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Subjects (partial)

Jim Crow    
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Archival film footage on Segregation from Footage Farm

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The Story of Copper - Mining R3 of 5

Miners eating at large tables; staff serving coffee in crowded mess hall.

06:42:37 Title: Man trucks operated on the inclined shafts afford the workers rapid transportation. Men down wooden steps in mine alongside tracks; railroad car descends w/ miners.

06:42;51 Title: Glacier Mining. Some of the rich copper...remain in the ice of a dead glacier... Large scraper winched by cable over exposed mountain top w/ valley in background. MCU of scraper at top.

06:43:33 Title: The railroad which carries...to the smelter-bound boats... Pan across railway bridge over wide river, mountains beyond. Pan glacier snout at edge of river; view down on river in canyon, scenics.

06:45:36 Title: Large ore bodies...are mined in Arizona by the Caving. Ray, Arizona.

06:45:56 Pan over company buildings at base of dry mountain cliffs to mine head & ohter buildings.

06:46:28 Title: The surface pit above the mine. Pan mountain side w/ gaps from subsidance or earth faultlines to large excavation.

06:46:56 Title: From the main haulage roads, drifts branch off beneath the ore. POV on train into horizontal mine shaft. Miner in side tunnel, shoring posts; man working on ladder.

06:47:47 Title: Above the heavy timbers of the drift, pony sets are placed. Two men placing boards along sides as retainers, pounding in w/ axe.

06:48:12 Title: Narrow shrinkage stopes about 300 feet high isolate & weaken an ore block... At work in a shrinkage stope. Men drilling in tunnel ceiling; supervisor up out of vertical shaft.

06:49:06 Title: The block of ore...can be drawn thru...into mine cars. Man small tunnel beneath large timber cribbing breaking rock, removing timber. GOOD.

06:49:52 Title: The loaded mine cars pass through the drift. Small engine pulling ore cars in tunnel, man riding on back of last car.

06:50:30 Title: To the main haulage ways leading to the ore pocket at the shaft. POV thru; cars pst camera into metal bracing.

06:51:16 Title: The cars enter a rotary car dump. Cars rotated & ore dumped out.

06:51:39 Title: The Mexican employees at Ray have a town of their own w/ a population of about 6000. A large school employs 30 English-speaking teachers. Pan over town of single family homes, large trees.

06:52:11 Title: At Inspiration & Miami, Arizona...mined by caving. Pan of Inspiration w/ car past mine. Pan of large exposed hillside at Miami to smelter. Pit caused by caving beneath, rough eroded hillside & collapsed crater.

Hot Working Conditions; Heavy Industry; Heat; Laborers; 1920s; Natural Resources; Segregation; Company Town; Environmental Destruction; 1928;

Helping Negroes to Become Better Farmers and Homemakers

United States Department of Agriculture

Black tenant farmer Rube Collins at anvil w/ hammer. Hannah, his wife draws water from well. Obe, one of the sons w/ gun, Ca Line the daughter feeds chicken, small girl eats watermelon.

11:04:53 Women work in field hoeing, men cultivating w/ mules. Resting & playing outside log & wood house: father plays violin or fiddle, children dance in dirt.

11:06:12 Neighbor rides up on mule to Black farmer & shows pest; they ride off & thru town town. White landlord comes out of building. County agent & others gather to look at weevil in cotton boll: boll weevil.

11:08:14 Black kids gathering & burning bolls to get rid of boll weevil. Cultivating cotton w/ mules.

11:09:19 Cultivating corn. Outside newly prosperous black farmer s house.

11:10:06 Pan over Tuskegee Institute exterior. Black college students out of building. White man enters. Photograph of Booker T. Washington. Exterior Institute, some buildings under construction.

11:12:22 Woodworking shop with Black instructors & students in ties.

11:12:37 Transplanting sweet potatoes in field. Farmer on tractor pulling planter. Dairy herd at Tuskegee from field; filling silo. Loading Jessup wagon with early equipment that took first Negro teachers to farms. 11:14:04 White Dept. of Agriculture representatives talking in field w/ Black graduate. Black supervisor with State extension director in office.

11:15:50 Black agent shows how to inoculate large hog against cholera, pig held down by men. Instruction in pruning and spraying the orchard, how to adjust mule harness.

Segregation; American South; Rural South; Poverty; Farming; Racism; Ethnic; Instruction; Teaching; Negoes

[Jones Elementary School & Hoffman High]

Black woman teacher at desk reads to class. Children in classroom stand around table, Black, Hispanic (?) & White, play with plasticine (clay). Well dressed kids sitting at desks, putting hands up, singing & beating rhythm with hands. Little boy writing. Older girl near board with writing about vegetables. Pan around classroom. Children write names on blackboard. Read from picture book. Sitting on floor playing; reading at desks & teacher behind. Looking at globe & talking. Drawing on wall. Black girls wearing Japanese kimonos making presentation to other kids.

10:15:14 Eating at tables, smiling

10:06:14 On playground swing / merry-go-round, dancing in a circle, alone and in twos. Clapping hands to songs. Standing in line before class, top shots.

10:07:24 Ext. pan over school building. Window broken. Teenage girls and boy pose & talk to camera & with each other. Three teenage boys outside school, two wear suits and hats, laugh and shake hands. Girls talking in twos, talking to camera. Four girls stand in row to camera. Older students going into school building.

10:09:57 CU small girls with bows on head, little boys. CU teacher writes on blackboard. Kids pointing at map.

Rural Education. Ethnic minorities. Poverty. Appalachia. American South. Integration. High School. Negroes; Segregation Teaching. Learning.

[NYC Kids Back To School]

Little boy followed to school by dog; dog in, then out.

22:20:06 Harlem all Black school. Black children lined up by black teachers, into school; dancing in courtyard.

Children into school building.

Fall; Grade School; Ethnic; Segregation;

Black Billy Sunday Converts 70 Negroes In Annual Baptism

Newport News, Virginia

Minister leading congregation into water and with assistants baptising. Some jumping in ecstasy. Others in swimmnig suits watch from water and from mud bank.

Religion - Christianity; Missionary; Immersion Baptising; Segregation; Blacks;

We Work Again

Works Project Administration WPA

Education and employment - film aimed at Black people.

Despondent black men sitting or lying in street and doorsteps, idle. Blacks talking. In front of employment agency. Looking at goods outside shop. Men & women wait in breadline, CU sad faces in queue. Same people working in factory, teaching school, typing, playing accordion, painting, laying bricks, in kitchen - all smiling.

11:18:36 Men going to construction office, leave laughing. Working at Bolling Field near Washington DC excavating, digging, shovelling. NYC demoliton of tenaments. Various shots around building site in Harlem. Colonial Park, Harlem swimming pool for Black people. Diving, jumping into water; injured boy tended by nurse & man in uniform. Children play in wading pool, in playground area, seesaw or teeter-totter, swings, climbing jungle gym frames, toddler on swing. Blacks in classroom, school cafeteria or canteen refectory with children eating. Children in line given medicine by nurse. Kids sleeping or napping on rows of beds.

11:21:45 Adult education class teaching literacy. Black women at desk writing as teacher writes on blackboard. Well-dressed young adults in classroom at desk with teacher in suit, blackboard & maps.

Children at workshop. Secretaries filing, typing. Draftsmen and women drawing, kitchen workers prepare food, chambermaid make bed in hotel w/ folded corners. Woman in nurse uniform demonstrates infant care with doll. Sick woman in hospital brought dinner on tray.

11:24:09 Clothes factory floor (incl. white women), folding linen with white man, sewing.

Segregation; Racism; Depression; Labor Projects; Negros; Teaching; Instruction; Garment Industry; Manufacturing

The American Indian: Government Education

Indian woman w/ crying baby. Indian man & woman talking; two Indian college girls in traditional dress. Indian mission school building. Intertitles are propaganda for education showing shift from military control.

04:02:15 Indians out of gate of Chemawa Indian School.

04:02:30 School at Pine Ridge, SD & Shiprock Reservation, NM Map of US showing various Indian school locations. Kids hanging out laundry.

04:03:37 Man out of Administration Building. Pipestone Government School, Minnesota w/ new gymnasium & hospital. Kids walking past. Other buildings w/ dairy barn. Kids mowing lawn (gag) & exercising. Football. Girls & boys playing softball. Doing gymnastics.

04:05:04 Sherman Institute, Riverside, California grounds & buildings. Football team practicing. Kids into classes. Students in typing class at manual typewriters. Boys wearing ties. Others at table doing art projects; boys at drafting board doign mechanical drawing. Illustration.

04:07:20 Boys carrying plants at greenhouse & nursery. Girls at sewing machines & ironing. Modeling clothes. In cooking class baking. In uniforms with children playing on swings & other outdoor equipment while some other students observe & make notes.

04:09:25 Klamath Reservation consolidated school & kids off school bus. Kids into school. On playgrounds.

04:10:31 Girls posing. The end.

Segregation;

Bubbling Over [Part 1 of 2]

Official Films musical short with Ethel Waters

CU sign Harlem Apartments ; sign on door Samson Peabody - Janitor; Ethel - Ass t. ; pan to CU Ethel s feet while she sweeps floor - vars residents interrupt w/ complaints. Ethel out to back yard where lazy husband asleep in hammock - sings Takin Your Time at him w/ hands on hips; woman w/ baby comes along - Ethel takes safety pin and jabs Samson with it - still doesn t wake up - neighbour checks his eyelids Maybe he dead . Ethel shouts lunch is served to wake him up - Samson jumps out of hammock and into house followed by Ethel. INT Ethel and Samson argue about laziness of his family - vars family members slumped about living room; Bunch of good for nothing loafers the whole lot of them, living off the fat heads of the land... Cousin Joe arrives w/ three others - Ethel: ain t you got nothing but relations? Ain t you got no friends? - Four men start singing in barbershop quartet style - Hang Your Hat in the Harlem Flats - ask where their bedrooms are, for breakfast in bed etc. Ethel asks what they did for a living before; We was travellin men - Travellin ? Well I m going to see you pick up where you left off - throws them all out onto the corridor. Throws down apron. Ethel in kitchen washing clothes in sink - sings Darkies Never Dream .

Blacks. Ghettos. Racism. Blues. Gags. Race Films; Segregation; Slums; Community; Stereotypes

A Study in Educational Inequalities in South Carolina Reel 1

National Association for Advancement of Colored People produced comparison of educational conditions for Blacks & Whites in S.C.

Map of USA showing South Carolina & map of South Carolina w/ proportion of Negroes.

04:32:09 Pan rural landscape w/ wooden houses & tenant farmer shacks. Dirt road w/ car.

Black women working in field stripping cane & with men.

Map of SC shows chief crops: corn, cotton, tobacco. Woman & boy picking cotton.

04:34:44 Teenage boy drives mule cart w/ cotton to farm. Cotton sucked through pipe to barn storage.

Chart showing increase in iilliteracy during 1920s. Four of every five illiterate people are Blacks; one in every five Blacks between 16 and 20 are ililiterate.

04:36:05 Black boy worker shovels out loose material into carriage. Bales of cotton weighed & rolled out of barn onto wagon & hauled off. Wooden farm building, old Black woman in front with White man, old Black man shakes hands with man.

Chart & text outlining SC school administration & school population & spending by race.

04:40:20 Black students into two story wooden school building, teachers in front.

Chart compares Black and White teacher salaries. Teachers in front of school. Children file out of school & students lined up outside school posing stiffly.

04:43:29 Children out of school with brooms, little girl sweeping outdoors; teacher rings handbell and blows horn, children file into school.

04:44:56 Wooden outdoor toilet propped up.

04:45:23 Outside Oakley Hall brick school building for Whites w/ new painted outhouse. Paved road. White kids playing basket ball.

NAACP; Segregation; Ethnic; American Poverty; Rural South; American South; Racism; Race Politics; Racial; Negroes

A Study in Educational Inequalities in South Carolina Reel 2

Shows role of Blacks & Black church in supporting education.

Well dressed Black people past cars parked around Black church, groups chatting, talking, going into church & coming out. Man & boy looking at dirt covered graves in cemetery as others look on.

Crawford Rosenwald School at Ogden w/ kids in school yard play, dancing in circle & running. Separate groups of girls & boys play game: crack-the-whip.

04:49:15 Girls dancing to hand clapping.

04:49:53 White man with black men standing in front of unused house. Wooden church or school in flat landscape in front of railway tracks. Derelict wooden house, previously school, inspected.

04:51:17 Temporary school in small house in front of railway tracks. 68 black children from one room school pour out of school building, pose to camera, including teenage boys.

04:53:42 Unused wooden school for Whites 3 miles away; w/ broken windows.

04:54:03 Richberg school (White), brick building, water fountain, school buses parked.

04:54:52 Butler Chapel School falling down, derelict wooden building, shut down, windows boarded up.

04:55:5? Wooden black church as temporary school, man walks out. Children sit outdoors on bench for lessons.

04:56:50 Limestone School (for Whites), compared to other Black derelict school building. Black children on dirt road put hands up.

Chart compares elementary school attendance figures for Whites and Blacks.

04:59:00 Roxanna Frazier who teaches small children in her home, outside building. Moore s Pond Black children being taught sitting on benches outside of church building, White or light skinned teacher. Papers in door showing cracks. Unused White school nearby.

05:01:48 Bethel Grade School built by Julius Rosenwald Fund by not maintained by County government except for a new roof. Children pose outside. Most windows are broken.

Segregation; Ethnic; American Poverty; Rural South; NAACP; American South; Racism; Race Politics; Racial; Negroes

Study in Educational Inequalities in South Carolina, A Reel 1

National Association for Advancement of Colored People produced comparison of educational conditions for Blacks & Whites in S.C.

Map of USA showing South Carolina & map of South Carolina w/ proportion of Negroes.

10:32:10 Pan rural landscape w/ wooden houses & tenant farmer shacks. Dirt road w/ car.

Black women working in field stripping cane & with men.

Map of SC shows chief crops: corn, cotton, tobacco. Woman & boy picking cotton.

10:34:45 Teenage boy drives mule cart w/ cotton to farm. Cotton sucked through pipe to barn storage.

Chart showing increase in iilliteracy during 1920s. Four of every five illiterate people are Blacks; one in every five Blacks between 16 and 20 are ililiterate.

10:36:04 Black boy worker shovels out loose material into carriage. Bales of cotton weighed & rolled out of barn onto wagon & hauled off. Wooden farm building, old Black woman in front with White man, old Black man shakes hands with man.

Chart & text outlining SC school administration & school population & spending by race.

10:40:17 Black students into two story wooden school building, teachers in front.

Chart compares Black and White teacher salaries. Teachers in front of school. Children file out of school & students lined up outside school posing stiffly.

10:43:27 Children out of school with brooms, little girl sweeping outdoors; teacher rings handbell and blows horn, children file into school.

10:44:53 Wooden outdoor toilet propped up.

10:45:20 Outside Oakley Hall brick school building for Whites w/ new painted outhouse. Paved road. White kids playing basket ball.

NAACP; Segregation; Ethnic; American Poverty; Rural South; American South; Racism; Race Politics; Racial; Negroes

Study in Educational Inequalities in South Carolina, A Reel 2

Shows role of Blacks & Black church in supporting education.

Well dressed Black people past cars parked around Black church, groups chatting, talking, going into church & coming out. Man & boy looking at dirt covered graves in cemetery as others look on.

Crawford Rosenwald School at Ogden w/ kids in school yard play, dancing in circle & running. Separate groups of girls & boys play game: crack-the-whip.

10:49:12 Girls dancing to hand clapping.

10:49:50 White man with black men standing in front of unused house. Wooden church or school in flat landscape in front of railway tracks. Derelict wooden house, previously school, inspected.

10:51:14 Temporary school in small house in front of railway tracks. 68 black children from one room school pour out of school building, pose to camera, including teenage boys.

10:53:39 Unused wooden school for Whites 3 miles away; w/ broken windows.

10:54:00 Richberg school (White), brick building, water fountain, school buses parked.

10:54:48 Butler Chapel School falling down, derelict wooden building, shut down, windows boarded up.

10:55:44 Wooden black church as temporary school, man walks out. Children sit outdoors on bench for lessons.

10:56:45 Limestone School (for Whites), compared to other Black derelict school building. Black children on dirt road put hands up.

Chart compares elementary school attendance figures for Whites and Blacks.

10:58;57 Roxanna Frazier who teaches small children in her home, outside building. Moore s Pond Black children being taught sitting on benches outside of church building, White or light skinned teacher. Papers in door showing cracks. Unused White school nearby.

11:01:45 Bethel Grade School built by Julius Rosenwald Fund by not maintained by County government except for a new roof. Children pose outside. Most windows are broken.

Segregation; Ethnic; American Poverty; Rural South; NAACP; American South; Racism; Race Politics; Racial; Negroes

World s Fastest Man Comes Home From Olympics

Jesse Owens w/ wife beside him. Jack Dempsey: Jesse, on behalf of the mayor of New York I extend you greetings & best wishes & welcome you back home and I know everyone in America is happy to see you and wish you every good wish & success; Miss Owens, the same thng to you. He shakes hands with both. Owens is asked about suspension & says he doesn t know but he d been away 3 months and really wanted to get back and see his wife. They kiss & people cheer.

Sports; Celebrity; Celebrities; Champion; 1936 Olympics; Segregation;

[Jesse Owens Interviewed On NYC Arrival After 1936 Olympics]

Jesse Owens w/ wife at microphones. Jack Dempsey beside him. Black (Bill Bojangles Robinson?) asks him ..what was your biggest thrill in Germany? My biggest thrill was when I won the 100 yard dash, the 100 meter dash rather, & the American flag went up & they were playing the Star Spangled Banner and we stood up their & salute and it was really a very marvelous thing. Reporter: Well that was very copiscetic. Now how did you like the German meals? Well fine, but it took a little bit too long to get them. (laughter). What are your immediate plans? I m going back to University to finish my year in college... Will you turn professional? Repeats the questions. Whistle.

00:26:46 Dempsey Well, good luck to you Jess and the same thing goes for you Mrs. Ownes. Repeat earlier questions by Black. Asked about suspension. Answers he doesn t know. Many CUs.

Sports; Sprinter; 1936 Olympics; Celebrities; Celebrity; Segregation;

Sport - New York - Ram Gridders Start Early

NYC Fordhams University footballers in spring training under coach Jim Crowley.

[Barbour Lathrop Plant Introduction Garden & Dept. of Agriculture Bureau of Plant Industry] (1938)

Savannah, Georgia

Ext. of Experiment Station entrance & pickup truck entering. Sign: U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Plant Industry Barbour Lathrop Plant Introduction Garden (now University of Georgia Coastal Gardens). CU of splitting root of large bamboo. View of greenhouses and bags carried in. CU US Department of Agriculture sign. Agent potting small plants in clay pots & putting in name tags.

01:40:20 Blacks hoeing in orchard, White agent in sun helmet comes out and checks leaves of small tree and makes notes. Tractor planting; two students (?) checking height of young plants & take notes.

01:42:20 Large tall bamboo grove, men walk into it; cut off new young shoot and remove. With pocket knife cut and open.

01:43:39 Station buildings and car past on gravel drive. CU sign of US Biological Survey Migratory Waterfowl Refuge beside marshland. CU of grinding corn or grain.

Ecology; Quarantine; Research; Test Gardens; Segregation; Negroes;

[Negro Church & School] (1938)

Georgia

Black woman in hat at pump organ, church members in suits beside stand and sing (MOS). Various shots. CU of congregation listening. Exterior of church on blocks w/ bell tower, people arriving & minister at door in white coat. Well dress people.

01:46:07 Interior, preacher to pulpit, people rise. Wood burning stove in middle of church. Minister opens bible & reads from it.

01:47:16 Wooden school house & Black children arriving. Girls into line; teacher ringing bell in MCU. Girls entering in MCU, followed by boys. Interior & two students at blackboard, teacher calls on girl who comes to front and writes on board. Mathmatics on board. Hands raised; various shots for cutting. Views from front & back of classroom. Map of US on rear wall.

Segregation; Southern Education; 1930s; Rural Poverty; Religion; Choir; Negroes; Blacks;

[White Sharecroppers at Church] (1938)

Georgia

Wooden church building w/ bell mounted outside. People into it. Repeat of leaving. MCU & CU of each.

01:53:40 Interior of church w/ wooden stove in middle. White preacher at pulpit, people stand; all bow heads & pray. Sit back down. MCU of minister. MCU of congregation singing (SOF but poor raspy quality). CUs of Norman Rockwell-like faces.

Segregation; 1930s; Rural Poverty; Religion;

Government Health Checks in Georgia

Mobile clinic, black men and women queue. White nurse asks one man questions and takes him into trailer. CU faces of people waiting. Sign on side County Health Clinic. Glynn-Camden and McIntosh. US Government . Car and trailer down country road, Spanish moss hanging from trees.

06:04:59 Interior trailer, Doctor taking blood pressure of black man. Nurse gives woman injection.

06:07:04 Black family getting inoculations - open air.

06:07:27 Black teenager sitting at table with Coca Cola bottle. Unid. black man speaks to camera (mos)

06:08:20 District / visiting nurse arrives. Two children who had been on front porch go into house.

06:08:43 Nurse takes blood from white woman patient. CU bag with samples.

06:09:58 Group of black kids outside clinic. Interior, waiting to have blood samples taken. CU kids faces. Poster re Malaria and mosquito. Poster re Syphilis. Child has blood taken from finger.

06:12:08 Exterior building Board of Health over door. Sign Colored Department Segregation.

Jim Crow Signs

Front Union Station of Richmond. Sign coloured entrance , section of station for coloured people. Street with traffic, pedestrians and trams, groups of white and black people, policeman. Front large building, cars and lorries past.

Two men enter Liggett and Myers (?) tobacco company office. LS former Capitol of Confederacy Building, sign White House of Confederacy .

Outside building (bus station?) w/ signs coloured waiting room .

White pedestrians at crossing on Broad Street. Sign on highway coloured tourists stop at Hotel McGuire .

Large official building with pillars, old church and big modern buildings behind. Policeman past restaurant for coloured people, woman looks through window.

Ladies enter mansion with vine. Church spire. Old-fashioned, leafy narrow street with two storey houses. Iron gate R.G. Rhett, No 147, two old ladies comes out. Man in garden by house, enters house.

Battery Park, car past, people on benches. Promenade by sea w/ palm trees, cannons displayed.

Front mansion, two ladies enter. Statue on promenade to confederate defenders of Charleston. More mansions and imposing buildings, church.

Segregation

[Ford Experimental Farm, Ways, GA]

Vol.5 #6 VS Black farm workers in field; load vegetables onto truck in crates marked Ford . LS farmhouse. Workers unload crates in sorting area. Farm building w/ chimneys. INT man oils machinery. EXT lumber yard, Black workers stack planks.

12:18:33 Black workers outside farm office w/ pay packets? White women talk outside farmhouse. Black people arrive at small church-like building; CU sign US Post Office Ways Station GA . Goods train passes camera L-R. CU White farm worker w/ turnips; White workers plough field w/ horses. Workers in lumber yard roll tree trunks onto conveyor; wooden planks emerge from machinery. Black and White workers chop wood, clear undergrowth.

12:24:19 EXT school building? w/ US flag on pole; White teenagers outside; school bus pulls up w/ Ways Consolidated Schools on side; CU White children only get off. Farm workers pick vegetables in field.

Segregation. Integration.

The World of Sports: New York, NY

Fordham University Rams American football squad on Spring training - players run through college grounds & given pep talk by coach Jim Crowley - tackling practice w/ dummy on football field - CUs vars players.

1930s.

[Atlanta - Negro Education and Art]

Black woman hairdresser brushes and styles client s hair. CU result.

10:12:22 Beautician manicures man and talks in front of art deco lamp. CU buffs and cleans nails.

10:13:07 Dirt covered gravesite w/ flowers on it & pot as headstone. Glass chunks on it.

10:13:37 CU young black man talking to camera. Photograph of man. Woman in office typing punchcards at machine; running card sorting machine. Woman feeding labels (?) into machine. White man with tie at machine watching cards or envelopes to thru. Woman sleeping on camera table.

10:14:58 Two Black boys shoot marbles, playing on dirt road. Mule carriage past w/ family, followed by two women. Outside new row of residential apartment building. Black neighbourhood street or alley, w/ kids playing. Brick & wood houses, small town or suburb. Children sit on doorstep. Boy pulls trolley with bundle on it past. Man and woman in front of wooden house.

10:16:20 Wooden house with number 380 painted on walls, door and window. Other houses, showing detail of wall made of mosaic of materials salvaged from other houses.

Ethnic minorities. Housing. Segregation. Poverty. American South. Beauty Shop. Business Machines. Negroes;

[CCC Camp #4432, Hardeeville, South Carolina; Southern Governors & Economics] (Apr-May39)

Apr39 Hardeeville, South Carolina Black CCC Camp men in formation, drilling past barracks w/ white officers. Boarding trucks & leaving barracks area. Hoeing around bean plant in farm; moving wheelbarrow loads of dirt to build dike in swamp as part of Dept of Agriculture Wild Bird Refuge. Bugler in front of barracks and men out & line up.

18:57:40 Mr. Carroll Downes, Industrial Consultant in office headquarters of Southern Governors Conference dictating letter to secretary. Looking at envelopes w/ letterheads. CU posters on walls for organization w/ photographs. Framed page: With Malice Towards None .Governor Rivers & of Georgia & Mr. Downes look at proofs for conference posters & ads. Ext. Bona Allen Building - Atlanta Builders Exchange entrance.

New South; Economics; Depression; Segregation; Poverty; Federal Works Programs; Organizations; Negroes; Blacks;

Jim Crow Signs

Front Union Station of Richmond. Sign coloured entrance , section of station for coloured people. Street with traffic, pedestrians and trams, groups of white and black people, policeman. Front large building, cars and lorries past.

Two men enter Liggett and Myers (?) tobacco company office. LS former Capitol of Confederacy Building, sign White House of Confederacy .

Outside building (bus station?) w/ signs coloured waiting room .

White pedestrians at crossing on Broad Street. Sign on highway coloured tourists stop at Hotel McGuire .

Large official building with pillars, old church and big modern buildings behind. Policeman past restaurant for coloured people, woman looks through window.

Ladies enter mansion with vine. Church spire. Old-fashioned, leafy narrow street with two storey houses. Iron gate R.G. Rhett, No 147, two old ladies comes out. Man in garden by house, enters house.

Battery Park, car past, people on benches. Promenade by sea w/ palm trees, cannons displayed.

Front mansion, two ladies enter. Statue on promenade to confederate defenders of Charleston. More mansions and imposing buildings, church.

Segregation.

Drink Hearty

Prod & Dir. by William Forest Crouch.

With Henry (Red) Allen & his band, w/ J.C. Higginbotham

SOUNDIES ARE PD. MUSIC RIGHTS MUST BE CLEARED!

Black six piece group on stage performing to Black audience in night club.

Ethnic; Jazz Band; Performers; Blacks; Segregation;

Note: 1046-1-285 Soundies Presents...Filmcraft Production.

American Peace Mobilization Meeting & Demonstration at White House

Man passing out leaflets; union buttons on coat in CU. Blacks & Whites in and out of building & many police. Man handing out New Masses. LS of Mecca Auditorium w/ crowd milling. Sign: Welcome American People's Meeting. Various views of sidewalk; police watching. Signs: End discrimination ; no police terror against strikers ; Old Jim Crow has to go . Others w/ US flags past front of White House. Trolley past. Sign, Fight Hitlerism at Home. Blacks & Whites picketing.

Jack You re Playing The Game

Minoco Prods. presents The Delta Rhythm Boys

SOUNDIES ARE PD. MUSIC RIGHTS MUST BE CLEARED!

Shoeshine stand scene w/ the Delta Rhythm Boys singing Jack You re Playing The Game ; Black women watch from windows, another dances; Black man measured by tailor watched by girlfriend; rent party w/ jive & jitterbug dancing; men enter Harlem Credit Clothing and pose in new suits w/ dames .

Tacky / kitsch; Oddities; Blacks; Segregation; Fashion;

Murder On Lenox Avenue R1 of 4

Colonnade Pictures Corp., 1941

Prod./Dir. Arthur Dreifuss; Scr. Frank Wilson, Vincent Valentini and Bryna Ivens

With Mamie Smith, Alex Lovejoy, Norman Astwood, Gus Smith et al.

03:01:51 Montage: W. 125th St, Lenox Ave. street sign, view down Lenox Ave, Blacks crossing, cars on bustling city streets w/ Harlem traffic.

03:02:15 Studio set: Front of brownstone apartments. Pedestrians, policeman hassles black man to move along, woman sells pies from baskets on sidewalk, singing.

03:02:59 INT Black jazz musicians practicing, conductor animated. Three black women in apartment above. Pa Wilkins & daughter Ola in living room, all complain. VS two Black men fight in rooming house hall, residents crowd round.

03:04:55 Girls on stairs: The very idea, a brawl in our place of residence...why we ve got our reputations to protect . Gun fired; crowd outside house; Black policemen break up fight - hunchback Lomax picking on Black immigrant. Pa Wilkins hides gun; thanked by immigrant.

03:07:10 Sister Hattie comes home: Another fight! Is there never gonna be no peace for us, Pa? Peace is something you gotta work for and earn .

03:07:56 Mom home, daughter takes bag. Pie seller sings on street, Mr Marshall in smart suit & hat tells her to start proper business w/ help of Better Business League. Girl [Rosalia] in the hallway pleads w/ Jim to marry her.

03:10:08 Pa Wilkins & Jim argue w/ Ola about going to college and boyfriend Gregory who is pro civil rights. He wants to work for our people & educate them! Pa & Jim talk; look at photo of Jim s dead father.

[Stilted dialogue.]

03:12:29 Jim chats up singer (Juditha) w/ jive at all-Black bar: I dug you when I first lamped you...I wouldn t jive you, cause you re as fine as wine! Girl goes to sing w/ band; Black audience in smart dress clap. Jim watches her & smiles, empties glass. Marshall walks up & Jim asks how Business League is doing; he says great.

03:15:06 Jim orders a Brown Bomber cocktail at bar; barman confused (gag) opens cocktail list, picks up several bottles, scratches head. Jim watches singer; barman pours drink; Jim takes sip & makes face: That don t taste like no Brown Bomber! Takes another sip: But its good. Singer finishes number & joins Jim at bar [scene ends abruptly].

Oddities; Race Films; Ghettos; Poverty; Segregation; Morality; Neighborhoods; Civil Rights;

Murder On Lenox Avenue R2 of 4

Colonnade Pictures Corp., 1941

(nitrate decomp first 10 seconds) Black woman argues w/ Mr Marshall at Better Business League meeting; audience cheer, Marshall told to leave. Marshall w/ hunchback Lomax, Black henchman in office, argue, complain. CUs Black women on telephone discuss League & nominate Pa Wilkins as new leader. (GOOD WOMEN & MAN ON TELEPHONE CUs)

03:21:18 Black musician Flivver lays on sofa in girl s apartment smoking w/ cigarette holder impressing w/ name dropping of Cab Calloway, Count Basie, Duke Ellington; 3 women smoking also. Man hollers to him & he leaves, three girls joke about him & his lines. Flivver runs down two flights of stairs; scolded by fellow musician: Here you se is now, but where was you when you wasn t where you wuz? Tries to bluff, man snarls at him.

03:23:32 Ola & Sister Hattie in hallway w/ hats. Talk about Decoration Day & parade. Pa Wilkins & Jim eat dinner, talk about worrying that Ola will go away down South; offers Jim a trust fund if they marry. Pa asks Ola to marry Jim; But I, I don t love Jim . Jim leaves.

03:26:15 Rosalia pleads again w/ Jim in the hallway to marry her again; Don t whine, I hate that ; Rosalie is upset & confused.

03:27:16 Blacks in bar, band plays. Ola drinks coffee w/ Gregory, civil rights activist, invites him to birthday party. Marshall enters w/ Lomax; asks for Jim, says he ll wait. Marshall called to phone by waitress in white gown; returns as Lomax gets ready to fight w/ bartender. Ola & Greg leaving run into Jim coming in, brief argument. Marshall gets in argument w/ Jim about Pa taking over League. Marshall asks Jim to join forces & he agrees: Set em up Flivver!

03:30:57: CU girl rolls up nylon stocking; MS girls in dressing gowns. Lecherous musician Flivver barges in: Just passing by... Some guys don t know the difference between passing by & making passes. Girl changes behind screen, silhouette visible. Flivver promises alcohol for house-rent party, hugs girl; called downstairs; girl mocks him.

03:32:39 Black musician Flivver runs down two flights of stairs; scolded by band leader who start to creeps upstairs to see girls, called back inside room.

03:34:01 Black couple arrives at Pa Wilkins apartment for birthday surprise party; more people arrive for Rent Party upstairs; musicians follow, bass player struggles under weight of bass (GAG), all climb stairs. Guests hide in Pa s apartment along w/ band leader by mistake.

Oddities; Ghettos; Poverty; Segregation; Morality; Race Movies; Civil Rights;

Murder On Lenox Avenue R3 of 4

Pa Wilkins comes home from Decoration Day parade in army military uniform, greeted by Ola; guests jump out to surprise him for birthday. Ola w/ cake.

03:38:04 Rent Party upstairs in girl s apartment; guests put money in Kitty box; musicians w/ instruments. They don t care about the cause, all they care about is a fix. Flivver accepts nomination of providing music for party.

03:39:30 Downstairs, Pa Wilkins accepts the nomination to leader the League for Better Business. Pa makes speech, ...will make Harlem the prosperous progressive place it should be.

03:40:19: People dance at girls party, band playing, kissing on couch. Flivver on piano w/ girl on knee. Everyone drunk.

03:41:01 Downstairs & bandleader pianist grins & grimaces; Ola wheels in tray of coffee; Sister Hattie in polka-dot dress sings I ll Get Even With You ; Pa Wilkins, Jim & Rosalia watch. They call me the chocolate colored Romeo... as part of duet between Hattie & pianist.

03:44:16 Gregory arrives at party; Pa Wilkins refuses to shake his hand; Gregory makes speech about fight for Civil Rights in South needing people like Ola; told to leave by Pa & Jim; guests startled some leave.

03:45:56 Black singer at club walks among tables, sings What Do You Know About That? to drinkers & barman, Flivver who sings w/ her. Applause. Gregory & Ola at table; Jim interrupts & threatens Gregory who punches him.

06:48:23 Ola & Greg pronounced man and wife; Pa reads telegram. Hattie cries, reveals her own daughter Rosalia in disgrace (pregnant) but she forgives her. Pa comes to senses: There s work to be done in Harlem .

Oddities; Ghettos; Poverty; Segregation; Morality; Drugs; Jazz; Music; Race Films; Movies; 1940s; Civil Rights;

Murder On Lenox Avenue R4 of 4

Crooked businessman Marshall & Lomax leave meeting of Better Business League; into Black club. Jim w/ singer, Juditha, at table, promises money, Marshall sits down & they plot.

03:51:32 Rosalia rings Pa s bell, asks for Jim; goes to club, sees Jim wooing singer. Leaves upset. Jim, Marshall & henchman Lomax in dark alley plant bomb intended for Pa Wilkins.

03:53:22 Jazz band rehearsal practice on stage w/ US flag; conductor scolding musicians; pianist Flivver leans on table,then lays down. Conductor shouts at him; band starts to play again. Conductor drops stick finds bomb under table; musicians throw it to one another & yell.

03:57:00 Flivver runs outside, puts bomb in barrel. Musicians fan conductor; start to play as bomb detonates, smoke appears, musicians collapse.

03:58:07 Greensboro Courier newspaper headline: Bomb Found In Progress Hall , read by Ola in South. She & Greg head north. MCU streamliner railroad train runby camera (13 seconds).

03:58:38 Pa Wilkins makes speech in hall; Marshall at back of hall instructs Lomax to shoot him. Blacks cheer Wilkins.

03:59:25 Traffic in front of Pennsylvania Station. Ola leaves station (?), gets in taxicab. Rosalia slowly climbs stairs at boarding house, upset.

04:00:35 Wilkins introduces Black immigrant newly granted citizenship who says: Tonight, friends I can call you Fellow Americans; something that I ve never had the right to say before. Both make speeches re being American means being against putting bombs against people & only thinking of themselves; and being ready to work & being ready to fight for the rest of us!

04:01:31 Audience wave banners w/ We Are Not Afraid , United We Stand etc.

04:02:05 Rosalia to window. Meeting continues parading. A scream, crowd on pavement around body; police arrive. Gregory and Ola get home to find suicide note revealing Rosalia pregnant by Jim.

04:03:00 Club singer & Jim w/ Marshall at meeting. Greg & Ola arrive; give Jim Rosalia s note. Ola hugs Pa, tells him about Rosalia; music stops. Pa approaches Jim, angry; Marshall orders henchman to shoot & Jim jumps in front of bullet. Ola: Now I know what you re fighting for . Pa: It s for the future children. Your future, our future, and the future of our race . The End.

Oddities; Ghettos; Poverty; Segregation; Morality; Civil Rights; 1940s Race Films; Movies;

[Thanksgiving Day Outtakes, 1943]

Slate 25Nov43 Kitchen Shots, Thanksgiving Day. Man stirring large steaming pot in MCU & CU; puts lid back on. Decorating cakes. Opening tin cans of Boneless Turkey.

10:18:40 Men boxing in ring & punching heavy bag. Two men in robes waiting. MS from outside ring of two white boxers. Soldiers lined up for mess. Black troops drilling on dusty space as others watch; tents in background. Fancy footwork. Baseball game, Blacks vs whites.

10:23:00 Vehicles outside main building. Men loading large tires into truck. Men working on C-47 motor; stop & read that 250 WACs coming. More baseball. Teaching boy how to throw.

10:24:44 Men watching game; officers & others. Blacks & whites. CU blacks cheering.

10:25:53 Black drill team marching, drilling w/ rifles, passing to guy behind. CUs.

WWII Integration; Anti-Racism; Segregation; Oddities; Recreation; Sports; GIs;

[Cotton Mill and Textile Factory] (1944)

note: some soft focus

LS & MS of textile mill. Side w/ three floors, many windows & large fans. All white employees of all ages leaving. Some women put up sun umbrellas & some men put on hats.

00:20:41 Black men wheeling large bales of cotton on long loading dock w/ factory buildings visible. Black man & white man weighing bale.

00:21:39 White men rolling rolls of cloth on handtrucks out of building.

00:22:19 White woman working amidst many bobbins of thread, threads feeding past camera at high speed.

Textile Industry; Segregation. WWII Homefront;

[WWII - Negro Troops, Black 25th Combat Team, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, 04Apr44]

NOTE: additional coverage on LN 501-660 10:34:14 - 10:44:16.

Aerial over beach showing heavily destroyed, burned over, jungle vegetation. Low w/ tanks & eequipment parked at treeline. DUKW & tank on sand. Troops moving along road.

06:02:05 Army troops crossing small river holding rope. Whites & Blacks. Man crossing beside log - probably Laruma River.

06:03:09 Four Blacks holding Japanese battle flags. Blacks & ?? crossing river towards camera holding rope. Blacks carry wooden crates across river; stacked in jungle & resting. Black on field telephone; eating in foxhole w/ mortar & ammunition above. Men on phones in jungle in tree w/ wires. Field telephone in foxhole cranked.

06:05:43 Black unit crossing log bridge over river; carrying crates & packs across stone stream crossing. Whites & blacks past camera; up jungle hillside trail, under phone wires. MCU past camera.

Military Segregation; Integration; South Pacific;

[Penicillin Treatment; 555th Negro Paratroopers; Awards];

Holloran General Hospital, Staten Island doctor gives injection to patient laying on stomach. Treating wound. Nurse gives patient shot in arm. CU syringe. Doctor treating deep wound in leg. (gory).

10:28:50 Black paratroopers of 555th (Triple Nickel) segregated unit adjusting parachutes on outdoor table; fit helmets, put on parachutes & safety chute & jog off to C-47. Boarding plane.

10:31:00 Jumping seen from inside plane.

10:31:30 Boarding plane. View from plane as chutes opening, drifting away. View from another plane.

10:32:11 Awards given by 3-star General. Four-star General George Marshall present. Family watches. Marshall pins Distinguished Service Cross on man. Hand shake. Kisses wife or ?? & mother.

Medical Treatment; Medicine; Segregation; African-Americans; Award Ceremony; Hero;

[WWII - Negro Troops, Black 25th Combat Team, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, 04Apr44ca]

NOTE: More coverage on LN 501-658 06:00:12 - 06:07:19.

Men pulling log across Laruma (?) river w/ rope; Black soldiers washing out socks & boots beside river. Crossing w/ crates.

10:35:25 4 Blacks holding Japanese battle flags.

10:35:44 CU dead Japanese w/ flies. Men crossing river w/ rifles & crates, past camera, w/ CUs (GOOD).

10:36:30 Blacks sitting in mortar pit eating & talking. (GOOD).

10:37:15 Men building wooden footbridge across river. Blacks carrying ammunition & crates across; moving into jungle. Up steep bank, thru foliage & mud.

Supplies; African-American Soldiers; Segregation;

[WWII - Negro Troops, Anzio, Italy area, 17-18May44]

CU Blacks unloading cartons of food supplies from truck (?); stacking. Carrying past. LS of Supply dump in large cleared area w/ trucks unloaded by Black troops. Others reloading & leaving.

10:49:35 CU truck w/ Corrine painted on door backing past camera. Roadside w/ trucks & jeeps entering & leaving.

10:50:30 CU Black soldiers working greasing large equipment. Another gas welding on bucket of shovel.

10:51:42 CU of gas welder w/ goggles. MS of shovel, other men working on water tank, building doorway.

10:52:39 White MP directing traffic at intersection w/ trucks onto road. CUs.

African-American Soldiers; Segregation; Support Group;

[WWII - Tuskegee Airmen Graduation Day]

Maj. Gen. Butlers (?) & Col Leslie Parrish & one Black beside light airplane talking & gesturing (MOS). Large group marching on airfield w/ planes behind for graduation ceremony. Sitting on pavement, guests behind, barracks & cars beyond. MCU listening.

06:34:39 Two black pilots w/ parachutes talking to Pete Quesada (?) in front of plane. Black pilot ito cockpit

06:35:09 Tuskegee troops march on airfield. Fighter planes taxi past marching cadets.

Blacks; Military Segregation; Army Airforce; AAF; Negros

Wings For This Man

10:07:19 Motor starts up & fighter planes take off; formation overhead; abovve clouds; German bombers & fighters. Gun camera of hits. Patrol plane landing.

10:08:38 SOF Yesterday I fulfilled one of my ambitions as a combat pilot... Another describes how he got a kill.

10:09:04 Montage: Black pilots in classroom, working in shipyard, mainstreet, recruits, boarding train. trains in superimposed montage. Church exterior. George Washington Carver over door of college. Farm equipment class, Science lab; metal shop; statue of Booker T. Washington & inscription on base 1856-1915 He lifted... Students walking across campus, drafting class, excavating w/ large shovel, building airfield.

10:10:40 Fighter planes overhead; hangers, barracks, fighter planes on airstrip. Black cadets in parachutes, into planes & taking off. CU of black pilot in cockpit. Sitting in classroom, listening, studying engine, working on motor. Biplane w/ instructor; trainer flhying w/ instructor. CU flying over map.

10:12:22 Calisthenics & balance training. Plane in clouds, Classroom, navigatoin, radio code instruction w/ headsets & telegraph key. Aerial of fighters in formation.

10:13:21 Bombers on flightline; Jeep w/ blacks to planes; talking. Graduation ceremony & wings pinned on. P-40s take off; P-47 Thunderbolts; P-51 Mustangs;

10:14:29 Gun camera of strafing & hitting plane on grouknd. Plane into ground. Cemetery w/ crosses & headstones. Troops marching in close order drill past airplanes. Major General Butlers SOF speaking on 3rd anniversary. Saluting graduating AAF, people watching. Marching. The End.

WWII Anti-Racism; Segregation; Ethnic; African-Americans; Negroes; Propaganda;

Cotton

Encyclopaedia Britannica

Blacks picking cotton, CU cotton bolls. White farmer & son walking thru field; CU of bolls that son picks & strings out. Two Black men dragging long sacks & picking bending over; women working & children picking. Weighing sacks as whites watch. Loading into wagon & shaken out of sack. Son rides out of field on load.

13:24:47 Cotton picking machine on tractor moving thru field & vacuuming cotton into screened container.

13:25:18 Prairie Gin on side of building; truck arrives w/ load of cotton & pipe moved in to suck up the cotton from the truck. Int. w/ cotton gins working taking seeds out, dropped into pile; cotton thru pipe to large bin. Cotton from bin into large pressed bales, turned on turn table & wrapped w/ metal bands. Bales rolled out to loading dock, then loaded onto railroad freight car by hand truck. View of freight train past.

13:28:05 HA of large textile mill. Bales unloaded & into warehouse, straps cut & cotton into machine to loosen it up. From there to the picker machine which loosens more & rolled onto pole, then to a carder which combs & straightens cotton fibers. CU strands coming out of carder, then into machine which draws it out into thing strands & winds onto spools.

13:30:00 View down spinning machines & CUs drawing out & making finer yarn. Full spindles repaced w/ empties. Woman at large machine that draws lines for cloth & large room w/ weaving machines. MCU of looms working & woman attending. Shuttle.

13:31:51 HA women folding cloth from looms for packing. Finished cloth wrapped & packed by women. Putting finished cloth onto train; freight cars leaving across road crossing.

Educational Films; Instructional Films; Industrial Process; Manufacturing; Racism; Poverty; Segregation; Working Women; Rural Americana; Post-WWII; 1940s; 1946;

Teamwork R2 of 2

Trucks driven by Black drivers & White drivers. Major Gen. E. S. Hughes (MOS) to group of Black soldiers; gives award.

10:00:43 CU bombers of 15th AAF; CU pilot & co-pilot talking. Aerials of fighter escort; CU Black pilot wearing oxygen mask in cockpit. German fighter planes in MS. American planes peel off & gun camera of hits.

10:02:16 Infantry w/ soldiers advancing, firing machine guns; 769th Field Artillery firing; 370th Infantry in Po Valley supoorted by ??; 409th Infantry crossing; 761st Tank Battalion of Blacks firing, fighting. Tank hit. Tank crew resting, cleaning tank guns. Infantry marching w/ rifle; various Blacks & Whites fighting. Nazi artillery & propaganda fired; Black picks up & reads (very staged) in CU. Gets up and advances. Wounded treated in hospital tent.

10:05:06 Germans & Allied Officers at surrender table.

10:05:18 Exploding swastika on top of stadium.

10:05:26 WWII returning troops marching; parading blacks, whites, women, men. Sgt. Joe Louis getting medal. Special effects of superimposed various soldiers at work. The End.

WWII Segregation; Anti-Racism; Integration; Fighting; Civil Rights; African-Americans; Negroes; Blacks;

Life In Old Louisiana (Main title missing)

ERPI Classroom Films

POV from river boat as two costumed men & family talking in French & English. Houses raised above ground shown. Cotton picking by black slaves.

05:46:26 River bank from river; views of plantation from land. Workers cutting sugar cane w/ negro workers. Other views of mansions.

05:47:16 Shore & shots of steam boat on river. New Orleans & French Quarter w/ servants scrubbing flagstones on patio, make fire in fireplace & cooking. White family comes home.

05:48:20 Family kneeling in prayer. Then sitting in courtyard, speaking Creole w/ servants serving.

05:49:00 Woman practicing harp in large ornate room. Two young children w/ governess learning English. Read about all men created equal.

05:50:03 Men dueling w/ sabres in CU.

05:50:44 Slave market, men onto auction block. White men in top hats bidding.

05:51:34 Cemetery & wreath laying on above-ground tomb.

05:52:00 Formal dinner w/ black servant serving. You Creoles live the good life... Statement about all nationalities sharing freedom.

05:53:04 Maid makes up bed & dresses young white woman. Boyfriend arrives & chaperone & servant lead them along the street.

05:54:05 View of farming, riverboat scenes intercut to people in drawing room talking. Other riverboat shots w/ good shot of wake from riverboat. CU paddlewheel.

Dialogue; Educational Films; Instructional Film; Irony; Capitalism; Exploitation; Civil Rights; Slavery; Segregation History; Sociology; Racism; Slaves;

News In Brief: South Africa

Donald O Connor sits in back of open-top car greeting crowds on visit to South Africa; cars w/ women competing in beauty contest, top prize trip to Hollywood; CUs women in hats smile and wave. All-white crowd. Black dancers perform in tribal costume; the dark dancers of Darkest Africa put on their version of Hot Jive ; O Connor conducts then joins in, holds spear and shield.

Apartheid. Segregation.

Title: Birmingham Opens Holiday Season (also, Macy 1949 Thanksgiving Day Parade)

05:47:05 Marching band w/ baton twirling majorette leading, seen from middle of street. Christmas floats pulled by clowns, boys, Santa Claus float. Marching band & majorettes. Adults floats of southern White history. No Blacks seen.

05:48:07 Int. w/ King crowning Queen, posing. Swish pan...

05:48:25 Police on horseback leading marching unit, balloons in Macy s Thanksgiving Day parade. Milton Berle, Grand Marshall, waving in American Revolution costume. CU of balloon; MS of floats. Dancing dogs. Clown balloon. Black & White kids sitting on sidewalk. Puppeteer on float; balloons. Animated reindeers on float passing Trans-Lux Broadway Newsreel Theater

Americana; 1949; Southern Segregation;

Tobaccoland USA Pt. 2 of 2

Virginia - rainbow in sky above tobacco crop. Tobacco crop picked in Autumn - leaves picked by hand. Black women & little kid working outside sheds bundle leaves onto sticks - bundles hung up in curing barn by men standing on poles - farmer turns on oil heater.

17:51:00 Bare field. INT farmer checks progress of curing - bundles of tobacco leaves turning brown. Farmer & Black helpers separate cured leaves into grades - VO re skill involved in grading. Bundles loaded onto truck for auction. Truck convoy along country roads - past sign: Danville 18 - Reidsville N.C. 43. Trucks thru town, arrive at Mycroft s auction market. GOOD

17:53:43 INT baskets of tobacco weighed. Buyers follow auctioneer down line of tobacco handling bundles of leaves & bidding - purchase slips dropped onto piles. Farmer redeems purchase slip for cash at office.

17:54:31 County fairground, good scenes w/ rides & sideshows - seals balancing balls on noses. Kid eating toffee apple - ferris wheel - banner advertising Bearded Fat Lady . Parents w/ kids. Farmers inspect latest farm equipment - new tractors etc. Tobacco, fruit & vegetables in competition at fair.

17:55:58 Truck loaded w/ huge barrels of aged tobacco unloaded at Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co. - hogshead barrels removed. Bales of dry tobacco along conveyor into steam chamber to become more pliable - Chesterfield process.

17:57:12 Black women separating bundles of tobacco, put into crates - leaves along conveyor for stemming - reconditioning - blending in mechanical mixers - aromatic Turkish tobacco added. Tobacco cake into slicing machine.

18:00:21 Cigarette-making room, tobacco into paper rolling machine & finished cigarettes along conveyor at rate of 1200 per minute - women workers operating packaging machinery. CU machines.

18:01:49 Farmer surveys Autumnal landscape - VO proud that on him depends a major American industry... INT farmer smoking cigarette while listening to radio - commercial for Chesterfield cigarettes.

Farming / Agriculture.;Tobacco Industry; Manufacturing; Smoking; Rural Americana; Race; Segregation; South;

NOTE: GOOD color.

Tobaccoland USA (main titles missing) Pt. 1 of 2

Promotional film for Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co. / Chesterfield Cigarettes

Tobacco crop in field. Map of US showing tobacco-producing regions.

17:36:26 Leaves of Bright tobacco type hung up to dry in curing barn. Maryland type tobacco - green crop in field, boy harvests by hand. Burly type hanging to dry. Map of Mediterranean showing areas where small-leaf Turkish tobacco produced. Flax fibre loaded into processing plant. INT flax pulp on production line formed into cigarette paper. Into rolls.

17:38:38 INT factory where dried tobacco leaves processed - male & female workers. Durham - Liggett & Myers warehouse complex - trucks arrive w/ huge hogshead barrels of tobacco for ageing - INT worker monitoring barrels in warehouse.

17:39:28 Plantation house - INT wealthy Virginia tobacco farmer w/ family - piles of tobacco leaves on table. Farmer mixing tobacco seeds in buckets - sprinkles across field. Kids paint birdhouse. Farmer inspects progress of tobacco seed bed.

17:41:37 Summer - fruit trees in bloom - farmer discing field on tractor. Dawn - farmer in kitchen making coffee, CU fried eggs cooking. GOOD Transplanting, farmhands lift seedlings from seed bed to field w/ young Black boy helping. CU seedling pushed into soil w/ metal tube implement.

17:43:51 INT farmer reading paper in chair, looks out window at heavy rain. Seedlings in rain. Farmer cultivating crop in sun, boys help w/ hoes. Farmer s wife in kitchen garden.

17:45:15 INT farmer s wife in kitchen w/ Black girl helper, deep freezing fresh vegetables. Modern appliances, VO a farmer s lady need not be a drudge . Farmer s wife & boys in flower garden - kids play w/ tiny puppies. Ladies Club members arrive for Summer Show at plantation - women in hats & pearls etc. look at flower displays in garden. Boys swim in creek. Tobacco crop much bigger - County Agent surveys crop w/ farmer. Farmer topping - breaks stalks of tobacco plants to stop flowers growing. Wheat & hay crops harvested. Boys help w/ dairy herd.

Farming / Agriculture; Tobacco Industry; Manufacturing; Smoking; Rural Americana; Race; Segregation; Daily Life; Farmers; 1950s;

NOTE: GOOD COLOR & daily life.

[19th & 21st Regiments of the 24th Div Spearhead Into Iron Triangle, Korea] 30Jun51

Man running toward camera; enormous blast in mouth of canyon. Several more explosions. Three soldiers under ground placing explosive charges.

04:45:30 Two men into bunker beside road. large explosions. Army trucks & jeeps up switchbacks of gravel road, men in back of trucks, passing other trucks going downhill. MCU passing camera. LS from above.

04:49:40 M-46 tank up road carrying men on top. Convoy of trucks, trailers.

Korean War; Segregation (24th Division); American Indians;



[Fleet Activities (Background Supplement) 06Sep51]

Capt. Farrell, Chief of Staff to RAdm Dyer, waits at landing for Gen. Shepherd. Lt. Gen Lemuel C. Shepherd arrives & greetd by Capt. Farrell. Other ships in background. Shepherd inspects Honor Guard. Walks along line, stops to talk to marine. Navy Band.

04:51:57 01Sep51 Munsan-ni, Korea US Ambassador John J Muccio out of helicopter, leaves in jeep. Muncio shakes hands w/ Vice Adm C Turner Joy. Maj Gen Lurence C Craigie USAF walking behind Muccio & Joy.

04:53:01 Sep51 Burial of Sgt. First Class John R. Rice, Arlington National Cemetery. Band & infantry marching at funeral of John R Rice, full-blooded Indian, refused burial elsewhere. Flag draped casket past on caisson past Honor Guard. Pallbearers carry casket, ceremony under canopy. Spectators & American Legion veterans, Amerian Indians. Bugler. Widow presented flag. Leaving ceremony.

04:55:11 05Sep51 Casket out of Fort Myers Chapel, onto caisson, band & Honor Guard marching. White horese pulling caisson.

04:56:17 06Aug51 Pentagon, Washington, DC CU Navy Distinguished Public Service Medal pinned on JB Woodward, Jr. president of Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co by Sec. of Navy Kimball. Shaking hands w/ various civilian VIPS.

Korean War; Ceremonies; Racism; Segregation;



People Along The Mississippi [Part 1 of 2]

Encylopaedia Britannica Films

CU water lapping on shore w/ sunlight reflected - pan up to show river. High pan across Mississippi River near its source in Minnesota. CU mailbox; pan over farm. Young boy, Robert, climbs over fence w/ model sailboat, runs to put it in water, older brother watches from behind tree. Down The Mississippi written on sail, boys name, class & Itasca, MN painted on boat.

16:03:48 POV boat moving along water, past turtle on log, thru rapids. Map shows Mississippi Valley to New Orleans. Black brother & sister ponder whether tiny boat can make it all the way down river to Gulf. Various kids then find the boat during its journey downriver.

16:04:58 Chippaway Indian boy plays Cowboys & Indians w/ friends, discovers boat & in VO reads letter to Robert describing his life, plays baseball, takes lunch to lumberjack father, buys miniature totem pole to attach to sailboat before setting it on its way. PoV shots from water as boat moves into more developed country: industrial plants, bridge, electric transmission lines, down waterfall.

16:08:13 Robert receives letter in mailbox at farm from Irish river captain; Captain s daughter & friend finds boat at docks, attach it to father s towboat. Scenes on board. Stops at La Crosse, Wisconsin. Arkansas crewman gets off to be married in rural church, new wife points out Wisconsin countryside sights. Wedding party arrives at farm, neighbors run to welcome them.

16:11:38 Tugboat at night near La Crosse, model boat caught in floating tree & left behind, run over by another boat. Wreckage of sailboat found by kids swimming. Boy takes it home, repairs, tells Robert of his German roots; bicycles thru Gutenberg, Iowa & down rural road. Drives w/ parents to auction in larger town. Horse & cattle auction w/ sync sd. Hans shows friends the sailboat, run to shipyard & fix compass on front. Map shows how far Robert s boat has travelled.

[Non-sync/post-dubbed dialogue.]

Travelogues; Childhood Games; Immigants; Race; Racism; Segregation; Integration; US History; 1950s Americana; Penpals / Pen Friends; rural life;

People Along The Mississippi Pt 2 of 2

Encylopaedia Britannica Films

St. Louis, Missouri Riverboat docked; girl ties model paddle steamer to back of Robert s sailboat. Black boy w/ White friend spot boat floating past levee - Louisiana(?). Boat floats thru flooded small town. Black kid finds boat, runs across town to show friend ; says he s busy playing w/ his [White] friends, then changes mind & chases after him, puts boat back in levee - VO your boat sort of brought two old friends back together again .

16:19:26 Sailboat arrives in port of New Orleans, freighters, cargo ships loading. caught in steamer s paddle wheel. CU steam whistle. Taken into bayou, found by Cajun boys in canoes; alligators scare them off. Fishermen find sailboat in nets, way off course . Gulf shrimp fleet. Sailboat caught in storm.

16:21:46 Black boy & girl walk along railway track; find boat in reeds. They change Down The Missippi on sail to Around the World . CU Robert smiles as he reads their letter back in Itasca, Minnesota. Aerial shots of river s end & open sea. [Non-sync/post-dubbed dialogue.]

Travelogues; Childhood games; Immigants; Race; Segregation; Integration; Deep South; 1950s Americana.

Penpals / Pen Friends;

The Barrier Pt. 1 of 2

Family Films Presents Ex. Prod. S.M. Hershey, Dir. William F. Claxton

00:24:10 Developer, Mr. Baxter, & contractor talk over blueprints on car hood about starting development next to vacant lot w/ sign: Fairview Square. Suburban street w/ barrier; CU sign: notice of zone change application. Baxter says to knock down before approval. Montage: taking down fence, pouring concrete, building forms, nailing flooring, carpenters, housing development, For Sale sign, residential streets.

00:26:14 Saddler family arrives home in convertible after vacation, unload suitcases, turtle.

00:27:23 Boy friend, Fred, arrives & hugs daughter. Concrete trucks past. Mr Saddler walks along sidewalk to see where trucks are going, sees sign for 75 houses; meets Mr. Chapman watering plants, gave permission to take down barrier & discusses cheap housing & housing shortage. Says street is private street to protect property value. Saddler leaves to block project.

00:30:48 Construction of houses & boys playing stirring quick lime; Carpenter tells boys not to play in quicklime. Talk about new kids moving in next week.

00:32:09 Saddler on phone about legal action as boy comes in, mother setting table. We have to stick together...every property owner to back me up. Slams down phone. Kid tells father about new families moving in. Tells kid to keep turtle out of bathtub.

00:33:16 Talks about being un-Christian. I intend to fight it...if I have to fight it alone. Continued...

Poverty; Wealth; Segregation; Anti-Property Development; Neighbors; Neighborliness; Real Estate;

The Barrier Pt. 2 of 2

Continued... Mr Saddler before planning commissioner asking for roadblock to be reinstalled. Aren t you being anti-American? Developer pleads to keep it open.

00:34:35 Boy watching City carpenter nailing up roadblock as concrete truck driver arrives. Boy in truck gives boy by fence raspberry .

00:35:28-00:35:53 Superimposed Private Property No Trespassing sign over people speaking pro & con about the development. Kids yell against project kids to stay on their side. Kids throw rocks. Unfinished dvelopment, Saddler boy knocked into quick lime & blinded.

00:37:05 Washed off w/ hose by boy. Takes him on bicycle to doctor. Fred greets Mr. & Mrs. Saddler as kid brought home wrapped in bandage. Saddler wants to thank kid who s Hispanic & lives in development.

00:39:41 Fred & Ann talk about wedding date & fact that they bought a house in the new project. They discuss fact that its un-American and un-Christian to be against the project.

00:41:46 Mother puts drops in boys eyes & he tells parents what good kid the project kid was. Saddler leans on fence & talks to Mr. Chapman.

00:43:36 Saddler & Chapman talk about how roadblock has escalated things; how it creates things in people s minds; against Christian principles. Saddler takes down sign & tears it up.

00:45:22 Kids playing in street as Saddler mom & dad pull up in convertible & drive down street of freshly painted suburban subdivision. The End.

Poverty; Wealth; Segregation; Anti-Property Development; Neighbors; Neighborliness; Real Estate; Religion; Christianity; Forgiveness; Change; Attitude; Racism;

Booker T. Washington Pt. 1 of 2

Encyclopaedia Britannica Films / Emerson Film Corp.

14:37:00 INT Lincoln Memorial. Statue of Booker T. Washington. Dramatisation of Booker s childhood w/ log cabin ext.

14:37:21 Int. SOF Black Mother & 3 children at dinner table in shack, mother explains why she prays for freedom from slavery: ...we gets to draw free breath...we gets to go to school like a white man . Tells Booker she wants him to get an education.

14:38:46 CU 1865 Proclamation ending slavery. CU feet walking; Booker in schoolroom after emancipation, working at salt mine in West Virginia. Defeatist attitude of older men you just a black boy, ain t no key to open that door to you or any of us; its a White man s world.

14;40:04 Booker walks into Hampton College office, asks to enroll after walking miles. Principal General Armstrong & school secretary put him to work for his board.

14:41:19 Booker as a grown man after graduation, receives letter from Gen. Armstrong asking him to come back to Hampton to teach. Talks w/ Armstrong about teaching. Booker: I believe its the route to the second Emancipation, the real freedom from the slavery of the ignorance & superstition. Armstrong tells him he s recommended him for another job teaching Negroes in Tuskegee, Alabama - no one else wants job. CU telegram dated 1881 approving Booker for job.

14:43:26 Booker teaching at pulpit of old church w/ Black holding umbrella to shield him from leaky roof. INT plantation bought by Booker to serve as school house; secretary brings in a student s mother to see him - not happy about his teaching methods. Booker explains he is trying to teach them something useful for the community. Secretary brings in a letter ...from a White group threatening to run us out.

History; Race / Racism; Segregation; Civil Rights; Ethnic; Education; 1800s; Teaching;

Booker T. Washington Pt. 2 of 2

Dramatisation.

INT SOF Booker meeting w/ angry White community leaders. You re teaching them Blacks to read and write, why it s getting so they won t do an honest day s work anymore . Booker invites them to visit school at Tuskegee.

14:47:28 INT Booker marrying Fanny Smith, 1882 [dies two years later]. Old woman visits Booker to praise him for trying to make better mens and better womens for the colored race - gives him six eggs. VO describes Booker s second & third marriages.

14:49:01 Booker w/ Gen. Armstrong, now in wheelchair; discuss Booker s invitation to speak to a mixed crowd at opening of Atlanta Exposition & dangers & possible conflict.

14:50:40 SOF Booker at podium making speech to Exposition ...this coupled w/ our material proposperity, will bring to our beloved South a new Heaven & a new Earth. He thanks White governor after speech. Newspaper men dictating story re success of speech.

14:52:08 Booker w/ President Theodore Roosevelt, asks Booker if it is time to appoint Negroes to higher positions in South. SOF Booker urges caution.

14:53:41 Booker receiving honorary degree from Harvard. Booker as old man before death in 1915. The End.

History; Race / Racism; Segregation; Civil Rights; Ethnic; Education; 1800s; Teaching;

[Supreme Court Picture; McCarthy & Army Hearings re Harry Dexter White & Sec. Stevenson] (1954)

14:42:47 14Dec53 Supreme Court justices in annual sitting for picture w/ front row left to right: Felix Frankfurter; Hugo Black; Chief Justice Earl Warren; Stanley Reed & William O. Douglas. Back row left to right: Tom Clark; Robert H. Jackson; Harold Burton & Sherman Minton. NOTE: On 17May54 this court ruled unanimously that racial segregation in public schools is unconstitutional in Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.

NOTE: Following MOS relates to Sd. material on LN 501-553 12:11:35 - 12:20:44

14:44:59 New York City Federal Courthouse. Army Officer, prob. from Ft. Monmouth, sworn in at opposite end of table from Roy Cohn & ??

14:45:29 Lawyer for David Greenglass. Spectators. Counsel & witness (bald w/ glasses & dark suit) enter room. CU military officer testifying, CU McCarthy listening. CU baldheaded next (?) witness & lawyer. People up & leaving table, press clustered around McCarthy who s talking w/ them (MOS).

Cold War; Anti-Communism; McCarthyism; Congressional Investigations; Senate Subcommittee on Investigations; Spy; Espionage; Signal Corps Laboratory; Communists;

The Passenger Train (Second Edition)

Encyclopaedia Britannica Films

Young boy Bobby takes overnight sleeper train from Chicago to Lamy, New Mexico to see his Uncle.

02:06:52 Parents pack Bobby s suitcases while he washes his face. Passenger train cars thru automatic washer. Diesel electric locomotives; linen & food loaded on train.

02:07:55 Bobby & father arrive at Chicago station by yellow cab. INT Arrivals & Departures board. Baggage counter. Bob buys magazine at newsstand. CU sign Santa Fe Train No.9 . Passengers thru & gateman checks tickets.

02:09:08 Platform & passengers along passenger train Chief w/ aluminium carriages & observation car. Engineer & helper climb aboard locomotive. Porter takes Bob s baggage, father gives him ticket & waves. Train pulls out of station, Bob waves from window. POV train out.

02:10:24 INT Bob alone in small sleeper compartment, roomette - watches neighbor locate pull-down washbasin. POV from front of train; CU speed gauge. Train & Pullman Conductors arrive - tickets please - CU Bobby s tickets. Bob explores train, passes thru chair car w/ Black conductor. Passengers in dome car w/ glass roof & MCU people. Bob in observation car at rear.

02:12:04 Cooks in train kitchen, CU meat in pan. POV from engine. Lunch chime; dining car w/ Black waiters serving White passengers looking out window. Bobby eats sandwich at lunch car counter. Train into small station - new crew takes over. Train pulls out.

02:13:24 INT engineer in cab. Bob watches scenery w/ new friend Clyde. Boys play checkers in observation car. POV. Woman puts toddler to bed: VO this room is called...a bedroom .

02:14:18 Evening meal served in dining car; Bobby shares table w/ adults. LS train in canyon at dusk. Black porter prepares beds. Train passes in night. CU gage. Passenger to bed in his roomette .

02:15:09 High shots train thru high desert mountain scenery in daytime, trains pass, train out of tunnel, over bridges, trestles.

02:15:47 Conductor, Bob packs; small station & train arrives Lamy, NM. Porter carries luggage as Bob gets off, greeted by Uncle Ray in dungarees & cowboy hat - drive off in jeep. Train heads off. The End.

Travel; Tourism; Railroads; Race / Racism / Segregation; Class; Educational Films; Promotional Films; Family; Tourists; Wealth;

Southeastern States (Second Edition)

Encyclopaedia Britannica Films

10:28:40 Rural Southeast US scenes: prairies, hills, rivers. Travelling shots past farmland. VO warm climate and abundant rainfall .

10:29:25 Map of US w/ six regions - zoom in on Southeastern region - subdivided into 11 states - Florida, Georgia, Virginia, Arkansas etc. Location of Jamestown settlement shown & animation depicting settlement. 10:30:19 Plantation house. Bales of cotton loaded onto truck. Paddle steam boat along river.

10:30:43 CU hands of Black worker picking cotton. VO re changes to region after American Civil War. Washington s home at Mount Vernon; Jefferson s Monticello. Statue of General Lee. Farmer plowing field on tractor.

10:31:31 Map of region shows population distribution & farming belts. Sub-tropical fruit belt & others.

10:31:55 Worker on ladder picking citrus; sugar cane cutting; vegetables picked, crates packed & loaded onto truck. Cornfield; apple boxes in orchard onto tractor & trailer. Mechanical cotton picker; bales loaded onto truck. Tobacco harvested; leaves in warehouse market; auction w/ buyers inspecting & auctioneer s voice heard. Cattle pens; feeding chickens by hand. Man plowing w/ team of mules.

10:33:27 Deep soil erosion. Farmer filling planter & planting & fertilising field on tractor.

10:33:54 Hydro-electric dam & electrical towers.

10:34:09 Cotton bales wheeled by Blacks; White woman working in textile mill or factory at giant loom. 10:34:38 Cotton seed along conveyor. Tobacco crop in barrels; CU cigarettes along conveyor in factory. Fruit along conveyor. Logs on truck; new furniture loaded onto truck. Coal into steel mill. Aluminium smelter.

10:35:50 Map of Southeast showing exports & imports.

10:37:11 Rural montage: farmhouses, country school, local store, tiny church, courthouse. City montage: street scene;suburban homes, school, church, large hotel, workers out of factory.

10:38:07 Map showing location of large cities.

10:38:19 Farm scenes. Industrial plant; poor rural house, city monument w/ Black women past; White university campus. Black nurses out of hospital, walk past Black doctor. Pedestrians cross busy city street. Dam.

Travelogues; Georgraphy; Economy; Economics; Americana; Deep South; Farming / Agriculture; 1950s; Segregation;

[Little Rock, Arkansas High School Integration]

Troops patrol Little Rock Central High School during Operation Arkansas re Integration 29Sep & 2Oct 1957

Four Black girls out of US Army station wagon outside school, w/ military jeep & soldiers escorting. Journalists interviewing man, one w/ microphone. Troops standing behind w/ bayonets on rifles. MCU Major General Edwin G. Walker talking w/ Col. Wiliam A. Kuhn, CO, 1st Airborne Battle Grp, 101st Airborne. Walker into jeep w/ driver & drive off.

03:14:33 Airborne troops march down street, fix bayonets & march up. Pennant on pole w/ troops running past at double time. Troops w/ field kitchen behind High School; white girls playing softball (?) behind.

Troops served in chow line, eating. Two GIs patrol along street - escort black girl students to station wagon.

03:16:58 Troops stand guard, white students walking into school behind barrier. US Army station wagon pulls up w/ black students, escorted into school as whites watch from entrance steps. Exterior school - sign Little Rock Central High School, soldiers on guard at doors, tilt up to waving students at window. Troops march up steps towards camera; down steps away from camera.

03:19:07 Walker & Kuhn talk in front of High School. Sign on jeep: Above the Rest. 1st ABN Bat. 327th Inf. Gen. Walker gets into jeep, leaves. Soldiers in two jeeps leaving.

03:20:08 Soldiers march along street, rear view as soldiers jog in double time along sidewalk on residential street. Troops running up street away from camera. CU (head chopped off) as soldier fixes bayonet - standing guard. Various shots National Guard marching around campus. GI reading newspaper while sitting on grandstand, others playing cards. Pan across field kitchen w/ soldiers sitting under trees outside National Guard Armory Building.

03:22:49 Two jeeps escorting station wagon & girls getting in, High School behind. Drive past.

Civil Rights; Integration; Eisenhower Era; 1950s; Segregation;

[Little Rock, Arkansas High School Integration, 06Oct57]

CU of officer of 153rd Inf. Regt., 39th Division talking (MOS), salutes. Troops march to camera along sidewalk past camera, Central High School behind. Two soldiers practice hitting volleyball ; others reading newspaper lying beneath stacked rifles w/ gear nearby. Four soldiers patrolling in twos, meet & turn. Others marching on sidewalk.

03:25:57 NBC cameraman filing interview w/ white girl who claimes she was denied entry to school, others around listening. Major Robert A. Jones on phone at operations center, taking several calls.

03:26:43 Soldiers in shorts & boots playing volley ball. Various shots of Central High School & troops patrolling & marching.

Civil Rights; Integration; Eisenhower Era; 1950s; Segregation;

[Little Rock Central High School Integration Enforcement, 29Sep-0ct0157]

Ext. of US Army Milistary District Arkansas office, w/ army cars parked along street in front. Two officer come out. CU sign on door. Officers entering, exiting & into car of Army National Guard.

17:35:28 Chaplain & Protestant services for National Guard outside of armory. Catholic services, Camp Robinson.

17:35:40 Slate: ??Sep57 Maj. General Edwin Walker, Maj. Gen. Sherman I. Clinger, State AG, & Lt. Col. Ernest B. Bowden Commander of the 1st Bn, 153rd Inf. Regt. Arkansas National Guard talking on street in front of Central High School, Little Rock.

17:36:07 Negro students escorted by Guard members w/ batons while students watch from windows. Up steps past students.

17:36:27 Slate: 27Sep57 Camp Robinson, Catholic services for 101st. Men kneeling, standing, receiving communion. MCU Walker talking to men after church. CU men & CU Walker.

17:38:28 Protestant services on grounds of Armory, boy playing portable organ & men singing hymns.

17:39:28 Street barricade w/ soldier, white girl walks past, others standing on sidewalk. LS of school from across street, guard patrolling in foreground. Guard posted by entrance, students sit on steps in sun.

17:40:35 Slate 30Sep57 Gen. Walker talking w/ Col Bowden & Col U. Beakley. Newsmen across street, Walker giving interview w/ school behind. More talking in front of school. Student walk down sidewalk followed by two National Guard soldiers.

17:42:34 Slate 01Oct57 Wlaker talking w/ Col Kuh & officer & EM at rear of school. Walker & Kuhn walk over to men working on jeeps.

Integration; Anti-Segregation; Teenagers; 1950s Americana; Eisenhower Era;

News In Brief - South Africa (Sharpesville Demonstrations against South African Government.)

LS & MCU of large crowds of Blacks waving arms & give thumbs up at Sharpsville; demonstrate against new law requiring passes to be carried. Men w/ placard: Freedom in Our Lifetime. Black police lined up.

05:02:37 Jet fighter planes; troop carriers. Wounded & dead lying on ground w/ police standing. Wounded bandaged & tended, carried off. Ambulance leaving past troops & police.

Apartheid; Segregation; Freedom; Civil Rights; Human Rights; Negroes; 1960s;

March on Washington - part 2 of 3 - Civil rights march. 28Aug63

Aboard civil rights bus, organiser hands out signs freedom now to passengers and gives instructions. CU passengers, Blacks and Whites. Waving to people in streets, seen from bus.

Concert at Washington Monument, Joan Baez on stage sings we shall overcome into microphones, large audience. People arriving, buses arriving. Mahalia Jackson? sings. Demonstrators with signs, listening, clapping hands, some overhead shots.

Speaker on stage, crowd leaves for demonstration holding up signs singing we shall overcome .

Marching down Independence and Constitution Avenue and chanting freedom in street. Banner Brooklyn College NAACP , jobs for all now . White girls embracing.

Overhead LS march. Packed crowd around Washington Monument., sign Jim Crow must go .

12:26:21 Very high LS crowd around Washington monument.

Black and White police, relaxed. Drinking at fountain. Marchers sitting with feet in water by obelisk. White girl fainting carried. White woman with baby.

Marian Anderson comes on stage to sing Negro spiritual (out of sync): He s got the whole world in his hands in front of Lincoln memorial. Audience CU.

integration

International Zone: 18th Year [Part 2 of 2]

Alistair Cooke in map room of UN headquarters. Pointing to Yemen on map. Aerials of desert & canyons. Capital city Sana a; northern Royalist village.

16:13:55--16:14:00 Ibn Saud CU.

16:14:01 Yemen city & village scenes. UN arrival of 200 UN soldiers in jeeps and 50 Royal Canadian Air Force. Patrolling barbed wire fence. Oct63 Pierre P. Spinnelli appointed UN special represenative to Yemen

16:15:54 01May63 Hollandia became Kota Baru and territory of West New Guinea became Indonesian province of West Irian. UN had overseen governance for nine months. Dutch leaving Oct62. Arrival of UN soldiers. Russian civil engineer overseeing public works. Iranian diplomat Dr. Jallal Abdell (sp?) oversaw.

16:17:2? Cooke at map. Points out new Federation of Malaysia UN mission went there and to South Vietnam to see if Buddhists has religious freedom.

16:18:3? South African Race Question being discussed in UN.

16:19:2? South African representative asking UN to stay out of its politics and most delegates walk out during speech.

16:20:13 Hailie Selassie speaking to General Assembly of need for racial equality, translated.

16:21:12 Cooke in map room. Aug63 signing of nuclear test ban treaty in Moscow and U-Thant giving airport statement re general disarmarment..

16:22:17 Night exterior of United Nations. Interiior General Assembly opening.

16:22:45 Adlai Stevenson speaking of JFK after assassination.

16:24:14 Sept61 JFK speaking after Hammarskjold s death. ...UN lives...

16:26:34 End credits

16:27:12 End

1963; United Nations Peace Keeping; Apartheid; Segregation; War;

Violence - 24 Dead In Newark Riots

Night & flames, smoke & burning buildings. Polcie arresting; troop carriers thru streets. Store front of burning & gutted stores w/ glass broken out & looted interiors. Press car w/ windows smashed. Policemen crouched alongside car w/ rifles. National Guardsman crouched by lamp post, man lying on street at back of car.

10:54:25 Firetruck beside smoking building. Apartment house & sniper fire, men running down streets. Policemen shooting at building; army troops into building. Policemen searching Blacks beside house. Men into police paddy wagon. Blacks (men, women, children) herded into building.

Poverty; City Warfare; 1960s; Segregation; Unemployment; Ethnic; African-Americans;

Note: Riot lasted 12-17Jul67

Know Your Enemy - The Enemy Will Not Perish Of Himself

The Newsreel - Radical Documentary

Re National Guard military occupation in Wilmington, Delaware from April 1968 to Feb 1969.

15:01:26 Night, jeeps & military vehicles past & POV in town. Black man arrested. Soldier w/ gun. Two soldiers w/ guns at crossroad. Daytime, Black neighborhood, military truck past. Stills of Black people intercut w/ troops, various shots around town setting up atmosphere of occupation.

15:02:28 Title: The Newsreel

15:02:32 POV from car past Dupont family mansion. Narration explains occupation set up by State to protect interest of Dupont Chemical (chemistry) Company & Dupont s control over institutions in all areas of politics, finance, newspapers, TV. Shots of Dupont factories, smoking chimneys, industry. Bags of plastic. Streets named after Dupont, shots of Delaware city. Dupont headquarters. Dupont family mansion. Street scenes. Dupont building, workers go in. Int. Sign board listing offices showing many Dupont related companies. Ext. two high schools built by Dupont, various unid. buildings in & around Wilmington.

15:04:56 Blacks arrested by police near banks, taken into van. Neighborhood street scenes; troops in town. Stills. Meeting of the White Coalition. SOF interview, Research supervisor for Dupont Experimental Station promoted, part of job is to be a member of White Coalition.

15:06:45 Int. factories, int. & exterior & inside workshops. Narration talks of Dupont s seeming to encourage its workers involvement in civic affairs but no trade unions allowed, no strike since 1930.

15:07:24 University Psychology Professor says he is losing job due to his political activities. Voice over says Dupont main funder University of Delaware. Shots of campus. Students interviewed, say they were suspended for anti-ROTC & political activities. High school student explains his expulsion. Girl says she was suspended for distributing communist propaganda. CU: Alexis I. du Pont Special School District Administrative Offices, Greenville, Del. High school meeting continued. School exteriorr.

15:09:55 Black girl talks re her arrest. Black students arrested (stills, other demonstrators w/ police) demonstrating in State Capitol. Mansion.

15:10:29 Blacks doing menial work (Dupont will not employ blacks). Narration re Dupont s social programs for Blacks. Blacks SOF. Black ghetto. Black demonstration march. WYEAC (?), Black organisation, funded by Dupont until it became powerful & Dupont got police involved. Blacks political meetings. TV & mainstream media reporting of events. Governor Russell Peterson on TV, was Dupont executive.

15:14:36 Still of Harry Haskell, new Mayor, married to a Dupont. Shots Wilmington & Delaware institutions: town hall, Dupont country club, Delaware bank. Russell Peterson says will withdraw forces. Narration comments on power of corporate liberalism.

Segregation; Capitalism; Economics; 1960s; Revolution; Organizing; Poverty; Living Conditions;

NOTE: Street scenes scattered throughout.

[Air Force Now (Airmen Awards; Sembach AFB; Apollo 11; Tuskegee Airmen)

Awards given at Pentagon w/ stills of recipients. Families into Capitol; ceremony. Families visit White House.

01:36:24 Sembach Air Force Base, Germany. Woman officer driving army truck; thru village. Setting up deployment site in field, LS. Chow served - CUs food. 601st Tactical Control Wing w/ radar system control room for NATO Air Defence system. Truck unloaded by helicopter. Military planes in flight. Radar screens. Sign: Sembach Air Base, trucks past.

01:39:33 Title: Pioneers of Flight -(Apollo 11) Kennedy speech re landing a man on the moon (sound only) 25May61. Low angle on space rocket. Launchpad at night. CU Apollo XI astronaut in helmet. Launch pad at dawn. Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Michael Collins to spacecraft w/ photographers & cameras flashing.

01:40:27 16Jul69 Apollo 11 launch. Lunar module Eagle in space; light patterns from sun on Eagle. POV from lunar module approaching moon & astronauts voices . ...the Eagle has landed . Moon surface seen from Eagle. Armstrong climbs down & moonwalk one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind. Footprint on moon. Stills of Armstrong and Aldrin on moon. American flag on moon.

01:43:54 Aerial over Tuskegee Institute, Alabama Still of first 5 Black students to get wings. Benjamin Davis SOF. re all-Black squadrons during WWII. First five: G. Roberts, B. Davis, C. Debow, M. Ross, L. Custis.

1977 Benjamin Davis narrates. Photos on table. 1940s Black pilots training session. P-40s in flight - 99th Pursuit Squadron.

01:45:53 Map of Italy. Loading ammunition. Black pilot in plane & shooting down enemy aircrafts in Anzio.

Davis re 1944 attacks on Italy & Germany including Berlin. Re commanding 51st Fighter-interceptor Wing at Suwon AFB, Korea & not many Black men there.

1960s (Color) Black pilots in 12th Air Force in Germany.

1977 Gen. Chappie James makes passionate speech re segregation & today s Air Force equal opportunities.

Segregation; Army Air Force; Integration;

[The Lonely Eagles aka WWII Tuskegee Black Air Men, 99th Pursuit Squadron]

Air Force Now

?? SOF speaking about Negro Unit, 99th Pursuit Squadron. Graduation speech to Black gradutes.

19:11:16 Title: The Lonely Eagles

19:11:25 Black Airman SOF outside F-4. ...AF has come a long way from 35 years ago in Tuskegee, Alabama.

19:12:13 Shots of biplane modern day, segues to older footage. Black in Link Trainer & others in uniform in classes. At desks w/ headsets; training on land, training in flight, start up of Black Air Corp. Fly-overs. Interview w/ Chief Alfred Anderson standing on weed grown runway, about training program. Stills & remains of chimney, hanger, etc. Footage of 1940s flight line, planes taking off, airmen marching in formation & graduation ceremony on tarmac. Interview w/ Tuskegee pilots: Lt. Gen. B.O. Davis; Col. Lloyd McKeethen; Col. Paul Green; Col. Ed Gleed; present day.

19:16:02 Briefing pilots in WWII, planes dropping bombs, in flight, dog fights, shooting down planes. CU pilots in flight, WWII interviews w/ pilots. Views of bombing Polesti. Planes along coast w/ VO by Col. Lowell Stewart describing mission. Shots of pilots reminiscing; present day, deserted, Tuskegee. GULF oil sign beside hanger, int. w/ destruction. Stills. VO of pilots.

19:19:33 Interview with Chaffy James in uniform. Shots of training at Tuskegee, marching on parade ground, planes in flight. Bi-plane in flight dissolves to modern.

Race; Segregation; Negroes; Blacks; Army Air Force; AAF;

Reagan Speech to National Association of Evangelicals Part 3 of 3 (Evil Empire Speech) 8Mar1983

There is sin and evil in the world(..) Our nation , too, has a legacy of evil... - re segregation - racism past & present.

14:53:00 This brings me to my final point today... re Soviet Union & Communists; against nuclear freeze solutions; peace through strength

14:57:24 A number of years ago, I heard a young father... - re Better dead than red.

14:58:44 Let us pray for the salvation of all those who live in that totalitarian darkness

15:00:24 Evil empire bit

Ends with ...from the struggle of right and wrong and good and evil .

(final two minutes of speech missing)

Secretary of Air Force (SECAF) Verne Orr (09Feb81-30Nov85) & Chief of Staff Gen. Gabriel to camera re spare parts pricing problems. Asking for suggestions & help in stopping over-pricing.

04:03:03 Opening Title: Air Force Now

04:03:14 Hill AFB, Ogen, Utah Operation Cornet-Jet 28Sep-26Oct84. Hanger opens, pixillated office including hurriedly counted money, F-16 unit prepares for deployment to Gardermoen AB, Norway.

04:03:56 SOF Col. to camera in front of line of planes explains as though going to war...ready to play. Briefing session w/ banner ...KILL MIGS; instructor at map, talks re fatigue, pep talk.

04:05:40 Fighter jet takes off at night; F-16As in flight, landing (GOOD).

04:06:47 Norwegian AF Major SOF: Hello America and welcome to Norway...I have to admit you came very well prepared . F-16s on airfield, pilots meet Norwegians. Maintenance work; briefing session. F-16 landing from observation tower; F-16 taxiing. Norwegian on benefits of having USAF presence, NATO cooperation.

04:10:32 Project Warrior WWII Tuskegee airmen. Color of restored biplane in flight. Montage: Blacks training, in classroom, teacher at charts. VO by veterans. Black pilots on airfield; planes taxiiing, in flight.

04:12:01 CU photo of Chief Alfred Anderson in 1940s; Anderson today on remains of Tuskegee Army airfield - overgrown - tours site w/ cutaways to footage of wartime activity.

04:13:28 Interview w/ Anderson - there was a great desire among a number of Blacks to get into aviation... reunited Black airmen recall joining cadets (Lt. Gen. B.O. Davis; Col. Lloyd McKeethen; Col. Paul Green; Col. Ed. Gleed; Col. Lowell Stewart). Aerial combat footage, enemy planes shot down; Black pilots in combat & talking to camera after missions.

04:16:15 I think it s safe to say the Germans knew about us and respected us . VO pilots re overcoming prejudice & desire to defend country. Remains of hangers, buildings at Tuskegee overgrown & deteriorated. Still photographs & footage w/ Gen. Daniel Chappie James speaking VO.

WWII Army Airforce; Military Aviation; Segregation; Racism; Civil Rights; History;