 Truman signs document creating separate Air Force. Still of first Air Force Chief of Staff Carl Spaatz. Interview in 1970s.

02:22:51 Jun82 Maxwell AFB gathering for Walk Through History (re military aviation)

02:23:38 WWI Sopwith Camel fighter planes on ground. WWI planes out of hangar and takeoff. Squadron in flight. 1982 interview w/ pilot, Col. George Vaughn, Jr. (SOF) re Sopwith Camel.

02:24:19 Various military planes, 1920s, 1930s.

02:24:40 1941 Pearl Harbor, US pilots, explosions.

02:24:55 WWII Color footage 305th Bomb Group arrive Scotland. ca 1980 interview w/ Commander Curtis E. Lemay re poor accuracy.

02:25:24 Bombing mission (B/W), variety of shots. CU propellers. In flight, bombs dropped, firefighters putting out fire.

02:26:19 Pacific fighter operations. John Mitchell describes ambush attack on Commander in Chief Japanese Navy Isoroku Yamamoto (who suggested attack on Pearl Harbor). P-38s modified by ground crew, taking off. Japanese Air Force pilots. Mitchell SOF talking. Footage of 18Apr43 ambush by P-38s & attacking Jap Zeros.

02:27:55 1945, Col. Paul Tibbets re dropping atomic bomb on Hiroshima .

02:28:23 1980s interview. Actual explosion is probably NOT Hiroshima, but Nagasaki mushroom cloud. CU Enola Gay. 1945, Tibbets & others by Enola Gay B-29. B-29 bomb hatch opening seen from inside, then below & bomb dropped (not atomic). B-29, NOT Enola Gay, in flight. Tibbets interview. Hiroshima atomic blast.

02:29:46 14Oct47 (?) Chuck Yeager lands plane. Test pilot Frank Everest speaking (SOF) re speed of sound & Yeager. Yeager SOF talking about X-1 plane (breaking altitude record) dropping from B-29. Boarding X-1, view dropping, LS.

Military Aviation History;

[Misc. USSR-Related Newsreel Scenes]

Very choppy compilation - often very brief shots & intermittent music / narration.

Newsreel title Russia Displays Her Might And Skill In The Air . Planes formation over Moscow, paratroops out, air to air shots inc. paratroops sliding off wing of plane. Military parade in Red Square, Stalin reviewing soldiers & sailors marching. Civilians parade past w/ cutaways to Stalin waving back; Molotov.

11:56:38 Pedestrians through melting snow in street past church & US Embassy. People onto streetcar.

11:57:28 Nighttime celebrations in Red Square, fireworks behind silhouette of St. Basil s Cathedral - searchlights along river - neon.

11:57:38 Stalin seated w/ Roosevelt & Churchill - Yalta Conference [?]. Truman at Potsdam w/ Attlee. Woman past boarded-up church. Molotov at opera. Female refugees [?] along country road.

11:58:14 NYC labor demonstration thru streets w/ placards - Force the Shipowners to Reach Agreement . USSR Moscow woman selling New Times newspapers from booth w/ portrait of Stalin.

11:58:44 Bukharin at desk 1920s? Party meeting? Brief shot London policemen arresting rioter?? Street rioting in Germany (?) USSR; mourning bodies in graveyard. Troops from Asian USSR? Heavy snow at truck depot.

11:59:42 Shots from Churchill Defeated! story? - top shot Churchill into Potsdam conference room w/ Stalin & Truman, shakes hands w/ Molotov. Back to Red Square & mausoleum.

Pre-WWII / Postwar Russia / USSR. Street Scenes. Communism. Communists;

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Obit

White House with people standing looking, sorrowful. Truman taking office from Harlan Fiske Stone; kisses bible.

03:27:34 Early footage of FDR before polio - walking - shaking hands, with Eleanor. Sailing with pipe. Sitting in yard with Eleanor & kids. Swimming with kids in Georgia. By car tipping hat; with family as Governor & at 1932 convention. Taking oath. Photos year by year. With Churchill in Aug41 off Newfoundland at Atlantic Charter. Signing declaration of war on 11 Dec41. In North Africa reviewing troops. Cairo & Tehran conferences. President with Chiang Kai-Shek and Churchill in Cairo - In Tehran with Churchill and Stalin. Guests at 1944 inaugural looking tired as he waves to crowds. Yalta with Stalin and Churchill - report to Congress his last public appearance. Roosevelt speaking re his hopes for peace in the World for his children and grandchildren.

Various - Russia Related - various places and dates

Various buildings in Moscow - Guard marching outside Kremlin walls. Church. Old woman paper seller - large poster of Stalin on kiosk - selling papers with headlines New Times in English and French. Red Square. Whiz pan early march / parade in Red Square. Informal shots young Stalin walking in Red Square with Molotov and others - good shots.

02:10:00 Gramophone - various shots different races of Russian listening.

02:10:20 Cossacks ? training with rifles.

02:10:37 Industry - smoking chimneys - Lenin statue - opening of Hydro Electric Dam attended by Kalinin?

02:11:07 Top shot and ground shots military parade in Red Square. Stalin on podium in fur hat (1941?) Top shot May Day parade

02:11:39 WWII Night shots artillery barrage - house explodes after being hit. Bodies. Russian soldier tears down Nazi sign. Russian refugees / DPs - food handed out.

02:12:23 Docks - small tanks off loaded. Chassis and body parts of lorries off loaded. Completed military trucks.

02:12:48 Yalta - Posed shot Churchill, FDR and Stalin.

02:13:07 Military parade Red Square - post war. Stalin on podium.

02:13:22 Potsdam. Atlee, Truman and Stalin pose.

02:13:40 Old woman in newspaper kiosk. Whiz pan - Refugees leaving Russia ?? Liner leaving harbour

02:14:21 Pro-Communist demonstrations Germany? Whiz pan Violent demonstrations and riots ? where? Hungarian revolution - bodies. Woman being pulled in two directions - border?

02:15:48 Re-construction? riot where young boy is hit over head - blood on pavement - where? whiz pan

02:16:12 Demonstration in London - policemen arresting students Whiz Pan

02:16:25 French railway station La Chapelle Interieure. - Strike ?

02:16:38 Montgomery in Russia. Interior Kremlin Stalin seated with Churchill and Harriman. Evening reception - Molotov and wife - VIPs arrive for Bolshoi ballet ? VIPs in box watching performance.

World Mourns Nehru - obituary

LS Taj Mahal

Jawaharlal Nerhu with ??. Giving speech to huge crowd (no sound). Last pictures taken one month before death with Sheik Abdullah re Kashmir dispute.

CU younger Nehru. Walking with group. Mohandas Gandhi talking to small crowd. Gandhi lying in bed, Nehru sitting in room.

Nehru with Mountbatten.

Parade for Indian independence August 1947, vast crowds. Nehru gives speech.

Nehru out of plane with wife for first visit to United States in 1949, with Truman. Motorcade through New York, Nehru standing in open topped car waving. Shakes hands Truman.

1960: With Eisenhower during his visit to India, shake hands.

Nehru in Washington with President Kennedy walking in White House grounds.

Crowd outside Nehru s gates and residence to pay tribute. Indian flag. Nehru corpse guarded, wreath brought in.

[Logan Faces Life]

Aerial of Detroit, General Motors & Fisher Buildings. Harry Truman in crowd. Lady Godiva on horse being led thru town by nun; spectators at parade. Men in courtroom. Workers talking and eating. Aerial of Detroit. Man (Logan) seated at desk. Reverse action of crushing car.

News Paragraphs - Invents Life-saving bumper ! Accident proof device expected to lessen fatalities by 75 per cent (1930)

London, England

Unid. man with model car showing bumpers. Bus or truck doing road test with dummy, approaches body in road, bumper rolls dummy instead over running over. Man throws himself in front of truck, bumper rolls him down road. Men pick man up and all have cigarette.

Inventions, stunts, road safety.

14:13:04 V02 #104 S1-9 16mm MPSA 24fps Si. 24Dec30 Havana, Cuba horse race; Life-saving bumper invented; Actor-cockatoos; USSR first junior Soviet; R-101 blimp crashes in France; 8-story jump to fire net; Gandhi on way to prison; Coste & Bellonte in NYC after flight to US; Italy has worst earthquake.|

14:19:42 V23 #343 S1,2A-C,3-4 16mm MPSA 24fps Si. 13Apr50 Truman welcomes Pres of Chile; Chief Justice Vinson swears in Frank C. Pace, Jr as new Sec. of Army; Franco's daughter married in Spain; Boeing demonstrates small gas-turbine engine for trucks; Summer fashions worn by US college students in Bermuda; Mother throws knives at daughters.|

14:26:43 V23 #366 S1,2A-F,lcl. 16mm MPS 24fps Si. 03Jul50 Tanks in desert maneuvers; Launch rocket as salute to July Fourth; Mining and blasting in Chile; Franco and parade in Bilbao, Spain; Charity party for polio children w/ Mary Martin, Jane Pickens, Jinx Falkenburg and Mrs. O Dwyer; Italian San Paulino festival in Brooklyn; Fire resistant paint tested; Chicago s Fair w/ atomic energy displays.|

14:33:19 V22 #238 S1-3A-C,4A-C 16mm MPS/mag Sd. 11Apr49 Failed rescue, girl found death in well; Corinth Canal opened w/ queen and King; James MacDonald, first US ambassador to Israel; Spanish victory parade on 10 anniversary of Civil War, w/ Franco (Sd); Ike meets with chiefs of staff of the army; Baby swimmers; All terrain motorcycle race in France; Navy children boxing.|

14:40:53 V22 #255 S1A-4 16MPS/mag Sd. 09Jun49 Riots in Tokyo, Japan; Tribute to Franco in Madrid as he opens the third assembly w/ Esteban Bilbao, Spain (Spanish Narration); Third anniversary of the Italian republic; Premiere of Illegal Entry in Washington; West Point graduation; Sammy Mason shows stunt plane flying; Summer ski jumps.

14:48:03 V22 #287 S1-4 16mm MPS/mag Sd. 29Sep49 Navy Power; Psychologists & Illusion; US fleet visits Galicia, Spain & Bullfight w/ Franco and Mrs (Spanish Narration); George Murphy & movie industry pledge faith in Democracy; Yoga Stunts; Rodeo in Madison Square Garden; Gov. Duff statement on Pennsylvania Week.

End: 14:56:15|

The Story of Television [Part 1 of 2]

Buildings/monuments from Sphinx to modern NYC. Television aerials on roof. Woman looks through binoculars. Observatory. Pan up skyscraper. Dr Vladimir Zvorkin & David Sarnoff of RCA. Animated diagram on how TV works, cross-section television camera, transmitting, receiving in home. Empire State Buildingg antenna & early transmitter run by NBC & RCA / outside broadcast. Street scenes in 1937 w/ mobile vans. Setting up camera; 1939 New York World's Fair. RCA exhibit building w/ Sarnoff before camera in still. FDR officially opening World of Tomorrow & King & Queen of England shown. First Baseball game televised Aug39; 1st Convention televised in 1940 for both Democrats & Republican. Stage set televised. WWII headlines; TV in war with research scientists working on war projects: radar, sonar, sniperscope. End of war & celebration in Times Square. Picture tube manufacturing. NBC Studios & control room shooting music show. Truman sworn in 1949 & 16 city network shown. Manufacturing & shipping sets. Installation of antennas. Tower.

Home Entertainment - History. Communications; Media;

Title: Germany Gives Up.

Truman at desk speaks announcing German surrender.

Crowds in streets cheering; Wall street & ticker-tape. Packed Times Square & people waving flags.

13:12:14 Heavy devastation in Europe. Bodies; German prisoners.

13:12:40 Hitler & marching Nazis in various situations. Goose-stepping. Siegfried Line tank traps. Hitler with Mussolini and Goering at treaty signing. Hitler & troops into Austria?? Anschluss.

Hitler speaking to huge crowd. Hitler at planning meeting in railway carriage.

13:13:51 POV along road of ruined equipment. Germans into Poland. Field of Polish prisoners. Women queue for food.

13:14:08 Hitler and Goering at military march past - goose-step. Map

13:14:23 Dunkirk, building burning, classic shot Dunkirk landings.

13:14:36 Hitler at French surrender in railway carriage at Compiegne.

German bombers. Blitz, London in flames, classic shot with crucifix.

13:15:01 Roosevelt signing lease lend bill. Lend-lease act. England & freight trains of supplies.

Headlines, Japan at War with US.

13:15:28 Blacks moving boxes from ships. Planes & supplies for D-Day. D-Day montage & beachhead; Dead German by roadside.

13:16:00 Tanks into Paris; crowds & aerials over Arc de Triomphe. Heavy bombing raids, strafing airfield & RR w/ explosions. Artillery firing Film damage at 13:16:28 Narrations runs out of synch from here on.

13:16:56 GIs crossing Rhine. Dead in concentration camps. Germans running to surrender; young boy crying. Swastika burning.

Picture ends 13:17:55 Sound runs to 13:18:30

Celebrations; VE day; WWII compilation. Europe.

[George Marshall & President Truman in White House Beside World Globe]

Standing beside large globe, many still photographers taking flash pictures. Truman slowly turns globe as they look at it. CUs. LS from behind cameramen.

16:08:09 Ext. as Marshall leaves, stops & poses for cameramen. Into car (light struck).

Secretary of State Apppointment (?);

The Congress (194? March of Time Forum Edition

04:52:3? Library of Congress display of The Constitution. Capitol w/ people on stairs, statues in hall.

04:54:0? Upper gallery and visitors, House floor. Sam Raeburn on podium. Speaker s room, conferences of various people. Robert Taft with papers into elevator, on subway between buildings. Senate Office Building board. Sen. McMahon.

04:56:40 Ext. of House of Represenatives. Christian A. Herter talking w/ two men in office.

04:57:04 Signs on doors: Claims; Finance Committee; Agriculture And Forestry; US Banking &Currency Committee; Indian Affairs; Privileges and Elections Committee; Special Sub-Committee On War Mobilizaton of the Military Affairs Committee; Committee On Small Business; Newspaper Headline: Vaughn Testifies...

Committee investigating w/ McCarthy present.

04:58:2? Truman testifiying for ERP (European Recovery Program). Headline re Marshall Plan w/ Marshall testifying.

04:59:?? Congress signing bill; President Truman signing law.

05:00:0? Ext. of Supreme Court. Justice Vinson in CU. Official Reports shown. Smalltown street scene w/ traffic. People voting and entering & leaving polls.

The End

USA Government; Educational Film;

In Defense Of Peace [Part 1 of 2]

Rolling title re International Information & Exchange Program & exposing obstructionist tactics of USSR.

WWII flashback montage: Russian troops advancing; Germans surrendering; Allied forces landing in France on D-Day; Allied leaders at Yalta; meeting of US & Russian troops at Elbe River; aerial views ruins of Berlin & Nazi symbol dynamited from Nuremburg Stadium; Germans surrendering at Rheims; President Truman & Joseph Stalin at Potsdam Conference; US Marines battling on beaches of Pacific islands; flag raising on Iwo Jima; aerial views ruins of Tokyo; & Japanese surrender to MacArthur aboard battleship Missouri - brief MacArthur soundbite ...pray that peace will now be restored to the world... . Victory celebration shots.

23:06:03 San Francisco - delegates of 50 nations sign documents for creation of United Nations - Truman, Molotov & Gromyko seen arriving.

23:07:05 Returning US troops disembark at US ports & are discharged - some wave or kiss demob papers. Diagram showing reduction in US Armed Forces 1945-47. US bombers destroyed w/ explosives - piles of scrapped vehicles - factories converted to peacetime production.

23:09:27 Gromyko walks out of UN Security Council debate on the Iranian question. US proclaims Marshall Plan in Paris - Churchill et al present. Animated map of Europe w/ Soviet border nations cut off.

WWII - Pacific War. Postwar Europe. Reconstruction. Economics. Anti-Communism. Cold War.

[Global Airlift]

Air Force Now

LS plane takeoff at dawn. WWII: Supplies loaded into plane. Dutch sign for Red Cross. Refugee children. Arab man into plane. Supplies dropped on African village.

21:13:57 26Jul1947 Truman signs bill creating separate Air Force. First Air Force Chief of Staff Carl Spaatz (1891-1974). Berlin June 1948 street scenes; Train barrier. Plane maintenance.

21:15:14 Gen. William H. Tunner, Commander Berlin airlift task force in 1948 talks in 1970s about operation. Activities on airfield during Berlin airlift. Control room. Radar screen. Walter Cronkite talks of being a correspondent during the airlift. Supplies loaded on planes including crates of milk. Planes flying low.

21:16:37 June 1950 Battle in South Korea, troops into plane. Lieut. Gen. Joe Smith 1940s. Interview in 1970s re operations. C-54 planes on airfield, trucks out of C-124 plane. Troops into lane. Supplies storage. Wounded on stretcher evacuated by air.

21:18:19 General Howell Estes Military Airlift Command (MAC) from 1964 - 1969. C-141 in flight. trucks on airfield, troops board transport to Vietnam. Aerial view Vietnam harbor & cargo vessels. Vietnam airfield & cargo unloaded. Wounded into plane. Nurses w/ wounded in plane (GOOD COLOR). Supplies dropped by parachute.

21:20:59 Tanks loaded into C-5, interior shots. Cargo plane flies past snowy mountain (good). Graph C-141 stretch. C-141 on ground. Cargo loaded into Pan Am plane (name visible). Tanker cargo aircrafts fly over mountain range.

21:22:25 General speech to camera re challenges of the future for Military airlift. Presented by your Air Force.

[Truman & Marshall Talk By Globe in White House]

Truman & George Marshall walking thru White House & stand by globe & point at countries. Look at each other & talk in front of fireplace with several planes on mantle. Newsreel cameramen taking pictures around them.

[Truman & Sec. Marshall at Airport Leaving for London]

Marshall & Truman walk toward plane, stand at mics in front of planes as newsreel cameras roll. Shaking hands. Marshall in doorway of plane waves for cameramen. Plane taxiis away.

[Truman & Sec. Marshall at Airport Leaving for London]

CU of Presidential seal. Cars onto airport & Truman & Marshall to mics in front of plane seen from high angle. CU of Marshall & wife, Truman & shaking hands goodbye. Waving from plane doorway. Propeller starting. Plane takes off & past camera.

[Truman Arrives Key West Naval Air Station, Florida]

Men off Eastern Air Lines plane w/ The Champions / El Campeon on side. Down steps carrying baggs, most w/ moustaches. Strange. Probably press corps?

05:45:10 Presidential Plane The Independence taxiing; President Truman off & down steps, greeted by Navy officers in dress whites. Truman shaking hands; also w/ civilians. Into open car & waving. Leaving past lines of saluting sailors along road.

05:46:05 Reviewing Honor Guard. Back into car & past long line of sailors. MCUs.

1940s; 1950s;

[Truman To Congress (re Israel), MOS]

Washington Capitol building as Presidential motorcade arrives to south entrance.

Interior House of Representatives; standing as VIPs arrive for joint session.

06:11:47 Int. of seated Congressmen & filled balcony; applauding.

06:11:57 Balcony, row of newsreel cameras & one television camera.

06:12:01 Truman on speaking (MOS)

06:12:06 Truman (wearing white spatz shoes) out of building w/ two men; poses w/ George Marshall.

06:12:25 Truman, Marshall & ?? to car; cars leaving past watching crowd.

06:12:49 Int congress; all stand, applaud as VIPs enter, to front. Listening, applauding. GOOD interiors.

1940s; 1950s;

Air Force Now, Issue 95 (USAF 30th Birthday; Civilian AF Workers; Air Ace Rickenbacker; FAA)

(1940s footage intercuts with XCUs decorating cake.)

26Jul47 Truman signs re creation separate air force. 1948 Berlin Airlift, loading supplies. Landing. Children eating. 27Jun50 Truman announces Armed Forces to aid Korea (MOS). 20May51 Capt. James Jabara, first American Jet Ace shoots down enemy plane . 15Aug57 Nathan F. Twining sworn in by Eisenhower as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. 17Dec57 Atlas ICBM Intercontinental ballistic missile launched. 06Feb59 Titan ICBM launch. 03Jun59 First graduation USAF Academy. 14Oct62 USA reconnaissance aircraft finds proof of Russian missiles in Cuba. Man inspects photo with magnifying glass. Headlines re Khrushchev ordering missiles removal.

02:33:40 01Jul65 USAF crews down two MIG-17 over North Vietnam. 20Mar69 Apollo 11 launch. 16Jul71 Jeanne M. Holme first USAF woman General officer. Finished 30th birthday cake.

02:34:38 Air Force Now Title Sequence.

02:34:57 Black officer presents in TV studio.

Officers opinions re civilians working in the Air Force - negative reactions, jokes overpaid, underworked . One officer says they re essential. Civilian worker Robert Oyas, shop foreman of fuel-system branch of field maintenance squadron cycling round Wright Patterson airfield; at work & describes his job in V.O. Checking plane. Irene Schiller, Program Analyst for Space & Systems Missiles Administration in meeting w/ officers & lecturing.

02:38:45 Col. George B. Powers in car says one third USAF workforce are civilians. Montage stills civilian professions: welder, doctors, bank clerk, handling data storage tape, librarian, supermarket staff, electricians, typist, clerical, etc. Presenter ends.

02:40:38 Air Force Air Aces. 1910s Eddie Rickenbacker race cars, stills. Headlines United States & Germany at War - WWI. Enlisted Americans march. Early plane w/ Rickenbacker piloting war plane. Plane downed & crash. Rickenbacker car. Eastern Air Lines commercial airplanes. Aerial Washington.

WWII: stranded at sea after plane crash & rescue w/ crew members. 1974 - Rickenbacker AFB renamed - airshow and plaque uncovered. Oil painting Eddie Rickenbacker.

02:43:17 AF Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Controls at back of plane. Truck convoy. California National Guard deploys facilities in airfield. Radar & other equipment. Trackout (?) evaluations. Radar screen. Taking notes. Good CUs dials & controls. Plane in flight seen from below. Controllers in tower.

02:48:23 Happy 30th Anniversary Presenter wishes happy anniversary. Crowd with USAF birthday cake in middle seen from above. Balloons drop - crowd shouts Happy Anniversary .

War Ends

Recap of Pacific war since 1941

VJ Day Night and day on Times Square w/ jubilant crowd. Japanese warships and bombers take off from Japanese carrier to attack Pearl Harbor. US ships bombed. FDR declares war on Japan.

Animated map shows Japanese conquests in Pacific.

Title: Doolittle s Tokyo Raid . Aircraft carrier Hornet. Jimmy Doolittle and other crew in front of plane. Admiral Halsey. Bombers on carrier and takeoff. Aerial of bombed Tokyo. Animated map shows conquest East Indies - Borneo, Sumatra, Celebes, Philippines. Wainwright surrendering. Death March of Bataan. Animated map shows Jap conquest New Guinea and Solomon Islands.

04:28:04 USA: workers or crowd marching; plane factory; ship launched into water.

04:29:00 Title; The Road Back - Guadalcanal - American landing and hoisting flag. Animated map shows US conquest from Solomon Islands to New Guinea.

Paratroopers drop. MacArthur in plane with machine-gunner. Animated map shows amphibious hops along new Guinea coast.

Tarawa in the Gilberts. Naval battle, explosions and fierce ground battle. Naval battle and US flag hoisted on Guam. Nimitz on Guam.

MacArthur return to the Philippines in Leyte with Philippines President Osmena. Battle of Leyte. Manila burning and street fighting. Corregidor invaded by air - paratroopers jump. MacArthur at Corregidor raising of US flag.

04:31:50Iwo Jima: High aerial showing naval forces along coast. Land invasion. Troops in hills. Flag raising (frames of black at end). Excellent suicide air attacks / kamikaze. Aerial explosion. Flame throwers seen from a distance. Devastation and fire on Iwo Jima. Animated map shows final encirclement of Japan.

04:33:36 Truman. Troops march. Plane in flight. warships. Plane lands. Stars and Stripes.

Sixth War Loan Drive Needs Your Help For Victory

Vice President Wallace, Morgenthau & VP-Elect Truman at desk promote loan drive jokingly (SOF).

21:29:17 President Roosevelt (FDR) speech re cost of war encouraging sacrifice to support troops and buy war bonds. Speaking in November says costing $250,000,000 per day. ... in the name of our wounded, of our dead, and of future generations... (GOOD SPEECH).

Title: Help end the war: back 6th war loan.

Homefront WWII War Effort; Speech;

1945 - Year Of Victory

Newsreel Review of Greatest News Year In History.

Street fighting during invasion of Germany.

Yalta with Churchill, FDR and Stalin. FDR burial. Truman sworn in. Berlin in flames. Hitler with Mussolini, Goering and others study map. Mob in Rome and Mussolini s body hung up by heels. Hitler s bunker in Berlin. Gasoline canisters which burned his body; Hitler s coat and Eva Braun s clothes? General Keitel signs Germany s surrender w/ Eisenhower.

Ike parades through London and awarded English honours; motorcade through Paris; with wife Mamie off plane and ticker-tape parade in US.

Pacific naval battle and land fighting. Kamikaze attacks on ships. MacArthur returns to Philippines. Manila burning, Iwo Jim flag hoisting. Churchill loses election to Attlee. Attlee with Truman and Stalin at Potsdam w/ Byrnes and Molotov behind. Atom bomb blast. Nagasaki blast seen from above. Truman at White House announces Japan s surrender. Celebration VJ Day Times Square - man dancing and hopping by himself in Australia?

Surrender of Japan aboard Missouri w/ MacArthur. General Umezu signs. Crowded ship carrying returning troops. Sailor welcomed by families, children and wives.

Truman speech re lasting peace at United Nations Organisation (Sd).

Admiral Nimitz Welcomed In Washington

Nimitz out of plane and greeted by wife and family. Motorcade and parade of sailors. Nimitz at Washington Monument. Reviews marines and sailors. Planes fly overhead.

Nimitz speech to Congress (sd): ... I pray that no future war may ever again find us unprepared. Most of all I pray that such a war does not begin and end to our disadvantage before we can even begin to fight. This will not happen to us if we exercise our vigilance, our intelligence and keep our fighting forces ready.

Applause.

Truman awards Nimitz distinguished Service medal.

Antwerp to Potsdam Part One (AKA The Presidents trip to Berlin)

July / August 1945

Pan City of Antwerp. President Truman & Sec. of State Byrnes aboard USS Augusta, the President waves to spectators on dock at Antwerp. Leaving Antwerp for the Evere Airport at Brussels - shots from jeep as it passes down street (jumpy).

04:01:22 Brussels airport showing the 135th Infantry at attention / honour guard. Air Transport Command planes on airfield.

04:01:43 AV Berlin, showing railroad yards, Olympic Stadium, etc. Aircraft lands on airfield. Allied flags flying

Pres. Truman surrounded by secret service men exits plane. Travel shot along autobahn (jumpy) passing refugees. Road sign re leaving US Berlin District.

04:04:38 16th July 1945 Devastation in Berlin - buildings destoryed. Ruins of Reich Chancellery showing U.S. soldiers stand in front of bldg. Interior shots showing damage.

04:06:28 Russian / Soviet tank on plinth which has been made into monument. Tracking shot bombed out buildings

Two GIs walk down street with German girls - fraternisation. More exterior Reichs Chancellery. Russian soldiers on the move through Berlin, wheeling carts with belongings. Russian banners and flags.

This film has amateurish quality

Antwerp to Potsdam Part One (AKA The Presidents trip to Berlin)

July / August 1945

04:09:16 Sign - HQ Berlin area - tracking shot down Unter Den Linden - Victory monument - Brandenberg Gate. Very jumpy. German girls pose before camera.

Pres. Truman reviews the 2nd Armoured "Hell on Wheels Division" which is currently occupying Berlin.

Pan Band plays .

GV Street scene, men & women pull carts through streets (soft). Sign Entering US Berlin District.

04:12:32 Babelsberg, Berlin suburb where the American conference delegates lived.

04:13:22 No.2 Kaiser Strasse (The Little White House) - exteriors and gardens and lake.

05:14:57 Winston Churchill leaving Little White House. Churchill, in civilian clothes and President Truman walk down steps smiling. Lord Louis Mountbatten ? and army officers down steps

04:15:39 Ceremony attended by Pres. Truman, Secretary Stimson and Generals Eisenhower, Bradley, Patton, Clay and Parks - American flag raised over Berlin. Gen. Patton & Pres. Truman.

This film has an amateurish quality

Atom Bomb and Reds Doom Japs

Potsdam conference. Official portrait. Bombers, aircraft carriers, fighter bombers & Japan harbor. Diagram with atomic bomb compared to huge bombs, diagrams of explosions, Dr. Ernest Lawrence & cyclotron, Gen. Groves, Vannevar Bush, Dr. Richard Tolman. Mining uranium ore. Bags moved while soldiers guard. Richland Washington plant & workers coming off bus & into plant. Col Mathias head of Hanford. Oak Ridge workers look at newspaper headline. Pre-fabricated homes & trailers with women hanging wash. Shopping mall of merchants. May Day Parade in Moscow. Truman speaks: 'We are now prepared to destroy more rapidly and completely...their docks, their factories, their communications... it was to spare the Japanese people from utter destruction... behind this air attack...

Best Newsreel Laughs of 1945

Mrs. Truman tries to christen bomber: fails to break bottle on fuselage. Officer takes over and also fails.

Mayor LaGuardia at microphone during New York newspaper strike reads out Dick Tracy cartoon on WNYC radio.

Charter Signed For World Peace - Great Conference of United Nations At San Francisco Closes In Triumph

14:34:21 President Truman out of plane, poses w/ Stettinius & others. Motorcade thru San Francisco crowd lined street, waving from open car. Newreel camera on moving car alongside.

14:34:51 Standing vote by heads of delegations at conference re charter.

14:35:08 LS Signing charter: Wellington Koo signs for China and SOF speech.

14:35:44 Ambassador Gromyko signs for Soviet Russia; Halifax for UK; France; Mexico; Greece; Saudi Arabia; Brazil; Stettinius for USA.

14:36:45 Stettinius speech (SOF) ... the San Francisco conference has fulfilled its mandate... .

14:37:04 Truman speech closing conference (SOF): ... you have won a victory against war itself. If we had had this charter a few years ago, and above all the will to use it, millions now dead would be alive. If we should falter in the future in our will to use it, millions now living will surely die. We all have to recognize, no matter how great our strength, that we must deny ourselves the license to do always as we please. No one nation, no regional group, can or should expect any special privilige that harms any other nation. There s a time for making plans & there s a time for action. The time for action is here, now! Let us therefore, each in his own nation and according to its own way, seek immediate approval of this Charter; and make it a living thing. I shall send this Charter to the United States Senate at once. I m sure that the overwhelming sentiment, of the people of my country & of their representatives in the Senate, is in favor of immediate ratification. Let us not fail to grasp this supreme chance to establish a world wide rule of reason, to creat an enduring peace under the guidance of God.

1945; Post-WWII; Organization Founding;

NOTE: Charter signed 24Jun45.

De Gaulle in US Hails America s Victory Effort

De Gaulle decorates Admiral Leahy, Gen. Marshall, Admiral King, Gen. Arnold and Gen. Somerville with Croix de Guerre. De Gaulle receives Order of Merit from Truman.

Lay wreath on Roosevelt s grave with Eleanor.

De Gaulle speech in English. Film breaks off in middle - speech incomplete.

General Arnold Awarded Medal By President Truman

Truman pins Oak Leaf Cluster medal on Arnold. CU medal on Arnold s chest. Admirals Leahy, King, and Nimitz and General Eisenhower present and shake hands with Arnold and Truman.

General Ike Comes Home - Victor Over Nazis Hailed In Three Allied Capitals

Eisenhower parades through London in horse carriage and receives sword of Duke of Wellington from Lord Mayor at Guild Hall. Churchill clapping. Ike farewell and thanks you speech to England with Churchill standing behind. Churchill speech lauding Ike as great commander and leader. MCU Ike and Churchill.

10:12:11 Paris - military ceremony at Arc de Triomphe honouring Eisenhower. De Gaulle kissing Ike. Wreath on tomb of eternal soldier. De Gaulle and Ike motorcade - French crowds cheering.

10:13:36 Washington - Ike out of plane and greeted by wife Mamie. Motorcade through streets. Crowds cheering. Ike waves. Address to congress. Truman awards Ike Oak Leaf cluster.

General Wainwright Home At Last

Wainwright out of plane in San Francisco and greets sister. Motorcade and military parade through city.

Out of plane and greets wife in Washington. Speech at Washington Monument (Sd) ... I pray that this nation will never again neglect its defences .

Motorcade through Washington. Wainwright acclaimed by Congress and speech (Sd)

Truman awards Wainwright at White House.

Hero Of The Week: President Presents Medal of Honor to Sgt. Jake Lindsey

Gen. Marshall with war veteran Lindsey at Joint Session Senate and House of Representatives. Awarded by Truman. Truman speech. Lindsey outside Capitol with parents. Kisses girlfriend. Sgt. with lipstick on face. WWII

Heroes of the Week - President Truman Awards the Medal of Honor to 28 Soldiers

Congressional medal presented at White House ceremony. Veteran in wheelchair awarded. Gens. Marshall, Arnold and Adm. King present. Truman poses with all 28 men.

Post - WWII.

Jewish Orphans Going Home

Weimar - Jewish orphans boarding train and some saying goodbye - train pulls out as children wave from windows

Signs on side of train

20:49:09 Buchenwald - Polish Hungarian Czech and Jewish orphans board train - CUs individual children

Children looking out of window of train - Jewish flag hangs beneath window - signs hanging from train Vive Truman Stalin Churchill, and in French Our beginning of a new life in liberty.

Marine And Navy Heroes Honoured By The President (Truman)

Congressional Medal of Honor presented to 13 veterans.

Mercy Planes - Two Hospital Ships (planes) Christened By Mrs. Truman

Bess at launch of hospital plane. Bottle refuses to break. All laugh

Gags. Oddities

Mightiest Battleship

USS Missouri launched by Margaret Truman

Pan up hull. Crowd below clapping. Margaret Truman breaks bottle. Ship glides down ramp and into water and Mrs. Truman blows it a kiss. USS Missouri in sea.

Montage VJ Day Celebrations

Drunken soldiers; kissing. Celebrations. High angle of Times Square and 2 million with ticker-tape thrown about & drifting down. Girl on shoulders, crowds carrying guy. Drunken soldiers; kissing. Celebrations. Night shots celebrations. Short section Truman. Tickertape and crowds in Times Square

Movie Executives Pledge Support To March of Dimes

Representatives of Motion picture industry at White House with Truman. Nicholas Skank? and chairman of Infantile Paralysis Foundation Basil O Connor give pledge of support.

Mrs. Truman Opens March of Dimes Drive At Capital

Workers at table open envelopes full of coins. Mrs. Truman with March of Dimes Committee incl. Roosevelt s son. He makes a statement mentioning his father.

Names In The News (Byrnes - Morgenthau - Aleman - Halsey)

Secretary Byrnes Flies to Moscow Conference (foreign ministers meeting for Big Three): with wife; shakes hands with Eisenhower; boards plane

07:42:22 Ex-Secretary Morgenthau Honoured By President Truman: Medal of Merit awarded for services as wartime Sec. of Treasury

07:42:35 Miguel Aleman - Mexican presidential Candidate: at Tijuana - with crowd; in front of microphone; men on horseback wearing Mexican hats; CU Aleman smiling.

07:42:54 Admiral Halsey Receives Fifth Star: Forrestal awarded by Forrestal. Nimitz shakes hands w/ Halsey.

Names In The News

02:34:53 Charles de Gaulle arrives in Washington; TV Soong; Mrs Wainwright

Secretary of State Byrnes greets at airport; walks w/ President Truman at White House, pose on lawn w/ other military VIPS. Visit to discuss disagreements between USA and France.

02:35:16 Premier T.V. Soong

Signing United Nations Charter & shakes hands w/ Byrnes.

02:35:26 Mrs. Wainwright seated in wicker chair by microphone SOF speaks of hearing news of liberation of her husband, prisoner of war,

Post - WWII; POW;

Names In The News - Nimitz - Adm. King - Gen. Marshall - Adm. Halsey

Admiral Nimitz Sworn In As new Navy Chief:

Nimitz takes oath and congratulated by Forrestal and predecessor Adm. King.

Adm. King Honored By President Truman:

White House: Adm. King and Leahy; Gen. Marshall and Eisenhower; Nimitz and Spaatz. Truman decorates King.

Gen. Marshall Leaves For China: Marshall seen off by Stark

Adm. Halsey Hailed on New York Visit:

Ticker-tape parade on 5th Avenue. Archbishop Spellman in front of St. Patrick s Cathedral.

Names In The News

09:47:05 Title: Secretary Stimson Honored by President

09:47:09 Truman & Stimson pose in Rose Garden, pins Distinguished Service Medal on Stimson as others watch before microphone, staff applauding, shake hands.

09:47:20 Military saluting, General Marshall, Gen. Arnold shaking hands as Stimson leaves, boards plane at Washington s National Airport.

09:47:37 Title: Regent of Greece on Visit to England.

09:47:41 Archbishop Damaskinos out of plane on arrival for meeting of Council of Foreign Ministers. 09:47:46 Exterior of Cathedral of Canterbury. Damaskinos w/ Archbishop of Canterbury. MCUs.

09:47:59 Title: Madame Chiang Kai-shek Returns To China.

09:48:03 Madame greeted by Chiang Kai-shek wearing traditional Chinese costume greeted on arrival in China by women, husband & others.

09:48:15 Madame presents Chinese decoration to American airmen who flew her; ribbon around pilot s neck.

09:48:24 Madame & Chiang Kai-shek at banquet given given for Americans.

1945 Post-WWII; WW2; Retirement; VIPs; Greek Orthodox Religion;

Nations Meet to Map World Security Plan

Exterior conference hall. Delegates entering through crowds - including Anthony Eden - Jan Smuts - McKenzie King - Molotov - French delegation - King Ibn Saud and entourage from Saudi Arabia. Senator Connally and Commander Stasson ?. Interior, delegates register. Top shot convention hall. Stage - Edward R. Stettinius applauded as he opens meeting. SOF The conference of the United Nations ... . Shots of audience as they listen to recorded speech from President Truman. Brief shot Truman speaking.

San Francisco Conference - United Nations.

Movietone News

02:39:41 Title: Navy Day - President Truman Leads the Nation In Tribute To Our Victorious Fleet

02:39:52 Carrier Franklin D. Roosevelt, CU name. Truman arrival; Sec. of Navy Forrestal w/ Mrs. Truman, Mrs. Woodrow Wilson & Eleanor Roosevelt.

02:40:14 SOF Capt Souchek (sp?) gives order. Truman speaks (SOF).

02:40:47 Military parade down 5th Ave. w/ Truman in car. Much ticker-tape. Truman speaks (SOF) in Central Park re foreign policy: We believe in the eventual return of sovereign rights & self-government to all people who have been deprived of them by force. We shall approve no territorial changes in any part of the world unless they accord w/ the freely expressed withes of the people concerned. Re not recognising any government imposed by force. Re atomic bomb: the possession in our hands of this new power of destruction we regard as a sacred trust... that trust will not be violated... we hope... world cooperation for peace will soon reach such a state of perfection that atomic methods of destruction can be outlawed forever.

02:43:07 Naval review & gun salutes on Hudson River. Truman boards Battleship Missouri, inspects plaque of signing of Japanese surrender. Truman signs visitor s book. MCU climbing ladder onto destroyer.

02:43:56 Good aerial view of battleship. Truman on deck with Mrs Truman. 21-gun salute. Navy planes fly overhead. LS bay w/ battleships. Battleship New York. Aircraft carrier Enterprise. Renshaw. Carrier Midway. Truman waves. Macon. LS & aerials from blimp of Hudson River w/ fleet lined up & NYC skyline.

Post-WWII; Naval Celebration; Ceremony; Ticker-tape Parade; 1945;

News Flashes

09:01:41 Title: General de Gaulle Hailed in New York .

09:01:43 Motorcade w/ CU de Gaulle gesturing from car up to skyscrapers. City Hall park w/ crowd watching, waving as de Gaulle presents Legion of Honor to Mayor LaGuardia, MCU kisses on both cheeks & shaking hands. ca 10Jul45.

09:02:13 Title: Mme Chiang Kai-Shek Visits Capital on Way Home .

09:02:17 Mme helped out of car; talking w/ Truman in Oval Office at White House, MCU.

09:02:28 Down steps w/ Gen. George Marshall. Posing & talking (MOS). Shake hands.

Post-WWII; VIPs; Diplomacy; 1945;

News Of The Nation - President Honors Heroes

Congressional Medals of Honour awarded by Truman at White House to veterans of European and Pacific war.

News Reports From Washington

Japanese Surrender documents presented to Truman by Secretary of War Stimson. Stimson poses with documents.

General Wainwright unveils surrender documents signed at Tokyo Bay and put on display in Library of Congress. CUs surrender documents and signatures.

Harry Hopkins Honored by Truman - medal pinned.

Film Executive Nicholas M. ?? hands over cheque to Truman for March of Dimes.

Opening of World Peace Conference at San Francisco

Apr45 Delegates seated. Stettinius opening conference. President Truman speech broadcast from Washington DC - ... just and lasting peace... we must provide the machinery which will make peace not only possible but certain... If we do not want to die together in war, we must learn to live together in peace...

Stettinius closes first day session with speech.

Title: Join 7th War Loan Victory Drive .

WWII. United Nations.

Opening of World Peace Conference at San Francisco

02:22:22 Apr45 Delegates seated. Stettinius opening conference, SOF.

02:22:48 President Truman speech broadcast from Washington DC - ... just and lasting peace... we must provide the machinery which will make peace not only possible but certain... If we do not want to die together in war, we must learn to live together in peace...

02:23:50 Stettinius closes first day session w/ speech. Prayers of the people of the World are w/ us...

Title: Join 7th War Loan Victory Drive .

WWII; United Nations;

Peace It s Wonderful

Truman speaks and says he received a reply from Japan which is unconditional surrender. Washington, Chicago celebrating. Sailor dancing. San Francisco & throwing paper & firecrackers in Chinatown. Seattle & sailors. High angle of Times Square and 2 million with ticker-tape thrown about & drifting down. Girl on shoulders, carrying guy. Drunken soldiers; kissing. Celebrations. Battleship Missouri into Tokyo Bay with Nimitz greeted by Bull Halsey. MacArthur w/ Wainwright, Stilwell. Allied Generals. Shigamitsu w/ wooden leg & others arrive. MacArthur speaks, terms of surrender. Shigamitsu at surrender table. MacArthur observes. MacArthur signs - gives pens. Nimitz signs. Chinese General Chang? signs. UK Admiral Sir Bruce Frasier signs - Soviet Union signs - Australia General Sir Thomas Blaney? signs For Canada General Lawrence Cosgrove - France Gen. Jaques LeClerc- Netherlands Admiral ? - New Zealand Air Marshal L.M. Issac. Japanese VIPs watching and handed their copy of surrender by Lt. Gen. Sutherland. Percival, Arthur Gen. Adm. Nimitz, Halsey and Sherman. LS of Japanese. Signatures. Fly Past. VJ Day. WWII

Personalities In The News

Chiang Kai-Shek Hailed in Shanghai - with Mme Chiang Kai-Shek. Speech (no Sd) from balcony to crowd below.

Mrs EleanorRoosevelt Confers With President Truman. FDR re UNO London meeting

Winston Churchill receives Degree in Miami: Churchill speech (Sd) wearing graduate s robes, jokes about being bad at exams when a schoolboy.

Potsdam, Gatow Airport & Conference

Flags in Berlin of USSR, England & USA. Prime Minister Attlee &various VIPs at airport saying farewell. Clement Atlee w/ army officer getting into C-54 (4 motor) plane. Take off. Truman walks out and shakes hands with soldiers. Boards plane. Honor guard putting US flag on pole & running it up. More shots Atlee & Truman saying goodbyes. British man & Truman talking; Truman waves from plane entrance. Potsdam conference round table from above as Molotov comes in others sit down. Shots Stalin & Truman at round table.

04:44:55 Montgomery; Churchill arrival in military uniform down steps of aircraft shakes hands with Monty - other military officers, nice shot Churchill s female aide smiling excitedly. Top shot as Churchill inspects troops. Sailors at attention.

Post-WWII Conferences;

Potsdam Conference - Very soft in parts

Exterior shots Cecilienhof Palace, Potsdam - former summer palace of Crown Prince Wilhelm and scene of the Berlin conference. Press outside. Flower bed in shape of Red star. Russians in evening suits standing on doorstep.

07:11:04 25Jul45 Big three at Potsdam, last meeting attended by Winston Churchill. Truman Stalin and Churchill walking to seats for photocall. Three seated. Mass of press cameras.

07:12:08 26Jul45 - en route to Frankfurt - Aerial views over countryside and towns. American guard of honour at Frankfurt airport - Presidents plane taxiing. Truman down steps. President inspects the 508th Parachute, the Third Armoured and 84th Infantry divisions. (very soft)

07:14:46 Exterior of I.G. Farbin building, now used by General Eisenhower as his headquarters. Pan round bomb damaged buildings in Frankfurt. President Truman awards DSMs to four foreign officers.

07:15:47 Flying over Tempelhof airdrome at Berlin (very soft). AVs bomb damaged buildings.

07:16:48 1Aug45 Potsdam - Cameramen - The "Big Three" pose with their principal advisors,

The three heads of government are (seated, left to right): British Prime Minister Clement Atlee;

US President Harry S. Truman; Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin.

Standing behind them are (left to right): Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, USN, Truman's Chief of Staff;

British Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin; US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes; Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov. People milling around.

07:18:25 2Aug45 Harrowbeer airport, near Plymough, England. President Truman off plane and poses with British service girs. Very jumpy tracking shots through town. Plymouth harbour.

07:20:17 President Truman and Secretary Byrnes with Admiral Leahy leaving the Augusta for HMS Renown to lunch with King George VI. HMS Renown at anchor. Signalling from bridge. Launch carrying President returns to Augusta.

07:22:16 King George visits Augusta. - Royal launch - King on board and inspects crew. Flags, British White Ensign, flown to show the King is on board and the Presidents flag fly together , believed to be for the first time. King leaves - top shots of departure.

President Dedicates Power Dam.

TVA Dam and reservoir - President Truman and others looking over dam at the Tennessee River.

New Deal

President Leads nation In Paying Honour to Mother

Truman and his 92 year-old mother Martha out of plane

Eight-star Mother Honoured in NY.

American Mother of 1945 holds medal.

President Returns To Washington For His Fourth Term

Motorcade with headlights glowing in rain.

FDR & Truman & Wallace in car. Roosevelt speech (Sd) re making Washington his permanent home.

President Truman after Potsdam

Makes report re his trip to Berlin and the conditions there. Thanks God that America has been spared - re maintaining military presence for World peace - talks re United Nations Charter. Tells of decisions made at Potsdam re the future government of Germany. Talks of Soviet Union declaring war on Japan. Says the allies had given Japan adequate warning of what was in store for them - warnings unheeded - atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. Says he realises the tragic significance of the atomic bomb - says will continue to use the bomb until Japans power to make war is destroyed. Atomic bomb is too dangerous to be loose in a lawless World... awful responsibility... thanks God bomb not in hands of enemies . Talks re Victory in Europe.

President Truman And Selective Service Officials Honored

Officials given awards by Truman for role in putting together army for WWII

Truman awarded by Hershey for creating a democratic army.

President Truman Appeals To Public On Reconversion

Truman speech (sd) re problems of reconversion - objectives not met; urges citizens to tell public servants about problems. We cannot face 1946 in a spirit of drift and irresolution.

President Truman Asks Your Aid For National War Fund

Truman speech (sd) appealing for donations for servicemen still abroad and foreign aid.

President Truman Closes World Peace Parley

Stettinius greets Truman off plane. Motorcade through cheering crowds for Truman enroute to Hotel. Nimitz meets with Truman. Halifax speaks & standing unanimous vote. China signs charter , followed by USSR, etc. Truman speaking to conference, standing applause (slighly out of sync). Truman returns to Independence, MO & parade. Arrives at summer White House there & waves from porch.

San Francisco United Nations Conference

Movietone News

10:02:54 Title: First Pictures: President Truman Crossing the Atlantic For Big 3 Parley.

10:03:01 Truman & Secretary of State Byrnes walking on beneath guns on ship s deck during journey on Augusta. Look at compass; British warship escorting.

10:03:18 Int. Truman seated, talking w/ Byrnes & Admiral Leahy.

10:03:28 Truman eats w/ sailors, talking.

1945 Yalta Conference; WWII; WW2;

President Truman Dedicates New TVA Dam In Kentucky (Tennessee Valley Authority)

Truman with Lillienthal at dedication. Crowd.

Truman speech re atomic energy: ...We ve just discovered the source of the sun s power: atomic energy... We had to turn it loose in the beginning for a destruction... but that tremendous source of energy can create for us the greatest age in the history of the world... .

President Truman Hails Dawn Of New World

Truman speech re Japanese surrender, end of war and future of world:

The Japanese militarists will never forget the USS Missouri. The evil done by the Japanese warlords can never be repaired or forgotten, but their powers to destroy and kill has been taken from them. Their armies and what is left of their navy are now impotent. It was the spirit of liberty which gave us our armed strength ... we now know that that spirit of liberty, the freedom of the individual and the personal dignity of man are the strongest and toughest and most enduring forces in all the world. From this day we move forward towards a new era. of security at home..... of cooperation, of peace, of international goodwill. We salute you of the armed forces of the United States...

Title: President Truman In First Address Before Congress

07:11:30 Truman in to House of Representatives for speech to joint session of Congress re continuing war aims after FDR s death,

07:11:41 It is w/ a heavy heart...tragic fate has thrust upon us grave responsibility, we must carry on. I call upon all Americans....So there can be no possible misunderstanding both Germany & Japan can be certain beyond any shadow of a doubt that America will continue to fight for freedom until no vestige of resistance emains. Our demand has been, and it remains, unconditional surrender. The grand strategy of the United Nations war has been determined due in no small measure to the vision of our departed Commander-in-Chief. We are now carrying our...

07:13:34 I want the entire world to know that this direction must, and will remain, unchanged & unhampered. Within an hour after I took the Oath of Office I announced that the San Francisco Conference would proceed. We will face the problems of Peace w/ the same courage that we have faced & mastered the problems of war. In the memory...we shall not fail...I humbly pray...and my people.

07:14:59 Title: Join 7th War Loan Victory Drive.

Titles: Join 7th War Loan Victory Drive

WWII USA Homefront; Presidential Succession; State of the Union Speech; Speaking; Prayer; 1945; 16Apr45;

Title: 20th Century Fox Presents - Movietone News

02:25:08 President Truman Reports On War Against Japan

02:25:15 Truman seated at desk SOF re American Navy battling around Japan & Okinawa & blockade.

02:25:38 If the Japanese insist on continuing resistance beyond the point of reason, their country will suffer the same destruction as Germany. What has already happened to Tokyo will happen to every Japanese city whose industries feed the Japanese war machine. We have the men, the material, the skill, the leadership & the fortitude to achieve total victory. We have the Allies to achieve it. We are resolute in our determination. We will see the fight through to a complete and victorious finish. To that end w/ the help of God, we shall use every ounce of our energy & strength.

WWII; Pacific War; Speech; Encouragement; Threat; Ultimatum;

Title: President Truman Takes Advice From Mom On Visit Home

07:39:08 Truman poses w/ wife, Bess, mother & daughter, Margaret. Kisses mother goodbye. Boards plane. Wife, mother & daughter wave goodbye.

WWII USA Homefront; Presidential Family;

NR 364 [President Truman Tells the World Of Hiroshima]

President Truman aboard ship sits at table w/ microphone. A short time ago an American plane dropped one bomb on Hiroshima and destroyed its usefulness to the enemy. That bomb has more power than 20,000 tons of TNT. The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl Harbor; they have been repaid many fold. And the end is not yet. With this bomb we have now added a new & revolutionary increase in destruction to supplement the growing power of our armed forces. In their present form these bombs are now in production

and even more powerful forms are in development.

04:28:39 It is an atomic bomb. It is the harnessing of the basic power of the Universe. The force from which the sun draws its power has been loosed against those who brought war to the Far East.

04:28:57 CU. We are now prepared to destroy more rapidly & completely every productive enterprise the Japanese have in any city; we shall destroy their docks, their factories & their communications. Let there be no mistake we shall completely destroy Japan s power to make war. It was to spare the Japanese people from utter destruction that the ultimately of July 26th was issued at Potsdam. Their leaders promptly rejected that ultimatum. If they do not now accept our terms they may expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth. Behind this air attack will follow sea & land forces in such numbers & power as they have not yet seen; & w/ the fighting skill of which they are already well aware.

04:29:04 MS chuckles, then recovers. We have spent more than two billion dollars on the greatest scientific gamble in history, and we have won. But the greatest marvel is not the size of the enterprise, its secrecy or its cost; but the achievement of scientific brains in making it work. And hardly less marvelous has been the capacity of industry to design, & of labor to operate, the machines & methods to do things never done before. both science & industry worked together under the direction of the United States Army which achieved a unique success in an amazingly short time. It is doubtful if such an other combination could be got together in the world. What has been done is the greatest achievement of organized science in history.

Nuclear Age; Atomic Bomb; Surprise; Military Secret;

President Truman - Unconditional Surrender of Germany

Truman speech about the task ahead to defeat Japan.

President Truman Visits The Folks In Home Town

13:39:41 Truman in motorcade thru Independence, Missouri. Truman family house - Truman walks to front porch shaking hands.

13:40:07 Rally in auditorium - audience; Mrs. Truman & daughter Margaret. President addresses rally (SOF), apologises for not shaking hands w/ each person individually. The End - Buy That Extra War Bond Today.

1945; Homecoming; Casual Politician;

Title: Press Photographers Exhibit Prize News Pictures In New York

07:18:02 Secretary of Navy Forrestal looks at photos. Various stills; Eisenhower, Triplets, Charlie the Chimp, Truman & child, little boy crying over dead dog etc. Forrestal & photographers holding awards.

Post-WWII USA Homefront; 1945;

Prime Minister Attlee Addresses US Congress

Clement Attlee gets standing ovation from Congress as takes stand. Attlee makes speech praising America and saying that she will never use her power for selfish aims or territorial gain. Talks of Atomic bomb and the need for all men to feel secure. President Truman meets with Attlee and Mackenzie King. Talks have been about atomic energy being used for industrial and humanitarian purposes.

Title: Movietone News

07:07:54 Title: Rest In Peace - Franklin Delano Roosevelt

07:07:59 Warm Springs, Georgia military parade. Infantile Paralysis children in wheelchairs watch. Funeral train leaving station; POV from train passing people on roadside.

07:08:21 Washington DC Union Station. President Truman, Secretary of Commerce Henry Wallace & James Byrnes, Sec. of War Stimson, Admiral Leahy & FDR family members greeted. Coffin on caisson draped w/ US flag pulled by horse cart to White House. Aerials cortege. Kids watch.

07:09:00 CU People crying w/ handkerchiefs. Coffin carried into White House followed by family & members of Congress; Earl of Athlone, Governor General of Canada Harry Hopkins.

07:09:54 Flag draped casket in White House. VIPs leaving W.H. Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, Anthony Eden. Former Chief Justice of Supreme Court Charles Evans Hughes, Adviser Bernard Baruch, Thomas Dewey.

07:10:17 Burial at Hyde Park, New York. President Truman, Gen. Marshall, Adm. King; James Farley; Stimson; Canadian PM Mackenzie King; Secretary of State Stettinius, Former Governor Lehman; Treasury Secretary Morgenthau. Casket lowered & guns fired; bugler playing taps.

WWII Homefront; Obituary; President; Polio;

Review of the Year 1945 (part)

FDR Roosevelt inauguration - swearing in ceremony - Yalta conference, seated in garden with Churchill and Stalin. Roosevelt state funeral - mourning - fly past - flowers. Harry Truman sworn in in Cabinet room of White House. 01:01:33 Germany surrenders - signing in Reims, France Gen. Jodl arrives. Into room with bright lights, army photographers. Gen Walter B. Smith & Russian Generals. Smith signs. CU of document. German Generals turn to leave. Ike (Eisenhower) & other delegates laughing. 01:02:14 Pacific war - Kamikaze planes (good). US forces assault on Okinawa on Easter Sunday - good shots ships firing. AV landing craft - landing craft on beaches - troops - US flag raised in July 45. Atomic explosion - mushroom. USS Missouri, Sunday September 2nd 1945 Japan surrenders Battleship Missouri. 3rd fleet. Sailors aboard ship. Japanese foreign minister Shigamitsu signs for Japan - Douglas MacArthur signs - Chinese General Chang? signs.

Roosevelt Dies Suddenly

Headlines

FDR as young State Senator; Asst. Secretary in the Navy; swimming and playing ball in pool with polio kids. By fireplace with Eleanor and sons. First inauguration as president incl. speech. Headlines re FDR s actions against depression: incl. closing of banks. FDR signing New Deal reform (foundation social security?)

FDR starts operation of ?? Dam.

03:27:05 Fear is vanishing speech.

FDR in car with family and dog Fala on holiday. On fishing trip.

03:27:41 I have seen war... I hate war anti-war speech. FDR with his mother before Pearl Harbor. Queen Elizabeth and George VI with FDR. FDR reviews fleet. Speech in Canada promising help if Canada is threatened. Signing lend-lease agreement. Atlantic Charter meeting on Battleship Prince of Wales with Churchill. FDR and Eleanor outside church with priest. Speech after Pearl Harbor declaring war on Japan. Reviewing troops in North Africa - Casablanca. Tehran Conference with Stalin and Churchill. FDR & MacArthur. FDR & Nimitz. Roosevelt sworn in for fourth terms. Yalta conference, FDR looking ill shaking hands with Russians?. Churchill walks by FDR s car. With King Farouk of Egypt (aboard ship?). With Ibn Saud aboard ship. Last public appearance reporting to Congress and speech. With American delegation to San Francisco United Nations conference. Headlines re allies approaching Berlin and Elbe. Truman sworn in. Good CU FDR.

Titles: Join 7th War Loan Victory Drive WWII

Roosevelt Inauguration

Arrivals - Stettinius and wife. Gen. George Marshall and wife. Harry Truman sworn in as Vice president. FDR takes oath of office. President makes inaugural address - crowds listening

Roosevelt re-elected to 4th Term

FDR at desk. FDR at 1933 inauguration in car with Hoover. Swimming with polio kids. Yalta with Stalin and Churchill. With Ike reviewing troops in North Africa. MacArthur explains strategy against Japan to FDR (Nimitz present). Dewey out of voting booth. Truman as Senator Times Square at night; people waiting for election results. FDR after hearing of electoral victory.

Dewey defeat speech.

FDR at desk

San Francisco 1945 - United Nations Conference Part 1

4 motor plane over SF harbor with many ships. Views of Golden Gate Bridge; street scenes - traffic - cable cars; pedestrians; military; boy scouts. Chinatown; airport arrival. Delegates arrival including Jan Smuts - Molotov - Stettinius - Madame Chiang Kai-Shek with T.V. Soong. Delegates at RR / railway station. Airport Control tower. Wounded returning vets collected from planes by line of ambulances. Int. of meeting & delegates. A message from dead President Roosevelt is played to conference who are standing in silence. Exterior people including children of different nationalities looking up at flag. Roosevelt in his speech says we cannot fail and expect the World to survive again.

President Truman reading speech to over radio to conference. Loudspeakers - filmed recording of speech. Truman says conference is to set up organisation to keep World peace. Top shot delegates applaud. Delegates talk & leave. Registration.

07:06:20 Committee meetings both small and large.

07:07:27 Graphic showing proposed system of UN. General Assembly - Security Council - International Court of Justice - Economic and Social Council - Trusteeship Council - Secretariat. Conference in session. Delegates milling about. Smaller meeting.

07:09:28 Delegates on tour of San Francisco. Unloading ships at docks. Molotov with workers. Housing projects; art museum interior; paintings of Benton & Rockwell.

San Francisco 1945 - United Nations Conference Part 2

Exterior Movie Theater / cinema with boards stating that it is exclusively for the delegates of the World Security conference. Interior cinema, people waching newsreel of German Surrender. Screen seen over tops of heads in audience. Surrender document signed. Brief shot projection room. Almost full screen end of war - devastation and death. Survivors cry - children - bomb damaged buildings.

09:12:26 Conference in session - delegates debate.

09:13;30 Lord Halifax makes speech to conference - calls for a vote for approval on charter for United Nations. Count taken - conference applauding.

09:14:48 Crowds outside waiting for result. Interiors delegates signing charter. Press photographers - Stettinius signs and shakes hands with President Truman. Wounded veterans arrive by bus and enter conference hall, some on crutches.

09:16:19 President Truman addresses conference re success ... to find a way to end wars . Flags of all nations flying.

United Nations

Screen Magazine - Navy Edition

Sports - Who s Next - Louis v Conn.

Woman to camera re letter from Guam asking for pictures of Joe Louis in action - last three rounds (cannot supply fight).

02:26:13 Conn speaking after defeat

02:26:25 Potsdam - Berlin Conference. 7Jul1945 Cruiser Augusta at sea - President Truman in lookout tower. Truman wearing cap down stairs. Augusta coming into harbour, Truman seated on deck waves hat. Allied officers board ship and welcome Truman. Truman in open top car through streets. Truman with 35th division. Truman boarding plane - aircraft takes off - air to air shots in flight. Plane landing.

02:29:08 Unter den Linden in Berlin - Brandenburg gate - Monuments with posters Truman, Stalin and Churchill. Flashback - Hitler in open top car through streets. Hitler ranting - german accented translation over.

02:29:56 Truman making open air speech / radio broadcast re raising flag of Victory over Berlin. Speech over shots of radio tower - broadcast technician. Tracking shot pedestrians in US city. Radio listening. Truman addressing troops

Secretary of State Byrnes Decorated

Truman presents Distinguished War Medal to Byrnes for role as Director of War Mobilisation - ceremony in White House Gardens. CU medal and CU Byrnes.

Steel Strike Hits the Nation; Causes Industrial Crisis

re Labour wage dispute between United States Steel Corporation and Steel worker s Union (United Steel Workers of America (USWA).

Factory chimneys, locomotive; steel plant interior with flames and fiery steel. CIO President Philip Murray and company president Benjamin J. Farlace? at White House after Farlace rejected Truman s proposal. Murray speech calls the strike (sound)

LS steel plants. Steel workers leaving factory - sitting outside factory. Strikers with USWA placards Do Not Cross the Picket Line ; Aluminium Employees Strike .

Snow blizzard on picketers. Empty factory.

05:42:34 Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser (California steel plant). Speech re signing with CIO.

The President s Trip to Berlin (Potsdam)

Homeward bound - scenes on board Augusta - return trip from Berlin. Two observation seaplanes catapaulted from deck. Seaplanes land in sea - taxis up on sled, hooks on & is hoisted aboard.

07:55:30 President Truman dressed in sailors dungarees & shirt & white cap strolls down deck, with secret service men.

Men practice firing 5" guns. Fleet underway, good shots showing heavy wake from ship. Shipboard entertainment - man dressed up as girl dances with Black man; men boxing, spectators watch. Ship's band playing.) MS Pres. Truman, Sec. of State Byrnes & party aboard USS Augusta.

07:59:17 August 7th 1945 Return to Hampton Roads - docking a Newport News MCU Ship's mascot dog on USS Augusta.

The San Francisco World Conference Gets Under Way

Truman greets Filipino President Osmena in Washington. Molotov welcomed by Stettinius at airport. Preliminary conference in Washington w/ Anthony Eden, Stettinius and Molotov.

16:22:31 San Francisco arrival of delegates at airport; South African Premier General Smuts says he hopes the world has learnt its lesson and will now be able to preserve peace.

V-E Day Special

Times Square night celebrations superimposed with headlines. Cinema marquee with sign War s End - Nazis Out! . Hitler rally and speech. Animated map showing German invasions. Hitler smiling. Burning town in Belgium? Holland? Blind man walks with stick. British troops evacuated at Dunkirk. Churchill in street with others. 03:10:47 London burning. Stalingrad Tanks and explosion, German troops in snow, street fighting, German POWs. 12:25:40 FDR and Churchill Atlantic Charter Conference. Troopship full of US troops. Tunisia: desert fighting and German POWs. 12:26:30 Italy - Abbey of Cassino bombarded. Rome and crowd at Collosseo / Coliseum. Pope Pius at St Peter s cathedral and crowds below.

Tehran conference with Stalin, FDR and Churchill. Planes dropping bombs on Germany. Liberation of Russia - Russian troops in snow in white suits. Germans sabotage railway line as they retreat. Russian civilians on road as houses burn on roadside - apocalyptic. Eisenhower and Montgomery planning. 12:28:20 D-day landings. Allies troops through French towns cheered by crowds and kissed by women. Ike in Paris and American troops parade under Arc de Triomphe. Yalta conference. Battle of Germany - night bombing. Street fighting. Hitler and Mussolini. During war. Illustration Mussolini s execution. Hitler visits victims of assassination attempt. Protestant?, Catholic and Jewish religious ceremonies. Military cemetery. Pacific war battle scenes. Japanese plane shot down. Map of route to Tokyo. Truman. MacArthur with Nimitz. Troops run. Fleet. Planes in formation. US flag.

World Charter Signed

President Truman Speaks at San Francisco.

Lord Halifax addresses San Francisco Conference. Stettinius presented with scroll in recognition of his efforts during conference. Halifax calls for standing vote on World charter. President Trumans plane lands - he is met by Mr Stettinius and other delegates including Jan Smuts, McKenzie King. Truman in open top car - parade through streets of San Francisco - crowds line route to watch motorcade. FBI men ride bumpers of car. Interior - signing of United Nations charter. Chinese - Dr Wellington Koo ? - Russian - Mr Gromyko - Britain - Lord Halifax - France - Joseph Paul-Boncour - USA - Stettinius signs and speaks to press. Says re importance of occasion. Senator Connelly signs for US. Senator Arthur Vandenburg signs. Commander Stasson ? Last meeting of conference is addressed by President Truman who congratulates delegates and talks re peace

09:25:21 Interior US Congress. Film of dead President Roosevelt asking congress to accept the result of conference as the beginning of a permanent structure of Peace (sound poor on FDR speech)

Berlin Conference 1945 Reel 1

7th July 1945, Ships at sea. Cruiser Augusta w/ Truman aboard w/ Byrnes. Through streets in Army car to airport, reviews troops of 35th Div. & boards 4-motor plane, taxiing, in -flight. Off plane in Berlin w/ Gen. Marshall, Anthony Eden, Sec. Byrnes. Shakes hands w/ Winston Churchill. Military parade, Troops of various nation march. Military Chiefs of Staff of many nations around table. Parade & firing salute w/ artillery.

15:04:44 Truman & Churchill shaking hands. Devastated Berlin aerial & ground. Truman tours in open top car, Unter den Linden near Brandenburg gate, posters three leaders on monument.

15:05:24 Flashback Hitler in open top car, adoring Germans. Hitler making speech, overlaid with Eng. translation.

15:06:02 Truman at mic speaking; technicians; radio mast, USA, people listening to radio in various situations. Truman says working for peace for the World. Stalin, Truman, Molotov. Potsdam, good exteriors house.

15:08:24 Arrivals for Potsdam conference, Truman, Stalin, Eisenhower, Montgomery. Truman, Stalin and Churchill join hands for posed photo.

15:08:39 Moscow Conference with Molotov, Eden and Hull.

15:08:53 Cairo, Tehran conference, good shots Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt, FDR voiceover flashback shots of German military might.

15:09:57 Yalta, exteriors conference building, interiors meeting in progress

15:10:16 San Francisco, signing of UN charter.

15:10:22 Allies meeting - Elbe? lots of handshaking and celebrations. Surrender signed.

Berlin Conference 1945 Reel 2

Brief shots German SS officer attempts to shake hands with ? Pan down bomb damaged Berlin building. Women in bucket brigade clearing rubble. Woman commandant of concentration camp walks past released prisoners.

15:11:52 Potsdam conference - arrivals, Stalin, Churchill and Truman. Conference begins.

15:12:49 Montage of shots to show proposed de-nazification of Germany. Agreement signed by Eisenhower, Zhukov and Montgomery who make up the Allied Control Council. Three pose for cameras.

15:13:53 Montage landmarks, Capitol, China? Big Ben, Arc de Triomphe, Franco on balcony at military march past.

15:14:07 Potsdam conference, brief shots Eisenhower funeral, England, elections, Churchill out, Atlee in, Atlee arrives in Berlin for conference.

15:15:05 Newspaper headlines Russia declares war on the Japanese. New Bomb Frees Atomic Energy, Stalin, Truman and Atlee pose.

15:15:29 Montage United Nations Flags over images of war and peace

President Truman Delivers a Holiday Message to Nation

Ext. Crown outside White House. Int. Truman on stage and delivers first post war Christmas address. Talks about how any problem can be solved if approached with the teachings of the Sermon on the Mount.

General Patton Dies of Injuries in Auto Accident

VS shots of Patton: in Tunisia, in Sicily. With tanks. Greeting Eisenhower, riding in jeep with Eisenhower, With troops in England preparing for D-Day. Drive through France and Germany. Homecoming after victory, off plane, greeting wife and children. Boston parade for Patton. Visiting Truman at White House. WWII

Berlin to North Africa - Devastated Berlin - Russian Sector - Good colour

Post-war - ruins of Berlin

Berlin - Eastern sector Building with Atlas holding globe on top - Reichstag? - and Hammer and Sickle Russian sign next to it - pan down building amidst ruins and signs in Russian - Eastern sector. Much wreckage. American soldiers in jeep past large building.

Good CU Identity card with Russian, British and American flags on cover.

Destitute German family: women and children wheeling old man on cart.

Medieval-looking gate. Russian woman directing traffic with red and yellow flags. Poster of angelic woman Europa in Russian. Russian soldiers past medieval gate and walking leisurely down street.

02:54:43 big modern building - Russian platoon walking pas t in formation. Tiny cemetery in middle of street with four presumably Russian graves (red stars).

German families walking with belongings in carts and prams down highway

02:56:15 Man cycling on highway past blue sign indicating Berlin , Potsdam .

Sign Entering US Berlin district . Tank on plinth. Parade area with pillars and pictures of Eisenhower, Truman and Stalin. Jeep drives past huge picture of Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt - Big Three at Yalta.

Entering Russian sector - POV shot going through Brandenburg gate past sign you are now leaving British sector and towards large Stalin portrait in middle of road. Adlon hotel exterior. Devastated buildings. Good pan down Brandenburg gate with jeep driving fast towards camera.

Russian platoon with woman.

02:58:38 Russian women s platoon marching and smiling - various uniforms - leading platoon of men.

German civilians pulling cart with belongings.

Smoke from collapsing building at entrance Russian sector - people watching.

Use of this footage requires a credit as follows:

Includes footage from the George Stevens Collection at the Library of Congress

Duben - Dachau - Brenner Part 3

Five civilians with baby and dog indoors. Group of civilians push cart with belongings. Camouflaged, unidentified objects. Americans talking with German civilian?; women seated nearby sewing, eating and drinking.

14:44:14 Three-wheel car through wrecked city street. Two young girl on bombed out road. German refugees with belongings on road. Group of refugees sitting on roadside, many women and small children.

14:45:56 Airfield - British and American troops on airfield, waiting to board planes. Possibly Australian unit and African & North African troops (colonial troops). Large number of troops embarking onto plane. Rows of DC-3s and boarding troops, some in burgundy berets. Troops (not American) waiting for planes sitting in grass beside runway. Squadron of planes fly overhead.

Railroad yard with steam and smoke and flames in b - fire.

14:49:39 German soldiers in black uniforms walk past GIs in street; GI gives instructions to German who carry hoses and firefighting equipment.

14:50:31 German troops in Feldgrau uniform march through town. Sign Berlin 168 kms .

Americans on way to Torgau?- American cameraman talking to people in jeep by river - pan to pontoon bridge with a few military vehicles crossing. Group of GIs near river, seeming to have a break. Sign Truman bridge - gateway to Berlin over the Elbe and American soldiers and jeeps crossing Truman bridge. GIs in rowboat. Single engine reconnaissance planes fly overhead.

Use of this footage requires a credit as follows:

Includes footage from the George Stevens Collection at the Library of Congress

De Gaulle Arrives

De Gaulle at Washington airport and welcomed by Secretary of State Byrnes. Motorcade. Guard of Honour at White House - Truman with de Gaulle - de Gaulle saluting Guard of Honour.

Big Three Meet in Potsdam Conference

Truman down steps with Stalin. CUs Truman and Stalin. Conference in session. Winston Churchill. Stalin lights cigarette. Conferees around circular table. Truman walking with Eisenhower. Truman speaks at flag raising ceremony in Berlin. Generl Patton and Eisenhower saluting at flag raising.

Roosevelt Home is Dedicated as National Shrine

Ext.Hyde Park home. Int. with Roosevelt s mother in front of fireplace. Living room. First anniversaryof death of FDR. FDR desk, library, bed in which he was born. Ext. view commemoration and dedication attended by dignitaries and neighbors. Mrs. Roosevelt, surrounded by some of their children, speaks and turns over house and land to the people of the US. Crowd claps. Truman speaks. Shot of FDR.

Roosevelt Inauguration

Arrivals - Stettinius and wife. Gen. George Marshall and wife. Harry Truman sworn in as Vice president by Henry Wallace. FDR takes oath of office. President makes inaugural address - crowds listening.

Segues into pad of other clip about helicopter rescue at sea.

Wreckage of USS Arizona at Pearl Harbor / VJ Day

MS Liberty party on dock at Pearl Harbor displaying newly purchased luggage, grass skirts etc. Pan along dock installations at Pearl Harbor inc large dock crane, CA seen alongside dock. Tug tied alongside dock. Sailor standing with back to camera looks across harbour.

11:24:04 MS-LS-CU remains of the USS Arizona protruding above water, workmen s shack built on deck. VS wreckage of USS Arizona from vars angles; wrecked battleship w/ plume of smoke in BG.

11:26:04 LS submarine underway, dock installations at Pearl Harbor. MS sailor sells newspapers announcing Japanese surrender. CU sailor reading newspaper, headline says "Truman Receives Jap Surrender Bid".

WWII. Pacific War.

[Ruins of Berlin & Red Army Propaganda, July 1945]

Sign in German erected by Red Army among ruins of Berlin - statement by Stalin - roughly translated it declares his army s freedom from racism and prejudice. US military vehicles and civilians pass in BG. Russian road signs erected in front of burned-out, bullet-scarred building.

21:02:02 Civilians and soldiers along street inc. woman w/ one leg on crutches; troops pass on trucks in BG. Camera along road - slowly passes strange concrete monument / podium w/ red banners in Russian and portraits of Truman, Stalin and Churchill; MCU of each portrait. Another poster w/ statement from Stalin next to ruined building. Russian road signs outside Dresdner Bank - civilians past w/ possessions.

21:08:18 Man cycles towards camera past piles of rubble and shells of tall buildings - pan across street to reveal same - facades totally destroyed. Worst hit streets of city - sea of grey brick walls stripped of plaster and piles of grey rubble. Good colour.

Post-WWII damage.

President Truman En Route to Potsdam Conference

Truman on deck of USS Augusta with Captain and Secretary of State Byrnes. Going through English Channel - British Destroyer HMS Birmingham passes in escort. Truman thanks crew for safe trip. White House mail brought on board. Truman with Byrnes and Admiral Leahy in cabin. Truman eats with crew.

WWII.

28 Heroes Get Medals of Honor

East Room, White House - President Truman in a unique ceremony pins Congressional Medals of Honour on 28 heroes in the presence of their relatives and high ranking military leaders. One of recipients Private Sylvester Herera ? in wheelchair, kept fighting after losing both feet. VIPs present include Generals Marshall and Arnold and Admiral King.

WWII.

President Truman Urges Wage Adjustment

Truman speech to camera re cutting wartime pay. Wage increases needed to stimulate production but must be reasonable. Says labour and management should come to an agreement.

Economics. Post - WWII.

Support Your Victory Loan

President Truman & Treasury Secretary Vinson open Victory Bond drive in DC. Gen. Wainwright & Governor Martin do same in Philadelphia - motorcade and crowds, ticker tape. Bond Rally at FDR home in Hyde Park w/ war hero James Devereux and Merle Oberon registering applications on behalf of War Activities Committee of motion picture industry.

Economics. Post - WWII.

[Berlin: Truman & Burns Arrive - Red Army Parade - Bomb-Damaged Streets]

LS USAF planes on airfield. VS Truman? and Burns off plane - greeted by US and Soviet officers. Motorcade. Red Army parade - trucks and tanks past camera - British officers review parade - Union Jacks. LS military band and soldiers marching - MS marching past bombed church.

05:06:20 VS women clearing rubble. Policeman directing traffic in street - bombed buildings and street signs in Russian? in BG - bus past camera w/ passengers hanging on - civilians on foot and bicycle - cars - troops on truck. VS civilians inc. children on street near piles of rubble; civilians carrying belongings and pulling carts. Jul45 ?

[NB Picture quality poor - camera / shutter problem at time of filming.]

WWII. Potsdam ?

Peace It s Wonderful

President Truman speaks and says he received a reply from Japan which is unconditional surrender. Washington, Chicago celebrating. Sailor dancing. San Francisco & throwing paper & firecrackers in Chinatown. Seattle & sailors. High angle of Times Square and 2 million with ticker-tape thrown about & drifting down. Girl on shoulders, carrying guy. Drunken soldiers; kissing. Celebrations. Battleship Missouri into Tokyo Bay with Nimitz greeted by Bull Halsey. MacArthur w/ Wainwright, Stilwell. Allied Generals. Shigamitsu w/ wooden leg & others arrive. MacArthur speaks, terms of surrender. Shigamitsu at surrender table. MacArthur observes. MacArthur signs - gives pens. Nimitz signs. Chinese General Chang? signs. UK Admiral Sir Bruce Frasier signs - Soviet Union signs - Australia General Sir Thomas Blaney? signs For Canada General Lawrence Cosgrove - France Gen. Jacques LeClerc- Netherlands Admiral ? - New Zealand Air Marshal L.M. Issac. Japanese VIPs watching and handed their copy of surrender by Lt. Gen. Sutherland. Percival, Arthur Gen. Adm. Nimitz, Halsey and Sherman. LS of Japanese. Signatures. Fly Past.

VJ Day. WWII

Truman in Berlin / Moscow Celebrates

President Truman down aircraft steps. Greeted. Tours Berlin ruins in open top car. Posters Truman, Stalin and Churchill.

05:48:20 Interior Potsdam conference, Stalin smoking cigarette.

Night shots of Moscow. Top shots.

05:49:01 Moscow broadcasts German capitulation. (SOF) Radio announcer at microphone.

05:49:27 Moscow street victory celebrations.

Audience applaud Stalin to podium (interiors) June, 1945 Extremely long standing ovation.

Potsdam Conference

One shot of Truman and Stalin on steps at Potsdam.

Beria and Stalin in gardens.

Stalin with Churchill and Truman at Potsdam, pose in gardens.

05:28:55 Interiors of big 3 at Potsdam. Stalin, Truman and Attlee. Conference table.

05:29:23 Exteriors, Stalin Truman and Attlee pose in gardens. Russian cameraman.

Truman in Berlin / Moscow Celebrates

President Truman down aircraft steps. Greeted. Tours Berlin ruins in open top car. Posters Truman, Stalin and Churchill.

05:48:20 Interior Potsdam conference, Stalin smoking cigarette.

Night shots of Moscow. Top shots.

05:49:01 Moscow broadcasts German capitulation. (SOF) Radio announcer at microphone.

05:49:27 Moscow street victory celebrations.

Audience applaud Stalin to podium (interiors) June, 1945 Extremely long standing ovation.

Churchill Beaten; Britain Goes Left in Labour Landslide

Churchill in motorcade saluting crowd and speech [MOS]. Clement Attlee. Herbert Morrison. Ernest Bevin. Potsdam Conference - Attlee with Stalin. Stalin. Truman. Attlee. Potsdam conference table.

Post - WWII.

Heroes of the Week - President Truman Awards the Medal of Honor to 28 Soldiers

Congressional medal presented at White House ceremony. Veteran in wheelchair awarded. Gens. Marshall, Arnold and Adm. King present. Truman poses with all 28 men.

Post - WWII.

Names In The News - Charles de Gaulle arrives in Washington

Greeted by Secretary of State Byrnes at airport - with President Truman at White House - to discuss disagreements between USA and France.

Post - WWII.

Navy Day - President Truman Leads the Nation In Tribute To Our Victorious Fleet

Carrier Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated by Truman. Forrestal with Mrs. Truman, Mrs. Woodrow Wilson and Eleanor Roosevelt. Truman speech honouring FDR. Military parade down 5th Ave. with Truman in car. Much ticker-tape. Truman speech at City hall re foreign policy in front of a one million audience: We believe in the eventual return of sovereign rights and self-government to all people who have been deprived of them by force... no territorial changes in any part of the world... and re not recognising any government imposed by force. Re atomic bomb: the possession in our hands of this new power of destruction we regard as a sacred trust... that trust will not be violated... we hope... world cooperation for peace will soon reach such a state of perfection that atomic methods of destruction can be outlawed for ever.

Naval review and gun salutes on Hudson River. Truman boards Battleship Missouri (where Japanese surrendered). Truman signs visitor s book. Good aerial view of battleship. Truman on deck with Mrs Truman. 21-gun salute. Navy planes fly overhead. LS bay with battleships. Battleship New York. Aircraft carrier Enterprise. Renshaw. Carrier Midway. Truman waves. Macon. LS and aerials (shot from blimp) Hudson with fleet lined up and NYC skyline.

Post - WWII.

Opening of World Peace Conference at San Francisco

Apr45 Delegates seated. Stettinius opening conference. President Truman speech broadcast from Washington DC - ... just and lasting peace... we must provide the machinery which will make peace not only possible but certain... If we do not want to die together in war, we must learn to live together in peace...

Stettinius closes first day session with speech.

Title: Join 7th War Loan Victory Drive .

WWII. United Nations.

President Truman Reports On War Against Japan

Truman speech re American Navy battling around Japan and Okinawa ... if the Japanese insist on continuing resistance beyond the point of reason, their country will suffer the same destruction as Germany... What has already happened to Tokyo will happen to every Japanese city... We will see the fight through to a complete and victorious finish.

WWII. Pacific War.

Japan s Doom - Russia Enters War Against the Japs

Russia agrees to declare war on Japan to end war in Pacific after ultimatum from China, USA and British rejected by Japanese. Conference table. Byrnes. Truman. Stalin. Truman, Byrnes, Molotov and Stalin together posing. Soviet troops & tanks parade.

05:01:30 26Jul45 Byrnes warning speech to Japan resistance... will be absolutely futile... There is still time, but little time for the Japanese to save themselves from the destruction that threatens them . Ultimatum.

05:01:58 President Truman Visits King George VI - aboard warship on way back from Big Three Potsdam Conference. Reviews troops. At Plymouth with Byrnes. Handshake.

WWII. Pacific War.

President Truman - Atomic Bomb

Truman speech announcing atomic bomb blast on Hiroshima. Refers to 26Jul45 ultimatum to Japanese at Potsdam. Threatens more destruction the like of which has never been seen on this earth .

05:04:13 Early electrical experiment to smash the atom conducted in Britain. Dr. Ernest Orlando Lawrence and his cyclotron. Dr. Harold Urey. Italian physicist Enrico Fermi. Dr. Arthur Compton. FDR and Churchill talking.

05:05:35 Aerials Oak Ridge Atomic plant. Workers going into work. General Leslie Groves with Vannevar Bush and Dr. Richard Tolman. Groves speech describes 16Jul45 first atomic bomb explosion ... it is a universal hope of all present that no American citizen will ever witness it on United States soil again .

Aerials Hiroshima before the bomb. Bombers in formation.

Titles: Buy That Extra War Bond Today .

WWII. Nuclear War. Manhattan Project.

[Hysterical Crowds Celebrate VJ Day in Washington DC]

14Aug45 Downtown Washington street scenes at night - crowded w/ cars & people celebrating. Pan across crowd waving at camera. People milling around excitedly w/ natural sound of car horns blaring & people cheering. Travelling shot past huge crowd outside movie theatre w/ neon marquee advertising Jackie Gleason film. Crowds waving at camera again, (07:04:17 )one person waves newspaper w/ headline The War Is Over! . Closer shot of servicewoman / WAVE [?] laughing & waving US flag as she is held aloft. Headline Truman Announces War Is Over . Man in crowd interviewed & gives message to US forces.

07:05:35 Sailor kisses woman in crowd. Closer shots people in crowd - two men hugging - servicemen & women waving.

07:07:28 Two drunken sailors with torn uniforms try to dance in midst of crowd. Group of sailors in crowd hold drinks up to camera. More shots of screaming crowds. Couple dancing.

WWII Victory Celebration. Pacific War. US Home Front. End of War

[Stalin & Beria At Potsdam Conference]

Very brief shot Stalin on steps w/ Truman & others. MS Stalin & Beria pose for camera in garden at Potsdam Conference. Poor colour.

Postwar.

Funeral of President Roosevelt

FDR s home at Warm Springs. Family mourning. Hearse past military standing to attention. FDR s dog on leash. Train leaves station.

Military standing around coffin draped with US flag aboard train. Track past crowds of mourners next to train tracks. Train slows down near Union Station awaited by Guard of Honour. Family members, Justice Burns, Secretary Wallace, President Truman. Coffin pulled by horse on open carriage. Black mourners, Black woman waves handkerchief.

War planes fly past. Armed forces marching, aerial view.

Lafayette Park, CU mourners crying. Procession, various views.

Casket in White House East Room.

Burial in family home at Hyde Park, NY. Coffin lowered. Firing rifles. Priest. Planes past. Eleanor Roosevelt.

[DP Zionist Demonstration, Frankfurt] (Nov/Dec45]

c16Nov or 12Dec45. Paris [No.] 0351. Demonstrators march down street on bleak wintery day past camera. Banner There Cannot Be Real Freedom Without Jewish Freedom . Marchers towards camera in CU, man shouting, cutaways to banner; woman pushing baby in pram between banner bearers. Marchers continue across bridge, factories in BG; banner President Truman Demands Mass Jewish Immigration Into Palestine - God Bless America ; another banner in Hebrew; marchers past looking at camera. Demonstrators assemble in large group, several banners & flags of Israel held aloft. CU banner Open The Gates Of Palestine . CU demonstrators applauding; faces. March continues down country lane. CUs women & young girl.

Judaism - Zionism. Protests. Middle East. Post-WWII; Postwar Germany; Ethnic;

Seventh War Loan Drive Is Opened [US Homefront Stories - See Below]

09:14:06 Seventh War Loan Drive Is Opened, Times Square

Iwo Jima statue in crowd packed in Times Square. Ira Hayes (American Pima Indian), John Bradley (Navy |Corpsman & Rene Gagnon, only survivors, present & raise flag over statue. Savings Bond purchase request by announcer Ed Herlihy.

09:14:43 President Has A Real Mother s Day

Mrs. Truman escorted off plane on arm of President Truman as photographers cluster at foot of steps. Good MCU.

09:15:03 Point System Frees First G.I. Joe

Five GIs off bus w/ sack of goods. Sitting at table & marking paperwork. Sgt. Stroud of Clayton, Georgia is first followed by others. Turns in GI clothing, goes to cashier s window and gets partial payment towards final pay check.

09:15:51 Heroism Rewarded

Congressional Medal of Honor presented to Corporal Robert D. Maxwell. Good CU. Salute & at mic. He won for battle in France, signed by FDR. Truman s first medal given to parents of Elmer E. Fryer in Denver. Mother looks at medal.

09:16:34 They re Off

Empty grandstand being painted & prepared as blackout has ended. Reopening of track at Narragansett, Rhode Island after WWII end. Crowds at betting windows. Race begins & horses around backstretch. Rider falls. CU cheering crowd. Jockeyless horse is third.

WWII Ending; Horse Racing;

Potsdam Conference

CU national flags on staff cars parked at conference centre. Stalin enters conference room, shakes hands with President Truman. Pan Russian & American delegations seated at conference table.

00:00:37 Aircraft taxis.

00:00:43 Tracking shot from car approaching conference center, Russian guards on road. Cars arrive & military people exit.

00:01:10 Stalin, Truman & others walk in garden to wicker chairs; mass of press photographers & cameramen. Winston Churchill in army uniform joins group, speaking with Stalin. Good shots cameras. Three leaders sit in garden chairs. MCU of each of three.

00:01:55 Int. delegates pose for cameras. CU group including Truman, Stalin, Attlee. Freeze frame.

WWII Conference Meeting; Big Three;

Movietone News

21:08:46 President Truman Gets report From Hopkins And Davies

Joseph E. Davies & Harry Hopkins around Truman at desk w/ Gen. ? - just back from mission in London & Moscow re arranging Truman-Stalin-Churchill meeting (Potsdam Conference) & negotiations re Poland & Soviet veto at San Francisco conference.

WWII Homefront; Diplomacy;

News Reports From Washington

Herbert Hoover Confers with President Arrives & poses w/ Truman. re food relief for postwar Europe

21:20:57 Tom C. Clark New Attorney General Tom C. Clark at desk.

21:21:06 Clinton P. Anderson, Secretary of Agriculture.

Post-WWII Planning; Homefront USA; Government;

United News (Japan Surrenders)

11:00:59 Title: Japan Surrenders 1931 dock scenes w/ Japanese troops leaving for Manchuria, boarding ships; sitting on docks; military officers march past camera. Explosions. Shanghai 1937 ruins; texecuted bodies in streets. Japanese troops thru street in 3-wheel motorcycle.

11:01:28 League of Nations w/ Japan s delegates speaking & walking out. Out of building. Troops in field firing machine guns, artillery & infantry running thru rice fields. Man holding large Japanese flag.

11:02:03 Italy into Ethiopia; raising flag. CU of diplomats at signing of Axis Military Pact, 1940. Talking at microphone, saluting.

11:02:32 Refugees thru streets of China, along fields. Fighting, camouflaged guns, fields. Diplomats Kurusu & Nomura into US ?? Pearl Harbor ships burning. Fleet at sea in dramatic formation. Large battleship guns firing; Troops landing on Pacific Island beaches. Philippines & Allied prisoners, CU man w/o arm. MS Gen. MacArthur talking to people. Aerial of Iwo Jima. Battleships firing; aerial of shipt to shore; dead bodies; raising US flag on Mt. Suribachi.

11:04:45 Gen. Buckner briefed at map, CU. Okinawa, wounded on stretcher; GIs blowing up cave, firing rifle, Japanese tumbling ouut. Mass of Japanese surrender.

11:05:16 Kamikazee seen from ship w/ planes diving into water. Ship firing at planes, coming into ship. Carrier burning. Burial at sea. Military cemetery.

11:06:20 B-29s on runway, loading bombs, Map. B-29s in flight formation. Aerial over ships. CU Adm. Halsey.

11:07:11 Potsdam w/ Attlee, Truman, Stalin seated. Russian troops marching.

11:07:33 Hirohito on white horse. Stimson into White House, Forrestal arrives; around cabinet table. Shots of FDR during war.

11:08:22 CU of Chiang Kai Shek; Adm. Chester Nimitz; Truman w/ ccabinet. Hull in CU.

11:08:49 CU Truman SOF: I have received this afternoon from the Japanese government...

11;09:55 Reporters rush out. People in Times Square at zipper sign. People cheering filling street, paper out of buildings. View from above. Dancing in street. Sailor waving flag; confetti. Kissing. Night & people filling streets & lights on. Outside Hotel Astor. The End.

WWII Pacific War summary; Compilation Film; Military Newsreel;

[Potsdam Conference]

Multiple shots of USS Augusta (CA-31). View astern of convoy of ships; sailors lining bow of ship, MS of row at attention. Sailor signaling. Covere guns of large ships.

19:07:51 Ship arriving at Antwerp, Belgium dock, Truman off gangway followed by Sec Byrnes. Into car & out of dock area, secret service men running alongside & riding on open car following. Truman shaking hands w/ army officers. Eisenhower & others. Adm. Leahy & Adm. King (?).

19:09:26 Truman & others boarding airplane. LS & w/ pilot in window. Taxiing.

19:10:06 Jeeps & motorcade along road. Truman & military officials at attention. Motorcade w/ Truman & others in back of army half-track truck reviewing line of tanks parked by trees, crews saluting. POV past tanks. GOOD.

19:12:33 Army officer reading, Truman & others on truck behind. Truman ties ribbong on unit flag. W/ Sec. of State Byrnes & Adm Leahy in open car followed by others. Stopped amid Berlin rubble.

19:13:32 Churchill out of building; Truman & Churchill pose for cameras on steps; shake hands. Truman , Leahy & Stalin pose w/ others on steps.

19:14:09 Hallway & INT conference room shots. Delegates of Soviet delegation pose, then all shaking hands including Stalin & Churchill (in uniform). Gromyko, Molotov, Trumam, Harriman. Anthony Eden seen in long shot. Stalin lights cigarette. End of reel.

WWII; Post-WWII Planning; Allied Conference; Diplomats; Big Four Conference; Germany;

NR 364 [President Truman Tells the World Of Hiroshima]

President Truman aboard ship sits at table w/ microphone. A short time ago an American plane dropped one bomb on Hiroshima and destroyed its usefulness to the enemy. That bomb has more power than 20,000 tons of TNT. The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl Harbor; they have been repaid many fold. And the end is not yet. With this bomb we have now added a new & revolutionary increase in destruction to supplement the growing power of our armed forces. In their present form these bombs are now in production

and even more powerful forms are in development.

11:26:50 It is an atomic bomb. It is the harnessing of the basic power of the Universe. The force from which the sun draws its power has been loosed against those who brought war to the Far East.

11:27:08 CU. We are now prepared to destroy more rapidly & completely every productive enterprise the Japanese have in any city; we shall destroy their docks, their factories & their communications. Let there be no mistake we shall completely destroy Japan s power to make war. It was to spare the Japanese people from utter destruction that the ultimately of July 26th was issued at Potsdam. Their leaders promptly rejected that ultimatum. If they do not now accept our terms they may expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth. Behind this air attack will follow sea & land forces in such numbers & power as they have not yet seen; & w/ the fighting skill of which they are already well aware.

11:28:15 MS chuckles, then recovers. We have spent more than two billion dollars on the greatest scientific gamble in history, and we have won. But the greatest marvel is not the size of the enterprise, its secrecy or its cost; but the achievement of scientific brains in making it work. And hardly less marvelous has been the capacity of industry to design, & of labor to operate, the machines & methods to do things never done before. both science & industry worked together under the direction of the United States Army which achieved a unique success in an amazingly short time. It is doubtful if such an other combination could be got together in the world. What has been done is the greatest achievement of organized science in history.

Nuclear Age; Atomic Bomb; Surprise; Military Secret;

[Potsdam Conference - Truman inspects Tank Corps; Surveys Berlin Damage w/ Byrnes]

NR 357 Truman on back of truck w/ one-star (?) general. Armored half-track truck w/ Truman, Leahy, Byrnes & military offices past reviewing line of tanks on tree-lined autostrada. Army troops at attention & saluting. POV past. Truman & others standing at attention. Traveling shots.

15:37:10 Citation read & Truman ties ribbon on corp (?) flag.

15:37:57 Truman, Byrnes & Leahy riding in back of open army car. POV on wide avenue of Berlin w/ heay destruction. Victory Monument on column in middle of street. Past monument w/ picture of Truman, Stalin & Churchill. Approching Brandenburg Gate. Along street w/ heavy damage to large buildings. Sitting in car talking, surrounded by cameramen. Secret Service riding on running board. Car closely followed by jeep, POV from camera-car alongside.

Post-WWII;

Pres. Opens Management Labor Parley

John L. Lewis, United Mine Workers, & William Green, AFL, arrival outside Department of Labor Building, Washington, DC thru independent pickets against labor-management conference.

01:23:04 Int. MS Philip Murray, CIO; Sidney Hillman, Ladies Garment Workers; Eric Johnston, United States Chamber of Commerce; Ira Mosher, National Association of Manufacturers; Mathew Woll (AF of L).

01:23:24 LS of meeting hall. MS President Truman at podium speaks: The time has come for Labor & Management to handle their own affairs in the traditional, American, democratic way. I hope that I can give up the President s wartime powers as soon as possible, so that Management & Labor can again have the full & undivided responsibility for providing the production that we must have to safeguard our domestic economy & our leadership in international affairs. Finding the best way to accomplish that result without government directives to either Labor or Industry, that is your job! We must have production; vast production! We must have it soon. In order to have it, Labor & Managment must work together to expand the economy of our nation as they worked together to protect the safety of our nation during the war. When industrial strife becomes widespread all of us lose the things we need: the wages that labor wants, the earning & dividends that the businessmen & investors want, & the products that the consumers want. No realist can expect the millenium of the perfect, no strike, no lock out era at once. But continued production on an expanding industry unhampered as far as humanly possible by stoppages of work are absolutely essential to progress. That is the road to security at home & peace abroad. We cannot fail in our efforts to move forward on that road. (applause)

01:25:22 LS of standing attendees applauding.

Post-WWII Homefront; Economy; Rebuilding; Labor Unions; 1945; Presidential Address; Economics;

Navy Day - President Truman Leads The Nation In Tribute To Our Victorious Fleet

13:00:42 Aircraft carrier Franklin D. Roosevelt at Brooklyn Navy Yard. Truman w/ Forrestal; Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, Mrs Truman & Mrs Woodrow Wilson seated. Truman speech (Sd): This ship, the American people are honoring a...hero of the ward, who gave his life in the service of his country: Franklin D. Roosevelt.

13:01:37 Parade w/ marching cadets & Truman in motorcade up lower Broadway. Ticker-tape.

13:02:13 Truman speech in Central Park re American foreign policy, (Sd) ... based on fundamental principals of righteousness & justice. We believe in the return of sovereign rights & self-government to all people who have been deprived of them by force. We shall approve no territorial changes in any friendly part of the world unless they shall accord w/ the freely expressed wishes of the people concerned. We shall refuse to recognise any government imposed upon any nation by the force of any foreign power...

continues re atomic bomb: ...the possession in our hands of this new power of destruction we regard as a sacred trust. Because of our love of peace...that trust will not be violated... ... world cooperation for peace will soon reach such a state of perfection that atomic methods of destruction can be definitely & effectively outlawed forever.

13:03:56 Crowd of millions gathered for naval review on Hudson River. 21 gun salute by battleship. Truman boards Battleship Missouri & inspects plaque where Japanese surrendered. Truman signs visitor s book. Goes aboard Destroyer Renshaw to pass in review of fleet; Truman on deck w/ Mrs Truman. Gun salute. Navy planes overhead. Aerial of river & harbor w/ battleship New York & others; carrier Enterprise; carrier Midway; Truman waves; USS Macon. LS & aerials from LTA blimp, Hudson River w/ fleet lined up & NYC skyline.

Post-WWII; Celebrations; Speech; Nuclear; Atomic Age; Military; 1945;

President Returns To Washington For His Fourth Term

13:21:25 Motorcade with headlights glowing in rain down Pennsylvania Avenue.

FDR, Truman & Wallace in car. Roosevelt speech (SOF) re making Washington his permanent home.

WWII Homefront; Elections;

General Wainwright Home At Last

Wainwright out of plane in San Francisco, greets sister. Motorcade & military parade through city.

13:24:16 Out of plane & greets wife in Washington. Speech at Washington Monument (SOF) ... I pray that this nation will never again neglect its defences

13:24:57 Motorcade through Washington. Wainwright to Congress & speech (Sd).

13:25:44 Truman awards Wainwright Congressional Medal of Honor at White House Rose Garden.

Post-WWII; Hero; Prisoner of War; POWs;

Main title: Movietone News

13:39:02 President Truman Appeals To Public On Reconversion

Truman at desk reads speech (SOF) re problems of reconversion - objectives not met; urges citizens to tell public servants about problems. ...In a free country the voice of the people must be heard. We cannot face 1946 in a spirit of drift and irresolution. The men & women who made this country great & kept it free were plain people w/ courage & faith. Let us justify this heritage.

Post-WWII; Unity; Rebuilding Economy; Economics; 1945;

Title: Mighty Seventh War Loan Drive Gets Under Way

14:25:50 Opening of Motion Picture Industry Seventh War Loan drive in New York. Three veterans who raised flag in Iwo Jima pose: Ira Hayes, Rene Gagnon, John Bradley. Monument unveiled: sculpture of raising of flag.

14:26:13 Washington: helicopter Congressional Page lands in front of Capitol & christened by pages of House & Senate.

14:26:35 Title: President Leads nation In Paying Honor to Mother

Truman & his 92 year-old mother Martha out of military airplane w/ wife Bess, pose.

14:26:57 Eight-star Mother, Rose Bournholtz (sp?) honored in NY honored by Salvation Army

14:27:06 American Mother of 1945 holds medal . Mrs. Harper Sibley, Rochester, NY w/ children. MCU.

Awards; WWII Heroes; Fund Raising; 1945; Homefront;

President Truman Talks To Nation On Increase in Wages

16:12:52 Truman at desk, speech to camera re cut of 1/4 or more on wartime pay; wage increases needed to stimulate production but must be reasonable. Asks both sides (labor and management) not to be greedy and selfish. We must not kill the goose that lays the golden egg...

Post-WWII Economics; Economy; Wage Controls; Inflation;

Victory Loan Drive Off To Good Start Throughout Nation

16:15:17 Gathering for Franklin Roosevelt Victory Bond sales at Hyde Park w/ Eleanor Roosevelt, Morgenthau & Colonel Devereau, Wake Island hero (sp?). War Activities Committee of Motion Pictures Industry participates. Film star Merle Oberon sells bonds w/ Colonel Devereau.

16:15:47 Truman buying victory bond from Sec. of Tresury Vincent. CU Roosevelt Victory bond.

WWII Economics; 1945;

Truman

Large Allied flags, US military band, men fixing microphones, press with sound equip[ment, on telephone etc. Womens army band. Four cars across runway with movie cameras and men on roof. Aircraft landing. Truman in open top car with security men. Security standing round car after President out. Truman poses with unid. men in garden. Press taking photographs.

17:22:22 Interior, Truman at dais making speech (mos). Truman out of building. Shop front Arrow Shirts, Westport Men s Wear Truman visits University of Kansas City. Speaking outside to crowds.

17:23:10 Man holding up newspaper: Japan Surrenders celebrations. cheering crowds. Card says Chicago VJ Day.

17:23:20 General De Gaulle at celebrations in Chicago, riding in open top car down crowd lined streets.

17:23:44 Unid. Speed boat racing.

17:24:28 Early Jet aircraft and Unid. man. smiling to camera

President And Congress Honor Infantry Hero

INT Congress - VS Sergeant Jake Lindsay receiving US Congressional Medal of Honor - stands at podium crowded w/ microphones as citation read by Gen. Marshall - applause. President Truman hands over award.

WWII. War Heros.

President Truman - Message On Japanese War

MCU Truman to camera the Japanese now know that their dreams of conquest are shattered...they are depending on America tiring of this war...they should realise that this nation, now at the peak of its military strength will not relax, will not weaken...we will see the fight through to a complete and victorious finish .

WWII. Pacific War.

Save the Planet R1

Bikini Atom Bomb blast. Zoom in on Animated earth, big flash, The Atomic Age was born. Animated spinning atom, Food Atomic Style, two women n kitchen, scientist with test tubes, scientists weighing chickens that have been fed radioactive food and deciding that it has no effect and is safe. Nuclear sub under water. Jimmy Carter at controls as Truman on soundtrack says Armed strength, the free world must have it now. Carter fires missile. Truman on track with cold war rhetoric. AV of Bikini explosion, Ban the Bomb demo in London. Atom bomb explosion, blast effects of A bomb explosion, Bertrand Russell at demonstration. VS devastated Hiroshima after explosion. Rememberence gathering at Hiroshima, people playing. Eternal flame. Army chaplain describes what the atomic blast will look like to soldiers who are going to take part in atom test - it s a wonderful sight to behold. Blast with soldiers in Nevada. Pete Seeger on track sining Mack the Knife with new words. Shot of Capitol, AEC (Atomic Energy Commission) Sign, soldiers standing up in trench and facing atom explosion. Long shot of atom or hydrogen bomb explosion.

01:04:22 - Eisenhower at UN with Atoms for Peace speech Shot of AEC building, a family food center to store atomically radiated food. Track plays Uranium song from 1950 s. Animated uranium atom, man working in glove box, conveyer belt with buckets of uranium stuff, miner holding up rock, radiation caution sign, uranium manufacturing footage, piles of yellow cake, man with two donkeys. Shot of Black Hills landscape to small herd of horses. Native American and environmentalists marching against uranium mining in the Black Hills. John Trudell (Indian activist) on soundtrack, along with Winona Duke.

01:06:25 - LS Three Mile Island (TMI) Nuclear Power Plant with setting sun in background. Children on soundtrack recount dream and real reactions to TMI meltdown over various shots of TMI exteriors and interior views of other nuclear power plants.

01:08:30 - Animation section with Ion the Neutron Batter, nitting baseball into neutrons. Driving up to nuclear power plant. WS of nuclear cooling tower. Overhead moving shot of nuclear reactor. Scientist with geiger counter. Nuclear reactor control room. Radiation worker putting on mask. People dressing in decontamination suits over anti-nuclear speech by Dr. John Gofman who appears in sync.

Pursuit of Peace Reel 1 part 3

Autumn trees - home of professor Tom Shelling - Prof. raking leaves with son. Family walking with dogs on heath. Prof. working at night - speaking into dictaphone. Smokes pipe - dog watches. Open reel tape recorder. Grandfather clock shows midnight - cu second hand moving.

13:24;42 Switzerland - Control tower at Geneva airport - Swissair plane landing - delegates arriving for disarmament conference. Crowds watching. William C. Foster, director of US arms control and disarmament agency arrives to head American delegation. Foster at press conference - says the most important point of conference should be the achievement of a nonproliferation treaty.

13:25:57 Lake Geneva, pan round to Palais des Nations - dedication stone to Woodrow Wilson. Exteriors new League of Nations building - European HQ of United Nations. Soviet / Russian mission which is a secluded house surrounded by trees. In centre of town is American mission - glass and aluminium building. Interior US delegation meeting. William Foster at desk working.

13:27:59 Top shot Lake Geneva and UN building. Interiors empty conference chamber.

13:28:19 US flag on front of car. Foster in car as traveling to UN building. Good shots Palais des Nations. Interiors - reporters and cameramen crowd round delegates. Foster arrives and out of car. Peacock on steps. Various delegates arrive - interiors as delegates meet and greet.

13:30:02 B/W Montage pivotal points - Meeting on the Elbe - destruction of Nazi sign at Nuremberg - German surrender - VE day celebrations. San Francisco conference to sign charter for United Nations. President Truman speaking at conference. Troopships coming home to US. Russian soldiers going home. Brief shot casualty being transported home.

Cold War

1945, April 12 - Truman Swears Oath of Office From Chief Justice Harlan F. Stone]

Vice-President Truman taking oath of office w/ Bess & Margaret watching along w/ members of Cabinet & others. Raises hand, CU taking oath (MOS). Kisses bible, shakes hands of Justice Stone.

NOTE: Without sound track.

[Truman Presents Award To Admiral King]

Ceremony - PresidentTruman decorates King.

Appeal To America To Save Starving Millions Abroad

Truman speech (Sd):

America is faced with a solemn obligation. Long ago we promised to do our full part. Now we cannot ignore the cry of hungry children... millions are sure to die unless we eat less. Again I strongly urge Americans to save bread and to conserve oil and fats... every ounce of bread... will help keep starving people alive .

Mayor LaGuardia speech (Sd):

Czechoslovakia, Poland... Greece... will be without bread in a few days unless we rush boatloads of wheat to these countries... I appeal desperately to the American farmer. People are dying. Please help.

[Churchill - Fulton, MO Speech - Iron Curtain Segment]

Beginning has sound problems. Brief shot of Truman awarded honorary doctorate in middle of speech. Churchill says he has always had faith in France, even in darkest hour. USSR wants an expansion of its ?? Our difficulties will not be removed by waiting... What is needed is a settlement. 02:36:28 ...From Stettin in the Baltic ...an iron curtain has descended...

02:37:18 Truman introduces Churchill. Honorary degrees bestowed - urges pact between US and Great Britain.

02:39:24 Speech again slighlty better sound - 02.39.50 From...an iron curtain has descended... speaks of Russians in Berlin and their quasi communist party. Film goes out of focus.

Churchill - Fulton Speech. Iron Curtain on Eastern Europe

12:06:46 - President Truman and Churchill with cigar driving through streets

12:06:58 - speech continues

Churchill speaking. Poor sd. till 13:02:00. 'However in a great number of countries far from the Russian frontiers and thruout the world Communist 5th columns...' (slug) 13:08:43. Truman introduces Churchill. Audience 'Ladies & Gentlemen it is no times for generalities...' (13:10:23) audience. Truman receives degree; then Churchill. 13:10:42 slug. 'I know you would not wish me to not state the facts as I see them; from in the Baltic to Trieste..and Iron Curtain has descended.' (13:13.26 --13:16.14 out of rack)

Hero Chaplain Honored By President Truman

Congressional Medal of Honor presented for commander O Callaghan of aircraft carrier USS Franklin.

14:30:08 LS USS Franklin burning (after kamikaze attack); firefighters hosing w/ heavy black smoke behind as ammunition explodes; treating injured; saying last rites? or prayer over dead or wounded man.

14:30:36 Truman shaking hands w/ medal winners. Sgt. John McKinney, Donald Gary and Lt. Daniel Lee also decorated w/ Congressional Medal of Honor.

Post-WWII Awards; 1946; 1940s;

Pres. Truman Leads March Of Dimes Tribute to F.D.R.

10:14:13 Truman poses w/ his family & Hollywood film stars for celebration to honor FDR memory.

10:14:23 Mrs. Truman cuts piece of huge cake & serves Van Johnson, William Bendix, Caesar Romero. 10:14:44 Postmaster General Bob Hannigan presents Truman with new Roosevelt stamps.

10:14:53 Brief Truman speech, SOF, re fight against infantile paralysis.

Diseases; Polio; 1946; Fund Raising; Charity;

Cold War - Churchill Fulton MO 'Iron Curtain' Speech

Churchill '..it is my duty to place before you certain facts about the present state of Europe...From Stettin ...Iron Curtain.. (probably best quality).

10:07:10 Motorcade w/ Truman waving to crowd. Churchill riding on back of car.

10:07:22 Interior, Churchill makes speech talking about '..atom bomb that England, the United States & Canada share...'

Winston Churchill in Fulton Missouri

Winston Churchill off train with President Truman and into open top car. Car down street lined with schoolgirls. Motorcade, Churchill and Truman ride on back of car. Truman and Churchill enter university. Truman wearing cap and gown intros. Churchill. Talks re danger of atomic bomb and how glad he is that the knowledge etc is not yet in the hands of some Communist or neo-fascist

10:11:01 Talks of the Special relatioship between Britain and America. (some sound breakup) Crowds in audience. Talks of goodwill towards Stalin. Welcomes Russian contac.... however, talks of fifth columnists, calls them a threat to Christian civilisation.

10:14:29 Truman awarded degree. Truman makes speech. Churchill gets degree and makes speech (very short)

Meet Your Federal Government

Young America Films / McGraw-Hill Text-Films

Teenager Bill arrives back at school after visiting Congressman Uncle in Washington DC - VO I sure was popular that day, especially since there was a test coming up in Civics class . Boy recounts visit to capital & his Uncle s role in government when Mr Miller goes to Washington . Uncle meets him at Union Station - shows him Capitol Hill from plaza outside station. Into Library of Congress; view Declaration of Independence in glass case.

07:57:38 Animation showing three branches of federal government explained by Uncle in VO. Up steps of Capitol - more animated diagrams explaining Legislative branch of govt. - Congress. Shots of public hearing, & Senate w/ Bill document superimposed; President Truman at desk. Coins & banknotes being produced. CU income tax return being filled out. Examples of taxed items - movie admissions, gasoline, luxuries. Passenger ship; customs - import tax. Trucks, trains & plane. Truman addressing Congress [poor quality]. Senate.

08:03:13 Bill & Uncle look through fence at White House; VO & diagrams re Executive branch & President s role. Shots of Truman as Commander in Chief of US Military. Joint session of Congress. Supreme Court - Equal Justice Under Law motto - diagram & VO re Judicial branch of legislature. Summary of three branches - making, carrying out & reviewing policies - Checks and balances .

08:08:07 Cut back to Bill telling schoolmates about government. Bill & Uncle at Washington Monument - pan up from base of monument. Jefferson Memorial. Lincoln Memorial; shot of Bill & Uncle walking out of entrance, Washington Monument in BG.

Economics. Politics. Legal System. US History.

[Cardinal Spellman Greeted At Orly Airport; US Ambassador s Home, Feb46]

Archbishop Angelo Roncalli (later Pope John XXIII), Papel Nuncio in Paris, & others waiting on airstrip, US military plane behind & US officers standing. CU of Roncalli.

13:21:03 TWA 4 engine plane taxiing; passengers w/ Cardinal Glennon down steps. Mr. Jefferson Caffery, US Ambassador to France & Roncalli welcome Spellman. Hugs. Spellman talks to US army microphone.

LS of crowd around.

13:22:01 Reception given by Mr & Mrs Jefferson Caffery, she welcomes Ronalli by kneeling & kissng ring. Shakes hands with another. Picture of President Truman on piano. Other catholic VIPs arrive & shake hands. More greetings. Roncalli gesturing, CU Spellman talking.

13:23:00 Chinese Cardinal Tien arrives & greeted. Spellman talking w/ Ambassador; group talking.

Relgion; Religious Officials; Post-WWII Paris, France; Oriental; Ethnic; 1940s

Meet Your Federal Government

Young America Films / McGraw-Hill Text-Films

Teenager Bill arrives back at school after visiting Congressman Uncle in Washington DC - VO I sure was popular that day, especially since there was a test coming up in Civics class . Boy walks across lawn, sits ww/ friends on school steps & asking Bill questions. Boy recounts visit to capital & his Uncle s role in government when Mr Miller goes to Washington .

07:56:20 Uncle Jim meets him at Union Station, shows him Capitol Hill from plaza outside station. Up stairs & Into Library of Congress; view Declaration of Independence in glass case.

07:57:38 Diagrams & drawings showing three branches of federal government explained by Uncle in VO. Walking on grounds & up steps of Capitol.

07:58:35 More diagrams explaining Legislative Branch - Congress.

07:59:51 Shots of public hearing, & Senate w/ Bill document superimposed; Truman at desk. Coins & banknotes being produced. CU income tax return being filled out. Examples of taxed items - movie admissions, gasoline, luxuries. Passenger ship; customs agents - import tax. Trucks on highway; train past; plane landing. FDR addressing Congress [poor quality]. Signing United nations charter.

08:03:13 Bill & Uncle look thru fence at White House; VO & diagrams re Executive branch & President s role. Shots of Truman as Commander in Chief of US Military. Joint session of Congress.

08:05:06 Ext. Supreme Court - Equal Justice Under Law motto. Frieze viewed. Diagram & VO re Judicial branch of legislature. Summary of three branches - making, carrying out & reviewing policies - Checks and balances .

08:08:07 Bill telling schoolmates about government.

08:08:28 Bill & Uncle at Washington Monument, tilt up from base of monument. Jefferson Memorial. Lincoln Memorial; shot of Bill & Uncle walking out of entrance, Washington Monument in BG.

Economics; Politics; Democracy; Legal System; US History; Street Scenes; Monuments; Tourism; Educational Films;

Nation Urged To Eat Less In Food Crisis

President Truman sitting w/ Herbert Hoover at table in White House. Full informal committee sitting at table in White House meeting to discuss preventing famine & starvation in Post-War areas. New York Governor Lehman & Henry Wallace, Henry Luce w/ Eric Johnston. Secretary Anderson talking w/ Hoover.

23:07:34 Anderson at microphone: We ve done a magnificent job thus far...but we have not yet seen the job through...we have to strain ourselves a little more...

Post-WWII Shortages; Volunteerism; Europe;

A Defeated People R2 of 2

British flag, tilt down to Military Judge & court officers w/ defendant. Ext. German police force w/ band playing. German policeman at intersection w/ British & training. British health service; refugees gathered; British health workers checking blood pressure, & lab tests. Kids playingon rubble; farmers w/ horses. Kids playing on remains of artillery. German speaking (MOS), people watching 7 listening. People repairing building. Children in school class writing. Heavily damaged Reichstag. Krupp family portrait, painting.

07:40:41 Steel twisted in wreckage of factory building. Pan over. Prisoners of War, POWs, deloused w/ DDT. Men getting hands stamped. Demobilization of soldiers, interviewed. Stripped & checked for SS marking under left armpit. CU British soldier interviewing civilian man.

07:43:44 British soldier patrolling as people cross bridge; people into air raid shelters due to curfew. Women sitting on bunks, children sleeping. Shadows of girls circling hand in hand. German Judges given oath of office; girls seen circling in garden sunshine. Monument w/ pictures of Big 3 at Potsdam: Churchill, Truman, Stalin. Large building flying British flag. British officer swearing in judges. The End.

Post-WWII German Occupation; Rebulding; British Sector; Re-education

Seeds of Destiny R2 of 2

continued from LN 505-148

Sign: UNRRA Dispensary No. 16 etc. Home building, blankets given; trucks, livestock; rice given out. Illustration of budget for UNRRA.

13:01:55 Wounded on stretchers. Dead bodies wrapped & buried. Crippled maimed boys. Four walking w/ one leg each. Group of blind children playing.

13:03:00 Headlines of Daily Mirror: Truman for 2-Day Starvation Diet. Other headlines re food needs. Various country names over shots of people & military. Crying starving babies. IS this To Be The End .

Post-WWII; Atrocities; Aftermath; Damage; Europe;

Main Title: United News

21:02:58 Title: France Closes Spanish Border. LS across harbor at Hendaye, CU border sign, MCU bridge over river. Border raised as man pulls cart across. People waiting for passport inspection. Cram into doorway. French guards & lowering of barrier as people run across. People looking across, man w/ binoculars, wave handerchiefs.

21:04:03 Title: President Truman Urges Tolerance. Truman to podium to speak at Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America. Religious leaders applaud. SOF: We have tried to write into the Charter of the United Nations, the essence of religion. The United States expects to support that Charter. It expects to defend that Charter. It expects to expand & perfect that Charter; and we are confident that all the other United Nations expect to do the same.

21:05:15 Title: News Topics Of The Week. Snow & ice on the shore of the Great Lakes, people walking & climbing on ice pushed ashore near Bay City, Michigan. Crushed housed along lakeside, between & covering houses. People leavng w/ belongings.

21:06:00 Deer thru deep snow move across valley floor in Washington State. Officials feeding w/ bales of hay. Elk (?) leaping fences & through woods.

21:06:37 Large Sherman tank pushed over by two British soldiers as made of rubber as dummy decoy. man tips over inflated truck. Men blowing up tanks w/ compressor in field; carry into place by me underneath.

21:07:36 Title: Natives Moved From Atoll For Atom Bomb Test. Clovis Field, New Mexico press conference showing Army radio remote controlled airplane to photograph test ...w/ only newsreel cameraman aboard... POV take off from nose window; operator directing from ground & then by anoher plane accompanying w/ view of drone plane, ext. & int. of cockpit & rear. Aerial of Bikini, view from water; beach shot. Natives at huts, showing fish, CUs men, women, children. Watching arrival from ships at anchor. Naval officer talks to village. CUs. Navy man pulls out false teeth as gag. Natives carrying belongings onto landing craft.

21:10:47 Title: Ski Jumpers Try For Record Leaps. Iron Mountain, Michigan, view down ramp. View of jumper flying seen over heads of spectators. Landing, falls, Walter Bietila wins. Bad fall head first. The End.

Military Illusions; Winter Sports; Secrets;

[Truman Taking Constitutional Walk, ca November, 1946]

President Truman walking across grass w/ Secret Service in background; stops & talks to reporters. Walking w/ them along sidwalks, Secret Service agent alongside, reporters follow. Stops & points w/ cane to various things. Cameramen following; traffic along street. Truman shaking hands & talking w/ women outside drug store.

06:38:38 Truman shaking hands w/ Veterans of Foreign Wars or ?? standing on curb in front of residences. Walking on constitutional walk, shaking hands w/ people, signs autograph for young girl wearing sweater w/ elephants (Republican symbol) beside her bicycle.

Presidential Exercise; Americana;

NOTE: May be Kansas City, Missouri.

Movietone News - Personalities In The News

13:08:58 Title: Chiang Kai-Shek Hailed in Shanghai.

Chiang w/ Madam Chiang Kai-Shek & crowd seen during speech (no Sd) from balcony to crowd below. Gesturing, crowd cheering.

13:09:22 Title: Mrs Roosevelt Confers With President Truman. Eleanor w/ Truman at W.H. desk shaking hands.

13:09:35 Title: Winston Churchill receives Degree in Miami. Churchill speech (SOF) wearing graduate s robes: I am surprised that in my later life I should have become so experienced in taking degrees when as a school boy was so bad at passing examinations. In fact one might almost say that no one ever passed so few examinations & received so many degrees.

13:10:17 Walking across lawn w/ others & waving cap to crowd

Post-WWII, Honorary Degree; 1946;

Marshall Back from Big Meet

Four prop plane taxiing - Capitol in background - Secretary of State George Marshall deplanes and is greeted by President Truman - Truman makes speech congratulating Marshall on his efforts at the Big 4 Moscow conference.

News in Brief - Washington. Truman has new puppy.

Spaniel pup with press - kennel for Feller .

News in Brief - Washington D.C.

Truman awards Collier trophy to Louis Rodin ? - Trophy is awarded to person who has contributed to aircraft safety - he has invented way of de-icing aircraft.

[Byrnes Retires - Marshall Sworn In]

Men in uniform in passenger plane fly above Angkor Wat? - aerial of temple, French? cathedral, castle.

04:55:37 Reception for Byrnes retirement; parade. French military review at airfield. Indochinese children line up road and wave French flags. Byrnes given flowers by people on roadside. Party visits Buddhist temple; Buddhist monks - one wears medals on his robe. Entering temple. Ceremony for Byrnes inside temple, text read by Indochinese official. Aerial Buddhist temple. Byrnes shakes hands with official. Byrnes leaves with French. Byrnes in plane.

04:59:05 Byrnes and De Lattre de Tassigny visit Buddhist temple - Thailand? Official greetings indoors.

Byrnes packs up his office and leaves waving to cameras.

05:00:35 George Marshall and wife off plane. Marshall talks to ABC journalist.

05:01:41 Marshall sworn in as Secretary of State by Justice Vinson. Truman and Byrnes present. Marshall exits.

05:02:41 Row of newsreel cameramen filming. Photographers (good)

05:03:30 MCU George Marshall posing for photographers & cameramen.

General Marshall Takes Oath

Marshall sworn in to succeed Byrnes as Secretary of State. Chief Justice Vincent swears him in. Marshall shakes hands w/ Truman, then w/ Byrnes. CU photographers. Marshall walks to his new office; at desk

President Truman Warns Nation of Trade War

Truman given honourary degree of Doctor of Laws. Makes speech from podium re economy and trade.

Personalities in the News

Newly appointed ambassador to England Lewis Douglas at the White House. Poses for press cameras with President Truman. Douglas sworn in by Stanley Woodward. Dean Aitcheson hands over credentials. Averell Harriman congratulates.

Truman Urges Universal Training

Albert Einstein in cap & gown arriving at honorary graduation ceremony at Princeton University. President Truman & Herbert Hoover in procession also. Eisenhower in uniform receives scroll on outdoor platform to applause from large audience. Truman given doctorate hood & poses for cameras. Truman speech at podium - asks for military training programme for young people ...in order not to win a war, but in order to prevent one .

[NB Sound intermittent but speech intact.]

1940s. Postwar.

Truman Acts to Halt Red Aggression

Truman Doctrine Speech to Congress

President Truman addresses Joint Session of Congress on changing foreign policy. The gravity of the situation which confronts the World today ...foreign policy & National Security are involved. Talks re Greece and Turkey. Greece threatened by Communist-backed armed agressors. Asks Congress for 400 million dollars to provide assistance to Greece & Turkey. Asks for authority to send military & civilian personnel to Greece and Turkey at their request, to provide assistance & oversee the spending of monetary aid. The free peoples of the World look to us for support in maintaining their freedom, if we falter in our leadership we may endanger the peace of the world and we will surely endanger the welfare of this nation. Great responsibilities have been placed upon us by the swift movement of events. I am confident that the Congress will face these responibilities squarely . President gets standing ovation.

Cold War; Beginnings;

President Truman Cold War Speech to Congress

Joint session of Congress applauds as President Truman arrives, shakes hands. CU listening (MOS). Newsreel cameramen & reporters in the gallery.

04:18:20 Truman speaking re totalitarian has been forced on people in Poland, Romania & Bulgaria in violation of Yalta Treaty...nearly every nation must choose way of life...will of majority...or based on will of minority...I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support...free people to work out their own destiny...I am confident Congress will face their responsiblity squarely . This may be March 12, 1947 speech. (heavy hiss throughout tape)

Truman Signs Bill

President Truman at desk signing - surrounded by four others including Sec. Marshall, Attorney General Clarke and others. Shot from behind camera crew as group pose.

Truman smiling and laughing.

President Truman at Key West

PT boats at speed - carrying President Truman? Truman weighing fishing catch. Truman and others into open top car

06:11:05 Truman and guests at Summer White House - in gardens - relaxing in sun wearing pith helmet. Nice shot sitting under palm tree reading. Press. Presidential car down drive.

[President Harry S Truman in Puerto Rico] (21Feb48)

School children & civilians at airport to greet the President. CU little girl holding American flags. Banners from various schools. Soldiers. Crowds applauding.

17:50:17 Truman on stand. Motion picture newsreel camera & woman with still camera. President accompanied by Hon. Jesus T. Pinero, Governor getting into open top car & leaving.

00:29:35 Plane taxiis, President out of plane, greeted by Governor of Puerto Rico Jesus T. Pinero, the Rt. Hon. Luis Munoz-Marin, President of the Puerto Rican senate, Vice Admiral D. E. Barbey, Lt. General W. D. Crittenberger. Major Gen. Ray E. Porter & others.

Presidential party visit El Morro Fortress, CU of President laughing & smiling.

Colonialism; Imperialism; Presidential Vacation;

Truman Speaks to Congress on State of the Union

Capitol - Truman welcomed by congress. Truman speaks re cost of living and inflation - corporate profits - says he wants $40 tax credit for all and support of the Marshall Plan

Truman Wins- Democrats Upset all Forecasts ..

Queues outside polling station as voters wait to cast vote in election. Interiors casting votes. Pan over apartment / tenemant blocks of Harlem. Governor Dewey and wife out of car. Press photographers and cameraman outside building and hanging off balconies to gain vantage point. Interior Dewey signs ?. Harry Truman smiling as he walks up steps and through press. Int. casts vote. Exterior Library of South Salem. Gov. Wallace and wife. Strom Thurmond and wife - voting. Interiors, news cameras and press room. Vote counting. Nice shot group of cameramen and reporters feigning collapse, sleep. Celebration party. Western Union - telegram of congratulations. Truman smiling. Truman at desk with subtitles All my efforts to the cause of peace in the World and the prosperity ... . White House. Exterior Capitol, men erecting seating stands / inaugural platform.

Dixiecrats - Gov. Thurmond Heads State Rights Slate

Men walking towards convention hall carrying confederate flags. Sign States Rights Democrats . General Bill Murray arrives to join protest against President Truman s civil rights programme. Interior convention hall - crowds with banners. Governor Strom Thurmond makes speech attacking civil rights.

General Pershing - Nation s Top Soldier Buried at Arlington

Coffin lying in state in the rotunda of the Capitol. Politicians pay respects including Sec. of State George Marshall. Exterior, long line of people queue to pay respects. Interior people including veterans, mothers and children pass coffin. Generals Eisenhower, Bradley, Clark and others stand in salute as coffin is brought out to caisson. Funeral procession through crowd lined streets to Arlington Cemetery. Mourners follow, marching in rain. Funeral cortege arrives at Arlington. President Truman bows his head. Family mourners. Last post played

President Truman Pays Visit To Caribbean

Truman in white suit off USAF plane, greeted by military guard in white and Governor of Puerto Rico ? Truman past cheering crowds; poses on ruins of clifftop fort w/ US officers. Presidential yacht pulls into harbour; MS Truman on deck; crewmen stand to attention as Truman leaves boat. Photocall w/ Governor of Virgin Islands ? Banner reads Welcome President Truman - Champion of Human Rights . Truman poses w/ plaque - Emancipation Centennial 1848-1948 - Commemoration by Harry S. Truman . HA view of motorcade through streets.

US Protectorates - Puerto Rico & Virgin Islands.

[Truman Campaigning in Denver, Colorado]

Truman & others including Bess & Margaret down steps of State Capital & at KLZ microphone on sunny day (MOS). LS of large crowd.

17:13:49 Union Paciific train arriving station, Truman leaving in open convertible sitting on back of back seat. past crowds lining street w/ paper confetti. Greeted by VIPs and outside large building (Veteran s Hospital?).

17:15:01 Crowd for Truman speech; Bess w/ bouquet down State Capital steps. Truman w/ VIPs down steps. Crowd in sun applauding & watching. Press & journalists at tables w/ typewriters watching. Pan over crowd. Truman in car & motorcade.

17:15:36 Union Pacific around bend on prairie toward camera. Cattle guard, (GOOD RUNBY of Presidential cars & passenger cars.)

17:15:51 Crowd from above on steps. Press. Crowd. Truman to microphones & speaking (MOS).

1948 Presidential Election Campaign; Streamliner Train; Railroad - Runby;

Truman Honored With Canadians; Signs Aid Bill

College of William And Mary ext. w/ Black in Revolutionary era dress opening gates & women on steps behind in Colonial formal dresses. President Truman & ?? walking ahead of others. High angle crowd seated outdoors. Truman talking w/ ?? in college robes as others including William MacKenzie King, stand in background on steps. Spectators stand & applaud (SOF) as man on dias receives honorary degree. Military VIPs standing in front row.

10:33:16 MS Canada s Prime Minister William MacKenzie King receiving sash of honorary degree. Graduates seen. Swish pan to...

10:33:44 President Truman (in light suit) in office 03Apr48 signing Foreign Assistance Act of 1948 giving aid to Greece & Turkey and creating European Recovery Program (ERP or Marshall Plan) w/ European Cooperation Administration (ECA) to administer. Various Congressional VIPs surround him including Rep. Joe Martin.

10:33:54 Truman (in dark suit) signing another bill w/ VIPs watching, includes Edward Stettinius, Sec. Vandenberg others.

10:34:09 CU document signed.

10:34:11 Original group w/ Truman in light suit passing out pens from the signing.

10:34:26 Truman reads statement (low sound): The Foreign Assistance Act is the best answer that this country can make in reply to the vicious and distorted misrepresentations of our efforts for peace which have been spread abroad by those who do not wish our efforts to succeed. This measure is America s answer to the challenge facing the free world today.

Diplomacy; Honors; Post-WWII Aid; Rebuilding;

News From The Nation s Capital (Hoffman Appointed Marshall Plan Head)

High angle shot of Paul G. Hoffman at table facing reporters & cameramen. MCU alongside, smiling & answering questions.

13:54:59 White House w/ cars pulling up, many people watching Prince Regent Charles of Belgium greeted by President Truman. Saluting military honor guard.

13:55:21 In Oval office presenting Truman w/ the Belgian Military Cross of the Unknown Soldier for WWII.

13:55:27 At Tomb of Unknown Soldier laying wreath & saluting.

Press Conference; Ceremony; Royalty; Post-WWII European Rebuilding; ca Apr48; Diplomacy;

[Israel; 3rd Session United Nations, 1948, Paris, France]

Eric Johnston sitting on desk speaking SOF: I have just returned from Israel...& to report my conclusions to President Truman, & also to Governor Dewey. I was in the city of Haifa on the day of Count Bernadotte s death (17Sep48); I had talked w/ him only a short while before he left for Jerusalem. He told me then, & I think Americans would like to know this, that the much publicized Bernadotte Plan, as submitted to the United Nations, was merely intended to be the basis for discussion. I brought back w/ me a film record of my journey in Israel & I thought perhaps you might want to see some of the things I saw; some of the things which made me believe so deeply in the new civilization which is developing there i Israel.

05:12:27 MOS People looking across stony hilltop from behind sandbags. Johnston pointing & talking to woman (wife?) & Israeli soldier.

05:12:35 Jeep w/ Johnston & others down steep road. Looking at walls of deserted (?) village. Walking along pipeline along dirt road & hay field. Two couples riding in jeep. Papers checked by soldier. Past sign along coast.

05:13:24 Coast road, Tel Aviv beach & Jaffa port across bay. Johnston talking with IDF Head of Operations Yigael Yadin, w/ sea & navy ship behind.

05:13:32 Johnston & woman walking w/ Ben Gurion; sitting & talking at outdoor table.

05:13:46 ohnston talking with Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Shertok (Sharet) on porch.

05:13:57 US flag on modern building (Embassy?). Int. Johnston talking w/ ?? (American Ambassador?)

05:14:12 Johnston & wife standing w/ others. Talking in doorway w/ doctor, tilt up to Weizmann Institute of Science. Int. w/ scientist & others.

05:14:32 LS across valley w/ village at bottom of hill. Johnston beside church. CU looking at hebrew sign.

05:14:46 Christian monk out of church in Jerusalem & shake hands; talking w/ Johnston & wife. Greek or ?? Orthodox priest talking w/ group.

05:15:00 Talking w/ arab. Talking w/ others. Looking over hillside of houses.

05:15:19 - 05:15:33 Sitting on desk SOF repeats beginning of opening statement.

05:15:36 United Nations w/ Trygve Lie at desk. SOF: applause, man to podium, speaks in French of Count Before disappearing Bernadotte sent us his suggestions for a final settlement of the Palestinian problem. The French delegation is happy that these suggestions are put as a priority like the recommenations of Nov47. The establishment in Jerusalem of an international authority; this is the only way to preserve the holy places. Germany will be democratic only if could progressively normalize its economic activities first, then its political life w/o being brougth down by poverty. There are already signs for a new way forward.

05:17:02 High angle shots of podium; ls from rear of hall; man returning to seat.

Near East; Israel Palestine Debate; French Diplomat;

[Israel President Weizmann in NYC; Truman at Girard College] (May48)

Title: New York City. US & Israel flags outside ?? MCU of President Chaim Weizmann & wife posing for photographers.

20:34:50 Title: Philadelphia; over President Truman in open car in motorcade thru gates to Girard College. Truman w/ three others, handed statue by student. Ext. people watching as Truman w/ shovel plants tree.

20:35:20 Truman standing w/ young boys; sitting talking to them.

May 1948; Israel State Visit; Diplomacy;

News In Brief - Israel President w/ Truman & Leaving on Shipboard] (May48)

Israel President Chaim Weizmann presents President Truman w/ Torah; CU of Torah & MS of two. Newreel cameramen.

20:36:02 Weizmann & wife on shipboard w/ photogrpahers seen from above; MCU.

20:36:17 People waving from dock at liner leaving

May 1948; Israel State Visit; Diplomacy;

Young America - President Present New Youth Stamp (Aug48)

20:42:54 Smiling boys in Boys Clubs tee shirts. CUs.

20:43:02 CU two twin girls w/ freckles.

20:43:06 Large crowd on White House lawn watching.

20:43:16 President Truman presenting or receiving book of stamps from girl on crutches. Other kids watching. Kids in front of Youth Month poster; wave to camera.

1940s; 1948; Ceremony;

Politics - Truman And Dewey On Campaign Roundup (Sep48)

20:46:53 Thomas Dewey boards tail observation car of campaign train in Albany, NY; wife receives flowers; people crowding platform. Shakes hands w/ railroad engineer (?). Swish pan to...

20:47:24 Truman & daughter on his campaign train; VP candidate Alben Barkley boards, they shake hands for photographers. Train slowly pulls out of station.

20:47:46 Large bulldozer & earth mover working at Soil Conservation Field Day, Dexter, Iowa near Des Moines; Truman visits w/ a lot of farmers around. Enormous crowd. Truman at speakers stand in front of board w/ grid & county (?) names.

1948 Presidential Campagining;

Me and Mr Marshall

Documentary tracing the Marshall Plan's role in revitalizing Germany's coal industry after WWII.

Pan across Ruhr Valley & coal mine. CUs miner drills into coalface. More shots miners at work underground w/ electric drills. Miners watch band play at ceremony for 1000th Ruhr volunteer from US Zone - migrating to Ruhr for new jobs. Miners board train at night - American narration from one miner s PoV We were going to the Ruhr for calories, clothes and a roof over our heads, but we didn t kid ourselves .

19:56:06 Miners arrive in Ruhr industrial complex - carry belongings into hut for first meal, medical checks & kit distribution. Miners in dormitory & taught about the industry.

19:56:47 Small group of new miners walk to mine after training completed - into elevator carts. Miners at work w/ drills. Dirty miners out fo pit & top shot above shower cubicles - washing. Display of new clothes sold on points system - miners exchange coupons for coffee. German newspaper headlines re Marshall Plan.

19:58:09 US Foreign Minister George Marshall speaking to Congress? Aerials ruined city after WWII - destroyed factories, transport links & docks. Top shot homeless people among ruins w/ salvaged possessions - devastated city scenes w/ superimposed shots of political rallies, fascism etc. Marshall making speech w/ quote superimposed re US cooperation w/ governments assisting in reconstruction efforts.

20:00:03 VO explaining Marshall Plan & its supporters in Europe: Washington DC street scenes - Big Ben - Tower Bridge - Buckingham Palace - Eiffel Tower - Arc du Triomphe. Soviet refusal to participate - high shots across Moscow & street scenes w/ traffic.

20:00:44 Delegates of 16 countries arrive for meeting re Marshall Plan. Animated map showing Eastern Bloc countries blacked out & marked w/ No! - others Yes! INT shots of meeting in progress showing many delegates. Montage prewar German industry & destruction of WWII night bombing. Postwar industry shots - VO re vicious circle caused by lack of steel, coal, equipment & food. Factory production line scenes. Miners push coal carts out of mine.

20:03:56 US Congress - Truman at podium - voting for $5billion aid to Europe. Animated map showing how money was distrubuted between countries & breakdown of expenditure.

20:04:54 German trade fair - foreign delegates looking to put Marshall Plan money into German products. Heavy Industry scenes - blast furnace - cotton - docks - bread sold at bakery - street market - household goods in shop window. New locomotive lowered onto tracks. Welder at work - heavy machinery. High shots across industrial landscape; miner at work underground - VO My profession? Just call me a Marshall Planner .

Postwar Recovery / Reconstruction. Economic Aid. Europe 1940s - 1950s.

[Truman To Congress (re Israel), MOS]

Washington Capitol building as Presidential motorcade arrives to south entrance.

Interior House of Representatives; standing as VIPs arrive for joint session.

06:05:57 Int.of seated Congressmen & filled balcony; applauding.

06:06:07 Balcony, row of newsreel cameras & one television camera.

03:06:11 Truman on speaking (MOS)

03:06:16 Truman (wearing white spatz shoes) out of building w/ two men; poses w/ George Marshall.

03:06:35 Truman, Marshall & ?? to car; cars leaving past watching crowd.

03:06:59 Int congress; all stand, applaud as VIPs enter, to front. Listening, applauding. GOOD interiors.

1940s; 1950s;

[Air Force Now - Walter Cronkite Narrated History of of Air Force] 40th Anniversary.

Edward C. Aldridge SOF re 40th Anniversary of Air Force.

Montage: Wright Brothers; WWII B-17s; Korean fighter jet; Title: 40th Anniversary.

Montage: Fighter jets, all eras. Pilots & crews.

22:39:54 Shot of Truman s The Independence taxiing. 1947 Truman signs National Security Act, reorganizes DOD, creates separate Air Force. Truman off plane, shaking hands w/ AF personnel.

22:40:18 14Oct47 Airplane in flight & launch of Bell X-1, Chuck Yaeger breaks sound barrier; X-1 in flight. 22:40:34 XP-59 earliest jet aircraft; F-80 Shooting Star - first operational jet fighter. B-36 intercontinental bomber w/ interior shots & exteriors (GOOD)

22:41:24 24Jun48 Berlin Blockade & airlift. Closing down electricity. Sign Russian zone Berlin street. Loading supplies into & out of plane. Planes takeoff, land at Templehoff, distributing food. Operation Vittles. Children eating. Plane over. (GOOD)

22:42:45 25Jun50: Headlines N. Korea Reds Declare War . Air combat F-80s; battle & color combat footage. Plane explosion. Americans & Koreans entering building for negotiations.

22:43:44 1950s technological developments. Frank Everest flies Bell X-2 three times speed of sound. X-2 & other experimental aircraft in flight. Flying Wings & montage of weird experimental airplanes.

22:45:13 B-52 take off. Missile launch ww/ Atlas Booster; Intercontinental Missile launch. Titan-1 & Minuteman-1. X-15 in flight Maj. Robert White reaches altitude of 50 miles, landing. Shot of astronauts. 1965, Maj. Ed White Gemini-4 walks in space.

22:46:46 Vietnam - bombing shot thru smoke & fire (GOD). Various views of air force combat in Vietnam. Helicopter rescue. B-52 bombing. Evacuation. Plane maintenance. Take offs & landings. Combat w/ MIGs. Int. w/ fighter pilot. Capt. Steve Ritchie, Ace pilot SOF ...greatest team effort..

22:48:22 Helicopter shots. Helicopter rescue operations. Helicopter machine gun firing. Flares. Various views of helicopter fighting and rescues. Int. with rescued pilot. (GOOD)

22:51:00 1973 Return of POWs. Int. w/ POW with eye patch. Vietnam Memorial & Veteran s Statue at Vietnam Memorial.

22:51:50 Montage: Thunderbirds; contemporary Air Force in flight, at work, running out of hangar, medical operating room, parade, pilots, flying in formation. The End.

Patriotism; Military Americana;

[Truman Press Conference, Key West, FL, ca 1948]

Truman out into center of reporters, reads statement, reporters taking notes. LS of group & individual shots of reporters. CU Truman (no printer ride). Margaret talking to press & having picture taken. Presidential compound.

Note: Printer ride intermittent.

Presidential Vacation;

The Reorientation Branch - Central Park Documentary: Guide to recreational facilities in New York City's Central Park.

AVs New York and Central Park area. 59th Street with skyscrapers on one side and Central park on the other - hansom cabs / horse drawn carriages waiting for trade. People sitting on benches in park feeding birds / pigeons. Children in pony and trap. Little boy buys balloon. Zoo - families and children watching monkeys - Tiglon ( half lion half tiger ) in cage. Polar bears. Feeding time for seals.

02:12:50 Traffic in Central park - shots across lake of skyscrapers. Boaters on lake. Boy fishing. Woman fishing while baby sits in pram watching. Fly casting contest. 02:14:28 Bethesda Fountain - Belvedere weather observing station - Cleopatras Needle. 02:15:02 Audience seated in The Mall - President Truman making speech (not heard) Country Square dancing. Tavern on the Green - dancing. Hansom cabs along Albany Post Road - tennis courts - softball played - basketball - kids play american football - Pony trekking / horse back riding.

02:17:03 Winter in the park. Horse drawn skiers and sleigh. Tobogganing. Ice skating - building snowmen. Spring, young woman walking dogs. Mothers and children playing - playground, swings - kids on bicycles - old men pitch horseshoes - play chequers / draughts. People sunbathing / relaxing on grass.

Headlines - Reds Explode Atom Bomb

Headline 'Truman Says Reds Exploded Atom Bomb', man reading. Other newspapers with same headline & man with cigar reading re Russian Nuclear blast. Other men reading. Henrich's Homer Ties Count. POV walking past stoop / doorstep.

Senator McMahon Announces USSR Russian Atomic Bomb Test

McMahon outdoors at microphones waits. 'The President (Truman) has announced the dropping of an atomic explosive in Russia. This comes as no surprise to those who have been involved in our own...over 3 years ago we offered the whole world...unfortunately the Russians...there is yet time if we use the kind of ingenuity that the problem demands...masters of the Kremlin.'

13:03:45 President Truman has announced the perfection of an Atomic Explosion by...

3rd take interrupted by cloud.

13:07:13 says Stalin should be able to talk to our people as Pres. Truman should be able to talk to the Soviets.

13:07:53 Walks out of brush to mics.

Cold War

Truman Inauguration - incomplete

Capitol - banks of cameramen. Truman arrives for swearing in ceremony. Truman sworn in - makes inaugural speech. Anti communist. Cutaways to crowds. Parade

Cold war

News Flashes: Florida

President Truman and family arrive for holiday in Key West. US Naval troops salute. Guard outside villa. Truman photocall in casual dress on beach.

Truman Inauguration - incomplete

Capitol - banks of cameramen. Truman arrives for swearing in ceremony. Truman sworn in - makes inaugural speech. Anti-communist. Cutaways to crowds. Parade

Cold war

[President Truman Greets Shah of Iran, 1949]

Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi of Iran greeted by President Truman at National Airport - State Visit 16-20Nov49. Truman reads speech, still photographers in FG. Shah speaks in English off the cuff.

02:02:21 MCU men shake hands. I bring you a message of warm regard and goodwill...to work with the United States for peace in Middle East . VS Shah arrives on Presidential plane. US colour guard. Shah and Truman into open limo.

Atlantic Pact - 12 Nations Sign Security Treaty

Group shot of delegates in front of large ferms & flags. members signing at desk as others watch from seats behind. Includes Bevan, Acheson,

15:11:28 CU of treaty book. Cameras on stands at back of room w/ lights. View of delegates & audience.

15:11:43 MCU of President Truman at podium speaking: Within the United Nations, this country & other countries, have hoped to establish an international force for the use of the United Nations in preserving peace throughout the world. Our efforts to establish this force however have been blocked by one of the major powers! ...we have seen brave men overcome obstacles that seemed insurmountable, and forces that seemed overwhelming...they can choose slavery or freedom, war or peace. I have no doubt which they will choose...

NATO Alliance; Speech; Diplomacy; Defense; Cold War; Anti-Communism; Anti-Russia;

The Telenews Daily - Truman Spurs Charity Drive

01:44:26 President Truman at microphone, speaks (SOF): Fellow Americans, we re on the eve of a typically American campaign, a peace campaign, that will enlist during October the energies of a million and a half volunteer workers. They are setting out to raise some $185 million dollars to meet community needs thru the familiar Red Feather services of the Community Chests. These services are many & varied. They include among others: child care, recreation & character development activities for boys & girls; counselling & help to families in time of trouble; healing for those who are sick in body or in mind; care & companionship for the aged. This year Red Feather campaigns in many cities will include the USO - the United Service Organizations. USO has been reactivated at my request as an essential element to our National Security. Let us remember that the USO is still a home away from home for more than a million and a half young men & women in our Armed Forces.

Coordinated Fund Raising Appeal;

The Telenews Daily - President Signs Wage Bill

01:52:40 Truman surrounded by Congressmen & Senators & others signing bill. CU Sam Raybun, ?? looking over Truman s shoulder. CU Truman signing w/ multiple long nib ink pens & posing, hands them out.

NOTE: Minimum wage bill, aka Fair Labor Standards Amendments, raising minimum wage from 40 to 75 cents, 26Oct49.

Title: News In Brief (Truman w/ Mrs. Pandit; Gene Autry at NYC City Hall; Joe DiMaggio Batting practice)

02:14:27 28Sep49 President Truman signing H.J. Res. 295 to erect a memorial to memory of Mohandas K. Gandhi w/ Ambassador, Madame Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit in sari, & others watching. Gives her pen. Present were Emanuel Celler, NY, Mr. J.J. Singh, Pres of Indian league of America, Hon. Loy Henderson, Hon. Geo. C. McGehee (sic).

02:14:43 Horseback riders & flags outside NYC City Hall; small kids watching. ?? at microphone (MOS) w/ men & women in western dress behind. Smiling woman on horseback in MCU. CUs.

02:15:11 City Council President Vincent Impellitteri w/ Gene Autry shaking hands. Press photographers. American Indians in headdresses stand behind Autry & ??

02:15:25 Horsemen riding up New York streets.

02:15:45 Joe Dimaggio & no 10 in Yankee uniforms watching game. CU DiMaggiio. Baseball batting practice at Yankee Stadium.

Promotional Events; 1949;

The Telenews Daily - McCormick Sums Up 81st Congress

02:26:31 Senator John W. McCormick writing at desk, speaks to camera (SOF): The 81st Congress, the first session thereof, has been a great success in the people s interest. Under the leadership of President Truman we have done a remarkable job. Important legislation in connection w/ our international complications (sic) have been passed which will result in the stopping of Communism in its attempt to dominate the world. On the domesticate fields the outstanding examples have been housing & minimum wage, both designed to preserve the family life of America. The great problem confronting the people of the world, and confronting a large segment of our own people is the question of economic insecurity. Seventy million people in America are members of families that have a gross family income of $3,000 a year or less. This presents to Americans & to the Congress and all legislative bodies a challenge which we must meet! The President s recommendations made in January are for a full Congress which comprises two years. It must be borne in mind that Congress meets again next January & much of the unfinished business of this session will be completed next year. But so far as this session is concerned it has been a remarkable success in the people s interest.

Summary; Politics; Anti-Communism; Economics; Post-WWII; Democrats; Cold War Statement;

NOTE: First session ended 19Oct49.

The Telenews Daily - Congressional Probe (Harry H. Vaughan Testifies)

03:34:56 Senate Committee w/ Joseph McCarthy, Karl Mundt, Margaret Chase Smith sitting beside Chairman Senator Clyde Hoey (Democrat, North Carolina). Photographers.

03:35:05 CU General Harry H. Vaughan, reads statement (SOF): The freezers which have been discussed here were a gift from two old friends of mine. This gift was an expression of friendship & nothing more. There is absolutely no connection between this gift & any assistance I have given these friends. At no time have I taken action as a member of the White House staff in exchange for a gift or other favor. With respect to John Maragon, I have known him since 1941 when he was employed by a railroad company to assist in obtaining transportation for members of Congress. I have had no business connections w/ Mr. Maragon. I have never authorized him to represent or speak for me, or the White House, in any matters pertaining to my duties. Upon his request, I have given him assistance in matters when it appeared entirely proper to do so. There is nothing to conceal in my record as a public servant. I will answer any questions you gentlemen may wish to ask. I have discharged my duty honestly, & to the best of my ability.

Senator: Have you ever, at any time, received any fee or commission, or shared w/ anybody else in receiving any fee or commission in connection w/ any of those operations? Vaughan: No so, I did not. It had never occured to me. My duties at the White House in that connection, were the continuation of practically the same duties here in Senator Truman s office. Senator: In any of these matters did you have occasion to advise the President of what was transpiring, or did you do it just on your own? Vaughan: I have never had any occasion, that I can recall, to advise the President on any action I have taken in any particular instance; I didn t think it was necessary because I was performing according to the President s instructions that he had given to me before. He had never had occasion to change them, & I would just continued to operate in the same way. And I felt sure he would be the first one to tell me if he wanted me to change. People standing at end of hearing.

Five-percenters; Scandal; Investigation; 08Aug49; 1949; Hearings; Corruption;

Title: Navy News (Sec. of Defense Johnson Welcomes Adm. Sherman on appointment as Chief of Navy)

04:17:09 Two men at microphones, Sec. Johnson, SOF: Admiral Sherman, I m particularly pleased to have the privilage of welcoming you as you come to assume your new duties as the incoming Chief of Naval Operations. It is also an appreciated privilage to be able to congratulate you on the confidence which President Truman has shown in you in naming you to this very responsible position. The duties which you are to assume as both of us know are grave & heavy. I am sure that you must feel, as we want you to feel, that you have the confidence of all of us in the Department of Defense; and that you have our support in what I know to be your aim & ambition to lead the Navy in functioning as effectively in the future as it has in the past, in order that it may maintain its position of fine performance in doing its part to provide for the national security of this great nation.

04:18:13 Admiral Sherman: Mr. Secretary I am greatly honored by the duty to which I have been assigned. I did not seek this duty, but having been assigned it, & with the loyalty & support of the officers & men of the navy on which I know I can count, I am sure that I shall succeed, as have my many predecessors, in maintaining a Navy of which the country can be proud. It will be my constant endeavor to make the adjustments which are necessary to provide the strongest possible combat force for which the money is available.

04:18:55 Johnson: I congratulate you again Admiral. Thank you sir.

October or November, 1949;

Title: News In Brief (Polish Airlines; Marshall w/ Service Award; Margaret Truman; Federal Security Agency)

05:20:19 C-47 w/ Polish flag; Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT on side. Air crew w/ stewardess (?), boarding plane, taxiing.

05:20:43 Washington DC. Man at desk from behind newsreel cameras. MCU at mic (MOS) wearing tag 1000.

05:21:00 President Truman & George Marshall hold plaque w/ eagle for cameras, others stand beside them. MCU of Award: The United...for Distinguished Public Service . Woman (Mrs. Marshall?) standing behind plaque. Marshall shakes hands.

05:21:34 Margaret Truman talking (MOS) to women journalists (press conference). CU wearing pearls.

05:21:57 Couple w/ baby w/ reverend (Norman Vincent Peale ?) Christening or Baptising. CU baby.

05:22:23 Washington DC (?). Man at desk, speaks (SOF): I am leaving today to go abroad to visit England, Ireland, Sweden, Switzerland, Italy & Israel. Each of these countries has something of particular interest to the Federal Security Agency which we need to know more about. In England we are particularly intersested in the system of grants to colleges, educational institutions of higher learning. While I m in England I want to learn something first hand of the National Health System that they have there. Ireland has a particularly interesting problem for us for they ve done a great deal in the way of their Social Security System, particularly for the older people & that is rapidly becoming a serious problem with us. Sweden has a health service & certain convelescence hospitals which we are very interested in knowing more about. Switzerland had a great medical service, its set up on somewhat different lines than we are visualizing here & we re anxious to know more about it because possibly they have had some experience useful to us.

Religious Ritual; November 1949;

Title: Army-Navy Grid Classic (American College Football Army 38, Navy 0, 1949)

05:23:58 Pan over Navy cadet units at attention on football field. President Truman & wife standing smiling. Army cadets saluting.

05:24:25 CU Omar Bradley & Field Marshall Montgomery standing. Truman flipping two coins. Pan over filled stadium.

05:24:36 Sd (cheering) Beginning of game. Running, passing, touchdown & recovered fumble. More touchdowns by Army. The End.

November 1949; Military Service Rivalry;

Title: Washington Headlines (First US Woman Ambassador)

06:11:16 MCU Helen Eugenie Moore Anderson seated in chair by table light & microphone. SOF: I m happy to be here in Washington for a few days visit, & a little briefing at the State Department, before we start off for Denmark. My children & my husband are going w/ me you know, so that means we have quite a bit to do planning & packing & all kinds of preparations before we are really ready to leave.|

06:11:44 CU I think that my appointment as the first woman ambassador is a recognition by President Truman of the role that women are playing in public life today. I think that this appointment is an honor, not only to me as a woman, but to all women in the United States. And I think that this is recognized not only by the President but by people all over the country. I have been pleased to hear from people in many parts of the United States who seemed to be pleased that the work that women are doing is being recognized in ways like this.

October 1949; Firsts;

NOTE: Appointed 20Oct49. She served 1949-1953 in Denmark; 1962-1964 in Bulgaria.

Title: Washington Headlines (Joe Martin on 1st Session, 81st Congress, 19Oct49)

06:20:43 Speaker of the House Joe Martin to camera, SOF: It would probably be better to say that the first session of the Congress which closed today did not adjourn, it collapsed. I have been a member of Congress since 1925 & in all these years I have never seen a more disorganized, dispirited session of Congress than the one which quit today. Mr. Truman asked this Congress for 15 new domestic spending programs to be financed out of the general tax fund. And three welfare programs to be financed by taking more money out of the workers pocket. It is about the same program that Mr. Truman said could be enacted in 15 days when he called a special session of Congress following his address to the Democratic National Convention.

06:21:44 CU: The plain truth is that the Administration has been proposing for over a year that Congress vote the nation into a Socialistic State. And further truth is that Mr. Truman, so far, has been unable to sell either the 80th or the 81st Congress that we should abandon the American form of government & embrace Statism.

1949; Domestic Program; Economics;

NOTE: 1st session of 81st Congress closed 19Oct49.

The Telenews Daily - Atlantic Union Proposed (Kefauver; Pro & Con on Poll Tax)

09:49:01 Senator Estes Kefauver at desk, looks up & speaks (SOF): Today I filed in the United States Senate a concurrent resolution. This resolution is being sponsored by 17 distinguished members of the United States Senate & also by a group in the House of Representatives. The purpose is to request the President to call a Convention of the Atlantic Treaty to see what further steps they may take to a closer cooperation & federation. The idea of the resolution is to try to bring together all of the elements which must go into peaceful relations & getting along w/ one another for a unified purpose. This not only includes a treaty such as we have & a rearmament, but it includes economic monetary matters, a common foreign policy; and all of the other things which bring people close together. This, I believe, if representatives of these nations can meet & discuss further steps towards federation we can really bring together the countries, democracies, of the North Atlantic into a great group which can work together for the purpose of maintaining peace & keep the world from war for many, many generations.

09:50:32 Congressman Earl Chudoff at microphone w/ Capitol behind (SOF): The anti-poll tax bill is one bill that I am very proud to vote for. In my platform as a candiate for Congress in the 4th Pennsylvania District I told my constitutents I was for President Truman s Civil Rights Platform. Theis is the first of the three bills that will come before the House during this session. The other two bills will probably be a Federal FEPC bill, and a Federal Anti-Lynching bill. There are quite a few members, especially from the South, against this legislation & as a freshman Congressman yesterday I saw my first so-called House filibuster when the Southern Democrats caused seven or eight roll-calls to stop a vote on this particular type of legislation. I can say that one of the bills that I am very proud to vote for & one of my proudest votes will be my vote for this bill when the final vote is taken.

09:51:36 Unid. Southern Congressman in same place SOF: I am opposed to the anti-poll tax bill, first because I consider it to be absolutely un-constitutional. If the Federal Government can determine the qualification of the electors of the various states, in my opinion eventually they can dominate the elections of this nation which would lead to total dictatorship eventually. There are moves behind this program other than removing restrictions for voting purposes. In my opinion the two major parties are making a political football out of this type of program trying to capture the votes of the Negro race in the north & in the eas. In my state we charge $2 per year for two consecutive years for poll tax. This is assessed against all of our people regardless of race or color. The only requirement is that if they pay this poll tax by February 1st for two consecutive years they are qualified electors.

Cold War; National Security; NATO; Racial; Poverty; Blacks; African-Americans; Discrimination; Disproportionate Taxes; 1949;

The Telenews Daily - Shah Of Iran On U.S. Tour

09:57:57 16Nov49 American troops at attention on airfield tarmac, salute; colorguard; Shah Pahlavi off plane greeted by President Truman. Shakes hands w/ others.

09:58:20 W/ Truman on platform before microphones. Truman SOF: Your Majesty, I m happy to welcome you to the United States on this, your first, visit here...

09:58:37 Shah: I thank you Mr. President for your generous welcome. I am looking forward, w/ the keenest anticipation, to all that I have to experience, here in the greatest of the democracies in the free world. Applause & posing together, hand shakes in front of Presidential plane Independence. Waving.

Diplomacy; Arrivals; 1949

Title: News In Brief (Thanksgiving Related w/ Truman & Turkey; Macy Day Parade Preparations)

10:03:49 White House garden & Truman w/ others looking at large turkey held on string.

10:04:21 Unloading large canvas or folded balloon from cart in gymnasium. Spreading balloon w/ partially inflated ones near by on canvas covering floors. Inflating, men holding ropes.

1949; Holidays; Celebrations; Traditions;

The Telenews Daily - Acheson Returns From Europe (Visited French, Great Britain & German Ministers)

10:15:24 Large American Overseas Airlines plane arrives, Acheson down stairs, greeted by Truman & wife; news photographers take picture of handshaking.

10:15:54 SOF: I can say, & I m glad to say, that my meetings w/ the Foreign Ministers of France & Great Britain were entirely harmonious & reached full agreement. My talks w/ the leaders in Germany were very satisfying for me. Swish pan.

10:16:14 People lining curb w/ war destroyed buildings behind. People on railroad platform, sign: Bonn. Streamlined train arrives. Police w/ people on platform. Acheson off train, greeted by Adenauer & ?? Cameramen follow group walking w/ various military.

10:16:55 Large school or ?? w/ German flag flying. Acheson, Louis Johnson & ?? at microphones (MOS).

Post-WWII; Diplomacy; European Visit; Bonn, Germany; Secretary of State; Secretary of Defense; ca 1949;

Title: Washington (Truman to National Council of Negro Women, 1949)

10:17:13 LS, then MS of President Truman, Ralph Bunch, Mrs. Bethune, Madame Pandit (Indian Ambassdor to US); audience applauding.

10:17:27 Woman in formal gown at microphone reading SOF: The National Council of Negro Women commends & honors you for your distinguished service to mankind, Miss Bethune, Doctor Bunche.

10:17:47 ?? at microphone SOF: The President of the United States. Truman: While the individual members of the United Nations are working to compose their differences by the peaceful processes of concilliation & negotiation, they are also moving vigorously towards the fulfillment of ideals which are deeply rooted in our own American history & tradition. Our own founding fathers were deeply concerned w/ the preservation of individual liberties under the Federal union. The United Nations Commission On Human Rights has formulated these principals in a great document which can apply to all the peoples of the earth, The Declaration of Human Rights.

10:18:43 All of us who are here tonight have a deep interest in that great enterprise. The extension of freedom of opportunity to all our citizens w/o racial or religious discrimination. The people of this country have made, and we are making, progress in this call. We are...to the true meaning of equality, equality of opportunity, equality of a chance to get an education, equality in the economic world. We will continue to advance in our program of bringing equal rights & equal opportunities to all citizens.

Civil Rights; Blacks; Ethnic Lobbying;

The Telenews Daily

08:06:16 Title: U.S. Studies Election Results

08:06:23 Radio reporters & engineers at table w/ equipment. Photographers playing cards; reporters typing at typewriters; on telephones.

08:06:47 People listening to radios; including John Foster Dulles & wife in CU.

08:07:00 Crowd of people waving to camera. MS of smiling candidate Herbert Lehman & wife. Newspaper photographers w/ graflex camera. Candidate w/ well-wishers; shaking hands while talking on telephone.

08:07:32 Times Square zipper sign: re-election of Mayor O Dwyer.

08:07:39 Campaign headquarter & men looking at results.

08:07:53 Photographers. Mayor O Dwyer. swish pan

08:08:12 Sd. President Truman introduced at banquet table, speaks: Latest returns on the Lehman, Dulles fiasco, it will be that when Lehman gets thru with this fellow... talks about Democrats performance in first session of 81st Congress & upcoming 2nd session. ...convinced that the Democratic Party, the party of the people, will continue to do that job for the welfare of this nation & the welfare of the world.

1949 Elections;

NOTE: Lehman beat Dulles in special election for Senator from New York.

Title: The Foreign Page (Telenews Daily)

08:12:06 Large group at graduation ceremony in park. VIPs walking past including Civil War veterans.

08:12:21 MS Princess Elizabeth & Prince Philip both in uniform watching, Churchill w/ back to camera, wreath laying at Cenotaph (?) by Philip; second by Elizabeth. Remembrance Day 1949; Armistice Day;

08:13:11 Title: Italy

08:13:16 Sign on door: The Anglo American Clinic And Hospital. Man speaking at podium (MOS) . VIPs listening, seated & standing; nurses. Opening door. LS hospital & grounds People seated inside, picture of Truman on wall.

08:14:00 Int. w/ equipment & doctor measuring lung capacity of patient w/ mechanical pump. Nurses at work, operating room. The End.

[Johnson & Others Arrive At 81st Congress]

Lyndon Johnson poses on steps before Democtratic Party Congress in Washington DC w/ unid. man. Others photographed arriving inc. Hubert Humphrey. Margaret Chase Smith [Maine] on steps of Capitol. INT President Harry Truman, Sam Rayburn & two others meeting in office.

The Telenews Daily - Washington Headlines (Protesting Dismissal of Adm Denfield, Oct49)

05:35:26 Man at desk SOF The dismissal of Admiral Denfield by President Truman yesterday came as a distinct shock; not only to me but likewise I am sure came as a shock to all the American people. I propose to fight this change w/ all the resources at my command. This attempt to close the mouths & stultify the minds pf these distinguished Americans in our Armed Services who are concerned over national defense planning. I sincerely hope that all Americans who cherish the right of expressing themselves freely on public matters will rise together in protest against this high-handed dictatorial arbitrary attitude that far more smacks of the Kremlin than of the Capitol of the United States.

October 1949; Protesting; Cold War; Admirals Revolt;

Note: Adm. Denfield was removed, Oct49, after testifying against the emphasis of B-36 program over the Navy aircraft program which Defense Sec. Louis Johnson had cancelled but which was later re-instated.

Title: U.N. News (Truman w/ ?? at W.H.; Carlos Romula at United Nations)

05:28:38 Woman w/ President Truman on porch of White House, pins something on him. Truman speaking to large group in Rose Garden (MOS). Poses w/ them for photographers. Swish pan...

05:29:15 Carlos Pena Romulo, President of 4th Session of United Nations, 1949 looking at flags of member nations of United Nations. Walks to desk, sits down. Reading The Manila Times newspaper; headline CPR Blasts US Reparations Stand. CU of Romulo.

ca September 1949;

Title: Army News (Truman at military exercise)

05:53:48 President Truman off The Independence presidential airplane, followed by Dean Acheson; greeted by military officers & others; reviewing troops on tarmac. Soldiers marching past, saluting. Crowd watching; army trucks pulling artillery past.

05:54:37 MS & CU Truman & General on reviewing stand. C-119 (?) Flying Boxcars overhead w/ paratroops dropping. (GOOD).

1949; Army; Air Force;

Title: People In The News (Truman signing Thanksgiving proclamation; Unidentified woman to court)

08:02:52 Couple dressed up as Puritans walk to White House; w/ President Truman at desk as he signs paperwork re Thanksgiving.

08:03:18 Man, lawyer?, walking to camera w/ woman beside carrying briefcase. Woman alone surrounded by press photographers. Poses against granite wall of courthouse, CU; photographers taking pictures. Woman walks into building.

1949; Holidays;

United Nations And World Disputes (main title missing) Pt. 1 of 2

Diplomats into & signing United Nations Charter in San Francisco, 1945, w/ circular table. Big Five leads... Truman watches Stettinius sign.

02:32:36 General Assembly (Lake Success?).

02:32:44 Map of SE Asia. Indonesian people working, copra, rice, polishing shells. Oil drilling. Mass of people. Sukarno (?) at microphone. Dutch military operations.

02:33:39 Jul47 Security Council meeting on Netherlands & Indonesia. Truce signing Jan48. Dec48 fires, refugees. Security Council in Paris meeting. Round table conference w/ Netherlands & Indonesia in The Hague. CU signing paper. Handshaking. Map of Indonesian islands.

02:35:35 27Dec49 The Hague w/ Queen Juliana signing sovereignty over to Indonesia. CU of signature page. Sukarno at Djakarta inducted as President, thru streets.

02:36:16 Map of India. Montage: truck up winding road, rice paddy, rice harvesting, grinding grain, sisal, streets, textile mill, Colonial building. Ghandi walking thru streets & crowds. Ali Jinnah riding in carriage. Nehru speaking (MOS) at Independence

02:37:33 LS Lake Success w/ flags, delegates of India & flag flying. Map showing Pakistan, Kashmir, India. Ali Jinnah at Independence & flag raising. Map showing Jammu & Kashmir. Ghandi at mic & reviewing military. Troops in mountains. Artillery firing, explosions, fires.

02:39:10 Security Council meeting. Adm. Nimitz meeting w/ representatives to administer plebiscite.

02:39:35 Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan sitting on couch w/ Nehru

02:39:45 Map of Middle East. Street scenes; Jewish settler s house, farm field; fruit picking & packing.

02:40:15 General Assembly meeting, voting.

02:40:33 UN cars traveling in Palestine, shaking hands at fence. Map showing Gaza, West Bank & Israel.

02:40:57 Fighting, fires in street, people crossign barbed wire carrying goods. Bombing aftermath w/ fires, many people.

02:41:23 Palestine ?? building w/ UN flag; group posing w/ Count Folke Bernadotte w/ Arabs & Jews. Ext. of hanger after assassination w/ VIPs. Loading coffin. Fighting, treating wounded. Road near Jerusalem & fighting. Ralph Bunche as mediator & others at square conference table. Signing by Yigael Yadin in uniform & others (Agreement w/ Egypt signed in Rhodes 24Feb50).

02:42:45 Soldiers up hillside steps w/ Israel flag; on top of ?? & Independence celebration. Flag raising at Lake Success, New York United Nations headquarters.

Post-WWII History; Diplomacy; Diplomats;

Atom Bomb

President Truman at press conference. Atomic explosion seen, night. Narration re potential use in Korea. Dead & refugees in Korea. Saint Peter's Cathedral - pilgrims in Rome praying. United Nations building as symbol.

Korean War. Nuclear Warfare

No Appeasement - President Puts Nation On All-Out War Footing

Truman at desk speaking into mic & camera. 'Here are the things we will do...uphold & defend the principals of the United Nations...will build up our army & navy...we do not believe that war is inevitable...'

Atom Bomb

President Truman at press conference. Atomic explosion seen, night. Narration re potential use in Korea. Dead & refugees in Korea. Saint Peter's Cathedral - pilgrims in Rome praying. United Nations building as symbol.

Korean War. Nuclear Warfare

Mid-West [Truman Lays Cornerstone] (1950)

Madison, Wisconsin

Ext. Filene House. President Truman lays cornerstone of the Filene Building of the Credit Union National Association. Truman, w/ help of another man, inserts stone into completed building. Holds up trowel for camera.

15:04:12 President standing in open top car, w/ Adlai Stevenson & others, thru streets of Chicago, crowds line pavement. Balloons drop at large rally, President w/ daughter Margaret. Huge crowd.

Politics;

Korea - Allies Hold Tight As Truman Alerts Nation

B-29 superfortresses on flight line; taking off. POV from nose of othe planes in flight. Bombs dropping seen thru bomb bay doors. POV strafing.

05:38:39 Trooop reinforcements pouring ashore off landing craft; equipment on dock beside ship. Doll hanging. CU of dog held by GI. CUs of GIs; marching along road, moving in jeeps & on tanks.

General Walker & Gen. Dean by roadside w/ map. Tank by roadside; burning truck on road. Camouflaged artillery & moving large shell. Howitzers fired. Swish pan.

05:39:51 President Truman speaks (SOF) ...free nations must be on their guard more than ever before.... Lawless aggression will be met by fatal force... We know that the cost of freedom is high, but we are determined to preserve our freedom no matter what the cost.

Korean War; Air Force Action; Fighting;

Helmstedt (Kleine Stadt - Grosses Leben) R2 of 2

Building w/ Helmstedt painted on corrugated metal. Sign: Berlin Autobahn Control Unit. High angle shot of busses & cars, some people, outside various buildings Man carrying & selling newspapers; CU selling cigarette packs & souvenirs. Unloading suitcases onto wagon. People crowding into building & interior opening bags for customs. Woman tightening straps tightly on bag.

07:21:24 Outside & people pulling carts of bags across no-man s land. Signs & Express cafe. Int. & woman putting 33rpm lp onto phonograph. People eating sausages, drinking beer, coffee. Men sitting at table.

07:22:16 Soviet flag flying on pole. Soldier w/ rifle at border checkpoint. LS trucks backed up at inspection point. People walking, standing. Row of cars passing the standing trucks. People waiting in trucks. Truck of sides of beef hanging, back door closed. Load of wilted vegetables. Trucks passing. Trucker w/ sodleris inspecting load. Papers stamped. POV past standing line of trucks.

07:23:55 Border patrolled by soldiers w/ rifles. Crowd of people on otherside in woods waiting. Woman points group away from fence. Walkign thru woods. Soldier patrolling. Soldier checking papers of women & others in group.

07:25:18 People move away from camera. Walk past sign; Russian Zone. Groups going both ways. Cu men smoking cigarettes in trees; people crossing wooden bridge on small road, truck past. Sheep herded along road.

07:26:06 POV past line of trucks; people walking on autobahn. Montage of faces, railroad platform, newspapers, telephone, airplanes. man speaking. Truman, Attlee & Stalin. Pan over Helmsted. The End.

Post-WWII Germany; Cold War; Families; Anti-Communist; Divisions;

Preparedness And National Security Pt. 1 of 2

15:11:55 Aerial over destroyed European city; kids thru rubble, refugees w/ babies crying. United Nations General Assembly.

15:12:28 People lining street watching parade w/ large banners w/ hammer & sickle. GOOD Nazi parade & rally w/ banners. Japanese bowing to military officers in formal dress. Pan over UN Security Council

15:13:00 Ext w/ NATO flags & CU of US flag over WWII ships & landings in Pacific, flame throwers.

15:13:24 Title: 1917 Montage w/ large railroad artillery firing, men out of trenches, artillery, biplanes, tanks. Armistice Day celebrations.

15:13:54 Disarmament Conference int. & signed document from Versailles. Blowing up battle ship. Good WWI explosion, sinking ship hull.

15:14:16 Large drafting room, men working & looking at plans.

15:14:20 Title: ARMY over map of US. NAVY over map. Air Force over map, w/ names into squares of relative size.

15:14:33 POV of waves in ocean. Military equipment: machine guns, trucks w/ artillery, tanks. Training w/ guns of wood firing flour bombs at tank, beer cans. Sign on side of truck Tank & driven across field.

15:15:01 Boiling clouds, lightening. War montage: artillery firing. China & Japanese; Ethiopia; Czechoslovakia; Poland; Artillery; Nazi ships, planes, tanks. Firing enormous guns. Parachuting from German planes. Naziis into Paris. Night, planes, London & tracers, wall collapsing. Romania signing surrender, German planes over Bulgaria; Athens, Greece. Russia & digging canal or tank trap. Bombs out of plane. Pearl Harbor (GOOD). Signing surrender in Germany, on Battleship Missouri.

15:16:59 Raising American flag on Wake Island. Bodies floating in surf at beach. Bataan death march. Corrigador inside concrete bunker.

15:17:43 Digging thru bombed wreckage, removing bodies. England burning. Ships at sea.

15:18:10 Montage: Industry to war. Chimneys w/ smoke; equipment in factory manufacturing arms.

15:18:30 Truman signing document at round table, flash photographers. Military advisory committee at table meeting. CU pamphlet: A Program For National Security May 29, 1947 Opened & pages flipped. Highlighted: A Strong, Healthy Educated Population. Montage: Factory interiors. Woman on potato harvester, fishermen, men & women workers; ext. of high school w/ day & evening classes. Hospital operating theater, large equipment; people on street in city; factory chimneys; grain harvest.

15:19:57 Koreans w/ flags cheering Allied troops advancing on road. Large scaffolding w/ UN insignia drapped on banner above speakers table, pan over large gathering. UN buildnig from across East River.

15:20:23 1921 (?) soldiers marching past camera. 1940s jets in formation seen from air to air. Aircraft carrier & other ships. Formation of many B-36 bombers.

20th Century Military History Overview; Educational Films; Propaganda; Cold War;

Preparedness And National Security Pt. 2 of 2

15:20:54 CU National Security Act of 1947 w/ Amendments of 1949 on cover page. Open to Title 1 - Coordination For National Secrity - National Security Council. MCU Truman at table w/ Council around him. Page turns to: Central Intelligence Agency.

15:21:24 High angle of Red Square & tanks, trucks, guns on parade w/ VIPs watching.

15:21:50 Scientist at microscope; factory w/ chimneys smoking.

15:21:54 Mao off railroad & shaking hands in USSR. Montage of signs of US intelligence agencies & divisions. Research analyst at work at desk. Truman & National Security Council.

15:22:28 Montage of WWII weapons: flame thrower, planes, boats, tanks, V-2 rocket fired, bazooka, homing torpedo launched, rockets launched from land & ships. Radar antenna infield.

15:23:03 Text: Highlighted Research And Development Board. Navy research lab experiments; aviation experiment. Montage of testing men & equipment. Equipment in wet, dry, hot, cold. Test chambers. Model of jet, testing prototype jet, moving radioactive material, men at radar stations; electronics tested & training. Launching balloon; teletype; camera from stratosphere & underwater.

15:25:30 Steel mill & heavy industry manufacturing; airplane, ship & tank construction. Military equipment.

National Security Resources Board. Oil field derricks; coal train; tanks on flatcars past; moving crates on planes, trains, trucks, barges. Large pileline. Warehouse, loading ships. Workers out of factories. Women working. Kids playing.

15:27:08 Map of USA w/ shadows over bombers coming from northwest & explosive markers. Radar warning screen illustrated w/ animation. Meeting to plan ground observer corps. Training in desert & at maps. Bombed aftermath in Japan after atomic bomb. Water supply w/ leaking pipe freezing. Firefighting.

15:29:14 MCU Pamphlet: State Civil Defense Plan - Governors Committee Report. Meeting w/ Director of Civil Defense & assistants. Telephone operators; New Jersey State Police car & officer on phone. Dams & reservoirs. Workers out of war plants; nurses working. Civil Defense Meeting at table.

15:30:55 Fire trucks out, aerial & ground shots of large fires. Soldier dusting inside men s pants & shirts w/ DDT. Women outside shacks at tent city washing clothes (1930s?). Men eating in tent. State Police & stretchers out of van. Geiger couktner & gas mask. Blood bank. Coast, planes & moutain shots. Neighborhoods, town centers, aerial over Manhattan. (end SP).

15:32:07 Capitol, Truman before Congress, family at radio, farm laborers, factory, military Generals. Government military meeting.

Note Abrupt ending on US Capitol Building on SP. 35 seconds more on Digibeta.

20th Century Military History Overview; Educational Films; Propaganda; Cold War; Technology;

The Telenews Daily - Korean Crisis (Pres. Rhee speaks)

07:48:22 Photographers & cameraman as Koreans come out of ?? & pose in Washington, DC.

07:48:38 MCU of Ambassador ?? at microphones SOF: Now we are only asking for more ammunition, and more arms to fight with. We are not asking for American troops to shed their blood for us. But we are determined to fight & shed our own blood to defend our country, defend democracy & the will of the people of the world.

07:49:29 Secretary Louis Johnson w/ military & civilians around table w/ linen tablecloth & water glasses. Gen. Bradley among them, sitting & posing.

07:49:44 Defense Secretary Louis Johnson at microphone outdoors SOF: The effect of the present attack by North Korean forces will not be known for several days. If South Korea fails to hold it will be evidence of outside assistance. Although we have given military aid to South Korea for a comparatively short time, those in a position to know feels it has been quite effective and that they have made substantial progress in providing for a proper defense.

07:50:32 President Sygman Rhee in front of Korean flag (SOF): They have no reason or right to be there & we believe the forces should withdraw immediately from Korea. They say they have withdrawn but if they have we demand that they should prove it by inviting the United Nations commission to visit that part of the country & freely hold elections under its observation, the same as we have held in South Korea.

07:51:27 Following has Korean visuals from post-WWII over Rhee s speech continuing... I want our friends in the United States to know that we are engaged in the midst of a war, a real war. You people in America call it a Cold War, but our war is a little too hot for us to call it a Cold War...we don t mind however, we are fighting for the security & protection of our lives & property. Sometimes we are fighting for the very life of our nation. So long as all the other democracies in the world are fighting for the same principle they are fighting for us & we are fighting for them. So, we are not fighting alone & in the end we will all come out right.

Korean War Outbreak; 1950;

Note: Pre-19Sep50 when Johnson was replaced by Truman.

Title: News In Brief (Truman w/ Mrs. Pandit; Gene Autry at NYC City Hall; Joe DiMaggio Batting practice)

03:46:56 President Truman signing ?? w/ Mrs. Vijayalakshmi Pandit (?) in sari, & others watching. Gives her pen. CU of

03:47:17 Horseback riders & flags outside NYC City Hall; small kids watching. ?? at microphone (MOS) w/ men & women in western dress behind. Smiling woman on horseback in MCU. CUs.

03:47:38 ?? w/ Gene Autry shaking hands. Press photographers. American Indians in headdresses stand behind Austry & ??

03:47:52 Horsemen riding up New York streets.

03:48:10 Joe Dimaggio & no 10 in Yankee uniforms watching game. CU DiMaggiio. Batting practice at Yankee Stadium.

Promotional Events;

NOTE: Autry television debut 23Jul50 on CBS-TV may relate.

Title: Truman Greets Four-H Guests

04:00:27 Truman on White House porch w/ 4-H Club members, given gift. Large group on lawn applauding. Hawaiian delegate puts lei over head of President, shakes hands. CU smiling girl. Club members leaving.

1950; Youth Organization;

The Telenews Daily - Truman Approves Hydrogen Bomb

11:11:37 MOS. Pan of Congressmen & Senators (?) sitting around u-shaped table w/ Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson.Cold War; Thermonuclear Bomb; Weapons;

NOTE: Truman gave approval 31Jan50.

[Warner Pathe News Magazine Of The Screen] title missing

SOF President Truman calling on people for military service or working harder in industry during the Korean War. Poor quality film & has break.

1951;

[Warner Pathe News Magazine Of The Screen] title missing

Personal Appearances (Clement Attlee to U.S.)

06Dec50 Prime Minister Attlee out of car at White House, w/ Truman, Acheson & Marshall in White House Leaving posing, smoking pipe. Speaking at National Press Club:

21:53:12 Our forces are fighting along side yours...

Korean War; Journalists; Diplomacy; Diplomats; Patriotism; 1950;

Good Neighbors - President of Chile Welcomed by Truman (1950)

Washington, DC

President Gonzalez Videla & wife leave plane, greeted by President Truman. Two presidents on platform smiling & waving. Both inspect military guard of honor. Both smiling & waving hats for cameras. Party leaves in open top car.

Diplomacy; South America;

Korea: The Long Road To Peace [Part 1 of 2]

March of Time Forum Films

Sign over door U.P. News Room; CU hands on typewriter; CU news coming in over teletype machine re North Korean attack on South Korea in early hours of 25Jun50; man on telephone Get me Lincoln White of the State Department . Lincoln White receives call in Washington office; State Department building lit up at night. Battle scenes in Korea - tanks advance - rifles & heavy gun fired - South Korean forces retreating - civilians evacuate w/ possessions - wounded civilians? USAF planes in flight - air to air & air to ground shots - gun camera footage.

12:03:00 01Jul50 - US soldiers arrive in South Korea - GIs engaged in streetfighting. Animated map showing Communist advance w/ only small area left around Pusan. US forces defending Pusan perimeter - heavy shelling - wounded GIs.

12:04:18 Gen John McCaylis of West Point interviewed by Westbrook van Voorhees re first weeks of war when he commanded US Army 27th Infantry Wolfhound Regiment - ...very few were willing to fight overwhelming odds...they were in fact fighting for their way of life...strain, intensity, confusion, fatigue that all the men had and yet the remarkable sense of humour... . Voorhees recalls tension back in US - cut to United Nations Main Gate - INT Security Council in session, USSR delegate Jakob Malek [?] accusing US of aggression against Korea - Warren Austin replies this statement has been repeated over and over through every Soviet-inspired channel on Earth...It is a lie. It is a big lie . Animated map showing 15Sep50 amphibious attack by Marines at Inchon.

12:07:25 Voorhees in studio w/ Time Life Correspondent Frank Gibney, first American to be wounded in war - talks re Battle of Inchon - one of the most complex operations I d ever seen...in boldness it was certainly a steal...

12:08:40 Inchon landing scenes - CU battleships firing - CU Douglas MacArthur watching - Marines in landing craft - building burning - Communist troops out of foxhole w/ hands up - good shot ground-based rockets launched. 24Sep50 - US Marines streetfighting in Seoul - heavy gunfire/ High shot across Seoul after liberation; civilians return - clear-up operation.

12:10:35 Rows of dead South Korean civilians murdered by Communist troops laid out for identification - relatives file past. Animated map showing advance of UN troops past 38th Parallel into North Korea. AV Wake Island - President Truman off plane, greeted by MacArthur - conference building - Truman & MacArthur pose w/ Gen Bradley & Army Secretary Pace - low angle shot MacArthur & Truman shake hands. Animated map showing US 8th Army & 10th Corps advance almost to northern border. Maj Gen Edward Amman [?], Commander of 10th Corps, w/ generals. Lt Gen Walton Walker of 8th Army consults map.

Korean War. Anti-Communism. Atrocities.

Korea: The Long Road To Peace [Part 2 of 2]

March of Time Forum Films

Frozen Yalu River between North Korea & Manchuria - 7th Div. GIs at outdoor service in town of He San Jin. Map showing Chinese attack from north, 26Nov50. UN forces in retreat. 1st Div. Marines battle to break out of encirclement at Changjin Reservoir.

12:13:23 Voorhees interviews Private Hector Caporata, awarded Medal of Honor for helping to hold gap in line & killing fifteen Chinese Reds - Voorhees refers to him as Hec - jokey conversation about missing home & having beards. Marines fighting towards sea - snowy mountains - Communist prisoners taken, CU frozen feet - aerial bombardment.

12:16:14 US fleet at Hongnam - good high shot - troops coming aboard - port blown up as battleships retreat. 26Dec50 Lt Gen Matthew Ridgeway after replacing MacArthur as Commander of US Ground Forces. New offensive launched Feb51 - US troops advance through woodland. Tanks & troops reach outskirts of Seoul 14Mar - sign on pole Seoul Off Limits . Street fighting in ruins of central Seoul - heavy gun fired outside government building - closer shot domed roof in scaffolding w/ South Korean flag flying.

12:17:50 Hanada Airport, Tokyo - MacArthur greets Army Chief of Staff Gen. Collins - VO the Supreme Commander in the Far East, Washington felt, was perhaps a little too supreme - CU newspaper headlines Mac. Spoke on Own, State Dept. Explains - Truman Fires M Arthur .

12:18:17 Truman statement extract re dismissal of MacArthur - the cause of world peace is much more important than any individual . MacArthur speech to Congress on return to US - I am closing my 52 years of military service. The world has turned over many times since I took the Oath on the plain at West Point, and the hopes and dreams have long since vanished...old soldiers never die, they just fade away...I now close my military career and just fade away - some applause heard.

12:19:48 Air to air US F-86 Sabre jets [?] fighting MiGs. Soviet delegate Malek statement at Lake Success Jun51 The Soviet people believe that as a first step discussions should be started between the belligerents for a cease fire and an armistice providing for the neutral withdrawal of forces from the 38th Parallel .

12:20:39 Truce negotiations at Kaesong - arrivals inc. North Korean General Na-Mil [?], US Admiral Joy - INT conference room. 04Aug51 - Chinese Communist troops march through neutral zone violating agreement. Sep51 - 1st airborne operation by helicopter in military history - Marines dropped on enemy-held mountain. Aerial Panmunjom; arrivals for new peace talks inc. Joy - photographers inside tent - documents signed. Sign Headquarters United Nations Prisoner of War Camp No 1 Koje-Do Korea - POWs in camp.

12:22:16 Battle scenes. Sign We welcome Ike ; Eisenhower visits front Dec52 - Gen. Clark. Tanks firing on ridges. Postwar scenes in South Korea - kids. Dulles speech Communism pitted its youth against what it thought was our decrepitude...

Korean War. USAF. Anti-Communism.

[Truman & Cabinet - National Security Council]

Truman & cabinet around table with Acheson & Ball (?) on either side. Bradley in uniform; Marshall in civilian clothes. Harriman. Others unidentified. Cold War; US Government; Military Advisors; Spying.

Title: People In The News (Winston Churchill at Grandchild s Christening; Truman, Johnson & Congressmen (?)

11:23:06 Couple (Christopher Soames? & Mary Churchill Soames?) following woman carrying baby (Emma Soames?) & small child (Nicholas Soames?) as they walk between lines of people lining walk; Winston & Mrs Churchill followed by several men walking past.

11:23:21 Woman holding baby, pastor. Churchill, couple w/ baby pose in church (?) entrance.

11:23:39 Washington DC President Truman w/ ?? & Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson. Army officer & Congressmen ? looking & laughing at smal cards. Truman holds one up to camera w/ two finger prints & info. Probably WWI identification tag.

Religion; Religious Christening;

[Headlines re: Truman Assassination Attempt]

VS pile of newspapers w/ headlines inc. President Escapes Assassins after 2 Puerto Rican Nationalists stormed Blair House, Washington DC, in attempt on Truman s life. CUs newspapers inc. photos / artists impressions of dead gunmen & police at scene. More newspapers added to pile - 2 Die, 3 Shot As Pair Try To Kill Truman .

Puerto Rico - Independence.

[Various Newsreels - 1950s Germany; England; USA]

Trade show; knife & scissors exhibition. Giant Swiss Army knife - giant knife and giant scissors. Ornamental knives.

21:36:08 sd. BRITISH FLEET MANEUVERS Carrier, British sailors on deck at anchor. Aerials of British destroyers in line leaving harbor, aircraft carrier, plane takes off. British sailor w/ binoculars. HMS Duke of York battleship, bow of moving battleship, wake of ship. Aerial view of fleet, sun on water.

21:36:50 sd/si. BRITAIN HONORS F.D.R. Monument & ceremony from high angle. King George VI & Eleanor Roosevelt to monument. Mrs Roosevelt unveils monument - statue of FDR (profile). CU "FDR, 1882-1945". King George places wreath, front view of statue. Attlee, Eleanor Roosevelt & Queen Elizabeth; Winston Churchill & wife, Queen Elizabeth. Churchill looking at monument. CU statue.

21:38:00 Si. LONDON'S WORST FOG. Train & traffic in heavy fog. Man lights gas lamp. English bobby w/ flashlight.

21:38:39 Sd. 1948(?) GENERAL LUCIUS D CLAY Washington DC. Gen. Lucius Clay from military plane, Clay speaks (SoF) about Berlin Blockade.

21:39:11 Sd. EISENHOWER SPEAKS ON ANNIVERSARY OF D-DAY, WASHINGTON, DC, speaking at desk. Platitudes for military.

21:40:12 Sd. EUROPE IS TEMPTING TARGET FOR REDS Ike speaking (SoF) in Denver, Colorado

21:41:04 Sd. Pres. Truman Apologies To Marines ((title only).

21:41:05 High angle of large room w/ orchestra on stage to side & U-shaped table w/ men & name tages.

21:41:08 Sd. Sign: "OFFICE OF HIGH COMMISSIONER AND MILITARY GOVERNOR - MR. JOHN J MCCLOY". McCloy speaking at desk (SoF). 45 million Germans will shortly commence the task of governing themselves...

21:41:44 Si. BERLIN RED YOUTH RALLY, GERMANY Brandenburg Gate & signs. British soldiers on armored vehicles behind barbed wire. US troops in bg. Soldier at gun. Truckloads of German girls. Arch, youth band playing. Young Pioneers clean dishes & wash at trough. Young Pioneer in stadium maneuvers & parading; Red leader before mic. Street parade w/ large picture of Stalin & Mao banners, etc. (GOOD)

21:43:22 Si. RED ARMY DAY IN BERLIN Russian soldiers march, lay wreath, young USSR soldier on guard. Wreath laying at large monument (In memory of Soviet Dead.)

21:44:09 Si. JOINT ALLIED MANEUVERS IN GERMANY Officers chatting; French & US officers salute. General Mark Clark & unid. Major General. LS, truck moving over pontoon bridge, MS, tank (M-26) moving. Soldiers march on road. Troops w/ various equipment (portable communications, guns, etc.). Multiple antiaircraft gun w/ .50 cal air-cooled machine guns. CU soldier behind gun reading Stars and Stripes newspaper w/ headline: "UN advances on Seoul" (re Korea).

Exhibition of Watercolours

People looking at paintings of interiors of White House ? Truman ?

Truman at Wake Forest College

Flags flying, back view Truman on stand addressing huge crowd (mos) top shot crowd. Truman with silver spade performs breaking ground ceremony - press photographers - Truman laughing. Crowds outside building. Presidents plane lands, Truman off aircraft and greeted, escorted to stand - press - crowds. Addresses crowds. Truman waves hat as gets into open top car. Shots repeated / cuts

Truman Leaves on Plane.

President arrives at airport by car and greeted. Good shot smiling for cameras. Leaves with military officer - aircraft takes off.

[Weitzman meets with Truman]

Car past camera & up to side of White House. Weizmann presents Truman with gift in Rose Garden. Many photographers as he is helped out of car. CU. People waving Israel flags. Weizmann & wife walking past camera & waving. Out of Union Station. Cameramen & soundmen. Motorcade away from station. Out of W.H. & into car. Press conference with reporters taking notes. Sitting in garden at microphone. Speaking (MOS) into mic.

Korea

Title: Allies hold tight as Truman alerts the nation

B-29 super forts 8 days after alert in action attacking communications - Reinforcements pouring ashore - Marching along road

Walker and Dean together. Delaying action after left Taejon. Says tanks taken out by new bazookas

Howitsers heavy artillery

08:39:55 Truman sof Free nations must be on their guard more than ever before...... Lameless aggression will be met by fatal force...

We know that the cost of freedom is high, but we are determined to preserve our freedom no matter what the cost.

[1950s, Crown Prince Olav Visits President Truman & James Byrnes at White House]

Truman at desk w/ Norwegian Crown Prince Olav seated at desk. James Byrnes enters & talks to them. CUs posing in front White House (?) doorway.

Diplomacy;

Truman & Petrillo Play Duet at Union Meeting

People in large hall applauding; Truman shaking hands with James Petrillo & Petrillo with trumpet & Truman at piano to play duet of Hail, Hail the Gang s All Here. Much laughing.

[President Truman & Family Arriving San Francisco By Ship]

President Truman on ship s deck surrounded by cameramen, Margaret joins him; Mrs. Truman. Posing. Reporters taking notes. Truman at microphones (MOS). More note taking. Skyline visible behind Truman; Truman walking w/ Captain.

07:47:08 Sign on dock: American President Lines. Truman into car.

07:47:27 LS Golden Gate Bridge w/ freighter leaving, sailboat in foreground. Viw of twin-stack line from water. Truman on bridge. Fireboats & Alcatraz in background.

07:48:04 Truman on ship, walking, posing w/ wife & daughter Margaret. LS of liner. Newsmen, MCU of Truman & daughter.

Ocean Liners; Shipboard;

News in Brief : Washington D.C.

Washington - American Legion building opened by Truman - President Truman on stand makes opening speech of dedication - audience stand and applaud

News In Brief (Truman Speaks at Wake Forest)

Newspapers behind title

Narration only.

Wake Forest Ground Breaking sign w/ flag poles. Viewing stand & Truman speaking in LS & from behind. With shovel breaking ground & smiling. He digs for first shovel at ground breaking. MCU of still photographer. Brief shot of large crowd applauding.

David Ben Gurion Meets with Truman in White House.

Ben Gurion and Abba Eban out of limousine and enter White House. Sitting with Truman in office - gives Menorah to Truman. 8 May 1951 (Truman s birthday).

New York City

French Premier Rene Plevin off plane. At Capitol greeted by Truman w/ Acheson. Ambassador Bonnet w/ Plevin.

Diplomacy; 1951;

President Auriol of France Hailed on Visit to US

Ship Ile de France. Auriol and wife arrive in New York on visit to US and Canada; look at Statue of Liberty . Auriol with French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman.

Auriol arrives in Washington by train; greets Truman. French flag and Stars and Stripes fly alongside. Motorcade under banner Vive le President Auriol . Crowds wave. Auriol given keys to city.

Auriol speech in English re gratitude to US for helping to defend peace and liberty .

Truman - President Asks Strict Curb On Inflation

Truman speech - says Communists have been hoping for collapse of American economy, hence anti-inflation law plays part in fight for peace.

News In Brief - WWII Amputees Meet Truman

WWII veteran who has both legs amputated demonstrate walking to President Truman - other with amputated hands lights cigarette. Both shake hands with Truman.

Citizen Army: New Law Basis For Universal Training

??Jun51 MCU President Truman signs Selective Service Bill, draft age lowered from 19 to 18 1/2; shakes hands and passes pen to Defense Sec. Marshall; CU signatures on document. MCU Marshall speech; The Universal Military Training and Service Law represents a step of great historic significance. It ll enable us to face the uncertainties of an explosive international situation...

Cold War. Conscription.

News In Brief [Truman Appoints Bipartisan Commission]

??Jun51 VS bipartisan commissioners appointed by Truman to mark 175th anniversary of US Independence. Chief Justice Vincent brief speech at microphone; It is our purpose to assist in the commemoration of our nation s birthday...

Declaration of Independence.

News In Brief: Washington DC

??Jun51 President Galo Plaza of Ecuador arrives by plane in Washington, descends steps and greeted by Truman; Presidents pass lines of military troops on tarmac. Plaza awarded keys to city by Commissioner Donahue; motorcycle escort leads parade to Blair Hose, Presidents pass camera in motorcade.

[Truman at Key West White House Press Conference on Lawn]

Reporters in yard of Key West vacation White House. Edward R. Murrow and unid. female. Truman in leisurewear & others out of house. VS Truman talks, reporters listen & take notes. A few women. Lots of Hawaiian shirts.

[Auriol Visits US]

Warner Pathe News Magazine of the Screen

French President Vincent Auriol arrives in New York harbour for state visit to US [Mar-Apr51], on liner Ile de France w/ wife & Foreign Minister Robert Schumann; aerial views of harbour showing fire boats & Statue of Liberty. Auriol waves hat from deck. Sign on building w/ US & French flags Vive le President Auriol .

11:23:20 Auriol & party arrive at Union Station, Washington DC; welcomed by President Truman. Auriol into open top car w/ Truman - motorcade through streets lined w/ crowds - more banners across street - Auriol reviews parade.

11:23:59 Back to NYC, Auriol decorates Mayor Vincent Impellitteri, kisses on both cheeks & repeated for photographers.

News In Brief: Washington DC

Truman presented with cake at White House by UN Citizens Cttee, Motion Picture Division; Truman brief speech on cooking.

[Truman & Marshall Send Harriman to Iran, ca July51]

Man at microphone in dark glasses (Secret Service?)

13:08:44 Unid. man at mic (MOS). Truman to mics, waits for Marshall, Acheson & Harriman. Shakes Acheson s hands & thanks him for undertaking this trip to Iran ...it s a very important job...and one which I think you can handle w/ satisfaction & success...I hope you ll express to the Iranian government, our interest is the interest of world peace; the welfare of Iran & the rest of the world. We have no selfish interest in the matter whatever.

13:10:15 Acheson: Mr. Harriman, you carry the good wishes of all of us w/ you & I know this mission could not be in better hands...

13:10:27 Marshall: I wish you a safe trip & I look for success in carrying out your objective. I ve seen you in many parts of the world & on very difficult occasions & I have complete confidence in your ability in this particular issue.

13:11:28 Harriman responds. ...there is great mutuality of interest between & among the needs of the people of Iran, the British & the many parts of the world - the people of Europe & the people in the Far East who have been dependent on the oil that has been coming from Iran; that under these circumstances if we can create a spirit of goodwill, a way can be found to work out the difficulties which are now causing so much trouble....

13:12:15 Handshake w/ Truman and posing; repeated. Still photographers in; more posing.

Diplomacy; Petroleum; Oil Crisis; Mediation; Mediator; Diplomats; Oil Negotiations; Diplomatic Efforts;

[Mossadegh Visits Truman, Washington, DC. 23Oct51]

Limousines to curb of Blair House. Mossadegh out of car w/ Iranian Ambassador to US Nasrolleh Entezam (?), pose & walk up steps & inside. Shaking hands w/ Truman for photographers & entering.

15:18:07 Still & newsreel cameramen towards camera.

1951; Diplomacy; Iranian Oil Crisis;

World Struggles For Road To Peace (aka Highlights of 1951)

15:37:47 Artillery firing in Korean War; tanks firing near Kuhn Song (sp). Large explosion near highway.

15:37:56 Prisoners taken. MacArthur & other officers past. CU newspapers MAC Is Out.

15:38:10 Cu General Ridgway; row of bodies w/ CU tied hands. MPS, tents & US military peace delegation; North Koreans into tents. Seated w/ documents being signed.

15:38:55 LS delegates from 52 nations meet in San Francisco Opera House to sign treaty w/ Japan. Soviets walk out. Signing by Dean Acheson for U.S. Acheson shaking hands w/ Japanese.

15:39:24 General Eisenhower & other military officers inspecting Allied troops in Korea.

15:39:43 Capitol in winter re 82nd Congress meeting after election. Truman signing ??

15:40:00 Missile on launcher raised, fired w/ booster rocket & seen in slow motion.

15:40:24 Map showing Iran; oiil refinery. Men turning valves on pipes. Street demonstration & tearing signs down. Enormous crowd on buildings, in street. Marchers w/ placards. People running in street seen from building roof.

15:40:53 CU Mossadegh; Mossadegh meeting w/ Security Council.

15:41:11 New United Nations Tower.

15:41:17 Title: Disasters. Overturned railroad engine; body n ground & rescue workers beside multiple cars still smoking. Pennsylvania passenger cars.

15:41:37 Flood w/ fast water thru city streets, thru cars & buildings. people walking thru knee deep water. Kansas City, Missouri & flooded cars beside warehouse; railroad freight cars.

15:42:00 Title: Probes. Ext. & int. of Kefauver crime hearings. Men taking notes. Mayor O Dwyer at microphone.

Committee room in Washington & CU of Frank Costello w/ cigarette. Committee.

15:42:39 Title: Politics. London voting, crowds in Trafalager Square. Churchill thru crowd. On steps of 10 Downing Street.

15:43:00 Senator Robert Taft before press announcing run for President. Governor Earl Warren announces.

15:43:19 Ext. Eisenhower campaign headquarters.

15:43:25 President Truman SOF: One of the things I ve been thinking about is next years s election (laughter). I m not going to make any announcement as to who the candidate is going to be.

15:43:57 Crowd listening filling streets in Cadillac Square, Detroit.

NOTE: Sound track is choppy - not useful.

Cold War; Year Ender;

[Truman Greets Guests In White House Rose Garden]

High shot President Truman out of White House into Rose Garden where crowd of mainly women in summer dresses & hats assembled. Rear shot Truman making speech, applause. Truman poses for photographers w/ women. Close shots women file into White House.

04:21:10 CU Jersey Joe Walcott in Rose Garden. Walcott poses w/ unid. others for photographers.

Boxers; Sports; Athletes;

[Truman Gives Medals to Military At USO Function]

Motorcade to Union Station, Washington. Truman gives 2 medals to military & USO; poses for cameras. Service people at buffet. Sailor & WAC (?) reading magazines on sofa; CU USO banner; soldiers eating potato chips.

[Harriman w/ Truman, Marshall & Anthony Eden; Harriman w/ Armas (?), ca 1951]

President Truman w/ Averill Harriman, Secretary of State George Marshall and Anthony Eden on steps of White House. Truman & Harriman shake hands before microphones.

15:29:01 Harriman walking w/ ?? (looks a bit like an earlier Pres. Armas of Guatemala) CUs.

15:29:16 Harriman & Marshall shaking hands. Harriman & Eden shake hands. Truman speaking (MOS). Eden speaking (MOS). Harriman speaking (MOS). Posing together.

15:30:12 Harriman & same Spanish man as above at unid. airport by US military plane / presidential plane.

Unid. event;

Nato Report - President Outlines Foreign Aid Needs

President Truman addresses the nation seated at desk. Says NATO needs not only direct military aid but also financial. Says US cannot afford not to spend on defence - only way to stop communism (cold war) and preserve the American way of life.

News in Brief - Voice of America Broadcast from Ship

Coast Guard Cutter Courier at dock - President Truman boards for inauguration - radio transmitter room - ship will cruise waters off of communist bloc countries broadcasting (propaganda) (cold war).

Churchill In US - Confers With Truman and Defense Chiefs

Liner Queen Mary arrives at New York Harbour. Churchill disembarks; brief shot press conference. Churchill boards presidential plane Independent. Landing in Washington DC. Full military honours as Churchill exits plane in DC and Churchill shakes hands with Truman and others. Churchill speech re pursuit of unity between USA and Britain. Truman concludes Peace on earth is what we re both striving for .

Churchill and Truman board presidential yacht Williamsburgh; Anthony Eden and Dean Acheson on board; other military and government officials posing round Truman and Churchill.

News In Brief - Korea War Heroes Honoured

Truman decorates three Korea veterans icl. Latino.

Whistle-Stops - Truman In Fight To Aid Campaign Against Ike

Ike motorcade campaigning in South Carolina. LS crowd. Eisenhower w/ Gov. James Byrnes on podium. CU at microphone (MOS). Crowd with sign USC Likes Ike . CU Mamie.

17:02:30 Wisconsin - Tracking past Green Bay railroad station, signs Welcome Ike .

17:02:36 Adlai Stevenson in MCU into car, waving. LS crowd waving. Truman & daughter Margaret campaigning in Pacific Northwest - waving from train. POV past dam in desert.

17:03:09 North Dakota Native American Indians listening in headdress w/ children; CUs. W/ Truman & peace pipe.

Politics; Presidential Campaign; 1952;

Top News Stories Of 1952

Crowds of American voters - Eisenhower campaign speech ...with speed and honour I shall go to Korea - applause - neon news in Times Square [?] Eisenhower Elected - Ike & wife cheered onto stage.

17:50:36 Ike off plane in Korea - reviews troops.

17:50:58 Truman seizes steel industry after strikes - Judge Pine rules against President in court battle.

17:51:25 Death of King George VI - Princess Elizabeth reviews Royal Guard on horseback.

17:52:02 Riots over Suez Canal & Sudan occupation. King Farouk exiled after Egyptian military coup.

17:52:31 Nationalisation of British oil in Iran - demonstration - Mossadegh at the Hague.

17:53:04 Devastated buildings in Elizabeth, New Jersey, after air crash. Wreckage of plane which crashed on West coast killing 86 GIs. British jet explodes over air show killing 29 - engine hurtles into crowd. Rescue operation among wreckage of trains which collided outside London - 200 dead. US freighter Flying Enterprise sinks of English coast w/ Captain Carlsson hailed as hero.

17:54:28 Rebellion of 20,000 Communist prisoners at Korean PoW camp on Koje Island - UN guards throw smoke bombs. 87 North Korean prisoners killed during violence on Pongam Island - rioters marched away by armed guards.

17:54:58 Damage from prison riots in Michigan & New Jersey.

17:55:18 US explodes hydrogen bomb - Marshall Islands ?

Korean War. Nuclear / Atomic Warfare. Anti-Communism. Disasters.

[President Truman w/ Faisal II, 1952]

White House north entrance; Truman walks out w/ Faisal II, shake hands, talk. Entering White House.

02:03:57 American Airlines 4-engine plane taxiis; Faisal II down steps, shakes hands w/ civilian & military VIPs. Introduced to others. Walk away.

02:05:03 Out of car at White House, shakes hands w/ Truman; poses w/ Abd al-ilah & Truman. Photographers. Into White House.

NOTE: Faisal II was born in 1935, became King in 02May1953; 14Feb58 headed Iraq - Jordan Alliance & assassinated after a coup d etat 14Jul58.

Missouri (Pres. Truman signing Bonn Peace Pact to end Occupation & join NATO, 1952)

Banner: Hotel Muehlebach welcomes President Truman. Tilt up large hotel. Int. MCU Truman signing Bonn Peace Pact making West Germany eligible for membership in NATO. First step to ending Occupation of Germany. CU page. CU Truman.

Treaties; Treaty; Post-WWII; Post-WW2;

Politics - Ike And Stevenson Map Campaign Plans

Democratic Presidential & Vice Presidential candidates Adlai Stevenson & Sen Sparkman out of car at White House. Photographers.

03:51:57 Posing w/ Truman at desk. Swish pan...

03:52:09 Eisenhower w/ Nixon, John Foster Dulles & others around table. Standing talking, posing.

Election Campaign Planning, 1952;

Eisenhower Inaugurated - Complete

Capitol. Traffic in snow; people off planes & trains. Street scenes. Buttons, balloons. White House & press. Truman greets Ike & Mamie. Motorcade. Capitol grounds. Ike at stand; Nixon taking oath. Ike swearing in & part of inaugural address(w/ sd). Parade.

Thunder Bay Ushers in Era of Wide Screen Movies

Times Square exterior at night for premiere. Marquee for Loew's State shown. Interior of cinema showing size of screen. Premiere is in daytime with many people arriving from limousines. Announcer with mic. Arrivals including Margaret Truman. Boris Karloff and wife - Tony Curtis and Janet Leigh - Xavier Cougat and Abbie Laine - Jimmy (James) Stewart and wife. Crowds and excitement.

McCarthy Replies - Calls U.S. Communism Root Of All Our Ills (26Nov53)

Hearing room, attorney & witness (bald w/ glasses) enter. Committee at table intercut w/ CU of witness. MCU of Cohen, McCarthy & ?? w/ Cohen questioning.

20:32:16 McCarthy in front of three mics reads statement: A few days ago I read that President Eisenhower expressed the hope that by election time in 1954 the subject of Communism would be a dead & forgotten issue. The raw, harsh, unpleasant fact is that Communism is an issue; and will be an issue in 1954. Truman s diatribe against those who expose Communists is the best proof of that. We should remember that practically every issue which we face today from high taxes to the shameful mess in Korea is inextricably interwoven with the Communist issue.

Anti-communism; McCarthyism;

Turning Globe - Eisenhower Inaugurated (w/ Parade)

07:23:03 Montage: Capitol in fog, traffic into Washington, people off airplanes & trains. Traffic on Pennsylvania Avenue looking towards Capitol. People checking into hotel; pennants, buttons, balloons.

07:23:32 Entrance to White House, limousine arriving. Photographers. Eisenhowers & Trumans greet Joe Martin & ??. Ike & Truman shake hands for cameras.

07:24:01 Motorcade along Pennsylvania Ave., POV past crowd at Capitol, motorcade arrival.

07:24:22 High angle of crowd, people in trees, w/ periscopes. LS of inaugural stand.

07:24:34 Intermittent sd. Ike & others down steps to front of stand. Nixon taking oath of office, crowd applauds.

07:25:06 SOF Ike sworn in by Chief Justice Vinson. Handshaking & kisses Mamie. To microphone. Shots of crowd MOS.

07:26:37 SOF ...realizing that common sense & common decency alike dictates the futility of appeasment we shall never try to placate an agressor by the false & wicked bargainn of trading honor for security. (applause) We must be ready to dare all for our country; for history does not long entrust the care of freedom to the weak or the timid. We must acquire proficiency in defense & display stamina in purpose. We must be willing individually & as a nation to accept whatever sacrifices may be required of us; a people that values its priviliges above its principles soon loses hope. The peace we seek then is nothing less than the practice & fulfillment of our whole faith, among ourselves & in our dealings w/ others. This signifies more than the selling of guns, easing the sorrow of war; more than an escape from death, it is a way of life; more than a haven of the weary, it is a hope of the brave. This is the hope that beckons us onward in a century of trial; this is the work that awaits us all; to be done w/ bravery, with charity, and w/ prayer to all-mighty God. My citizens I thank you. Applause & handshaking.

07:28:26 MOS Parade from Capitol w/ marhcing units; Eisenhower in car waving, paper falling. People lining street. MCU of Ike waving, hands hat to Mamie. Marching units past Presidential reviewing stand w/ military cadets. Montie Montana lassos Ike. Marching troops.

07:29:40 CU Ike & Nixon. The End.

Republican Presidential Politics; 1953; Oddities; Speech;

NOTE: Audio quality only fair. Ideally use w/ better audio.

McCarthy

McCarthy seated at desk reads statement. Accuses ex President Truman of putting interests of the Democrat party above the interests of America. Trumanism . Talks of Communists and filthy communist dungeons and says America and her allies should not trade with China until Americans are released.

[President Truman With Press - Makes Statement]

Truman at desk w/ microphones and spotlight in White House ? - surrounded by press as he signs papers / makes notes. Reporters stand back as Truman records statement for newsreels / TV.

Truman Is 70 -- Says President `Must Be Master'

Main Title: Universal International Newsreel

03:20:27 Posing beside large cake with Bess & Margaret he cuts cake as Eleanor Roosevelt & Averell Harriman look on.

03:20:55 Truman speaks and says that President must be master in own house, and agencies, including Armed Forces must be responsible to the President in the Constitutional manner.

News In Brief [Puerto Rico]

Puerto Rican Nationalist terrorists rounded up: wounded leader Pedro Campos dragged through crowd into ambulance after shoot-out with police - faces 89-yr jail sentence [Campos involved in earlier assassination attempt on President Truman]. Police examine scene of gun battle - damaged door - bullet holes in wall - portrait of ? hanging above Puerto Rican flag - guns laid out on table.

Independence - US. Colonialism.

[Senator McCarthy & Committee at Ft. Monmouth Concerning Security Violations] (29Apr54)

Fort Monmouth, New Jersey

CU sign behind barbed wire: Fort Monmouth Home of the Signal Corps U.S. Army. Restricted Area. View thru chain link fence of radar units turning,

14:39:45 MCU Secretary of Army Stevens & Senator McCarthy laughing & talking w/ ??. CU of each. Sign behind wire fence: ...Signal Laboratory.

14:40:03 Stevenson & McCarthy board military aircraft.

14:40:13 McCarthy seated at table w/ Roy Cohn, G. David Schine and committee standing & seated around.

14:40:29 McCarthy walking between two military officers w/ David Schine away from large building, diner & small stores visible on street. tilt down front of New York Federal Court House (?) w/ columns.

14:40:46 Sd. McCarthy seated w/ committee & Schine. Seated w/ 3 others including Gen. Lawton, Commanding Officer of Ft. Monmouth, looking grim. McCarthy speaking answering question about result of investigation & house cleaning done by Stevens and Lawton to get rid of Communists. McCarthy talks about old Truman administration reversing cases in the past . (GOOD).

Cold War; Anti-Communism; McCarthyism; Congressional Investigations; Senate Subcommittee on Investigations;

News in Brief - Washington DC

Statue Trade Unionist Samuel Gompers. William Green and President Truman at dedication ceremonies for Gompers Square.

The President [Part 1 of 2]

Encyclopaedia Britannica Films [main title missing]

Man voting at ballot box. Truman [?] & Eisenhower swearing in ceremonies. Ike waving from motorcade. Portraits of US Presidents superimposed over shot of White House. Cuts to costumed re-enactment of early Presidential careers. George Washington being sworn in; emerging from first Senate meeting looking bewildered. Meeting of new Cabinet w/ Jefferson, Hamilton & Knox - arguing about whisky tax. Washington making farewell address from White House. Thomas Jefferson signing Louisiana Purchase. Montage of paintings illustrating progress of democracy & American Civil War.

16:18:27 Re-enactment of Abraham Lincoln being sworn in - brief montage cannons firing over newspaper headlines - Lincoln at desk signing enlistment order - Lincoln reading statement to Cabinet.

16:20:00 Montage of early 20th Century US development: industrialisation - battleships at sea - Theodore Roosevelt making speech [MOS] - Woodrow Wilson behind desk, posing w/ Congressmen & making speech to large crowd [MOS]. WWI montage: German soldiers - heavy artillery - superimposed newspaper headline US At War: Wilson - troops marching through city street - heavy guns firing - troops over the top of trenches w/ more headlines re Armistice. Post-WWI peace talks.

16:21:18 1920s [?] US city street scene w/ busy traffic & pedestrians. Depression - Black woman seen in candlelight through window of shack w/ broken shutter - President Franklin Roosevelt sworn in Mar33 - workers on construction site w/ sign USA Work Program - workers at shipyard. WWII montage - newspaper headline War! Bomb Warsaw! - tank & field artillery troops running - FDR addressing press conference [MOS] after new executive powers granted - tanks off production line - employment office? - warships firing - FDR & Winston Churchill.

US History. Politics. Government. Democracy.

Sports - Kansas City

Truman throws out first baseball for Kansas City Athletics.

Motorcade; Athletics; Ceremonies;

News in Brief - England President Truman gets honorary doctorate at Oxford University

Procession of dons at University - President Truman in ceremonial robes

1956 Democratic Convention

Kennedy, Lodge, Symington, Truman, Stevenson at 1956 Democratic convention - crowds.

01:02:21 Truman takes stand - standing ovation from crowd. 01:04:38 JFK (Kennedy) on stand with others. Top shot crowds in convention hall.

[1956 Democratic Convention - JFK, Truman, Kefauver]

Kefauver? at microphone. Stevenson / Kennedy banners & crowd. Candidate at mic. John Kennedy (JFK) at mic. Kefauver & wife? at mic. Truman at mic. Group at mic incl. Truman, Adlai Stevenson, Kefauver & Kennedy. Photographers with heaving crowd behind. LS convention hall.

Stevenson Nominated

13:08:04 LS & MS Delegates arrive for Democratic Convention in Chicago. Crowds w/ banners outside hall inc. eccentric old man selling The Hobo News .

13:08:22 INT packed convention hall - state delegation s banners, banners. CU former Postmaster Big Jim Farley - Truman waves to cheering crowds - Eleanor Roosevelt. Adlai Stevenson waves to supporters -

USA Political Process; Elections; 1956; Democrats;

NOTE: nominated over Harriman as Democratic Presidential candidate.

Story of Television (missing head) R1 of 2

RCA

Zwarkin s early iconoscope tube; orthocon tube; early tv tube & electronic kinescope.

Diagram of orthocon tube in video camera & operation recording by scanning image w/ electrons. Animated diagram of signals fed to transmitter, then to antenna & down to television set.

14:15:34 Reversal process on reassembling picture on television tube.

14:15:53 1931 NBC transmitter room of W2XBS w/ racks, engineers & picture of 60 scanning lines original picture.

14:16:40 Street scene outside NBC Rockefeller Center w/ pedestrians, cars & mobile van. Two RCA mobile vans arriving at stadium or ?? Men setting up large camera, three engineers in van at controls.

14:17:17 1939 World s Fair w/ flags, sphere & RCA Exhibit Building & logo w/ David Sarnoff on 29Apr39 picture at microphones. Family in home watching World s Fair. Cameraman.

14:18:00 Film (not television) of FDR at World s Fair, King & Queen of England touring pavilion & in front of crowds. Baseball, 1940 political conventions.

14:18:51 Studio w/ chorus girls rehearsing w/ technicians, boom microphione, large lights.

14:19:21 Spinning newspaper w/ WWII breaking out w/ Japan.

14:19:31 Still of Research Center during war. Billboard: Radio Corportation of America, David Sarnoff Research Center, RCA Laboratories Division. Engineers in lab at workbenches; looking at giant tubes, instruments. Radar antennas turning & w/ soldiers on desert; sonar instruments; sniperscope to see target in darkness.

14:20:33 Spinning newspaper w/ New York Times War Ended headline. Zipper banner sign on Times Square of Japanse Surrender & packed crowd seen from above.

14:20:51 Spinning Herald Tribune newspaper w/ Tokyo agrees to surrender terms.

14:21:01 assembly line of television tubes, women assembling, heating glass, putting on conveyor.

14:21:43 NBC studio w/ orchestra, control room, engineers, cameras & cameramen. Moving camera dollying. Swearing in President Truman in 1949 shown on 16 NBC stations, shown on map. 1955 expansion to coast to coast. Assembly line w/ sets manufactured (GOOD). Packing in large crates. Trucks w/ ladders in parking lot, for installation, antennas on housing developments. Tilt up large antenna. Tilt up microwave

14:24:24 continued on LN 400-278. Note: balance on this tape is overlapped.

Industry; Manufacturing; 1950s; Advertising; Promotion; Educational Film; Information Film;

News In Brief (86th Congress Convenes, 1959)

LS Capitol, Congressmen milling about on floor of House of Representatives; in session. Joint session meeting w/ Ex-President Truman waving from visitors gallery to standing ovation. Sam Rayburn swearing in Congress.

Politics; Elected Officials;

NOTE: Session notable for Republican ouster of Rep. Joseph Martin as minority leader in favor of Charles Halleck, Indiana.

News In Brief - Washington D.C. (Democratic Dinner)

Tail end of piece about flood showing submerged bus and other damage.

Large dining room w/ 2,500 people at tables for $100/plate dinner. Truman, John F Kennedy, Sam Rayburn, Gov. Miner of NJ, Chairman Butler & Hubert Humphrey. LBJ & Sen. Symington all focused on.

News In Brief - Washington D.C. (Democratic Dinner)

Large dining room w/ 2,500 people at tables for $100/plate dinner. Truman, John F Kennedy, Sam Rayburn, Gov. Miner of NJ, Chairman Butler & Hubert Humphrey. LBJ & Sen. Symington all focused on.

Final Tribute - Mrs Roosevelt Laid to Rest.

St James Church in the Hudson River hamlet of Hyde Park - crowds - President John F. Kennedy (JFK) and wife Jackie arrive for funeral. Harry S Truman, Adlai Stevenson, Lyndon Johnson (LBJ), Earl Warren and other mourners enter church. Close up of headstone on Franklin Roosevelts (FDR) grave. Ceremony as Eleanor Roosevelt is buried in cemetery.

One Week in October Pt. 1 of 3

Cuban missile crisis - American Version

Reconnaissance photographs of Russian missiles & same area following missile crisis with no missiles.

05:01:21 Columbus Day parade. Baseball match, Yankees vs San Francisco Giants. Little girl in braces - poster girl for March of Dimes ( polio charity ). Jackie Kennedy w/ children of foreign diplomats. Fireworks in Uganda celebrating independence. Vatican, torchlight vigil. President John F Kennedy - JFK - with Ahmed Ben Bella, Premier of Algeria.

05:03:02 Havana AVs. Ben Bella w/ Castro.

05:03:11 US moon rocket launch, man follows ascent through telescope. Defence department training in fall out protection, civil defence, fall-out shelter stocked - various other fall out shelters including salt mines, banks, community shelter in Kansas. Food & water drums, medical supplies - radiological monitoring equipment off assembly lines & transported by railroad to various parts of America. Naval Supply Center Oakland. Forklift trucks move goods. Sign erected for community fallout shelter - radiation signs.

05:04:46 Election campaign, American Legion meeting & Truman making speech. Eisenhower speaking. Helicopter landing on White House Lawn.

05:05:16 Cuba beach scenes. Military parade. Desecration of monument. Demonstrations as Fidel Castro entering Havana 1959 - crowds celebrating.

05:06:23 United Nations - Castro & Khruschev embrace. Mikoyen visit to Havana. Trade agreement between Russia & Cuba signed. Russian cargo ships en route to Havana. Cuban refugees in small boats - women & children. Map showing proximity to USA.

Cold War; Diplomacy; Revolutionary; Emigration; Americana 1960s; Neighbors;

[President Kennedy Lying In State - colour]

24Nov63 Capitol rotunda. Flag-draped casket, Honor Guard. Mrs. Kennedy, Caroline & dignitaries stand near casket during eulogy. Pres. Johnson (LBJ) lays wreath at head of coffin. Mrs. Kennedy & Caroline walk, kneel. Cannot see kissing casket. Mourners & dignitaries leave rotunda. Color Guard enters rotunda followed by Honor Guard carrying flag-draped casket. Coffin placed in rotunda, Honor Guard at attention, salute and march off. NOTE: present & recognizable are Pres. Truman, Attorney General Robert F Kennedy, and Secretary of State Dean Rusk.

JFK.

Pres. Johnson Assumes Burden of Office

Preceeded by tiny bit of Truman speaking at white tie dinner. making joke.

November, 1963 - LBJ addresses joint session of Congress following JFK assassination. McCormick and Rayburn (?) sitting behind him. LBJ conferring with Robert McNamara, then Dean Rusk, then Eisenhower, Joint Chiefs of Staff. VS Tens of thousands of mourners at JFK grave in Arlington. LBJ with Lady Bird and daughters pose for portrait. White House. LBJ signing at Oval Office desk.

[President Kennedy Visits Hanau, Germany]

25Jun63 MPs standing near crowd on parade field at Fliegerhorst Kaserne. MCU small boy seated on man's shoulders waving miniature German flag. LS assembled troops on parade field. LS uncasing of the colors - US & Marine flags. Motorcade inc. President's car passing troops in formation - JFK standing up. Spectators.

23:24:24 Pres. Kennedy leaving Terrace Service Club w/ officers & walking towards mess hall. Crowd on field. 8th Inf Div. Band playing outside the club. LS JFK & party entering service club. Ludwig Erhard, Vice Chancellor of Germany, standing by car at entrance to club. Erhard walks towards service club as President come out. MLS Kennedy trooping the line in car. VS German spectators.

23:27:34 LS JFK standing in moving car & waving to crowd - salutes MPs in FG.

23:28:28 LS JFK out of helicopter. LS Gen. Truman H. Landon, Gen, Paul L. Freeman, and the President walking toward Honor Guard on the airfield. Rear shots President & party on stand during Honor Guard ceremony [NB camera / shutter problem in last shots].

State Visits - US Presidents. Cold War. Anti-Communism.

Miracle in The Desert - The Story of Hanford R1 of 3

Glenn Seaborg, Arthur Wall, Edwin McMillan (brief shots) in Berkeley Lab. Map of US explaining creation of Manhattan project.

03:23:3? Aerial over desert area of Hanford. Columbia River & power lines. Stills of Hanford with barracks & trailers above river. Construction of buildings.

03:25:15 Tumbleweed and deserted buildings. Aerials over plant. Landscape & titles.

03:26:05 Richland suburban houses, trucks down highway, trains and yards. Aerial Views of 3 reactor buildings & large concrete building (chemical plant).

03:27:49 Technicians & machines working; scientists measuring plutonium. Technicians & storage vaults moving plutonium in air tight cans on little red wagon..

03:29:00 Diagrams showing power of plutonium as opposed to other forms of power. 1lb = 3,000,000 lbs of coal.

03:29:10 Exterior & interiors of buildings & computers. Map of US w/ Oak Ridge & Hanford.

03.29.35 Staged: paperboy in street, women & children run towards him and look at local newspaper headline tt s Atomic Bombs, President Truman releases secret of Hanford product.

03:29:42 AEC building, computers. G.E. company employees. Aerials over buildings including new separation plants.

03:30:45 Automated machining & building rods.

03:31:37 Diagram of uranium rods.

Nuclear research; Enriched Uranium; U-238; Radioactivity; Pacific Northwest;

The President (LBJ): April 1967 (Pt. 1 of 3)

Puento Del Este Conference w/ circular room and LBJ speaks; dissolve to view from plane above clouds. LBJ w/ ?? Shots of White House & fountain. Westmoreland before Congress, at White House reception.

13:01:5? Title: The President - April 1967. 31Mar67 POV aboard Air Force One with Latin American Ambassadors & wives to San Antonio. Signing papers brought by secretary on board plane.

13:02:?? Barbecue meeting at LBJ Ranch w/ Uruguay delegates. Cooking, peppering meet, corn cooking. Serving food as xylophone trio playing w/ drum accompaniment. Rope twirler. Horses and stage coach ride.

13:05:00 03Apr67 LBJ w/ Dean Rusk on lawn as arrival of Pres. Cevdet Sunay of Turkey in limousine. Hand shaking, at lectern. POV under banner, parade along Pennsylvania Ave. Capitol building. Limousine with glass roof and Sunay.

13:06:51 LBJ w/ Sunay in office; voice over of LBJ talking about 20th Anniversary of Truman Doctrine. Talking about Greece, Turkey & Korea now are freedom loving nations; says thinks Vietnam will also be that way in 20 more years. LBJ speaking on lawn.

13:08:11 Flowers in spring around Washington Monuments. Cherries, dogwood, magnolias.

13:08:33 10Apr67 LBJ & wife welcome Hubert Humphrey back from European tour. Humphrey speaks of his mission and what he saw. Shots of HHH at cabinet meeting with McNamara and all.

Lyndon Baines Johnson; Presidential entertaining; NATO

[LBJ Visits ex-President Truman]

Large ornate home, President Johnson in rain w/ party arriving to visit ex-Pres. Truman who is at door w/ wife, Bess. Cameramen around; wait outside, Johnson leaving through crowd. Truman & wife back into house.

Democrats; Party Politics; Political Visit;

The President - April 1968 Pt. 4 of 4

18Apr68 LBJ greets Pres. Eisenhower at March AFB for conference on Asian Affairs. Sittingin Air Force One talking, off plane Ike boards helicopter & LBJ back onto Air Force One, view from plane.

16:34:55 LBJ Ranch w/ stream, barn, flowers. Luci walking w/ LBJ. White House Cabinet room w/ Dean Rusk smoking cigarette. 24Apr68 LBJ on Chicago Hilton Hotel platform for Democratic reception; applauding delegates. LBJ speaking: No man could serve where I have served now for more than four years & five long months without sensing that we are once again in a new time... Step by step...a new day of light & justice for all of our people.

16:37:40 LBJ & Lady Bird, VP Humphrey & wife, & others enter in formal clothes from Grand Staircase at annual Diplomatic Reception. Reception line.

16:38:28 17Apr68 Lady Bird on lawn greeting people who had donated to city beautification. Tourinng new park & playground w/ people watching.

16:39:54 22Apr68 LBJ at bill signing for citizens to elect their own school board. Men standing watching. Views of street statues, White House, parks, pedestrians, flowers.

16:41:03 18Apr68 Unveiling of protrait of Mrs. Bess Truman by Margaret Truman Daniels, Dean Acheson. Swearing in of Marvin Watson as Postmaster General; LBJ talking at South Lawn ceremony saying goodbye to him leaving his White House position.

16:43:30 26Apr68 LBJ meeting w/ Board of Trustees from new Urban Institute to look into problems of decay & growth in the American City. View of Capitol w/ an economic report introducing concept of paper gold. At Cabinet meeting. Kids on playground equipment. Ruins of riots being cleaned up.

16:45:09 Group w/ Gen. Westmoreland around table in Cabinet Room. Blacks around table. Pedestrians & city scenes w/ traffic past White House.

60s; Vietnam War; Diplomacy; Civil Rights; Presidency; Official Art;

Pt. 1 of 3

F-4 Phantom Jets (?) catapulted from aircraft carrier runway. CU getting ready & launching.

07:26:08 USS Enterprise (CVN-65) w/ deck lined w/ figher jets thru water. CU Greek philosopher Democritus head in bronze sculpture. Photographs of atomic particles.

07:26:52 Nuclear blast in Pacific. Large wake of ship; carrier bow thru water.

07:27:26 Main Title: The Nuclear Navy.

07:27:46 Frank Blair sitting on stool explaining history of nuclear power w/ photos behind relating to history of atomic power.

07:28:35 MCU Nuclear submarine on surface; surface ships. Aerials.

07:29:02 Still photograph w/ Dr. Lise Meitner & Dr. Otto Hahn, 1938, in laboratory; Enrico Fermi.

07:29:28 Montage: Explosions & soldiers running, fighting, blasts. VERY GOOD.

07:29:42 Aerial over two stack liner filled w/ returning troops.

07:29:58 Montage: 1946, naval officers & civilians at table talking. Clinton Laboratory, aka Oak Ridge two-story barrack housing w/ cars driving in. Employees show identification. Int. large industrial plant w/ machinery working, crane moving large item, oscilliscope working, lathe, overhead crane.

07:30:48 MCU Adm Nimitz at desk. Ext. Atomic Energy Commission building w/ name. Int. Hyman Rickover briefing Forrestal, w/ cutaway of submarine showing power plant.

07:31:38 Montage: Ext workers leaving plant. Int. workers at large machinery. Aerial: Arco National Reactor Test Site, Idaho. Int. engineers constructing. CU sign: Reactor On. Reactor w/ water boiling & rods. Steam pipes. Engineers smoking pipes at blackboard. Large control panels & technicians.

07:32:30 Montage: 1951, Engineers w/ blueprints; construction of reactor plant for Nautilus submarine, technicians working, draftsmen, AEC Bettis Laboratory run by Westinghouse.

07:33:00 Blair w/ drawing / diagram / chart explains nuclear propulsion system & principle.

07:33:55 14Jun52 Keel laying of Nautilus (SSN-571) by President Truman; 21Jan54 christening by Mamie Eisenhower. Launching. Good color footage. Continued..

Military Technology; Atomic Age; Inventions; 1950s; Cold War;

NOTE: Shots brief but good sequences & color quality excellent.

No Nukes R5

Int. with Dr. John Gofman about effects of low level radiation. Int. with people at anti-nuclear rally. Debate between pro-nuclear person and anti-nuclear man in clown make-up. Int. with Kristie Conrad one of the Seabrook, NH occupiers re people voting in Seabrook against the plant. Int. with Carlene Peruse re Seabrook vote. Entering Seabrook sign. People playing on beaches. Int. with Rennie Cushing and other Seabrook occupiers. Silver shovels dedicating ceremony at Seabrook, NH. Press conference with New Hampshire Governor Meldrim Thompson about town vote being illegal. Tony Santasucci, Seabrook resident, on why the vote should count. Sing says Welcome to South Dakota . Pan over Black Hills. Int. with South Dakota rancher re nuclear waste. Anti-nuclear protestor in Connecticut. Shots of anti-nuclear activity and demonstrations. Solar rollers on rollerblades on New York street. Baloon vendor. American flag against sign. Ralph Nader talking about evacuation plans at press conference. Seabrook demonstration. Black Hills march. Spinning Globe intro to the Big Picture from the US Army. More of the Chaplin reassuring soldiers that they are safe. Troops marching past. Soldier eating in silhouette. Stills of various presidents -Truman, JFK, LBJ, Nixon, Carter. Jackson Browne marching with Native-Americans in Black Hills. Anti-nuclear demonstration in France. John Trudell, Native-American activist, speaking to South Dakota rally. Ballon release at Rocky Flats, Colorado. Anti-nuclear rally in front of Capitol in Washington, DC Song by James Taylor Stand and Fight in background.

01:56:35 James Taylor backstage. Tim Sexton talking with Madison Square Garden guy. James Taylor performing Stand and Fight on stage and audience applauding. Int. with Gil Scott-Heron backstage on how he wrote song We Almost Lost Detroit.

01:58:38 Gil Scott-Heron performs We Almost Lost Detroit.

02:01:21 Musicians backstage rehearsing Power . Backstage conversation. Graham Nash with wife and child.

political demonstration; anti-nuclear; pop music; protest songs;

The Eruption of Mount St. Helens (erupted 18 May, 1980) Volcanic Eruption

Reenactments, personal recollections and documentary narration, of one of the most awesome natural events in our nation's history. The film is highlighted by some spectacular footage and recordings made at the time of the Mount St. Helens explosion.

Little girl with postcard. Scenic shots National Park with volcano - boating lake - rain on leaves - waterfall - deer.

Model of mountain range. View from summit Mt. St. Helens.

01:02:56 Camp Meehan 1959 - children boating etc. Camp sites - climbers / walkers - fishing. Montage pretty shots Mt.

01:04:03 Seismograph registering moderate earthquake. AVs from helicopter - smoke and steaming ash from mountain. Roads closed in National Park. Forest service and other scientists set up observation posts. Rangers stations closed. AV crater smoking. Craters erupting. Interview re possible volcanic explosion. Helicopter carrying and depositing large refuse bin next to Spirit Lake. Trailers set up selling souvenir T-shirts etc. to tourists. Vox pops re possibility of eruption. St. Helens Lodge with closed signs. Ranger saying Harry Truman, owner of Lodge doesn t want to move. Interior lodge - cats - Harry Truman with pianola. Snow falling on lodge.

Clearance to re-use to be sought from USDA Fores Service, Pacific Northwest Region, po Box 3623, Portland OR 97206 Tel 503 808-2468

Air Force Now (Hawaii - Precious Cargo - Battle of Khe Sanh)

Title sequence w/ Pencil sketch opening, rotoscoping.

08:31:08 Hawai & montage: blowing conch shell, seashore, outdoor mountains, sign: Hale Koa Hotel, Armed Forces Hotel, Waikiki Beach.

08:31:34 Joan Vierra, Marketing Director fo Hale Koa Hotel explains that it is available for all members of Armed Forces. Rates based on military pay grade so always affordrable. Volleyball, surfing & other sports. Traditional Hawaiian dancing, singer.

08:33:14 Presidential aircraft montage: President Truman off The Independence, Ike Eisenhower off, JFK Kennedy, LBJ Johnson, Richard Nixon.

08:33:53 Title: Precious Cargo

SOF Col. Brem Morrison Commander of 89th Military Airllft Wing, Andrews AF Airbase. (note: post-1987) Pres. George HW Bush boarding plane & waving. Briefing. Man at telephone, part delivered. Working on motor, explanation of food preparation. Supermarket shopping in PX for trip (GOOD). Peparing for flight, loading aircraft.

08:36:53 Morrison describes fleet of 6 types of aircraft etc. Crew to helicopter, CU of rotor & taking off. SOF about 1st Helicopter Squadron & flying VIPs around Washington DC area. Aerials: Washington Monument & over city w/ Capitol in background.

08:38:13 Pan Presidential plane on runway, Pres. Reagan boarding Air Force One & waving & saluting, plane taxiing & turning (GOOD Reagan leaving).

08:39:09 Title: Project Warrior. Feb-Mar68. Khe Sanh, troops past camera. Aerial of AFB. Ground fighting, mortars, heavy guns, wounded on stretchers carried.

08:39:50 Title: The Battle Of Khe Sanh Planes dropping napalm. B-52 bomb run; parachute drop of equipment. SOF Maj. McGuire. C-130 landing. Burning plane.

08:41:00 Container delivery; dropping skids. Large helicopter arriving & unloading. Men jump into foxhole. Napalm bombs falling, explosion from air. Artillery firing. B-52 drops, 500 & 750 lb bombs. Night bomb explosions. Marines boarding helicopter.

08:43:49 LBJ SOF re what Marines had done at Khe Sanh. Visuals of marines moving up, fighting, marching. South Vietname troops. Base at Khe Sanh w/ supplies. Presented By Your Air Force.

Vietnam War Fighting; Presidential Planes; Air Force One Preparation; Military History; Recreation;

President Bush s State of the Union Address (31Jan1990) - Part 3 of 3

(entire speech)

03.00.50 Help our neighbor... Be a Point of Light to a stranger in need.

03.01.48 Bush reads patriotic letter from Private Markwell, killed in Panama.

Quotes Truman on changes he thought would occur to the Communist world. America leading free nations & new consensus with fall of Communism; help to Eastern Europe; build on new relationship with Soviet Union: need to sustain Strategic Defence Initiative; conventional arms control agreements: announces reduction of US & Soviet military presence in Europe. (applause).

03.08.25 America still needs to be strong to defend its own interests and ideals.

Schmaltzy talk re freedom, children, God, allegiance to America etc.

Speeches; US Government; Platitudes; Anti-Communism; Freedom; Democracy; Economic Opportunity;

[State Dinner]

Jackson Day? VS guests at formal dinner in large banqueting hall with Truman at head table, plus Vinson and many VIPs. Guests stand and applaud; LS Truman making after dinner speech ?

[Truman & Eric Johnston]

Truman and MPAA President Eric Johnston round desk with others - chatting and laughing together.

Motion Picture / Movie Industry. Censorship.

Instantaneos Internacionais [Truman at National Airport & Savings Bond Drive]

Truman off USAF plane The Independence , greeted by Acheson and others; large crowd. Motorcade from airfield w/ motorcycle escort, bodyguards on foot; brief shot of newsreel cameras on platform. Flower wreath sign Make Today your D-Day: Buy United States Defense Bonds. Truman at mic. w/ wreath. All-female audience. CU unid. politician ?

Korean War ?

[Dulles Returns from NATO]

USAF plane taxis on runway; Dulles out, shakes hands w/ vars VIPs.

16:46:56 Sd. Press conference on airfield: Dulles mentions going to report to President later same day. Says he feels a great deal has been accomplished on trip; ... we have seen great events: the entry of Germany into NATO; the actual beginning of Western European union; good talks about China and about Indochina; the signing of the Austrian State treaty; and the agreement of the Western powers upon an invitation to the Soviet Union for a meeting of the four heads of government... I return feeling this has been an eventful week and that much good work has been done.

16:48:44 Si. White House inserts?: Framed photographs. Clock. Family pictures. Globe. Encyclopedia on shelf. paintings. Pelican sculpture. Portrait beardless Abraham Lincoln. Medals. CU painting Summer by Charles H Davis. Photographers and newsreel cameramen setting up. Nixon, Byrnes & Unid. man.

Dulles reporting to Truman in Oval Office. Many other VIPs present. EXT White House; people on verandah.

Atom Bomb

President Truman at press conference. Atomic explosion seen, night. Narration re potential use in Korea. Dead & refugees in Korea. Saint Peter's Cathedral - pilgrims in Rome praying. United Nations building as symbol.

Korean War. Nuclear Warfare

No Appeasement - President Puts Nation On All-Out War Footing

Truman at desk speaking into mic & camera. 'Here are the things we will do...uphold & defend the principals of the United Nations...will build up our army & navy...we do not believe that war is inevitable...'

News in Brief : Washington D.C.

Washington - American Legion building opened by Truman - President Truman on stand makes opening speech of dedication - audience stand and applaud

News in Brief - England President Truman gets honorary doctorate at Oxford University

Procession of dons at University - President Truman in ceremonial robes

[President Harry S Truman in Puerto Rico] (21Feb48)

School children & civilians at airport to greet the President. CU little girl holding American flags. Banners from various schools. Soldiers. Crowds applauding.

17:50:17 Truman on stand. Motion picture newsreel camera & woman with still camera. President accompanied by Hon. Jesus T. Pinero, Governor getting into open top car & leaving.

00:29:35 Plane taxiis, President out of plane, greeted by Governor of Puerto Rico Jesus T. Pinero, the Rt. Hon. Luis Munoz-Marin, President of the Puerto Rican senate, Vice Admiral D. E. Barbey, Lt. General W. D. Crittenberger. Major Gen. Ray E. Porter & others.

Presidential party visit El Morro Fortress, CU of President laughing & smiling.

Colonialism; Imperialism; Presidential Vacation;

The Reorientation Branch - Central Park Documentary: Guide to recreational facilities in New York City's Central Park.

AVs New York and Central Park area. 59th Street with skyscrapers on one side and Central park on the other - hansom cabs / horse drawn carriages waiting for trade. People sitting on benches in park feeding birds / pigeons. Children in pony and trap. Little boy buys balloon. Zoo - families and children watching monkeys - Tiglon ( half lion half tiger ) in cage. Polar bears. Feeding time for seals.

02:12:50 Traffic in Central park - shots across lake of skyscrapers. Boaters on lake. Boy fishing. Woman fishing while baby sits in pram watching. Fly casting contest. 02:14:28 Bethesda Fountain - Belvedere weather observing station - Cleopatras Needle. 02:15:02 Audience seated in The Mall - President Truman making speech (not heard) Country Square dancing. Tavern on the Green - dancing. Hansom cabs along Albany Post Road - tennis courts - softball played - basketball - kids play american football - Pony trekking / horse back riding.

02:17:03 Winter in the park. Horse drawn skiers and sleigh. Tobogganing. Ice skating - building snowmen. Spring, young woman walking dogs. Mothers and children playing - playground, swings - kids on bicycles - old men pitch horseshoes - play chequers / draughts. People sunbathing / relaxing on grass.

News In Brief (Truman Speaks at Wake Forest)

Newspapers behind title

Narration only.

Wake Forest Ground Breaking sign w/ flag poles. Viewing stand & Truman speaking in LS & from behind. With shovel breaking ground & smiling. He digs for first shovel at ground breaking. MCU of still photographer. Brief shot of large crowd applauding.

Truman Is 70 -- Says President `Must Be Master'

Main Title: Universal International Newsreel

03:20:27 Posing beside large cake with Bess & Margaret he cuts cake as Eleanor Roosevelt & Averell Harriman look on.

03:20:55 Truman speaks and says that President must be master in own house, and agencies, including Armed Forces must be responsible to the President in the Constitutional manner.

The Eruption of Mount St. Helens (erupted 18 May, 1980) Volcanic Eruption

Reenactments, personal recollections and documentary narration, of one of the most awesome natural events in our nation's history. The film is highlighted by some spectacular footage and recordings made at the time of the Mount St. Helens explosion.

Little girl with postcard. Scenic shots National Park with volcano - boating lake - rain on leaves - waterfall - deer.

Model of mountain range. View from summit Mt. St. Helens.

01:02:56 Camp Meehan 1959 - children boating etc. Camp sites - climbers / walkers - fishing. Montage pretty shots Mt.

01:04:03 Seismograph registering moderate earthquake. AVs from helicopter - smoke and steaming ash from mountain. Roads closed in National Park. Forest service and other scientists set up observation posts. Rangers stations closed. AV crater smoking. Craters erupting. Interview re possible volcanic explosion. Helicopter carrying and depositing large refuse bin next to Spirit Lake. Trailers set up selling souvenir T-shirts etc. to tourists. Vox pops re possibility of eruption. St. Helens Lodge with closed signs. Ranger saying Harry Truman, owner of Lodge doesn t want to move. Interior lodge - cats - Harry Truman with pianola. Snow falling on lodge.

Clearance to re-use to be sought from USDA Fores Service, Pacific Northwest Region, po Box 3623, Portland OR 97206 Tel 503 808-2468

1945 - Year Of Victory

Newsreel Review of Greatest News Year In History.

Street fighting during invasion of Germany.

Yalta with Churchill, FDR and Stalin. FDR burial. Truman sworn in. Berlin in flames. Hitler with Mussolini, Goering and others study map. Mob in Rome and Mussolini s body hung up by heels. Hitler s bunker in Berlin. Gasoline canisters which burned his body; Hitler s coat and Eva Braun s clothes? General Keitel signs Germany s surrender w/ Eisenhower.

Ike parades through London and awarded English honours; motorcade through Paris; with wife Mamie off plane and ticker-tape parade in US.

Pacific naval battle and land fighting. Kamikaze attacks on ships. MacArthur returns to Philippines. Manila burning, Iwo Jim flag hoisting. Churchill loses election to Attlee. Attlee with Truman and Stalin at Potsdam w/ Byrnes and Molotov behind. Atom bomb blast. Nagasaki blast seen from above. Truman at White House announces Japan s surrender. Celebration VJ Day Times Square - man dancing and hopping by himself in Australia?

Surrender of Japan aboard Missouri w/ MacArthur. General Umezu signs. Crowded ship carrying returning troops. Sailor welcomed by families, children and wives.

Truman speech re lasting peace at United Nations Organisation (Sd).

1956 Democratic Convention

Kennedy, Lodge, Symington, Truman, Stevenson at 1956 Democratic convention - crowds.

01:02:21 Truman takes stand - standing ovation from crowd. 01:04:38 JFK (Kennedy) on stand with others. Top shot crowds in convention hall.

Admiral Nimitz Welcomed In Washington

Nimitz out of plane and greeted by wife and family. Motorcade and parade of sailors. Nimitz at Washington Monument. Reviews marines and sailors. Planes fly overhead.

Nimitz speech to Congress (sd): ... I pray that no future war may ever again find us unprepared. Most of all I pray that such a war does not begin and end to our disadvantage before we can even begin to fight. This will not happen to us if we exercise our vigilance, our intelligence and keep our fighting forces ready.

Applause.

Truman awards Nimitz distinguished Service medal.

Antwerp to Potsdam Part One (AKA The Presidents trip to Berlin)

July / August 1945

Pan City of Antwerp. President Truman & Sec. of State Byrnes aboard USS Augusta, the President waves to spectators on dock at Antwerp. Leaving Antwerp for the Evere Airport at Brussels - shots from jeep as it passes down street (jumpy).

04:01:22 Brussels airport showing the 135th Infantry at attention / honour guard. Air Transport Command planes on airfield.

04:01:43 AV Berlin, showing railroad yards, Olympic Stadium, etc. Aircraft lands on airfield. Allied flags flying

Pres. Truman surrounded by secret service men exits plane. Travel shot along autobahn (jumpy) passing refugees. Road sign re leaving US Berlin District.

04:04:38 16th July 1945 Devastation in Berlin - buildings destoryed. Ruins of Reich Chancellery showing U.S. soldiers stand in front of bldg. Interior shots showing damage.

04:06:28 Russian / Soviet tank on plinth which has been made into monument. Tracking shot bombed out buildings

Two GIs walk down street with German girls - fraternisation. More exterior Reichs Chancellery. Russian soldiers on the move through Berlin, wheeling carts with belongings. Russian banners and flags.

This film has amateurish quality

Antwerp to Potsdam Part One (AKA The Presidents trip to Berlin)

July / August 1945

04:09:16 Sign - HQ Berlin area - tracking shot down Unter Den Linden - Victory monument - Brandenberg Gate. Very jumpy. German girls pose before camera.

Pres. Truman reviews the 2nd Armoured "Hell on Wheels Division" which is currently occupying Berlin.

Pan Band plays .

GV Street scene, men & women pull carts through streets (soft). Sign Entering US Berlin District.

04:12:32 Babelsberg, Berlin suburb where the American conference delegates lived.

04:13:22 No.2 Kaiser Strasse (The Little White House) - exteriors and gardens and lake.

05:14:57 Winston Churchill leaving Little White House. Churchill, in civilian clothes and President Truman walk down steps smiling. Lord Louis Mountbatten ? and army officers down steps

04:15:39 Ceremony attended by Pres. Truman, Secretary Stimson and Generals Eisenhower, Bradley, Patton, Clay and Parks - American flag raised over Berlin. Gen. Patton & Pres. Truman.

This film has an amateurish quality

Appeal To America To Save Starving Millions Abroad

Truman speech (Sd):

America is faced with a solemn obligation. Long ago we promised to do our full part. Now we cannot ignore the cry of hungry children... millions are sure to die unless we eat less. Again I strongly urge Americans to save bread and to conserve oil and fats... every ounce of bread... will help keep starving people alive .

Mayor LaGuardia speech (Sd):

Czechoslovakia, Poland... Greece... will be without bread in a few days unless we rush boatloads of wheat to these countries... I appeal desperately to the American farmer. People are dying. Please help.

Atom Bomb and Reds Doom Japs

Potsdam conference. Official portrait. Bombers, aircraft carriers, fighter bombers & Japan harbor. Diagram with atomic bomb compared to huge bombs, diagrams of explosions, Dr. Ernest Lawrence & cyclotron, Gen. Groves, Vannevar Bush, Dr. Richard Tolman. Mining uranium ore. Bags moved while soldiers guard. Richland Washington plant & workers coming off bus & into plant. Col Mathias head of Hanford. Oak Ridge workers look at newspaper headline. Pre-fabricated homes & trailers with women hanging wash. Shopping mall of merchants. May Day Parade in Moscow. Truman speaks: 'We are now prepared to destroy more rapidly and completely...their docks, their factories, their communications... it was to spare the Japanese people from utter destruction... behind this air attack...

Best Newsreel Laughs of 1945

Mrs. Truman tries to christen bomber: fails to break bottle on fuselage. Officer takes over and also fails.

Mayor LaGuardia at microphone during New York newspaper strike reads out Dick Tracy cartoon on WNYC radio.

Charter Signed For World Peace - Great Conference of United Nations At San Francisco Closes In Triumph

14:34:21 President Truman out of plane, poses w/ Stettinius & others. Motorcade thru San Francisco crowd lined street, waving from open car. Newreel camera on moving car alongside.

14:34:51 Standing vote by heads of delegations at conference re charter.

14:35:08 LS Signing charter: Wellington Koo signs for China and SOF speech.

14:35:44 Ambassador Gromyko signs for Soviet Russia; Halifax for UK; France; Mexico; Greece; Saudi Arabia; Brazil; Stettinius for USA.

14:36:45 Stettinius speech (SOF) ... the San Francisco conference has fulfilled its mandate... .

14:37:04 Truman speech closing conference (SOF): ... you have won a victory against war itself. If we had had this charter a few years ago, and above all the will to use it, millions now dead would be alive. If we should falter in the future in our will to use it, millions now living will surely die. We all have to recognize, no matter how great our strength, that we must deny ourselves the license to do always as we please. No one nation, no regional group, can or should expect any special privilige that harms any other nation. There s a time for making plans & there s a time for action. The time for action is here, now! Let us therefore, each in his own nation and according to its own way, seek immediate approval of this Charter; and make it a living thing. I shall send this Charter to the United States Senate at once. I m sure that the overwhelming sentiment, of the people of my country & of their representatives in the Senate, is in favor of immediate ratification. Let us not fail to grasp this supreme chance to establish a world wide rule of reason, to creat an enduring peace under the guidance of God.

1945; Post-WWII; Organization Founding;

NOTE: Charter signed 24Jun45.

[Churchill - Fulton, MO Speech - Iron Curtain Segment]

Beginning has sound problems. Brief shot of Truman awarded honorary doctorate in middle of speech. Churchill says he has always had faith in France, even in darkest hour. USSR wants an expansion of its ?? Our difficulties will not be removed by waiting... What is needed is a settlement. 02:36:28 ...From Stettin in the Baltic ...an iron curtain has descended...

02:37:18 Truman introduces Churchill. Honorary degrees bestowed - urges pact between US and Great Britain.

02:39:24 Speech again slighlty better sound - 02.39.50 From...an iron curtain has descended... speaks of Russians in Berlin and their quasi communist party. Film goes out of focus.

Churchill - Fulton Speech. Iron Curtain on Eastern Europe

12:06:46 - President Truman and Churchill with cigar driving through streets

12:06:58 - speech continues

Churchill speaking. Poor sd. till 13:02:00. 'However in a great number of countries far from the Russian frontiers and thruout the world Communist 5th columns...' (slug) 13:08:43. Truman introduces Churchill. Audience 'Ladies & Gentlemen it is no times for generalities...' (13:10:23) audience. Truman receives degree; then Churchill. 13:10:42 slug. 'I know you would not wish me to not state the facts as I see them; from in the Baltic to Trieste..and Iron Curtain has descended.' (13:13.26 --13:16.14 out of rack)

David Ben Gurion Meets with Truman in White House.

Ben Gurion and Abba Eban out of limousine and enter White House. Sitting with Truman in office - gives Menorah to Truman. 8 May 1951 (Truman s birthday).

De Gaulle in US Hails America s Victory Effort

De Gaulle decorates Admiral Leahy, Gen. Marshall, Admiral King, Gen. Arnold and Gen. Somerville with Croix de Guerre. De Gaulle receives Order of Merit from Truman.

Lay wreath on Roosevelt s grave with Eleanor.

De Gaulle speech in English. Film breaks off in middle - speech incomplete.

Eisenhower Inaugurated - Complete

Capitol. Traffic in snow; people off planes & trains. Street scenes. Buttons, balloons. White House & press. Truman greets Ike & Mamie. Motorcade. Capitol grounds. Ike at stand; Nixon taking oath. Ike swearing in & part of inaugural address(w/ sd). Parade.

Exhibition of Watercolours

People looking at paintings of interiors of White House ? Truman ?

Final Tribute - Mrs Roosevelt Laid to Rest.

St James Church in the Hudson River hamlet of Hyde Park - crowds - President John F. Kennedy (JFK) and wife Jackie arrive for funeral. Harry S Truman, Adlai Stevenson, Lyndon Johnson (LBJ), Earl Warren and other mourners enter church. Close up of headstone on Franklin Roosevelts (FDR) grave. Ceremony as Eleanor Roosevelt is buried in cemetery.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Obit

White House with people standing looking, sorrowful. Truman taking office from Harlan Fiske Stone; kisses bible.

03:27:34 Early footage of FDR before polio - walking - shaking hands, with Eleanor. Sailing with pipe. Sitting in yard with Eleanor & kids. Swimming with kids in Georgia. By car tipping hat; with family as Governor & at 1932 convention. Taking oath. Photos year by year. With Churchill in Aug41 off Newfoundland at Atlantic Charter. Signing declaration of war on 11 Dec41. In North Africa reviewing troops. Cairo & Tehran conferences. President with Chiang Kai-Shek and Churchill in Cairo - In Tehran with Churchill and Stalin. Guests at 1944 inaugural looking tired as he waves to crowds. Yalta with Stalin and Churchill - report to Congress his last public appearance. Roosevelt speaking re his hopes for peace in the World for his children and grandchildren.

General Arnold Awarded Medal By President Truman

Truman pins Oak Leaf Cluster medal on Arnold. CU medal on Arnold s chest. Admirals Leahy, King, and Nimitz and General Eisenhower present and shake hands with Arnold and Truman.

General Ike Comes Home - Victor Over Nazis Hailed In Three Allied Capitals

Eisenhower parades through London in horse carriage and receives sword of Duke of Wellington from Lord Mayor at Guild Hall. Churchill clapping. Ike farewell and thanks you speech to England with Churchill standing behind. Churchill speech lauding Ike as great commander and leader. MCU Ike and Churchill.

10:12:11 Paris - military ceremony at Arc de Triomphe honouring Eisenhower. De Gaulle kissing Ike. Wreath on tomb of eternal soldier. De Gaulle and Ike motorcade - French crowds cheering.

10:13:36 Washington - Ike out of plane and greeted by wife Mamie. Motorcade through streets. Crowds cheering. Ike waves. Address to congress. Truman awards Ike Oak Leaf cluster.

General Wainwright Home At Last

Wainwright out of plane in San Francisco and greets sister. Motorcade and military parade through city.

Out of plane and greets wife in Washington. Speech at Washington Monument (Sd) ... I pray that this nation will never again neglect its defences .

Motorcade through Washington. Wainwright acclaimed by Congress and speech (Sd)

Truman awards Wainwright at White House.

Headlines - Reds Explode Atom Bomb

Headline 'Truman Says Reds Exploded Atom Bomb', man reading. Other newspapers with same headline & man with cigar reading re Russian Nuclear blast. Other men reading. Henrich's Homer Ties Count. POV walking past stoop / doorstep.

Hero Of The Week: President Presents Medal of Honor to Sgt. Jake Lindsey

Gen. Marshall with war veteran Lindsey at Joint Session Senate and House of Representatives. Awarded by Truman. Truman speech. Lindsey outside Capitol with parents. Kisses girlfriend. Sgt. with lipstick on face. WWII

Heroes of the Week - President Truman Awards the Medal of Honor to 28 Soldiers

Congressional medal presented at White House ceremony. Veteran in wheelchair awarded. Gens. Marshall, Arnold and Adm. King present. Truman poses with all 28 men.

Post - WWII.

Jewish Orphans Going Home

Weimar - Jewish orphans boarding train and some saying goodbye - train pulls out as children wave from windows

Signs on side of train

20:49:09 Buchenwald - Polish Hungarian Czech and Jewish orphans board train - CUs individual children

Children looking out of window of train - Jewish flag hangs beneath window - signs hanging from train Vive Truman Stalin Churchill, and in French Our beginning of a new life in liberty.

[Logan Faces Life]

Aerial of Detroit, General Motors & Fisher Buildings. Harry Truman in crowd. Lady Godiva on horse being led thru town by nun; spectators at parade. Men in courtroom. Workers talking and eating. Aerial of Detroit. Man (Logan) seated at desk. Reverse action of crushing car.

Marine And Navy Heroes Honoured By The President (Truman)

Congressional Medal of Honor presented to 13 veterans.

Marshall Back from Big Meet

Four prop plane taxiing - Capitol in background - Secretary of State George Marshall deplanes and is greeted by President Truman - Truman makes speech congratulating Marshall on his efforts at the Big 4 Moscow conference.

McCarthy

McCarthy seated at desk reads statement. Accuses ex President Truman of putting interests of the Democrat party above the interests of America. Trumanism . Talks of Communists and filthy communist dungeons and says America and her allies should not trade with China until Americans are released.

Mercy Planes - Two Hospital Ships (planes) Christened By Mrs. Truman

Bess at launch of hospital plane. Bottle refuses to break. All laugh

Gags. Oddities

Mightiest Battleship

USS Missouri launched by Margaret Truman

Pan up hull. Crowd below clapping. Margaret Truman breaks bottle. Ship glides down ramp and into water and Mrs. Truman blows it a kiss. USS Missouri in sea.

Miracle in The Desert - The Story of Hanford R1 of 3

Glenn Seaborg, Arthur Wall, Edwin McMillan (brief shots) in Berkeley Lab. Map of US explaining creation of Manhattan project.

03:23:3? Aerial over desert area of Hanford. Columbia River & power lines. Stills of Hanford with barracks & trailers above river. Construction of buildings.

03:25:15 Tumbleweed and deserted buildings. Aerials over plant. Landscape & titles.

03:26:05 Richland suburban houses, trucks down highway, trains and yards. Aerial Views of 3 reactor buildings & large concrete building (chemical plant).

03:27:49 Technicians & machines working; scientists measuring plutonium. Technicians & storage vaults moving plutonium in air tight cans on little red wagon..

03:29:00 Diagrams showing power of plutonium as opposed to other forms of power. 1lb = 3,000,000 lbs of coal.

03:29:10 Exterior & interiors of buildings & computers. Map of US w/ Oak Ridge & Hanford.

03.29.35 Staged: paperboy in street, women & children run towards him and look at local newspaper headline tt s Atomic Bombs, President Truman releases secret of Hanford product.

03:29:42 AEC building, computers. G.E. company employees. Aerials over buildings including new separation plants.

03:30:45 Automated machining & building rods.

03:31:37 Diagram of uranium rods.

Nuclear research; Enriched Uranium; U-238; Radioactivity; Pacific Northwest;

Montage VJ Day Celebrations

Drunken soldiers; kissing. Celebrations. High angle of Times Square and 2 million with ticker-tape thrown about & drifting down. Girl on shoulders, crowds carrying guy. Drunken soldiers; kissing. Celebrations. Night shots celebrations. Short section Truman. Tickertape and crowds in Times Square

Movie Executives Pledge Support To March of Dimes

Representatives of Motion picture industry at White House with Truman. Nicholas Skank? and chairman of Infantile Paralysis Foundation Basil O Connor give pledge of support.

Mrs. Truman Opens March of Dimes Drive At Capital

Workers at table open envelopes full of coins. Mrs. Truman with March of Dimes Committee incl. Roosevelt s son. He makes a statement mentioning his father.

Names In The News (Byrnes - Morgenthau - Aleman - Halsey)

Secretary Byrnes Flies to Moscow Conference (foreign ministers meeting for Big Three): with wife; shakes hands with Eisenhower; boards plane

07:42:22 Ex-Secretary Morgenthau Honoured By President Truman: Medal of Merit awarded for services as wartime Sec. of Treasury

07:42:35 Miguel Aleman - Mexican presidential Candidate: at Tijuana - with crowd; in front of microphone; men on horseback wearing Mexican hats; CU Aleman smiling.

07:42:54 Admiral Halsey Receives Fifth Star: Forrestal awarded by Forrestal. Nimitz shakes hands w/ Halsey.

Names In The News

02:34:53 Charles de Gaulle arrives in Washington; TV Soong; Mrs Wainwright

Secretary of State Byrnes greets at airport; walks w/ President Truman at White House, pose on lawn w/ other military VIPS. Visit to discuss disagreements between USA and France.

02:35:16 Premier T.V. Soong

Signing United Nations Charter & shakes hands w/ Byrnes.

02:35:26 Mrs. Wainwright seated in wicker chair by microphone SOF speaks of hearing news of liberation of her husband, prisoner of war,

Post - WWII; POW;

Names In The News - Nimitz - Adm. King - Gen. Marshall - Adm. Halsey

Admiral Nimitz Sworn In As new Navy Chief:

Nimitz takes oath and congratulated by Forrestal and predecessor Adm. King.

Adm. King Honored By President Truman:

White House: Adm. King and Leahy; Gen. Marshall and Eisenhower; Nimitz and Spaatz. Truman decorates King.

Gen. Marshall Leaves For China: Marshall seen off by Stark

Adm. Halsey Hailed on New York Visit:

Ticker-tape parade on 5th Avenue. Archbishop Spellman in front of St. Patrick s Cathedral.

Names In The News

09:47:05 Title: Secretary Stimson Honored by President

09:47:09 Truman & Stimson pose in Rose Garden, pins Distinguished Service Medal on Stimson as others watch before microphone, staff applauding, shake hands.

09:47:20 Military saluting, General Marshall, Gen. Arnold shaking hands as Stimson leaves, boards plane at Washington s National Airport.

09:47:37 Title: Regent of Greece on Visit to England.

09:47:41 Archbishop Damaskinos out of plane on arrival for meeting of Council of Foreign Ministers. 09:47:46 Exterior of Cathedral of Canterbury. Damaskinos w/ Archbishop of Canterbury. MCUs.

09:47:59 Title: Madame Chiang Kai-shek Returns To China.

09:48:03 Madame greeted by Chiang Kai-shek wearing traditional Chinese costume greeted on arrival in China by women, husband & others.

09:48:15 Madame presents Chinese decoration to American airmen who flew her; ribbon around pilot s neck.

09:48:24 Madame & Chiang Kai-shek at banquet given given for Americans.

1945 Post-WWII; WW2; Retirement; VIPs; Greek Orthodox Religion;

Nations Meet to Map World Security Plan

Exterior conference hall. Delegates entering through crowds - including Anthony Eden - Jan Smuts - McKenzie King - Molotov - French delegation - King Ibn Saud and entourage from Saudi Arabia. Senator Connally and Commander Stasson ?. Interior, delegates register. Top shot convention hall. Stage - Edward R. Stettinius applauded as he opens meeting. SOF The conference of the United Nations ... . Shots of audience as they listen to recorded speech from President Truman. Brief shot Truman speaking.

San Francisco Conference - United Nations.

Nato Report - President Outlines Foreign Aid Needs

President Truman addresses the nation seated at desk. Says NATO needs not only direct military aid but also financial. Says US cannot afford not to spend on defence - only way to stop communism (cold war) and preserve the American way of life.

Movietone News

02:39:41 Title: Navy Day - President Truman Leads the Nation In Tribute To Our Victorious Fleet

02:39:52 Carrier Franklin D. Roosevelt, CU name. Truman arrival; Sec. of Navy Forrestal w/ Mrs. Truman, Mrs. Woodrow Wilson & Eleanor Roosevelt.

02:40:14 SOF Capt Souchek (sp?) gives order. Truman speaks (SOF).

02:40:47 Military parade down 5th Ave. w/ Truman in car. Much ticker-tape. Truman speaks (SOF) in Central Park re foreign policy: We believe in the eventual return of sovereign rights & self-government to all people who have been deprived of them by force. We shall approve no territorial changes in any part of the world unless they accord w/ the freely expressed withes of the people concerned. Re not recognising any government imposed by force. Re atomic bomb: the possession in our hands of this new power of destruction we regard as a sacred trust... that trust will not be violated... we hope... world cooperation for peace will soon reach such a state of perfection that atomic methods of destruction can be outlawed forever.

02:43:07 Naval review & gun salutes on Hudson River. Truman boards Battleship Missouri, inspects plaque of signing of Japanese surrender. Truman signs visitor s book. MCU climbing ladder onto destroyer.

02:43:56 Good aerial view of battleship. Truman on deck with Mrs Truman. 21-gun salute. Navy planes fly overhead. LS bay w/ battleships. Battleship New York. Aircraft carrier Enterprise. Renshaw. Carrier Midway. Truman waves. Macon. LS & aerials from blimp of Hudson River w/ fleet lined up & NYC skyline.

Post-WWII; Naval Celebration; Ceremony; Ticker-tape Parade; 1945;

News Flashes

09:01:41 Title: General de Gaulle Hailed in New York .

09:01:43 Motorcade w/ CU de Gaulle gesturing from car up to skyscrapers. City Hall park w/ crowd watching, waving as de Gaulle presents Legion of Honor to Mayor LaGuardia, MCU kisses on both cheeks & shaking hands. ca 10Jul45.

09:02:13 Title: Mme Chiang Kai-Shek Visits Capital on Way Home .

09:02:17 Mme helped out of car; talking w/ Truman in Oval Office at White House, MCU.

09:02:28 Down steps w/ Gen. George Marshall. Posing & talking (MOS). Shake hands.

Post-WWII; VIPs; Diplomacy; 1945;

News in Brief - Voice of America Broadcast from Ship

Coast Guard Cutter Courier at dock - President Truman boards for inauguration - radio transmitter room - ship will cruise waters off of communist bloc countries broadcasting (propaganda) (cold war).

News in Brief - Washington. Truman has new puppy.

Spaniel pup with press - kennel for Feller .

News in Brief - Washington D.C.

Truman awards Collier trophy to Louis Rodin ? - Trophy is awarded to person who has contributed to aircraft safety - he has invented way of de-icing aircraft.

Hero Chaplain Honored By President Truman

Congressional Medal of Honor presented for commander O Callaghan of aircraft carrier USS Franklin.

14:30:08 LS USS Franklin burning (after kamikaze attack); firefighters hosing w/ heavy black smoke behind as ammunition explodes; treating injured; saying last rites? or prayer over dead or wounded man.

14:30:36 Truman shaking hands w/ medal winners. Sgt. John McKinney, Donald Gary and Lt. Daniel Lee also decorated w/ Congressional Medal of Honor.

Post-WWII Awards; 1946; 1940s;

News Of The Nation - President Honors Heroes

Congressional Medals of Honour awarded by Truman at White House to veterans of European and Pacific war.

News Reports From Washington

Japanese Surrender documents presented to Truman by Secretary of War Stimson. Stimson poses with documents.

General Wainwright unveils surrender documents signed at Tokyo Bay and put on display in Library of Congress. CUs surrender documents and signatures.

Harry Hopkins Honored by Truman - medal pinned.

Film Executive Nicholas M. ?? hands over cheque to Truman for March of Dimes.

Opening of World Peace Conference at San Francisco

Apr45 Delegates seated. Stettinius opening conference. President Truman speech broadcast from Washington DC - ... just and lasting peace... we must provide the machinery which will make peace not only possible but certain... If we do not want to die together in war, we must learn to live together in peace...

Stettinius closes first day session with speech.

Title: Join 7th War Loan Victory Drive .

WWII. United Nations.

Opening of World Peace Conference at San Francisco

02:22:22 Apr45 Delegates seated. Stettinius opening conference, SOF.

02:22:48 President Truman speech broadcast from Washington DC - ... just and lasting peace... we must provide the machinery which will make peace not only possible but certain... If we do not want to die together in war, we must learn to live together in peace...

02:23:50 Stettinius closes first day session w/ speech. Prayers of the people of the World are w/ us...

Title: Join 7th War Loan Victory Drive .

WWII; United Nations;

Peace It s Wonderful

Truman speaks and says he received a reply from Japan which is unconditional surrender. Washington, Chicago celebrating. Sailor dancing. San Francisco & throwing paper & firecrackers in Chinatown. Seattle & sailors. High angle of Times Square and 2 million with ticker-tape thrown about & drifting down. Girl on shoulders, carrying guy. Drunken soldiers; kissing. Celebrations. Battleship Missouri into Tokyo Bay with Nimitz greeted by Bull Halsey. MacArthur w/ Wainwright, Stilwell. Allied Generals. Shigamitsu w/ wooden leg & others arrive. MacArthur speaks, terms of surrender. Shigamitsu at surrender table. MacArthur observes. MacArthur signs - gives pens. Nimitz signs. Chinese General Chang? signs. UK Admiral Sir Bruce Frasier signs - Soviet Union signs - Australia General Sir Thomas Blaney? signs For Canada General Lawrence Cosgrove - France Gen. Jaques LeClerc- Netherlands Admiral ? - New Zealand Air Marshal L.M. Issac. Japanese VIPs watching and handed their copy of surrender by Lt. Gen. Sutherland. Percival, Arthur Gen. Adm. Nimitz, Halsey and Sherman. LS of Japanese. Signatures. Fly Past. VJ Day. WWII

Personalities In The News

Chiang Kai-Shek Hailed in Shanghai - with Mme Chiang Kai-Shek. Speech (no Sd) from balcony to crowd below.

Mrs EleanorRoosevelt Confers With President Truman. FDR re UNO London meeting

Winston Churchill receives Degree in Miami: Churchill speech (Sd) wearing graduate s robes, jokes about being bad at exams when a schoolboy.

Potsdam, Gatow Airport & Conference

Flags in Berlin of USSR, England & USA. Prime Minister Attlee &various VIPs at airport saying farewell. Clement Atlee w/ army officer getting into C-54 (4 motor) plane. Take off. Truman walks out and shakes hands with soldiers. Boards plane. Honor guard putting US flag on pole & running it up. More shots Atlee & Truman saying goodbyes. British man & Truman talking; Truman waves from plane entrance. Potsdam conference round table from above as Molotov comes in others sit down. Shots Stalin & Truman at round table.

04:44:55 Montgomery; Churchill arrival in military uniform down steps of aircraft shakes hands with Monty - other military officers, nice shot Churchill s female aide smiling excitedly. Top shot as Churchill inspects troops. Sailors at attention.

Post-WWII Conferences;

Potsdam Conference - Very soft in parts

Exterior shots Cecilienhof Palace, Potsdam - former summer palace of Crown Prince Wilhelm and scene of the Berlin conference. Press outside. Flower bed in shape of Red star. Russians in evening suits standing on doorstep.

07:11:04 25Jul45 Big three at Potsdam, last meeting attended by Winston Churchill. Truman Stalin and Churchill walking to seats for photocall. Three seated. Mass of press cameras.

07:12:08 26Jul45 - en route to Frankfurt - Aerial views over countryside and towns. American guard of honour at Frankfurt airport - Presidents plane taxiing. Truman down steps. President inspects the 508th Parachute, the Third Armoured and 84th Infantry divisions. (very soft)

07:14:46 Exterior of I.G. Farbin building, now used by General Eisenhower as his headquarters. Pan round bomb damaged buildings in Frankfurt. President Truman awards DSMs to four foreign officers.

07:15:47 Flying over Tempelhof airdrome at Berlin (very soft). AVs bomb damaged buildings.

07:16:48 1Aug45 Potsdam - Cameramen - The "Big Three" pose with their principal advisors,

The three heads of government are (seated, left to right): British Prime Minister Clement Atlee;

US President Harry S. Truman; Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin.

Standing behind them are (left to right): Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, USN, Truman's Chief of Staff;

British Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin; US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes; Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov. People milling around.

07:18:25 2Aug45 Harrowbeer airport, near Plymough, England. President Truman off plane and poses with British service girs. Very jumpy tracking shots through town. Plymouth harbour.

07:20:17 President Truman and Secretary Byrnes with Admiral Leahy leaving the Augusta for HMS Renown to lunch with King George VI. HMS Renown at anchor. Signalling from bridge. Launch carrying President returns to Augusta.

07:22:16 King George visits Augusta. - Royal launch - King on board and inspects crew. Flags, British White Ensign, flown to show the King is on board and the Presidents flag fly together , believed to be for the first time. King leaves - top shots of departure.

President Dedicates Power Dam.

TVA Dam and reservoir - President Truman and others looking over dam at the Tennessee River.

New Deal

President Leads nation In Paying Honour to Mother

Truman and his 92 year-old mother Martha out of plane

Eight-star Mother Honoured in NY.

American Mother of 1945 holds medal.

President Returns To Washington For His Fourth Term

Motorcade with headlights glowing in rain.

FDR & Truman & Wallace in car. Roosevelt speech (Sd) re making Washington his permanent home.

President Truman after Potsdam

Makes report re his trip to Berlin and the conditions there. Thanks God that America has been spared - re maintaining military presence for World peace - talks re United Nations Charter. Tells of decisions made at Potsdam re the future government of Germany. Talks of Soviet Union declaring war on Japan. Says the allies had given Japan adequate warning of what was in store for them - warnings unheeded - atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. Says he realises the tragic significance of the atomic bomb - says will continue to use the bomb until Japans power to make war is destroyed. Atomic bomb is too dangerous to be loose in a lawless World... awful responsibility... thanks God bomb not in hands of enemies . Talks re Victory in Europe.

President Truman And Selective Service Officials Honored

Officials given awards by Truman for role in putting together army for WWII

Truman awarded by Hershey for creating a democratic army.

President Truman Appeals To Public On Reconversion

Truman speech (sd) re problems of reconversion - objectives not met; urges citizens to tell public servants about problems. We cannot face 1946 in a spirit of drift and irresolution.

President Truman Asks Your Aid For National War Fund

Truman speech (sd) appealing for donations for servicemen still abroad and foreign aid.

President Truman Closes World Peace Parley

Stettinius greets Truman off plane. Motorcade through cheering crowds for Truman enroute to Hotel. Nimitz meets with Truman. Halifax speaks & standing unanimous vote. China signs charter , followed by USSR, etc. Truman speaking to conference, standing applause (slighly out of sync). Truman returns to Independence, MO & parade. Arrives at summer White House there & waves from porch.

San Francisco United Nations Conference

President Truman Cold War Speech to Congress

Joint session of Congress applauds as President Truman arrives, shakes hands. CU listening (MOS). Newsreel cameramen & reporters in the gallery.

04:18:20 Truman speaking re totalitarian has been forced on people in Poland, Romania & Bulgaria in violation of Yalta Treaty...nearly every nation must choose way of life...will of majority...or based on will of minority...I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support...free people to work out their own destiny...I am confident Congress will face their responsiblity squarely . This may be March 12, 1947 speech. (heavy hiss throughout tape)

Movietone News

10:02:54 Title: First Pictures: President Truman Crossing the Atlantic For Big 3 Parley.

10:03:01 Truman & Secretary of State Byrnes walking on beneath guns on ship s deck during journey on Augusta. Look at compass; British warship escorting.

10:03:18 Int. Truman seated, talking w/ Byrnes & Admiral Leahy.

10:03:28 Truman eats w/ sailors, talking.

1945 Yalta Conference; WWII; WW2;

President Truman Dedicates New TVA Dam In Kentucky (Tennessee Valley Authority)

Truman with Lillienthal at dedication. Crowd.

Truman speech re atomic energy: ...We ve just discovered the source of the sun s power: atomic energy... We had to turn it loose in the beginning for a destruction... but that tremendous source of energy can create for us the greatest age in the history of the world... .

President Truman Hails Dawn Of New World

Truman speech re Japanese surrender, end of war and future of world:

The Japanese militarists will never forget the USS Missouri. The evil done by the Japanese warlords can never be repaired or forgotten, but their powers to destroy and kill has been taken from them. Their armies and what is left of their navy are now impotent. It was the spirit of liberty which gave us our armed strength ... we now know that that spirit of liberty, the freedom of the individual and the personal dignity of man are the strongest and toughest and most enduring forces in all the world. From this day we move forward towards a new era. of security at home..... of cooperation, of peace, of international goodwill. We salute you of the armed forces of the United States...

Title: President Truman In First Address Before Congress

07:11:30 Truman in to House of Representatives for speech to joint session of Congress re continuing war aims after FDR s death,

07:11:41 It is w/ a heavy heart...tragic fate has thrust upon us grave responsibility, we must carry on. I call upon all Americans....So there can be no possible misunderstanding both Germany & Japan can be certain beyond any shadow of a doubt that America will continue to fight for freedom until no vestige of resistance emains. Our demand has been, and it remains, unconditional surrender. The grand strategy of the United Nations war has been determined due in no small measure to the vision of our departed Commander-in-Chief. We are now carrying our...

07:13:34 I want the entire world to know that this direction must, and will remain, unchanged & unhampered. Within an hour after I took the Oath of Office I announced that the San Francisco Conference would proceed. We will face the problems of Peace w/ the same courage that we have faced & mastered the problems of war. In the memory...we shall not fail...I humbly pray...and my people.

07:14:59 Title: Join 7th War Loan Victory Drive.

Titles: Join 7th War Loan Victory Drive

WWII USA Homefront; Presidential Succession; State of the Union Speech; Speaking; Prayer; 1945; 16Apr45;

Pres. Truman Leads March Of Dimes Tribute to F.D.R.

10:14:13 Truman poses w/ his family & Hollywood film stars for celebration to honor FDR memory.

10:14:23 Mrs. Truman cuts piece of huge cake & serves Van Johnson, William Bendix, Caesar Romero. 10:14:44 Postmaster General Bob Hannigan presents Truman with new Roosevelt stamps.

10:14:53 Brief Truman speech, SOF, re fight against infantile paralysis.

Diseases; Polio; 1946; Fund Raising; Charity;

Title: 20th Century Fox Presents - Movietone News

02:25:08 President Truman Reports On War Against Japan

02:25:15 Truman seated at desk SOF re American Navy battling around Japan & Okinawa & blockade.

02:25:38 If the Japanese insist on continuing resistance beyond the point of reason, their country will suffer the same destruction as Germany. What has already happened to Tokyo will happen to every Japanese city whose industries feed the Japanese war machine. We have the men, the material, the skill, the leadership & the fortitude to achieve total victory. We have the Allies to achieve it. We are resolute in our determination. We will see the fight through to a complete and victorious finish. To that end w/ the help of God, we shall use every ounce of our energy & strength.

WWII; Pacific War; Speech; Encouragement; Threat; Ultimatum;

Title: President Truman Takes Advice From Mom On Visit Home

07:39:08 Truman poses w/ wife, Bess, mother & daughter, Margaret. Kisses mother goodbye. Boards plane. Wife, mother & daughter wave goodbye.

WWII USA Homefront; Presidential Family;

NR 364 [President Truman Tells the World Of Hiroshima]

President Truman aboard ship sits at table w/ microphone. A short time ago an American plane dropped one bomb on Hiroshima and destroyed its usefulness to the enemy. That bomb has more power than 20,000 tons of TNT. The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl Harbor; they have been repaid many fold. And the end is not yet. With this bomb we have now added a new & revolutionary increase in destruction to supplement the growing power of our armed forces. In their present form these bombs are now in production

and even more powerful forms are in development.

04:28:39 It is an atomic bomb. It is the harnessing of the basic power of the Universe. The force from which the sun draws its power has been loosed against those who brought war to the Far East.

04:28:57 CU. We are now prepared to destroy more rapidly & completely every productive enterprise the Japanese have in any city; we shall destroy their docks, their factories & their communications. Let there be no mistake we shall completely destroy Japan s power to make war. It was to spare the Japanese people from utter destruction that the ultimately of July 26th was issued at Potsdam. Their leaders promptly rejected that ultimatum. If they do not now accept our terms they may expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth. Behind this air attack will follow sea & land forces in such numbers & power as they have not yet seen; & w/ the fighting skill of which they are already well aware.

04:29:04 MS chuckles, then recovers. We have spent more than two billion dollars on the greatest scientific gamble in history, and we have won. But the greatest marvel is not the size of the enterprise, its secrecy or its cost; but the achievement of scientific brains in making it work. And hardly less marvelous has been the capacity of industry to design, & of labor to operate, the machines & methods to do things never done before. both science & industry worked together under the direction of the United States Army which achieved a unique success in an amazingly short time. It is doubtful if such an other combination could be got together in the world. What has been done is the greatest achievement of organized science in history.

Nuclear Age; Atomic Bomb; Surprise; Military Secret;

President Truman - Unconditional Surrender of Germany

Truman speech about the task ahead to defeat Japan.

President Truman Visits The Folks In Home Town

13:39:41 Truman in motorcade thru Independence, Missouri. Truman family house - Truman walks to front porch shaking hands.

13:40:07 Rally in auditorium - audience; Mrs. Truman & daughter Margaret. President addresses rally (SOF), apologises for not shaking hands w/ each person individually. The End - Buy That Extra War Bond Today.

1945; Homecoming; Casual Politician;

Title: Press Photographers Exhibit Prize News Pictures In New York

07:18:02 Secretary of Navy Forrestal looks at photos. Various stills; Eisenhower, Triplets, Charlie the Chimp, Truman & child, little boy crying over dead dog etc. Forrestal & photographers holding awards.

Post-WWII USA Homefront; 1945;