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Israel Palestine Israel Palestine  
Caption here. Caption here.  

Archival film footage on Israel Palestine from Footage Farm

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Israeli Attack on Iraqi Nuclear Plant

Material brought back from Israel of attack on Iraqi nuclear plant (IDF) - F-15(?) F-!^(?) various shots from ground, air and of bombing of nuclear reactor. Planes in formation, above mosque, above clouds and shot so reactor Bombs falling, explosion of reactor.

Material obtained from the US Senate Sub Committee on drugs Operation Horizon

Shows cocaine lab in jungle - Blowing up lab

13:17:42 Israeli mercenaries training Columbians (Klein)

13:18:56 British Mercenaries training (Tomkins) using old police helicopter

Shuttle Earth Views Pt. 2 of 5

11.10.08 STS-46 31Jul-08Aug92 Atlantis. Earth limb, Botswana, Okavango River, Kalahari Desert & South Africa. Camera turns for earth to fill screen, moving toward rimmed horizon. Zoom in, good river tributaries visible.

11.13.23 STS-49 07-16May92 Endeavour. Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi, Lake Tanganyika, Tanzania, Uganda & Kenya, Africa.

11.15.22 STS-37 05-11Apr91 Atlantis. Somalia, Gulf of Aden, Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea & Socotra Island.

GOOD LS view of earth in upper 3/4 of screen w/ large rim, turns as camera turns, tail moving across bottom of screen as though balancing earth.

11.18.13 STS-70 13-22Jul95 Discovery. Mediterranean Sea. Egypt, Nile River, Sinai Peninsula, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Pull back showing earth filling 3/4 of screen w/ Nile etc. Camera turns so sky visible on left edge. VERY GOOD.

Space Exploration; Aerial Photography; Geography;

Shuttle Earth Views Pt. 3 of 5

11.20.57 STS-37 05-11Apr91 Atlantis. Mediterranean Sea, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Kuwait oil fires. Light cloud cover over Mediterranean; smoke visible from Kuwait.

11.24.35 STS-41 06-10Oct90 Discovery. Sunrise earth limb view of Persian Gulf, Somalia, Iran, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Iran. VERY Brief

11.24.59 STS-39 28Apr-06May91 Discovery. Aral Sea, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.

11.25.47 Russia (snow covered), Tien Shan Mountains, Takla Desert of China. VERY Brief.

11.26.09 STS-29 13-18Mar89 Discovery. Iraq, Iran, Persian Gulf and Zargos Mountains. Zoom directly in showing bright blue water & brown land thru light cloud cover. Pull back showing snow of mountains(?).

11.27.25 Burma and Irawaddy River Delta. Interesting changes of color from blue to brown.

11.29.59 STS-39 28Apr-06May91 Discovery. Russia (snow covered), Kuybyshevskoye Reservoir, Volga River uplands. LS then zoom in to show river & tributaries.

Space Exploration; Aerial Photography; Geography;

Shuttle Earth Views Pt. 4 of 4

09.35.28 STS-59 09-20Apr94 Endeavour. Night pass SW to NE from Augusta, Georgia to Portsmouth, New Hampshire.

09.39.43 STS-65 08-23Jul94 Columbia. Night pass, SW to NE over Mexico west coast abaove Mazatlan; across Mexico to east coast, lightning & meteor shower. Spectacular.

09.42.41 STS-48 12-18Sep91 Discovery. Night pass NW to SE w/ lights of Bublin, Wexford, Waterford & Cork, Ireland; St. George Channel & Plymouth, Torbay, Exmouth, Southampton, Portsmouth, Brighton, Dover, Ramsgate, Liverpool, Cardiff, Newport, Bristol, Birmingham, Coventry, London & Chatham...Starit of Dover & Lille, Amiens, Abberville, Rouen, LeHavre & Paris, France. Don t seem to all be there.

09.45.23 STS-59 09-20Apr94 Endeavour. Night pass NW to SE over Egypt & Nile River to Red Sea & Saudi Arabia.

09.48.05 STS-61 02-13Dec93 Endeavour. Night pass Egypt & delta cities & Israel & its cities. Brief.

09.48.28 Night Pass Nagoya to Tokyo w/ Yokohama & Kawasaki.

NASA Logo

Space Exploration; Aerial Photography; Geography;

Shuttle Earth Views Pt. 4 of 4

09.35.28 STS-59 09-20Apr94 Endeavour. Night pass SW to NE from Augusta, Georgia to Portsmouth, New Hampshire.

09.39.43 STS-65 08-23Jul94 Columbia. Night pass, SW to NE over Mexico west coast above Mazatlan; across Mexico to east coast, lightning & meteor shower. Spectacular.

09.42.41 STS-48 12-18Sep91 Discovery. Night pass NW to SE w/ lights of Dublin, Wexford, Waterford & Cork, Ireland; St. George Channel & Plymouth, Torbay, Exmouth, Southampton, Portsmouth, Brighton, Dover, Ramsgate, Liverpool, Cardiff, Newport, Bristol, Birmingham, Coventry, London & Chatham...Strait of Dover & Lille, Amiens, Abberville, Rouen, Le Havre & Paris, France. Don t seem to all be there.

09.45.23 STS-59 09-20Apr94 Endeavour. Night pass NW to SE over Egypt & Nile River to Red Sea & Saudi Arabia.

09.48.05 STS-61 02-13Dec93 Endeavour. Night pass Egypt & delta cities & Israel & its cities. Brief.

09.48.28 Night Pass Nagoya to Tokyo w/ Yokohama & Kawasaki.

NASA Logo

Space Exploration; Aerial Photography; Geography;

The Holy Land - From Abraham to Allenby Reel 2

R.2: Men use ancient irrigation and brick-making methods - ploughing with oxen and seeding by hand. Using shadouf to remove water from river for irrigation. Making mud bricks with mud and straw. (forced labour)

06:51:24 Animated map traces the Israelites' route from Goshen to Kadesh; Camel train crossing desert sand whipped by wind - landscape. CU camel s feet. Bedouins make camp - women hammer in tent pegs. Women raising tents. Men in tent eating from communal bowl. Next day, breaking camp - pack camels, one struggling to get to feet. Children strapped into litters on camels back. Antler shaped litters in which sheiks wives travel. Tribe crossing desert.

06:55:50 CU faces of Bedouin man seated. Nile river with cargo boats. Dhows. CU face of film maker ? Nomads getting water from well - consists of four men pulling over 100yds of rope to get one bucket of water. Flock of goats ? wander nearby.

06:56:54 Children playing in pool at oasis. Camels standing in water - animals drinking from pool.

06:57:13 Shot from aircraft mountain range in Sinai. Aerial views mountains.

06:57:57 Model of tabernacle which Moses built at Mount Sinai.

06:58:22 Desert - Muslims (Moslems) praying outside tent. Trial - Bedouin men sitting in tent - Sheikh speaking to accused as others listen.

The Holy Land - From Abraham to Allenby Reel 3

R.3: Animated Map shows Israelites' travel from Kadesh to the Promised Land

Aerial views Akabah ? village of mud huts - railway track through desert (commentary says it is this railway that was blown up by Lawrence of Arabia) Petra. Shot of hills of Judea across the Dead Sea. Avs Valley of Shittim - volcanic plain.

07:01:19 Nomads on horseback - camp beside River Jordan. Bedouin cross river - horses, camels and sheep. Herd of camel crossing river and drinking at rivers edge. Bedou transfer sheep across river by holding onto their ears and swimming with them. AV Oasis of Jericho. Camels at fairly fast speed across desert. AVs Remains of the walls of Jericho.

07:04:24 Waterfall - Arabs ploughing with camel and oxen. Tribal settlement at Mt. Tabor. Camels and sheep. Women gleaning wheat. CU woman laughing. Camels laden with hay.

07:06:39 Village built of mud huts - horse and cart. Agriculture - plowing. Almond blossom. Vines. Man using pickaxe on ground. Street scenes , market - Arab buying wool.

07:07:46 AVs. Plain of Jezreel , Mountain Gilboa, Mount ? and Mount Tabor. Camels sitting. Bedouin preparing camels. AV Fortress of Meggido.

07:08:57 Bedou and camels.

07:08:54 Closer shot Mt. Tabor.

07:09:14 Many Arabs riding camels. Cloud formation. Many Arabs on horses riding at speed. Rivulets of water following storm. Desert turned to mud.

07:10:11 Mt Gilboa AVs.

[United Nations: Israel - Abba Eban Asserts Need For Reciprocal Peace, 01Nov56]

United Nations Security Council meeting, people straining to see. Moderated by French w/ Hammarskjold beside in French w/ English translation. Voting in favor (U.S.); opposed (UK). Yes 7, Against 2, Abstention against. Not adopted due to 2 permanent members voting against. Re-vote due to mistake, same result.

18:34:32 Abba Eban of Israel: This friend is not out to conquer any new territory, but is determined to wipe out the basis of the Sinai wilderness from which murder & death & destruction are launched against her. We believe as we have always believed of our destiny of peace, and for that we are ready now. But it must be a real peace, peace by agreement, peace w/o maritime blockade, peace w/o murdering fidayun gangs. Peace, in short, within a framework of reciprocal regards of the principles of the United Nations Charter. Thank you Mr. President.

Middle Eastern Negotiations;

Israel (19th Independence Anniversary)

Stadium; Premier Levi Eshkol out of car, waves hat. MCU w/ General Dayan & Koenig (?). Crowd filling stadium. Command cars w/ 80mm mortars around stadium interior. Women marching; navy in whites marching & saluting; soldiers marching.

Celebration;

Bethlehem (Christmas - Religious Pilgrims; Santa Claus & White House Christmas Tree)

Rooftops w/ church bell-tower & mosque minaret. Church square, pilgrims into church. Int. grotto of Church of Nativity. Priests celebrating Mass, blessing wafer; giving to another priest. Church tower.

20:11:04 Title: Washington, DC. White House Christmas tree w/ scaffolding around it.

20:11:10 Santa arriving on small motorized car across lawn holding decoration for top of tree. Santa Claus takes ornament & climbs onto scaffold, people look up & Santa on top putting ornament on top.

1967 Holiday Season; Christian Religion; Palestine; Christianity;

[Israeli Air Force GSAP Footage, unknown date]

Many fighter jet planes shot down in target sites from varying distances.

06:36:11 Night (?) More hits.

Probably during Six-Day war.

Palestine: A Nation In Exile (segment of CBS 60 Minutes]

Note: Copyrighted.

Early Russian Material

Fruit picking in orchard - agriculture. Children, young men and women with shovels and farming tools.

00:35:36 Mountains and the sands of Samson - tracking shot from rear of train as goes up into mountains. Cave in mountains, man coming out of entrance. Panning shots over fields / farms.

00:37:20 Jerusalem City - Panning top shot Jerusalem - buildings.

00:38:32 Tower of David

[Early Russian Material]

Fruit picking in orchard - agriculture. Children, young men and women with shovels and farming tools.

06:20:33 Mountains and the sands of Samson - tracking shot from rear of train as goes up into mountains. Cave in mountains, man coming out of entrance. Panning shots over fields / farms.

06:22:14 Jerusalem City - Panning top shot Jerusalem - buildings.

06:23:28 Tower of David

WWI - British War Reviews - Palestine & Naval

Camel train; Turkish POWs rounded up; Gen. Allenby; British troops march into Jerusalem with Turks. British gunboat on the Tigris bombards the Turks; British troops make structure out of sandbags; battleships at anchor; bulldog sticks its head out of cannon s mouth - looks like it s smoking a cigarette. Moosehead presented to the officers by Canadian government. Crew poses - men hold bulldog inches away from cat. King George V with Adms. Beatty and Sturdee; ships at sea.

King George and Queen Mary compliment the survivors of the Zeebrugge Raid; King George rewards officers of the Coastal Patrol and Blue Jackets of the British Cross

Transport ship crosses Channel under protection of Warships and aircraft. German U-boat and battleship [actual German surrender at Zeebrugge?].

[1920s Personalities]

ca Feb22 Joffre arrives Yokohama, Japan, Japanese in top hats on dock greet him out of rowboat & up ramp led by Emperor Hirohito; young girls present flowers. Soldierslined up waiting at Tokyo Station, flags.

11:16:53 05Mar19 - 04Mar21, Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer holds daughter on lap & reads to her. CU wife w/ ornate hat & veil.posing w/ daughter & husband. Note: Known for anti-communist raids.

11:17:27 Albert Einstein outside Erich Mendelsohn designed tower (1921), Berlin, Germany, poses & turns & walks up steps. LS of expressionist-style multi-story tower; MCU of observatory on top; arched windows.

11:18:14 Irving Berlin & wife, Ellin Mackay (married 04Jan26) posing on Atlantic City honeymoon in hotel & outside.

11:18:34 William E., Pussyfoot, Johnson (ca 1920) raids bootleg plant, Sioux City, Iowa during prohibition raid (appears staged) as police break down door & arrest laughing man; carry out copper still. Johnson takes off coat & hat & smashes top w/ sledge hammer as man watches.

11:19:38 George Bernard Shaw visits Prince Paul Troubetzkoy s studio in Suna, Italy; walks up kisses wife s hand. Lake Maggiore & mountain behind. Another man introduced & all sit on wicker lawn chairs w/ dog. CU Shaw (GOOD). Troubetzkoy working on bust of Shaw outdoors as Shaw poses.

11:21:19 Obituary for William Jennings Bryan (died 25Jul25). CU, walking in rain in Washington, DCstops & takes off hat. CU; MCU w/ brother Charles. Speaking to large crowd in Florida. ON Miami, Florida balcony w/ President Harding & others.

11:22:35 Ceremony w/ French VIPS as large painting Pantheon de la Guerre is shipped to USA. Mrs. W.K. Vanderbilt cuts ribbon releasing 500 ft panorama depicting World War (WWI). CU of portions of painting.

11:24:10 National Guard patrolling Centralia, Washington after Armistice Day IWW massacre (11Nov19) in gunfight between American Legion & Wobblies. Cars past patrolling soldiers; kids moved out of street. Troops march up street to police station to guard prisoners, Wobblies held in jail. Ext. of IWW Union Hall, men outside looking in; picking thru debris outside.

11:25:20 ca 25Aug25, Lord Plumer, British High Commissioner of Palestine & wife on reviewing stand upon arrival. Reviewing line of troops.

11:25:49 Ext. of Vienna, Austria government building & military lining up. Overhead shot of crowd of men in plaza & alongside building, raising hats & cheering; walking away. A few women present. Men marching behind man w/ flag.

Celebrities; Germanic Modern Architecture; Popular Music Composer;

World War One material (WWI)

Title - In the Far East. The new star in Bethlehem - British forces enter old biblical city in their slow but sure advance into Mesopotamia. British troops march through arab lined streets. Building high lookout post with sandbags.

World War One - Palestine

Big guns moved through sand of desert pulled by tractor - British troops ride on gun carriages. Indian troops with horses through desert.

17:22:42 In the deserts of Mesopotamia, a spy of the Sultan has fallen into British hands, man questiones by man wearing arab dress watched by British.

17:23:37 Allenby s troops move out from Jerusalem. Camel train through desert. Title - The retreating foe has committed the greatest crime of the desert, destroyed a well. British troops standing around destroyed well.

17:24:33 Title - Shining in the sun, mosque and minret rise in a land freed from the bondage of the Turk. Shots of buildings - British troops with camels in town.

17:25:30 Title - Overhead monster aircraft help to keep watch. AV ships at sea. Dirigibles.

17:26:58 Allenby with French? officer. Gathering of officers. Reception of religious and civic dignitaries following Allenbys entry into Jerusalem.

WWI - British War Reviews

Remains of sabotaged / bombed railway bridge in desert. Supply wagons, British troops walking with horses.

03:41:09 Big guns dragged forward through the sand. Indian troops from machine gun battery walking with pack horses

03:42:35 General Allenby returns to Cairo - greeted at railway station. Troops training in desert.

03:43:30 Bethlehem - British troops march through crowd lines streets.

03:44:29 Desert of Mesopotamia - a spy of the Sultan s in British hands. Man questioned by Arab interpreter.

03:45:29 Cairo - fresh horses and mules put onto freight trains for the front. Troops and horses train in desert.

03:47:27 Title The Desert Battleship - From the captured city of Jerusalem, General Allenby;s fighters move forward in camel caravans to repel the Sultan s forces. Camels through sand dunes.

03:48:07 Well, destroyed by retreating enemy. British troops with Turkish prisoners of war. Confiscated arms and supplies.

03:49:22 Palestine - engineers construct railway track, British and Australian?

03:50:14 Tractor pulling giant Howitzer across desert. Troops in oasis. Mosque and minarets in Jerusalem old city. Good shot Mosque of Omar, troops visible.

03:51:58 British troops question Turkish prisoner.

WWI - British War Reviews

Britain fights for democracy in Palestine. Arabs and British troops load donkey carts with supplies. Arabs drive off. Soldier with camel, puts arm in mouth to show friendliness. Herd of camels drinking at water trough. Troops riding camels across desert.

06:30:22 Long line of cars driving through the desert carrying water for the troops.

WWI - British War Reviews Reel 4 of 6

Remains of sabotaged & bombed railway bridge in desert. Supply wagons, British troops walk w/ horses across floating bridge on pontoons across narrow steam. Supply wagons pulled with teams up sandy road.

04:41:09 Big guns dragged forward through the sand by huge crawler tractors, troops w/ pith helmets & towels. Indian troops from machine gun battery walking with pack horses thru dust, mountains behind; up mountain pass.

04:42:33 Gen. Allenby returns to Cairo - greeted at railway station. Mounted troops w/ British flag at desert camp or base.

04:43:28 Bethlehem - British troops march thru crowds of arabs, Christians, adults & children lining streets.

04:44:29 Desert of Mesopotamia - a spy of the Sultan s in British hands. Man questioned by Arab interpreter beside armored truck.

04:45:29 Cairo, Egypt Fresh horses & mules put onto freight trains for the front. Train pulls out. Troops & horses train in desert. Windmills on dike (?).

04:47:27 Title The Desert Battleship - From the captured city of Jerusalem, General Allenby s fighters move forward in camel caravans to repel the Sultan s forces. Camels through sand dunes in long line.

04:48:01 Well, destroyed by retreating enemy w/ soldiers standing around it. British troops with Turkish prisoners of war. Confiscated arms & supplies.

04:49:20 Palestine - engineers construct railway track, British & Australian? Engine pulling car dropping rails.

04:50:14 Tractor pulling giant Howitzer across desert, gun crew riding. Troops in oasis. Mosque & minarets in Jerusalem old city. Good shot Mosque of Omar, troops visible.

04:51:38 British troops question Turkish prisoner in desert walled compound.

[WWI - British War Reviews] R6 of 6

Flash Title: They re Going Over - The Great British Fleet...guards the transports carrying thousands of English and Americans to France.

15:31:32 Title: Overhead monster aircraft help keep watch.

15:31:38 High angle, MCU various small naval ships below. Dirigible seen over fleet. Camouflaged tanker from above low in water.

15:33:01 Titles: General Allenby/s Entry Into Jerusalem Before the Ceremony. The Commander-in-Chief conversing w/ Commanders of Allied detachments & Attaches.

15:33:15 Allenby talking w/ various miliary VIPs, shaking hands w/ French & English.

15:34:00 Title: General Sir Edmund Allenby...entering the Holy City...

15:34:17 Interior of city wall; enters leading informal parade of other military VIPs past camera, marching troops.

15:35:23 Title: Reading Sir Edmund Allenby s proclamation. Allenby standing on wall aove street w/ others & troops facing him.

15:35:58 High angle of monk or ?? in robes reading from page.

15:36:28 Civilian (?) in cap reading. Military saluting & beginning to leave.

15:36:44 Title: Reception of Religious and Civic dignitaries. Men standing about; Allenby & others shaking hands & receiving various officials: Greek Orthodox, Jewish, Muslim, etc.

Religion; Ceremony; Ceremonial; Dec17; Christians; Jews; Middle East; Triumph; WW1; World War One; Navy; Supplies; Oil Tanker; 1917;

[WWI - Jerusalem Free - Captured by the Allies]

Allies enter Jerusalem. Silhouette troops with bayonets marching along sand. Allenby watches horizon.

Palestine

British troops assembled in street - camels moving out. Street scenes - arabs and troops. Army horses. Troops with turbans on horseback. Horsedrawn ambulances up and past. Street scene, Australian? troops.

03:07:45 Essex Battalion, Royal Horse Artillery and 5th Cav. Div. crossing the River Jorden at Jisr Benat Yabub.

Mayor of El Kuneitra surrenders the town to 5th Australian Light Horse, Maj. General H.W. Hodgeson arrives as CO of the Australian Mounted Division. Brief shot soldier on field telephone.

[Palestine - 1910s]

British troops assembled in street - camels moving out. Street scenes - Arabs and troops. Army horses. Troops with turbans on horseback. Horse-drawn ambulances up and past. Street scene, Australian? troops.

10:07:43 Essex Battalion, Royal Horse Artillery and 5th Cav. Div. crossing the River Jordan at Jisr Benat Yakub. Mayor of El Kuneitra surrenders the town to 5th Australian Light Horse, Maj. General H.W. Hodgeson arrives as CO of the Australian Mounted Division. Brief shot soldier on field telephone.

Middle East. WWI.

[Misc. Shots: Palestine; Hitler; Map, ca 1930s]

SOF Kibbutz dining hall; group singing by piano as men & women listen, singing on chorus.

18:07:45 MOS Man working. Filling flour (?) sacks at long line of shaker machines.

18:07:57 MOS Large millstones turning, CU mixing & grinding.

18:08:09 MOS Women seated at long table picking up diamonds (?) w/ tweezers or tool.

18:08:21 MOS Brief shot of surveyor, camels past.

18:08:24 SOF MS Hitler speaking.

18;08:30 MOS LS Haifa harbor from mountain top.

18:08:44 CU map of Palestine w/ arrows pointing to Jerusalem (?), Tel Aviv, ?

18;09:15 LS village near Dead Sea (?)

18:09:23 CU map of Palestine w/ arrow to Jerusalem.

18:09:30 Jerusalem (?) street scene w/ traffic police at intersection in front of Barclays Bank; pedestrians & busses.

18:09:41 CU map of Palestine w/ arrow to Tel Aviv. Camel train past, art deco buildings behind.

18:09:57 MOS Letters fed thru machine. Women at table w/ pen or tool & ??.

18:10:14 SOF Various shots of Hitler speaking & gesturing.

18:10:32 Hindenburg w/ Hitler standing behind.

18:10:38 LS Village by Dead Sea (again) & people walking up hillside; sheep grazing.

18:10:54 Hitler at microphone speaking (some out of sync). MS Goebbels & other Nazi officers listening.

18:11:39 Camel train & art deco buildings.

18:11:57 Arabs rowing boat w/ crates, freighter off shore.

18:12:03 Israeli man holding cast of jaw & teeth.

18:12:08 Women working at telephone switch board.

18:12:18 LS Large factory of textile looms.

18:12:25 Man fitting women stockings over form of leg.

18:12:34 LS of Haifa (?) harbor over rooftops from mountain top.

1930s; Daily Life; Pre-WWII;

News Paragraphs - Invents Life-saving bumper ! Accident proof device expected to lessen fatalities by 75 per cent (1930)

London, England

Unid. man with model car showing bumpers. Bus or truck doing road test with dummy, approaches body in road, bumper rolls dummy instead over running over. Man throws himself in front of truck, bumper rolls him down road. Men pick man up and all have cigarette.

Inventions, stunts, road safety.

14:13:04 V02 #104 S1-9 16mm MPSA 24fps Si. 24Dec30 Havana, Cuba horse race; Life-saving bumper invented; Actor-cockatoos; USSR first junior Soviet; R-101 blimp crashes in France; 8-story jump to fire net; Gandhi on way to prison; Coste & Bellonte in NYC after flight to US; Italy has worst earthquake.|

14:19:42 V23 #343 S1,2A-C,3-4 16mm MPSA 24fps Si. 13Apr50 Truman welcomes Pres of Chile; Chief Justice Vinson swears in Frank C. Pace, Jr as new Sec. of Army; Franco's daughter married in Spain; Boeing demonstrates small gas-turbine engine for trucks; Summer fashions worn by US college students in Bermuda; Mother throws knives at daughters.|

14:26:43 V23 #366 S1,2A-F,lcl. 16mm MPS 24fps Si. 03Jul50 Tanks in desert maneuvers; Launch rocket as salute to July Fourth; Mining and blasting in Chile; Franco and parade in Bilbao, Spain; Charity party for polio children w/ Mary Martin, Jane Pickens, Jinx Falkenburg and Mrs. O Dwyer; Italian San Paulino festival in Brooklyn; Fire resistant paint tested; Chicago s Fair w/ atomic energy displays.|

14:33:19 V22 #238 S1-3A-C,4A-C 16mm MPS/mag Sd. 11Apr49 Failed rescue, girl found death in well; Corinth Canal opened w/ queen and King; James MacDonald, first US ambassador to Israel; Spanish victory parade on 10 anniversary of Civil War, w/ Franco (Sd); Ike meets with chiefs of staff of the army; Baby swimmers; All terrain motorcycle race in France; Navy children boxing.|

14:40:53 V22 #255 S1A-4 16MPS/mag Sd. 09Jun49 Riots in Tokyo, Japan; Tribute to Franco in Madrid as he opens the third assembly w/ Esteban Bilbao, Spain (Spanish Narration); Third anniversary of the Italian republic; Premiere of Illegal Entry in Washington; West Point graduation; Sammy Mason shows stunt plane flying; Summer ski jumps.

14:48:03 V22 #287 S1-4 16mm MPS/mag Sd. 29Sep49 Navy Power; Psychologists & Illusion; US fleet visits Galicia, Spain & Bullfight w/ Franco and Mrs (Spanish Narration); George Murphy & movie industry pledge faith in Democracy; Yoga Stunts; Rodeo in Madison Square Garden; Gov. Duff statement on Pennsylvania Week.

End: 14:56:15|

[Israel - Misc. Shots Industrial & Agricultural Workers, 1930s]

Four men driving or pulling drilling point w/ large timber. CU faces. Tractor w/ belt drive operator oil or water pump. Men climbing metal powerline tower & attaching wires. CU Sign: High tension, Danger To Life. Attaching lines from tower.

18:49:54 Man w/ jack-hammer; rock quarry, men working, moving larges stones on cart. Camel caravan past electric lines. Man drinking water from jug. Men & women w/ pic axes & sledge hammers breaking stones. Quarry shots.

18:50:45 Man working, irrigation ditch in citrus grove. Man w/ hand air pump; Men watching, taking notes. People working in textile factory, spinning thread; women sewing in garment factory.

18:51:26 Packaging soap.

18:51:30 Construction: excavating, power line tower. Railroad ore cars; slurry. Filliing & stitching large bags.

18:52:01 Int. textile mill, looms; CUs women working. Grinding wheels & slurry. CUs. Pipe & liquids. Man putting blocks of soap (?) into machine. Bars of soap (?) on conveyer?

18:52:47 Construction; excavating, power line tower at mine. Man & woman in library (?) w/ large books taking notes. Chemical laboratory, pouring chemicals. Man at microscope.

18:53:22 Large domed building below ridge, people entering.

18:53:34 Man at large drill in fctory; kids w/ chickens. Women grinding ?? CUs in farmyard. sheep, equipment.

18:54:04 Street scene, pedestrians w/ men looking in window of Kechizky hat store.

18:54:07 Women w/ hay feeding cattle.

18:54:10 Window of Pharmacy w/ Hebrew & English, traffic past.

18:54:12 Sheep & barnyard. Kids & chickens. Woman grinding ?.

18:54:34 Oranges (?) on conveyor; men sorting, men & women wrapping & boxing into packing crates. Packing prunes (?).

18:55:01 Sheep. Straw pile, combine.

18:55:20 Women & men working breaking rocks.

18:55:30 Misc. shots of working, library, typing, studying. Jewish men, irrigation pump & ditch, relating to above.

Palestine; Zionism; 1930s;

Israel: The Story of the Jewish People Pt 2 of 3

[Animation gives way to footage & stills.] Photo montage: early Jewish immigrants to Palestine 1910s. Zionist leader Theodor Herzl. Large group photo. Growth of Jewish community in Tel Aviv following British mandate - Balfour.

07:42:32 Footage montage: street scenes Jerusalme. 1930s? - Arab woman in burkah, Jewish men. Bodies lined up outside WWII concentration camp - emaciated survivors -

07:43:00 Jewish refugees packed onto boats; riots against restrictive British immigration policy in Palestine.

Illegal immigrants forced to turn back by British Navy & at check points.

07:43:30 Refugees in detention camp on Cyprus. British installation bombed by Jews in Palestine.

07:43:51 United Nations meeting, November, 1947 - resolution for partition of Palestine. British withdrawal from Palestine: military ceremony & lowering of Union Jack, troops onto boat. Stills of Ben Gurion proclaiming Israel as Sovereign state.

07:44:24 Jews celebrate in streets. Arab militia firing machine guns - Arabs surrendering after ceasefire. 07:44:55 Feb49 Chaim Weizmann sworn in as President. Immigrants arriving by boat.

07:45:31 Modern-day Israel - luxury liner Shalom in dock, passengers off - street scenes showing new wealth. Street scenes. El Al Israel Airlines plane loaded w/ exports. Artist & scientist at work, churches, ethnic minorities - group of Arabic-speaking Druze people.

07:46:25 Nomadic Bedouins in desert who cared only for their sheep & watering holes . Road construction thru desert.

07:47:11 New town of industrial community of Arad under construction on site of ancient Canaanite city. Worker comes home to wife & young child - VO re importance of educated European refugees w/ idealism of pioneers . Top shot Haifa. Docks & loading & unloading ships. Reliance on imports until Israeli crops sufficient. Farm workers; combines harvest grain - farm laborers pick crops in border territory under armed guard - bananas cut & carried. Kibbutzes & agricultural success - collective workers on truck & picking fruit - VO re decline in numbers of Jewish workers. Indian man working on Kibbutz, wife helping in kitchen but not used to the concept of communal sharing . Continued...

Religion - Judaism; Palestine Police; Farming / Agriculture; Politics; Economics; Terrorism; Class / Caste System; Social Problems; Travelogues - Middle East; Post-WWII; 1960s; Colonialism; National Indpendence;

The City of David

Jerusalem - Damascus Gate - locals walking in street. Arabs street market and camel train outside old city walls. Entrance Jaffa gate from inside and outside city walls. Natives in narrow streets. Two men in uniform. Top shot David Street / market in Christian Quarter. Mosque. Arab selling something in street good CU faces, including young girl. Man wearing fez working on leather. Man softening sheep hide. Camel through narrow street. Merchants loading camels - camel feeding - donkey passes. Street market - natives carrying sacks of oranges. Silversmith - polishing with feet. Using bellows on fire. Al Aqsa mosque. Jews at Wailing Wall

Locals out of gate. Arab on donkey. Top shot and pan over City. Jewish suburb in Western Jerusalem - windmill in distance. 01:54:00 King David Hotel.

Jewish Colonization - Esdraolon or Jezreel Plain

Trucks & cars past camera. LS of arid land with horse team, fences, weeds & settlement along stream or gully. High shot of farm buildings. People working in garden setting bananas & digging for orange trees. Hay baler & pitching brush into it. Young riding on it & tying bales. Watchtower in Ginegar settlement. Chicken coops. District govt. offices at Affule. Ain Harod & kids out of school--lecture in school garden. Living houses in Ain Harod. Laundry; children's house; CU 2 girls. Woman milking in Beth Alpha. CU of various types colonists. Constables (ghaffirs) line up for inspection, with rifles. SIGN Ein Harod-Telyosef (crossroad). Settlement in ls. Ploughing with horse & mule teams in Balfouria settlement. LS Emek from Galilee mts. Nazareth.

Palestine - Agriculture

Ploughing with horses developing wasteland in plain. Hedera, largest settlement in Samaria showing homes, gardens, fields etc with sand dunes. Tractor ploughing field. Top shot orange plantations in Samaria.

05:35:12 Farming scene at Arab farm - ploughing among orange trees, weeding in orange grove, digging irrigation channel. Cows feeding from byre. Cows trot out of shed.

05:36:30 Women picking oranges in one of the largest plantations in Reheboth. Oranges packed into crates. Yemenite boy packing oranges.

05:37:33 Children saluting flag in Ramat Rahel.

05:37:55 Young people clearing ground for planting of trees. Arab shepherd with flock of sheep.

[Pre-WWII - Jewish Refugees, Dutch Israelite Hospital, Amsterdam]

Shots in ward of Dutch Jewish Hospital where victims of Nazi brutality are treated. Nurse bathes man s head wound. Helps another patient. Sign Netherlands Israelite Hospital.

[Appeal to American Jewry by Dr A H Silva of United Palestine Appeal]

Piece to camera by Dr. A H Silva. Stat on need for American Jewry to aid German Jewry in finding exile in Palestine.

Pre - WWII. antisemitism

[Empress of Ethiopia To Palestine] (1938) Calais, France

Black woman in fur coat w/ child and man off ship; re-boarding ship.

[Labor Federation, Tel Aviv; Pioneer Movement, construction of Hanita Settlement, ca March, 1938]

Ext. Labor Headquarters in Tel Aviv, Palestine w/ large group entering.

23:40:08 Int. men & woman working w/ cabinet of card drawers, making notes, checking records.

23:40:33 Over shoulders of man at desk checking workers passbooks. CUs. men, passbooks w/ photographs.

23:41:09 Men & woman reading notices in hallway.

23:41:30 Men entering Labor HQ building seen from inside.

23:41:47 Labor hall restaurant, people seated at tables, waitresses. man eating from plate of sausages.

23:42:04 Large Executive Committee of Labor Federation meeting. David Remez (born David Drabkin, 1886-19May51) presiding w/ Eliyahu, Golomb standing & gesturing as he reports on attack on Hanuta.

23:42:42 MCU Israel Mereminsky, in charge of labor disputes, nodding.

23:42:48 LS of table w/ woman member on left.

23:43:16 Ext. LS Hanuta Settlement men outside of buildings.

23:43:25 View from top of hill, people & cars on road; men lined up, milling about. Loading donkeys; men & women carrying surveying tripod, picks, barrels & fencing materials up hill; pounding fence posts.

23:44:57 Policeman talking to l. to r. David Stern, head of pioneer movement; Julius Simon, President of Palestine Economic Corp, an American company; Moshe Shertok, head of political department of Jewish Agency; Leo Hermann, Dir. Palestine Foundation Fund.

23:45:16 MCU Stern & Simon talking.

23:45:28 Asst. Supt. of Police James Ring w/ British & Jewish policemen. Men carry fencing.

23:45:39 Man signalling w/ flags. Settlers preparing ground for tents & stockade.

23:45:50 MS Abraham Hartsfeld, Director of Labor Federation Settlement Department, digging. Men & women clearing brush.

23:46:05 LS Many small open boats in Jaffa harbor, one unloading.

23:46:11 Rabbi carrying Torah w/ others.

23:46;13 Men building first house in Hanuta settlement. Men & women working on barbed wire fence; tents behind.

23:46:56 Previous night before leaving to build Hanuta. Int. of dining hall; people at long tables. People clapping, singing, folk dancing in circles.

23:47:41 Loading small delivery van of Arab Dairy Farm, Jaffa. Close rear doors.

Zionism; Settlements; Expansionism; Near East; Arab Lands; Conflicts; Politics; Jewish Political Leaders;

NOTE: Filmed March 1938. Hanuta was attacked 12 hours after initial building, resulting in one death & one wounded.

[Palestine - Tel Aviv & Jaffa Dock Scenes, 1938]

View of dock, cranes & warehouse buildings from sea.

20:14:14 View from dock across water to small barges & ships.

20:14:26 Men working on small fishing boats under shed roof; workmen walking about. Man running crane. Customs officers beside stacks of flour bags; men sliding crates of fruit down ramp onto lighters or barge at dock. Packtrain of burros across dock.

20:15:27 View of small boats along dock being loaded. Lumber being unloaded. Men carrying burlap bags on backs up steps of docks. Arab men stacking crates onto boat, police watching.

20:16:39 Arab squeeezing juice at stand on dock.

20:16:47 Small boats at dock. View from crane on dock moving or repositioning. Man at controls. View of Jaffa on hillside from crane. LS of crane, men below loading crates onto wagons. MCU of small boats w/ men on board working.

20:18:09 CU Arab.. MCU of man on boat wearing Corthon Lines Jaffa sweater.

Stevedores; Laborers; Dock Workers; Near East;

[Palestine Arab & Jewish Daily Life, 1938]

Dirt street of Ness Ziona & Ben Shemen w/ people walking, standing. Arabs on left of road, Jews on right side.

20:19:04 Two Jewish women & Arabs walking. Women w/ jugs on heads; men on bicycles & walking past.

20:19:28 Ben Shemen, Junior agriculture village, w/ Jewish young people folk dancing in two lines as others watch. MS facing line.

20:20:17 Young boys & girls at side of clearing playing flutes, drums & orchestra instruments for dancers. CUs.

20:20:32 Boys running & jumpng in swimming pool, various angles.

20:21:00 Girls & boys editing newspaper & printing on mimeograph machine.

20:21:21 Palestine Orchestra in concert lead by Dobrowen conducting last movement of Tchaikowsky Fourth Symphony. MCU violins. Bows, musicians stand.

20:22:58 Pipes at docks of Iraq Petroleum Company, workers eating.

20:23:20 Storage tanks in tank farm.

20:23;37 Workman taking oil sample, measuring oil. Men working on top of tank polishing (?). Man opening large valve. Man filling bottle w/ sample.

20:24:30 Two men walking toward camera, tank form behind. Terminal Superintendent s chart or board.

20:24:52 Cranes on dock; oil pipes on dock w/ men working.

20:25:12 Int. Tel Aviv City Hall City Council meeting w/ Mayor Rokach. Members listen to speeches.

20:25:59 MS George Wadsworth, American Consul-General, in Jerusalem office talking on telephone, writing. talking on phone.

20:26:24 Exterior, leaving office & into large chauffered car.

20:26:37 MS Gen. Wavell greeting Sir Charles Tegart. Others standing talking.

20:26:58 Soldiers drill in kilts (brief).

20:27:02 MCU Sir Charles Tegart, terrorism expert w/ soft hat, talkign w/ Intelligence Officr.

20:27:08 MCU Mrs. Rose Halpern, ex-president of Hadassah & Dr. H. Yasaky, director of Hadassah in Palestine.

20:27:15 POV from car thru Tulkarm street.

20:27:25 Sheep grazing w/ Arab shepherd; camels & burros along road.

1938 Daily Life; Zionism; Settlers; Near East;

[Royal West Kent Regiment - Sahnin & Qaqun Villages, Palestine, Mar38]

Two Arab police stop truck to make up convoy for evening traffic. Army truck past w/ mounted gun in back; car parked waiting. British (?) soldiers out of base in camouflaged vehicle, trucks past. POV from truck n convoy along road from Haifa to Tel Aviv. View of military driver.

20:28:43 Camels & woman or boy on burro along road.

20:28:50 POV w/ military officer driving, turning off road. View of military vehicles on eroded road, in village, driving across field. Arab giving directions in field; British officer & men by vehicle w/ Sahnin village on hill.

20:29:53 Villagers w/ loaded donkeys walk in field past parked army trucks; back onto dirt road. Soldiers unload donkeys from truck. Soldiers standing by trucks, eating & drinking. Load bombs on donkey. Officer looking at map & pointing route. Soldiers back in truck.

20:31:35 Men digging entrance ramp & trucks up. Arab plowing w/ two oxen & wooden plough. Soldiers watch from vehicles in field.

20:32:33 LS of Qaqun Village (?) on rocky hill.

20:32:54 Soldiers w/ rifles march along dirt road toward village. Group of soldiers looking.

20:33:27 Greek priest, Arab VIPs & Major Travers talking on hillside w/ soldiers. MCUs.

20:33:58 Soldiers into Arab village. Soldier searches Arab on hllside.

20:34:24 Soldiers in vehicles past village on hill.

20:34:38 Soldiers run & set up mortar in front of village house.

20:34:55 Arab men sitting outside house making tea (Tulkarm ?). Soldiers sitting in ruins of adjacent house. Arab serving young soldiers tea.

20:34:26 Soldiers signalling standing in front of trucks.

20:35:31 LS village women walking w/ jugs on heads toward village.

20:35:44 Soldiers filling water cups from bucket; standing drinking.

20:36:02 Soldier signalling w/ mirror / heliograph

20:36:08 Troops returning across valley floor; trucks down rutted road (brief).

British Mandate Occupation; 1938; Near East;

[Palestine: British Military, Blast Aftermath; Grounded Ship Overloaded w/ Immigrants & To Shore ca Haifa]

Men boarding train; sandbagged mlitary observation post w/ railroad behind, pan to convoy of British Army trucks arriving thru street of town.

18:06:32 European women & men off. Army convoy around hairpin turn up hillside road; Arab shepard & grazing goats. European family w/ small boy on RR platform; line of Europeans outside building. Activity on station platform, man waves from P.R. (Palestine Railroad) car. Soldiers in engine w/ engineers; crowded train leaving past camera.

18:07:18 Looking out thru revolving door.

18:07:21 Soldiers carry stretcher w/ wounded, load in military ambulance truck. Patrolling empty hilly street. Tracked personnel carrier past.

18:07:46 Bulldozer at bomb blast site, soldiers & people watching; man climbs ladder to men on top floor.

18:07:58 Man down ladder w/ pipe in mouth.

18:08:03 Demolished Officers Club in Jerusalem behind military vehicles. Jewish Agency building in b.g. MS men inspecting blast site. Short woman by tall army officer on street. People lined up, searched by military & passing thru wire gate. (security zone nicknamed Bevingrads ).

18:08:25 Grounded ship overcrowded w/ Jewish European refugees onboard near shore, army on beach w/ soldiers watching. Navy ships beyond & tug attempting to pull it off. Bow of ship w/ many people on deck. View from small boat. Hebrew banner Haim Arlozorov hanging from ship s stack. Helmeted men by ship rail. Soldiers carry sick woman on stretcher along dock packed w/ immigrants. Medic walking w/ woman along dock.

18:10:45 Soldiers alongside & onboard ship. Overloaded grounded ship w/ landing craft alongside & soldiers on shore watching.

18:11:02 Mandate (?) police as bus passes in Haifa streets. CU Barclays Bank Dominion exterior.

18:11:17 Soldiers beside broken glass on pavement from blast. Men inspect destroyed office w/ collapsed ceiling & wall.

18:11:40 Completely filled landing craft w/ immigrants to dock. CU people on board, MS up walkway to dock. Soldiers watching.

Post-WWII British Mandate; Jewish Immigration;

NOTE: Ship Haim Arlozorov arrived Israel ca 28Feb47; but sent to Cyprus.

[Palestine & British Troops, Jerusalem; Bombing Aftermath]

Bomb explosion wreckage on street w/ troops getting people out of rubble; into ambulance truck.

19:04:07 View up deserted streets. British troops stringing barbed wire; military vehicles patrolling. British troops walking; military track vehicle down road. Convoy of track vehicles w/ troops up, past camera. Pedestrians watch; soldier w/ rifle follow two men down street.

19:05:30 Bulldozer moving debris from building after explosion. Good CU. LS of building w/ corner demolished. Soldiers behind rock wall w/ rifles. Laying on ground w/ rifle.

19:06:20 Ladder against demolished wall, man in shorts climbs down.

19:06:34 Man, not Yadin, off ladder.

19:06:40 Military vehicle below bombed site. Treating wounded; removing from wreckage. Troops into building; Orthodox Jews & others walked out & arrested. People lined along sidewalk watching. Searching men; checking papers.

19:08:05 Railroad & people hurry along platform. Sign: El Kantara. People boarding train, looking out window as train leaves.

19:08:26 Grounded ship w/ soldiers watching from shore; view from boat on water w/ people filling deck & banner Haim Arlozorov (ship name). Soldiers on board. Medics carry stretcher along dock w/ injured; others walked w/ bandages. MCU from landing craft to dock.

19:09:05 Building w/ troops around it. CU sign: Barclays Bank (Dominion, Colonial & Overseas). Troops guard doorway. Graphics for explosion. Wreckage on street. Injured & dead removed. Ladder against building. Soldiers searching; arresting; men walked in group by soldiers thru street. Searching men at check point. Troops on balcony, thru streets.

19:11:02 People in line at railroad station. Men saying goodbye to wife & children on train. Baggae on platform. Train leaves. European men walking along streets, VIPs, Arabs shake their hands. Enter orphanage. Girls in uniforms, small children around table; European man in double-breasted suit arrives w/ woman in nun (?) scarf. Overhead shot of kids. CU sign: Department of Health, Infant Welfare Centre. Men leaving onto street & into car as people watch. Motorcade leaves.

19:13:55 Arab shepherd w/ goats, military truck convoy up hairpin turn on hillside. People riding in back of truck. Sandbagged observation post w/ passenger train behind. High angle people getting out of back of army truck. MS People coming & going thru barbed wire check point outside railroad station. MCU. Boarding train car. People into station.

19:14:52 People waving to camera inside very crowed train. CU woman looking for papers in purse at check point. CU kids & mothers on train at window; photographers taking their picture.

Immigrants; Blockade; British Occupation; British Mandate; Terrorism; Refugees;

[United Nations General Assembly Discussing Jerusalem & Voting]

LS towards front of General Assembly. People walk around. Pan up half filled hall.

14:45:19 Clock beneath translating booths: 6:05.

14:45:43 Man standing at mics at front speaking: returns to seat. Trygve Lie & two others in MCU; presiding officer (?) speaking.

14:46:44 Men standing in middle of room talking w/ Gromyko, shakes hands w/ ?? & poses for photograph. Delegates smoking & returning to seats. Gromyko leaving, shaking hands.

[United Nations General Assembly Discussing Jerusalem & Voting]

LS towards front of General Assembly (Spanish sound of presiding officer. People walk around. Pan up half filled hall.

02:49:56 Man says: Page 5, document ?? 298 replace the 5th paragraph of the preamble by the following text: whereas the maintenance of order & security in Jerusalem as an urgent question which concerns the United Nations as a whole . Spanish calls for vote, Sweden yes, Syria no, etc.

02:51:09 Clock beneath translating booths: 6:05. Spanish continues.

02:51:25 Man standing at mics at front speaking (Russian), returns to seat. Trygve Lie & two others in MCU; presiding officer (?) speaking in Spanish gives the vote count.

02:52:07 Man says General Assembly has relieved the UN Palestine Commission...

02:52:27 Men standing in middle of room talking w/ Gromyko, shakes hands w/ ?? & poses for photograph. Delegates smoking & returning to seats. Gromyko leaving, shaking hands.

Voting; 1940s; Palestine Question;

Palestinian refugee camps. CU feet walking in mud, pull back to show food stall; views of camp & rain. Water draining in ditches. Tin shacks; man riding burro.

10:00:08 Titles.

10:00:18 Jerusalem, Old City w/ Arabs moving down stepped lane. View over rooftops. LS, MS Dome of The Rock. Orthodox Jews praying by Wailing Wall. British troops (British Mandate perios 194?) driven thru street in back of truck. British soldier searching arab man on sidewalk, children watch.

10:01:36 British soldiers across street w/ batons & rifles.

10:01:42 Soldiers pick thru wreckage of bomb set on corner, smoking debris. Firemen into buildings w/ fire hose. Bomb damage filling street, men clear wreckage. 1948 Arabs w/ rifles in rubble-like stones on hillside watching.

10:02:32 Side POV along ridge in Jordan , view out from front window along paved road. CU camel, Bedouin tent; Bedouins & Arabs.

10:03:17 LS of valley, camp w/tents across bottom. Other camp & bus w/ arrivals off w/ bags. People carrying bags among tents. CUs people, children, kids. Woman walk w/ parcels on heads. UNRWA trucks. Aid unloaded from airplane into truck. CUs People & children watching. Receiving food in bags, boxes measured out from inside trailer (?), carrying sacks of food. Cement mixer & pouring concrete foundation, asbestos sheeting, men put up houses.

10:06:52 Man writing Arabic script on blackboard in school; kids reciting; woman teacher & girls. Palestine flag.

10:07:10 Women of Al-Fatah, aka Al Fatah movement w/ uniforms & rifles Boys w/ bayonet practicing military training. Crossing rope bridge; men of Al Fatah doing obstacle training in forest thru flames; practicing martial arts. Firing rifles & anti-tank equipment & rifles in canyon. Throwing genades. Troops march w/ city housing on hillside behind.

10:09:34 Boys marching w/ guns & end credits.

1970ca.; Poverty; Stateless; Refugees; guerrila fighters; Middle East;

On The War Front - Palestine (Oct40)

20:32:06 Aerial over large mesa w/ ?? on top.

20:32:11 Air to air of 4 Italian bombers in flight; int. of cockpit. Aerials of bombs exploding close to shore, farmlands seen. Bombs dropping from twin engine bomber.

20:32:29 Heavy black smoke over oil storage tanks; burning petroleum tanks in Haifa seen from air

WWII; WW2; Middle East;

NOTE: Bombing of Palestine began July, 1940. Sound not useful.

[Romanian Jews Refused Entry To Palestine]

At rail of ship, scenes on board. People cover faces, hurry off ship w/ suitcases & brief cases. Board trains.

WWII Displaced Persons; DPs; Jewish Emigration; Immigrants;

[Romanian Jews Refused Entry To Palestine]

At rail of ship, scenes on board. People cover faces, hurry off ship w/ suitcases & brief cases. Board trains.

WWII Displaced Persons; DPs; Jewish Emigration; Immigrants;

[Palestine Fighting Aftermath]

View down shelled street from rooftop w/ sandbags. Couple & soldier w/ rifle below on street w/ household goods, clothes on sidewalk. LS across empty lot, past housing to minaret of mosque.

09:34:24 Soldiers walking toward camera alongside buildings. Damaged window shutter & bullet marked wall w/ minaret behind. MCU Israel flag flying from pole on mosque.

09:34:39 MCU Jewish civilian w/ rifle, CU. Overhead shot of troops marching along street. Man on minaret (?) w/ harbor & housing beyond (Jaffa?). Curly haired man looking across city beyond.

09:34:57 MCU Soldiers removing barricade. Woman & men in suits looking at small cannon on wheels, MCU. Damaged houses. Man looking at book (flash frame CU of German illustration w/ swastika). Three men walk to camera along cactus lined road, houses behind.

09:35:32 Two soldiers & calf on road.

09:35:35 Overhead of bicycles, cars, pedestrians at round-about intersection in city.

09:35:43 Woman buying flowers on sidewalk from arab vendors. People around newstand. Street traffic.

09:35:56 People at sidewalk cafe, pedestrians past.

09:36:00 Woman w/ young boy on stone wall.

09:36:03 Collapsed roof. Men & women soldiers & civilians posing w/ rifles.

09:36:23 Soldiers, sandbagged position & naval ship offshore. MS of navy ship. Jaffa point & buildings w/ tower.

09:36:40 Two soldiers & collapsed building, MCU pointing at sign in English, Arabic, Hebrew: Police. British soldiers shoveling debris into bags. British soldiers standing in street filled w/ rubble; shoveling; damaged street, buildings, sandbags & soldiers smoking. MCU & CU. Walking thru rubble; removing bodies.

British Mandate; ca 1948; Israel;

NOTE: Good quality; mostly brief shots.

[Palestine Martial Law Lifted; Train Attack; Jewish Agency Meet]

Mar47. Tearing up barbed wire barricades in street; gleeful, happy. Soldier thru street; others standing about. Orthodox Jewish kids. Soldier pulling barbed wire; others moving razor wire w/ stick. CU faces.

04:27:00 POV from car moving slowly past kids waving, following.

04:27:22 View of wrecked train (terrorist attack) in canyon from opposite hillside. Arabs (?) Patrol. P 10 R on engine.

04:27:39 Hadassah hospital & Jewish agency delegates incl. Rose Halpern, US Representative in doorway, cars parked. Ben Zvi (later 2nd President of Israel), Dr. Abba Silver (?) & others arrive, Halpern into building. Men acknowledge camera & enter. Sitting at long table.

04:28:01 David Ben Gurion sitting in wheel chair.

04:28:10 British Soldiers holding back crowds; car thru crowd. MCU of faces. Women & men crossing razor wire in street.

04:28:45 Train on tracks in canyon, pan to part of it off tracks.

04:28:55 Ben Gurion w/ men. Razor wire moved & crowd in street. Soldiers on armored car past. Halpern outside building. Arab looking at wrecked train; Arab women past train w/ cans on heads.

04:29:26 Men tugging at razor wire. Train wreckage & views of derailment. Arabs unloading tipped over car beside engine. Men into meeting. Pose w/ hats.

04:30:46 CU sign (Hebrew): Visitors Entrance. Others into meeting include Ben Zvi. Int. shot w/ Golda Meir (Meyerson) at table

04:31:24 LS hospital.

1940s Middle East;

Fight For Liberty [Part 2 of 2]

Battle of the Atlantic scenes cont d. Convoy of supply ships at sea w/ battleship escort; supply ship sunk; lifeboat. German? submarine firing at supply ship. Warship HMS King George V guarding merchant navy. German battleship Bismarck under fire May41. RAF planes in flight above Allied convoy at sea. Lend-lease planes & supplies unloaded & uncrated at dock.

11:02:48 Fighter plane flying over Iraqi desert? Allies guarding fort captured on Middle East oil pipeline. Genearl Charles de Gaulle greets Gen. Wavell. High angle shot Palestine oil depot. Sign Nazareth Town. Allies towards Syria. Signpost in English & Arabic - Jerusalem, Nazareth, Mas-Ha. Free French Forces & British troops in truck & tank convoy.

11:03:34 Wheat harvest in Ukraine - grain supplies coveted by Nazis. Nazi invasion of USSR - burning villages. Red Army military parade. Paratroop drop. Soviet armoured cars & tanks. CU Gen. Voroshilov & others. Battle scenes - explosions - tank advance, USSR bombers over.

11:05:05 RAF bomber loaded at airfield & take off. Bombers in flight - bombs away - aerial views bombs exploding - German anti-aircraft crew - AV wrecked industries, railyard & goods yard. Germans repairing.

11:06:14 Canadian war effort scenes - workers in munitions factory - farming - Canadian warships & coastal defences - troops at military ceremony - Canadian pilots training in England. RAF fighters on training mission. [Ends abruptly.]

Compilation film of varying quality material.

WWII. Operation Barbarossa. Canada Home Front; British Airforce; Allied Effort; North Atlantic; Industry

Chaim Weizmann with Jewish Agency Meeting.

London street corner, people entering building. Door of Jewish Agency, men enter. Sign on building Zionist organisation, Jewish Agency for Palestine. Interior, meeting in progress Weizmann speaking to Mrs Dugdale, niece of late Lord Balfour. Participants left to right Mr J. Linton - Mr Berl Locker, Mrs Dugdale, Dr Weizmann - Professor S. Brodetsky - professor Namier - Mr Bakstansky. Weizmann standing at relief map of Palestine on wall. Meeting continues.

War Emergency Conference of World Jewish Congress - Cuts

Man opening meeting. Dr. Stephen S. Wise speaking re reparations - says Jewish people must inherit Israel. Says Jewish terrorism must be uprooted. People listening.

05:50:30 Dr. Nahum Goldmann making animated speech re WWII being avoidable. Talks of the rights of European Jews to be allowed to settle in Palestine and start a new life. Speaks of Jews who will choose to go back to European homes after the war and restitutions.

War Emergency Conference of World Jewish Congress - Cuts

Dr. Nahum Goldmann making animated speech re 5 million jews massacred in Europe because they had no homeland. Calls for Palestine to be given to the Jews and helped by the United Nations to establish a Jewish state. Calls for Jewish representation in governments. Wide shot conference. Various shots delegates. 06:01:15 Dr Bernard Joseph speaks - presents resolution on Palestine. Calls for the establishment of Palestine as a free and democratic Jewish Commonealth. Appeals to the UN to aid in the transfer of Jewish survivors of the holocaust to Palestine.

06:02:55 Second take re resolution. Calls on the British government to open Palestine to unrestricted Jewish resettlement. Shots of delegates applauding and llistening as told by director. Women delegates. Delegates from Chile.

Jewish Infantry Brigade of British 8th Army 23-29Mar1945

Officers gather round table in wooded area looking at maps. Smoking cigarettes. Officer with monocle.

12:07:55 Top shot jeep driving up mountain road. Officers out of jeep with maps looking at terrain and maps. CU insignia with Star of David. Soldiers loading and firing artillery into mountains. Sergeant drawing Star of David on shell case. Gun fired. Slate in Hebrew and English.

12:11:02 Convoy of armoured vehicles down road. Trucks carrying troops up and past. Soldier on sentry duty by flagpole. Flag has Star of David. CU Star of David on military vehicles.

12:14:52 War graves. Sign Plot 4 Jewish Burials. Two men walk among graves. CU marker for M. Zilberberg, Jewish Bn. Palestine Regiment.

Palestine - Arrival of Jewish Refugees - January 1945

Ship docking, people wave from deck; ambulance arrives.

04:17:19 Police check papers.

04:17:33 People wave from inside freight car; people getting off. Greetings. Nurses help woman walk across platform. Sign on freight car with Bagdad + Star and Crescent on car as it stops in Athlit. People hugging & greeting. Men carry stretcher to ambulance w/ Star of David.

04:19:10 LS of people walking up road from train. Soldiers checking woman & men past & through gate. 04:20:41 Int. Doctor & nurse getting children to strip for disinfection. Washing kids & scrubbing hair. Showering. Examination.

04:23:29 Feeding mostly adults at washtubs outdoors, soup kitchen.

NOTE: Also on LN 501-062 & 220 more complete. BUT this may be better quality.

Post-WWII; Emigration; Immigration; Ethnic;

Palestine - Arrival of Jewish Refugees - January 1945

Ship docking, people wave from deck; ambulance arrives. Military supervising people off gangway. View from within, people past & loading of baggage wagon. Young people on deck passing camera & down gangway. Truck past; people dancing Hora on deck. People leave dock area. Train backing up past people along tracks, many wave from filled freight cars. Sign on freight car with Bagdad on car as it stops in Athlit. People hugging & greeting. Nurses helping some. Men carry stretcher to ambulance w/ Star of David. LS of people walking up road from train. Soldiers checking woman & men past and through gate. LS of refugee camp. Interior & Doctor & nurse getting children to strip for disinfection. Washing kids & scrubbing hair. Showering. Examination. Feeding at washtubs outdoors, soup kitchen.

Palestine - Collective Settlements.

Ls of Jezreel Plain, in foreground in yard of Ein Harod settlement young men and women, leaving for work in fields, jump into trucks. Truck drives off down road. Carts, trucks, tractors and flock of sheep driven down road of settlement . Nablus Plain which is owned by Arabs and where Jews are forbidden to buy land. Nablus Plain with Arabs walking across field with cattle. Long shot of Jezreel Valley - this was once swamp land but is now land of rich settlement. Harvest in Jezreel Valley - combine harvester in wheat field. Sacks of wheat arriving at settlement. Arabs winnowing wheat. Vineyards in Jordan Valley - workers weeding around vines.

Arab workers tending Jewish vines under direction of owner.

Agriculture Kibbutz

Palestine Problem - Announcement of the Sabbath in Tel Aviv

Friday night at dusk in Tel Aviv - Bearded Orthodox Jew playing trumpet to announce beginning of Sabbath. People at sidewalk cafe dispersing. People leaving shops and shop keeper putting up shutters. Wedding party coming down steps.

06:01:44 Morning prayer. Jewish man prepares himself for prayer - puts on shawl - Tefilin. Interior synagogue. Religious men at prayer - rites and ceremonies.

06:03:17 Jewish Passover week in Jerusalem.

Crowds at meeting in front of Hurva Synagogue. Various shots different orthodox Jews and Yemenites.. CU speaker at microphone. Three rabbis singing / chanting and praying for their murdered brothers. Pilgrims walk towards the Wall of Lamentations / Wailing Wall. Omar Mosque and minarets are visible. Top shot Jews at Wailing Wall. Various shots men and women at wall.

06:08:42 Morning Prayer - Tel Aviv. Torah displayed to congregation. Religious ceremony.

Palestine Problem - Art and Music

People entering concert hall. Poster - The Palestine Orchestra with Michael Taube and Pnina Salzman.

Shots of Pnina Salzman at piano and Michael Taube. Good shots hands playing on piano keys (Bechstein Grand)

08:17:38 Several shots people entering Katz art gallery - Poster re inauguration in Tel Aviv by Herbert Howarth of exhibition of sculptures by S.C. Stutzer. In foreground bust of Lord Gort. Howarth and Stutzer stand by sculptures of Hort and Marshall Montgomery.

Palestine Problem - Funeral Service of Henrietta Szold

Various shots exit of procession from the School of Nurses founded by Henrietta Szold and which was built on Mount Scopus, near the Jewish University. Sign over door Hadassah Medical Organisation. Henrietta Szold Hadassah School of Nursing. Two nurses leave building followed by man carrying wreath. Funeral cortege going down to Jewish cemetery at the Mount of olives. Body arrives at grave, not in coffin but on board. Body lowered into grave. Crowds gathered on hillside around grave.

Palestine Problem - Future Development of Tel Aviv

Municipal Council meeting to discuss the future development of Tel Aviv. Mayor Israel Rokach, followed by the secretary of the Mayor s office enter room where councillors are seated. Mayor opens meeting and turns toward plan showing development areas. Madam Doctor Goberskowsky speaking. CU three councillors, Mr Pinkas is in centre wearing skull cap.

09:30:00 Commission of Engineers study plans for new beach, standing on beach - camels walk behind carrying sand for redevelopment projects. Commission and surveyors walk along sand. Trucks arrive carrying workmen and surveyors. They meets up with planning engineers by sand dunes. Commissioners cross temporary bridge over Yarkon river where it meets the sea. Measuring depth of River Yarkon at the point where the Sir Arthur Waucope Bridge will be built - engineers study plans. Bulldozers / diggers levelling sand dunes.

09:33:52 Construction of new homes. Various shots pleasure villas being built in orange grove. Builders working. Finished house, women hang out washing. Making breeze blocks / Sipona Raffinb Blocks used in construction of houses. Laying water pipe. Bulldozers preparing road.

Palestine Problem - Jerusalem

Various shots Jerusalem showing valley - walls ancient city - Temple Mount. LS Modern Jerusalem - Hebrew University - students walk under arches. Top shot old city. Various surrounding countryside - trees. Two tombstones.

06:14:27 Walls of Jerusalem at Jaffa Gate - people coming and going. Selling oranges from stall. Arabs and Jews present. Crowds getting on bus including Arabs, Jews, Nuns.

06:15:18 Jewish Agency building ?. Closer shot doorway. Man leaving building.

06:15:47 Crowds of young people entering building.

06:16:06 Doors of Jewish Agency Building - nameplates The Jewish Agency for Palestine and Palestine Zionist Executive. Street scene - mosque and minaret - army truck down street. Large building - Rockefeller Museum ? Sign YMCA services club. Shot of old Jerusalem with Arabs in foreground

06:17:02 Interior offices - Mr Lowell Pinkerton, consul general of the United States talks with one of his consuls Mr Christian Steger. Secretary enters and gives letter to Pinkerton for signature. Two men continue discussion in front of large wall map of Palestine.

Palestine Problem - Jewish Brigade

Young men and women, some still wearing Yellow Stars, sign up for Jewish Brigade - old man at table going through card file. After registering at outdoor table they enter building, sign Recruiting Department, The Jewish Agency Palestine.

09:13:40 Mobile Jewish Brigade of Tel Monte. Little Police force drilling with arms. Members of this police force wear soldiers uniforms with Australian type hats. Police force and six mounted police march out across fields, in the background is the village of Tel Monte and an Arab working / ploughing with his camel. Police force training / manoeuvres as they run from woods and take up firing positions.

09:15:50 Jewish Brigade inspected by British army sergeant. Cadets on parade ground, CU inspection by British Sergeant. Cadets on firing range, fall onto mats and take up firing position. In the background Rishon Le Zion.

09:17:19 Parade in Sarafan of new Jewish recruits. CU Major W.R. Thomas saluting parade.

09:18:18 Synagogue used as watch tower. Magdiel on edge of Sharon Plain. Jewish policeman patrols on roof of synagogue, looks through telescope. Ground shot of synagogue with policeman visible on flat roof.

Palestine Problem - Jewish University in Jerusalem

L.A. Mayer, Jewish University Rector and prof of art & archaeology in office. Dr. D.W. Senator, administrator, and Ibn Sahaw, registrar, confer. Physics class, students listening, taking notes - teacher writing on blackboard. English literature class. Students touring exhibit. Prof. G. Weil director of Hebrew Univ. Library and others. Math class & manuscript with Einstein's signature. Cancer Research laboratory. Lab technicians working with slides and microscopes (one of the girls has been in concentration camp) . Students entering the lab buildings which are dedicated to Dr. Chaim Weizmann as per inscription.

Palestine Problem - Mikveh Israel Agricultural School

Cows in cowsheds - crossbreeds of Dutch cows and Arab bulls. Cart arriving with fodder. Students going to work in the fields after morning courses - travelling in open cart. Students in botanical gardens - gardening flower beds - sprinkler for irrigation. Teacher lecturing students re tropical plant. Teacher and students at monument to Charles Netter, founder of the school.

05:14:55 Newly arrived refugees at the agricultural school at Magdiel. Students walking down road after leaving Athlit where they had a brief stay. Students walking through orange grove carrying suitcases and belongings. Other students rush out to greet them. Sign in English and Hebrew Educational and Agricultural Institute.

05:15:50 Avanoth School - agricultural school where girls are taught household management. Top shot gardens - students working gardens - tending flowers. Field - student with horse drawn plough. Girls tossing hay which will be used for fodder. Refugees taught how to milk cows. Three older students take new on tour of school - stop at chicken hutch and feed. Kitchens where students are taught cookery skills - cooking for large quantities.

Palestine Problem - Nabi Moussa / Amman, Transjordan

Nabi Moussa Mosque, pilgrims coming out of mosque after praying on tomb of Moses.

06:19:17 Fete - Crowds arriving at Omar Mosque - Flags of prophets - Arabs escorted by police ? British army officer in crowd. More shots Arabs carrying flags. Crowds gather outside mosque. King Faisal gate area. Crowds, children, eating and drinking. Top shot dancing. Women and children. Good shot Mosque

06:23:17 Transjordan, Amman

LS Amman, camels in foreground. Marketplace, overexposed. Street scenes. Police detachments arrive at mosque where Emir prays every friday. LS Arrival by chauffeur driven car of Prime Minister Ibrahim Pasha Ashim and Minister of National Education Sheikh Fihmi (white turban). Arrival of Emir Abdulla Ibn El-Hussein - armoured car and four Cheress cavalry men as escort. Soldiers present arms. Interior courtyard of Mosque, men washing. Muslims (Moslems) kneeling at prayer. Emir leaving mosque following prayers, kisses ministers, smiles and salutes at camera and into car. Ministers leave.

Palestine Problem - Newspapers

Type setting room of Jewish paper Haaretz. Workers composing type using Hebrew lettering overseen by foreman. Proof of first page. Newspapers coming off presses. Editor in Chief and two assistants in office is brought news flash re the death sentence passed on the assassins of Moyne. Passes newsflash to secretary who translates on typewriter into Hebrew. Exterior building - newspapers given to street distributors who ride off on bicycles.

Interior of offices of Press Club of Tel Aviv, journalists being briefed by Moshe Shertock (later Moshe Sharet), Head of Political Department of Jewish Agency. Press leaving building, CU sign Press club.

08:23:25 Conference of Arab - Jewish Press. Messrs Scott, Clyde and Lodge enter room. Journalists take their seats. Scott starts meeting. Shots of journalists taking notes, in front row are seated an orthodox Jew and an Arab. Journalists asking questions - W.M. Clyde answering. CU sign Public Information Office.

Palestine Problem - Police Force

Palestinian police headquarters in Jerusalem. Arrival of car of General Inspector Rymer Jones, shot of Russian church in background as car approaches. Car arrives and Rymer Jones out. Rymer Jones in office, on telephone. J.M. Connell, deputy of Rymer Jones enters room. Rymer Jones, Connell and two assistants have meeting looking at map of Palestine using pointer.

08:28:40 Lord Gort inspects Palestine Police. Shots from window as car arrives with mounted police escort. parade ground with Union Jack flying. Good shots as Lord Gort inspects police on parade ground - then inspects line of mounted police on camels. British soldiers inspected. Police march past, Gort saluting, police / military vehicles in parade past stand. Police march in parade, British navy contingent bring up rear. Gort with police commissioner.

Palestine Problem - Revivim Settlement (kibbutz)

General view of settlement which consists of bell tents. Mail van arrives and young men and women pioneers run to meet it - post distributed.

09:37;29 Drilling for Water.

Shots of drill, Jewish workers overseen by wealthy Arab employer. Closer shots drilling operations. Pump house and well - water gushing out which is saline. Well is surrounded by barbed wire. Working on reservoir and dam.

Aqueduct in Ashdot Jacob (Yaakov) Settlement which brings water from the river Jordan to the settlement. Man in aqueduct cleaning it, shots of Jordan valley behind. Arab with flock of sheep near Roman Aqueduct. Water tower - camel train passes.

Pumping Station - interior pump house - workers open sluices. Pipes which take waters to a canal going to evaporation basins. Water flowing into canal. Opening canal - men swimming in reservoir. Irrigation of fields.

Palestine Problem - Schools

Exterior shots of Herzlia Secondary School in Tel Aviv, pupils leaving school. Ceremony in memory of Nazi holocaust. Top shot playground as pupils formed in ranks - ranks move sideways to form corridor for choir Children salute the flag, Choir singing Hymn of Faith (mos). Young male pupil walks into centre of square and reads the message of Faith and Revenge. CU of oath in Hebrew Palestine Will be Reborn . Top shot pupils perform callisthenics / exercises and formation marching in courtyard.

09:23:32 Bialik School in Neve Sha anan - exterior school with children coming out. Girls doing callisthenics / exercises in playground. Interior classroom, children about 7 years old, female teacher writing on blackboard, children listening and putting hands up. Kids writing in exercise books.

09:25:48 Hebrew class for new arrivals. Shots from back of class as male teacher writes a phrase from the Bible on blackboard. Pupils, older - more like teenagers, repeat phrase in Hebrew (mos). Shot of teacher in front of blackboard with portrait of Henrietta Szold framed in crepe and decorated with flowers on wall.

09:26:59 Tel Aviv Teachers school for Girls. Girls walking and talking in school yard.

Palestine Problem - Settlement in Palestine Mountains

Men and women clearing rocks from field - rocks removed by donkey cart - large rocks placed on improvised sled pulled by donkeys. Drilling rock and placing explosive in holes to break up. Small puff of smoke as rock explodes. Two men removing rock by means of a jack. Workers uprooting tree stump. Yard with agricultural machinery - this is factory where farming implements and machinery are made for other settlements.

05:24:52 Meeting of the executive committee in charge of the reparation of work in the settlement. Meeting during chairmans speech. Discussions - woman asks questions - members taking notes. Smaller group meeting. The executive committe in every kibbutz distributes the following days work schedule. Workers names being put on board, workers come to look at board

05:26:41 Women taking in clothes from washing line - laundry room. New members being given working clothes. Grain elevator in the settlement, cart with hay drives past in foreground. Water tower in Afikim

(kibbutz, collective settlement) - workers walking to dining room - washing hands - kitchens / servery - women preparing food. Tables during meal, eating

05:30:07 Children in playground - kids on climbing frame. Children seated at tables - settlers relaxing in garden area.

Palestine Problem

LS Tel Aviv taken from Jaffa. Top shots Tel Aviv showing residential houses. Young men wearing armbands stop car, driver gets out and shows his papers, scenes repeated, closer. Clock showing 11 am. Street scenes including Allenby Avenue, soldier directing traffic. Pedestrians crossing Rothschild Boulevard. Bus terminal, people waiting, people boarding bus. Men chatting on streets. Bus for Haifa, Hedera, crowd waiting for Haifa bus, people waiting for Jerusalem bus. Buses pull out of terminal . Synagogue in Tel Aviv .

09:06:50 The Cornice of Tel Aviv on Sabbath Day. Motor traffic is forbidden here for 2-3 hours on Sabbath and is traditional place for walking. Crowds walking along, sea in background. Street cafe. Large building. Dizengoff Square, families sitting on benches, fountain. Arab Jewish street market in Jaffa street at the junction point of Jaffa and Tel Aviv. People buying eggs / flowers / vegetables.

Arabs and Jews mixing freely on streets.

09:09:01 Construction of Cinema / Movie theatre. Group of actors from Habima Theatre coming down staircase.

09:10:18 Pales book shop on Allenby Street which specialises in Hebrew translations of classical books.

people looking at books on tables in garden of bookshop.

09:10:47 Top shot poor area of Tel Aviv, Neve Sha anan district where Jews live in wooden huts. Modern school.

The Grand Council of the Rabbinate of Tel Aviv

Two Grand Rabbis are preceeded according to custom by a Kowas who opens the door and leads them to their seats. Other rabbis stand as Grand Rabbis enter room. Grand Rabbi Amiel speaks (mos) . Rabbis listening and taking notes. Two grand Rabbis Amiel and Toledano talking to each other during discussion.

05:14:06 CU Grand Rabbi Toledano speaking, Rabbis listening

05:14:54 Talmud School of the Grand Synagogue of Tel Aviv under the direction of the Grand Rabbi David Prato. Grand Rabbi David Prato and Rabbi Trop (black beard) enter, pupils rise. Pupils opening Talmud on desks. Pupils listen to Rabbi Trop. Y oung Yemenite pupil asks question. Lesson finishes, children closing Talmuds and praying.

05:17:46 Court of Appeals. The President, the Grand Rabbi Amiel, gives permission to speak to heavily bearded lawyer. Modern, clean shaven lawyer speaking. President taps on table. Lawyers and accused men leave. Grand Rabbi and other leave.

Palestine Problem - Announcement of the Sabbath in Tel Aviv

Friday night at dusk in Tel Aviv - Bearded Orthodox Jew playing trumpet to announce beginning of Sabbath. People at sidewalk cafe dispersing. People leaving shops and shop keeper putting up shutters. Wedding party coming down steps.

05:20:31 Morning prayer. Jewish man prepares himself for prayer - puts on shawl - Tefilin. Interior synagogue. Religious men at prayer - rites and ceremonies.

05:22:05 Jewish Passover week in Jerusalem.

Crowds at meeting in front of Hurva Synagogue. Various shots different orthodox Jews and Yemenites. CU speaker at microphone. Three rabbis singing / chanting and praying for their murdered brothers. Pilgrims walk towards the Wall of Lamentations / Wailing Wall. Omar Mosque and minarets are visible. Top shot Jews at Wailing Wall. Various shots men and women at wall.

05:27:31 Morning Prayer - Tel Aviv. - Torah displayed to congregation. Religious ceremony.

Palestine - Collective Settlements. Banana Agriculture - Kibbutz

Desert landscape, foreground young man working on irrigation ditch. Two young omen watering young trees for settlement. Men adjusting sprinkler which water a field of carrots. Sprinklers in action irrigating farmland.

05:29:44 Irrigation of Banana Groves in Jordan Plain. Girl in rubber boots and man irrigate banana grove. In Foreground, workers finishing the building of cement canal for irrigation. In background, Ashdot Jacob settlement (kibbutz).

05:30:20 Co-operative settlement of Shiravim. - men planting banana trees. Erecting sprinklers.

05:30:58 Banana Groves in Jordan Valley - Bananas being loaded onto cart.

Palestine - Water Company Office

Exterior office building. Men entering. Sign re Palestine Mortgage and Credit Bank - second sign Palestine Water Company. Interior offices - men at drawing boards, woman looking at plans. Men round desk discuss plans.

05:33:27 Ruthenberg Electric Plant at junction of Yarmuk and Jordan rivers.

LS plant. River. Sluice gates. Engineer opens gates and enters, danger sign. Head race canal sluice gate opening. Yarmuk dam, gates opening and water flowing into river Jordan. Canal.

Palestine - Draining Flooded Areas

Cars along flooded road between Haifa and Tel Aviv. Trucks down flooded road. Bulldozer and scraper operated by British soldiers deepening drainage canal. Engineers rowing boat at mouth of River Jordan and travelling up river. Engineers surveying ground, using theodolite. Men digging chanel with spades.

05:41:02 Draining operations in Hula Plain. Men laying pipe in drainage canal.

05:42:11 Machinery used to clear undergrowth. Ploughing land.

05:44:04 Jordan River source. Two engineers measure flow. Labourers remove rocks from source. Settlers washing and swimming in river.

[DP Zionist Demonstration, Frankfurt] (Nov/Dec45]

c16Nov or 12Dec45. Paris [No.] 0351. Demonstrators march down street on bleak wintery day past camera. Banner There Cannot Be Real Freedom Without Jewish Freedom . Marchers towards camera in CU, man shouting, cutaways to banner; woman pushing baby in pram between banner bearers. Marchers continue across bridge, factories in BG; banner President Truman Demands Mass Jewish Immigration Into Palestine - God Bless America ; another banner in Hebrew; marchers past looking at camera. Demonstrators assemble in large group, several banners & flags of Israel held aloft. CU banner Open The Gates Of Palestine . CU demonstrators applauding; faces. March continues down country lane. CUs women & young girl.

Judaism - Zionism. Protests. Middle East. Post-WWII; Postwar Germany; Ethnic;

[Yalta Conference; FDR Meeting w/ Ibn Saud & King Farouk at Great Bitter Lake on Suez]

LS of Yalta & Crimean Sea from hilltop, pan across. Elaborately carved stone sarcophagus. Building w/ military man standing in courtyard. ca 04Feb45 Arrival of Churchill & Anthony Eden; saluting them as they enter Livadia Palace. Other military as US army jeep arrives.

10:10:50 FDR sitting on bench between Stalin & Churchill w/ military attaches around preparing to pose for photographers (out of focus).

10:11:16 Title: Along The Lenin Embankment in Yalta . Waves breaking, people walking in distance. Kids pose for camera. Kids on sidewalk before sea wall. Church (dark). US sailors walking, horse cart on road, truck. Local women & kids posing for camera (out of focus & dark). Ruined building.

10:12:35 Title: Landing At Deversoir, on Great Bitter Lake midway the Suez We rejoin.... Aerial over lake & canal. Title: King Farouk of Egypt Calls On The President 13Feb45 Flags shipboard, woman (Ann Boetticher ?) sitting w/ FDR. Farouk arrives & salutes sailors; talking w/ FDR & other Egyptians & US go off.

10:13:49 Title: Late that same afternoon the Ethiopian Emperor, Haile Selassie, calls Up ship walk & sitting w/ FDR (dark), big US flag behind. Title: King Ibn Saud royal Arabian party embarked in a U.S. destroyer, arrive. 14Feb45 Seen on deck w/ sailors. Carpets on deck. Party w/ rifles; US military officers. King Abdul Aziz aka Ibn Saud boards the cruiser as sailors salute.

10:15:49 Title: The Royal Flock Has Now Been Reduced To Two Sailors looking at two sheep on deck in pen. Shots of groups on shipboard. Sheik s bodyguards posing w/ Adm William D. Leahy & others. Ornate furniture on carpets on deck. Ibn Saud talking & gesturing w/ FDR beside military translator. Leahy talking w/ other members of party. MCU of body guard kin brocade robes.

10:17:31 Title: The ceremonial coffee server performs Pouring coffee to arabs seated along railing of ship. Small Dhow on water coming alongside; military watching as crates & chests off-loaded onto Dhow.

WWII Middle East Diplomacy; Conferences - Yalta; Ethnic Customs; Palestine Question; Argonaut Conference;

[Palestine, ca 1945 - Refugee Camp; Police Training & Reviewed By British Officer]

Ca Feb45 per card. Woman passing thru check point gate w/ British & UN (?) soldiers counting. CU & MCU. Several boys. Separate line of men. Refugee camp seen; men carrying bundles & small suitcases. LS.

15:24:13 Nurse & doctor inspecting yung girls who modestly take off outer clothes & shoes; put them into bag. Naked girls hair washed in bucket w/ soapy water & in shower by nurse.

15:26:09 Bare-chested boys walked in by doctors; hair checked by nurse. Doctor checking w/ stethoscope; checking throats.

15:27:02 Soldiers watching as men & women served soup at outdoor tables; silverware & cups handed.

15:27:33 Navy & Army troops at attention. Uniformed men w/ rifles march out of gate past sign in English, Arabic & Hebrew: Palestine Police & Training Service. Barracks in backgound.

15:28:08 Police on horseback leading & following car, photographers take pictures. Stops & British military officer out, walks; on review stand & salutes troops. Reviews mounted troops; walks past police at attention w/ police officers. MCU.

15:30:03 Salutes mounted Arab (?) Camel Corp. MCU reviewing army troops. Police cadets (?) march past saluting officer. Armored cars past.

15:31:25 Int. of Police Headquarters & officer arrives, helped off with coat by elderly assistant; sits at desk. Picture of King George on wall behind. Dials telephone & talks in CU. Four officers at map of Palestine, pointer & pointing.

Middle East; Colonialism; Refugees; Immigration; Jewish Immigrants; British Occupation;

[Arab Legion Training Camp & British Officer, Head of Training, ca 1945]

Men on firing range lying down, practicing shooting rifles. Others standing behind; military vehicles in background. MCU firing, reloading rifle.

20:47:41 British officer in Arab headgear talking to Bedouin soldiers. CUs.

20:47:50 Bedouin soldier radioing message from truck transmitter.

20:48:00 Light tank maneuvering; other tanks. Two long rows; men run & climb aboard, drive out.

20:49:34 MCU Colonel Fallon, camp commander, giving orders to Bedouin. Bedouins in front of tanks; turn & climb aboard.

20:50:13 Road & tanks passed. Arab family w/ camel walking along road. Tanks & trucks past.

20:51:15 Arab Legion s Infantry in full uniform w/ rifles w/ marching band leading along road. LS on road.

20:53:22 Arab sign. Troops marching thru entrance gates into headquarters.

20:53:42 Int. Army Legion HQ. Commanding officer s office w/ name above door. CU sign. Sheik Dahir Diab Alfaiz, Chieftain of Beni Sakhar enters office; MS of Alfaiz & unid. British officer. CU Sheik.

20:54:16 MS J.B. Glubb Pasha at desk; his assistant Colonel R. Broadhurst comes in & they talk. MCU.

20:54:57 Glubb Pasha & Broadhurst down building steps & Glubb Pasha into car.

British Mandate; Arabs; Palestine; Military; 1945ca; Near East;

NOTE: Glubb Pasha formed the Desert Patrol in ca 1931.

[Jerusalem Visited by Religious Leader; Ancient City Walled Square ca 1945]

Motorcade accompanied by military on white horses through Jaffa Gate in old city of Jerusalem watched by Arab men lining street, followed by crowd. Stop & religious leader in robes out of car, walking formally towards camera accompanied by British High Comissioner(?).

15:01:11 Overhead shot of square inside ancient walls; crowd milling.

Religion;1940s;

[Palestine ca 1945, Ben Gurion & Weizmann Speaking; Meeting; Agriculture; Sherry Bottling]

Ext. People lined up entering movie theater w/ police & soldier standing. Poster for Orson Welles & Joan Fontaine in Jane Eyre.

15:01:39 Ext. MCU man checking identification papers of men & women.

15:02:14 Int. Side view of men standing w/ hats on speakers table & crowd in front; turn as ?? enters. David Ben Gurion standing speaking (MOS).

15:02:51 View towards dias w/ large Israel banner hanging behind & picture of ? partially seen. Chaim Weizmann stands & reads speech, Ben-Gurion seated next to him. CU. MCU of Rabbis (?) & others listening. Weizmann sits; Ben-Gurion standing speaking (MOS).

15:04:28 MCU & CU of men in audience listening; some women. Man picks nose.

15:04:57 MS men & women sitting in large room w/ hanging light bulbs lighting, floor covered w/ wine bottles; men inspecting; women gluing labels. CU man packing bottles. CU Young woman labeling. MCU labels: Carmel Sherry. Placing on bottles.

15:06:32 Int. office w/ ten men & one woman seated at L shaped table; several men enter & seated in front at desk, one stands in front of map to conduct meeting; gestures to map, MCU.

15:07:25 Woman stands & speaks (MOS), picture on wall behind.

15:07:57 Men at table speaking, smiling.

15:08:20 Men & women working in field, digging & planting; orchard behind. Donkeys pulling plows. Arabs? hoeing, pruning a man instructs.

15:09:51 Men & women picking, wrapping & packing oranges or grapefruit in orchard; nailing crate.

Jewish Middle East; 1940s Agriculture; Zionism;

08:00:18 Title: News From England

08:00:23 Title: Operation Pluto - Continuing Network To Supply A.E.F. over map illustration, London to France. Pan over cliffs at edge of English Channel.

08:00:50 Dummy resort disguised pumping station w/ buildings & signs for golf course; Brown s Ice Cream; suburban houses.

08:01:10 Int. pumping station w/ valves. Man running machinery to wrap steel pipe w/ tape & tar then wrapped in wire & tar over that.

08:01:52 Tugboats w/ huge roll of piping laying off the pipe from the floating reel or drum. HMS Conundrum was name of cotton reel used. CU pipe, floats & markers & reel. Map showng overland pipeline to Belgium & Eindhoven, Holland. Men attaching pipeline on beach.

08:03:04 Soldier on telephone control. CU of pumps working. Tanks moving w/ troops following. Swish pan

08:03:31 FIDO Fog, Intensive Dispersol Of. Fog raising from countryside. MCU of flame at end of pipe on ground; ground ignited below tube & burning to lift the fog. Aerial of airfield w/ flames around it on edge of English Channel; Bomber airplanes landing over & POV from landing plane. Crew on ground in front of plane.

08:05:17 Title: India. Repatriated Prisoners. At ship rail. Richard Casey, Bengal governor, & officers boarding ship in Calcutta to greet after liberation by Japanese in Rangoon. British, American, Chinese & Indian. Some on stretchers carried off ship into ambulance. Starved. Nurses & others attending,

08:06:51 Title: Jerusalem. King s Birthday Parade. Line of troops; dignitaries w/ Field Marshall Lord Gort of Palestine & Transjordan (31Oct44-29Nov45) reviewing troops in front of YMCA, tilt up, crowds watch from street and roof of Shell service station. Tanks, personnel carriers, artillery in line. Nurses, priests & others watch marching troops. Woman taking still picture.

08:07:59 Seated dignitaries. Other shots. Liberator bomber fly-over. Scottish troops marching. Arabs watching. Shot from high angle. Riders on horseback w/ Arab police. People on top of ?? domed roof. Mounted troops w/ pennants. Camel Corps. Applauding military. Flags on staff in breeze. The End.

WWII Inventions; Camouflage; Petroleum; Oil; Gasoline; Ceremony; Royalty; Near East; 1940s; 1945; Celebration;

[Palestine town life & Arab market, 1945]

Road junctiion toward Syrian & Transjordanian borders, sign. Buses past, arabs walking.

19:06:55 LS Cattle across desert. City, St. John of Acre, across water (?). People on beach in swimming suits. Street, women walking toward Abdullah Pasha Jazzar Mosque, men w/ carts.

19:07:49 Jazzar mosque w/ old market square in foreground. MCU Teachers walking & talking in yard of mosque (educational center); students past. Closer shots of same repeated.

19:09:01 High angle of street w/ people walking about. Arab cafe, men seated in shade; CU laying backgammon, aka trictrac. Young Arab reading mail as others watch.

19:09:51 Camel caravan thru street, boys, men. Narrow street of stalls & activity buying & selling.

19:10:16 Arabs listening to large consol radio in coffee shop. CUs.

19:10:54 LS crowd watching sports by wall of city, people sitting & standing on ramparts. Closer shots of people moving about.

19:11:29 Sports groups parade, marching in uniforms behind band in street.

19:11:55 Woman in heavy black veils w/ childen walking past, some w/o.

19:12:05 Sports groups parade by partially collapsed ramparts. Heavily veiled women & girls. CU groups of women & men standing, talking; some beside bus.

19:12:57 LS Small town of Djenin w/ valley beyond & hills in background.

19:13:19 Pedestrians in entrance to town, car past.

19:13:35 LS cattle grazing in distance; town of Nablus on hillside. Scenics from hilltop. Several shots of men walking on hillside, Nablus beyond.

19:15:09 :S Khalissa Arab cattle market. MS earthenware pottery sellers on ground. CU woman & children w/ jug, talking. Sheep & goats, men talking. Meat hanging outside butchers stall. Cooking. People eating from skewers. CUs.

Near East Daily Life; 1940s; 1945; Food; Islamic Religion; Moslem;

Foreign Affairs - Palestine

Jan46

Aftermath of police headquarters bombing in Jerusalem. British policemen patrol. Empty street.

Post WWII - UNRRA displaced persons camp activities

UNRRA Admont camp. Men marching out with shovels from under sign in Hebrew. Tending gardens, men & women, with mountains in background. Men walking down road with camp barracks. Men walking past camera with several military men, stop by camera and talk. Woman in uniform and little girl. Kids sitting by fence, others playing. Laughing kids, singing. Older children at desks outdoors and teacher, writing at desks seen in MCU. Woman at blackboard writing in English re Palestine. Man and woman looking at bulletin board.

DPs

Two Thousand Years Ago: The Synagogue And The Passover

A reconstruction of life in Palestine in the time of Christ

People in costume walk thru narrow streets; people meet & talk. Men into synagogue & w/ sons. Women above look thru window & lattice. Prayer (SOF)

22:00:55 Ceremony of Hazan opens Ark & removing scroll of parchment; touching w/ tassle & kissing . Unrolling & reader in pulpit & translated.

22:07:09 Leaving & father greeting younger son.

22:07:46 Gathering of travelers in Jerusalem for the Passover. Greeting in square; sleeping in stables. Camping w/ tent & cooking in open.

22:09:50 Ceremonial drinking of first cup of wine; washing & drying of hand. Eating meal around table. Serving lamb. Singing. Prayer. The End.

Religion; Jewish Religious Ceremony; Re-enactment;

News in Brief - Five Dead in Terror Blast

British soldiers and police clearing rubble of police station near Tel Aviv which was blown up by terrorists killing five policemen. Bomb crater in road. Bomb damaged building - demolition of unsafe walls.

UN Ponders Palestine Problem / Cairo Haifa Express Blown Up

Flushing Meadow - exterior of building. Interiors - United Nations meeting in progress. Dr Oswaldo Aranha, President of the session. Assembly seated.

02:17:43 Palestine - Terrorist attack at Rehovoth - Cairo to Haifa express blown up and derailed. British soldiers looking through wreckage of train. Eight dead and 41 injured. Injured Turkish woman mourning over body of her 3-year old son. Injured carried from train. Wreckage.

Martial Law in Palestine

Top shot Jerusalem. British armed forces patrol streets (Tower of David outside Old City in B/G) - military vehicles - armoured personnel carriers. (imposed after Goldschmidt House bombing). No Entry sign with barbed wire. (the security zones were nicknamed Bevingrads by the local population). Soldier checking identity. Woman allowed through barricade. Soldier from South Lancs. regiment searches man. Car stopped at roadblock. Soldier with gun in sandbag gun emplacement. Silhouette sentry by barbed wire. Troops at dusk.

Terror Grips Palestine

Jews leaving Palestine - papers checked - boarding trains at RR station - smiling as train pulls out.

07:13:31 Beached transport ship carrying Jewish refugees near Haifa. Soldiers watching from beach. Immigrants on board ship, injured removed on stretchers. Immigrants transferred to other vessels to await deportation to Cyprus.

07:14:14 Exterior Barclays bank in Haifa after bomb attack. FX explosion - immediate aftermath of terrorist bomb attack on Officers club in Haifa. Rubble - men helped from building - wounded on stretchers. Sign on ground NAAFI Goldsmith. Bomb damaged building.

07:15:05 Leaders of extreme groups including Stern gang arrested by British soldiers. Jerusalem - Prisoners searched by troops before being put in compound to await deportation. Troops laying barbed wire - troops on balcony. Deserted street.

Martial Law Lifted in Palestine

Aftermath of terrorist attack on train outside Jerusalem. Armed crewmen inspect hole where explosion occurred. Train off tracks. Exterior Hadassah hospital in Jerusalem where Jewish leaders are gathering. Men arriving by car - members of the Jewish Agency Executive including Rose Halpren, US representative. Dr. Abba Silver waves to camera. Delegates seated round conference table. President Ben Gurion in wheelchair at meeting.

07:17:07 Jerusalem Martial law lifted - British soldiers remove barbed wire. Crowds on streets.

World Focus on Palestine

British troops on street following terrorist bomb attack on Department of Labour building - injured removed from building. Unsafe walls torn down. Troops search amongst rubble. Small crowd civilians watch. Jewish men searched on streets before passing through barbed wire roadblock. Narr refers to jewish extremists (re Stern Gang and Etsel).

07:20:00 Refugee ship Runnymede Park returning illegal immigrants to France. DPs on ship refuse to disembark - emergency food rations, French bread, wine etc. sent to ship. Women and children in need of medical attention taken ashore. Injured on stretchers into ambulances.

US - Russia Back UN Plan for Holy Land

Two former US vessels carrying Jewish refugees arrive in Haifa. Immigrants on board ship hold up dead baby which had suffocated on over-crowded ship. Refugee being deloused. Jews disembark including women and small children. Sick carried on stretchers. Refugees transferred to other ships which will deport them to Cyprus detention camps.

07:21:56 Lake Success, New York, United Nations meeting in progress. Herschel Johnson states US stand backs partition - calls for UN assistance. Meeting in progress

[Runnymede Park off Port de Bouc, France ca Aug47 ]

Three ships outside harbor entrance. Runnymede Park and probably Ocean Vigour & Empire Rival seen from boat. Army truck & people ashore; stacks of boxes & suppleis w/ men loading them into landing craft from truck. Soldiers or police watch. Landing craft w/ supplies. CU inspecting note or letter in small cheese box. French soldiers or police on dock. Small boat & men in suits; and others aboard small boat leaving dock.

16:11:15 Small power boat out, CU of man in pith helmet between others. Runnymede Park from small boat & landing craft w/ supplies approaching it. Two small boats circling it. Woman on ship s deck by rail. Men in pith helmets boarding from gangway alongside as women watch. Men w/ packs crowd into ship. Emaciated man carried on stretcher & woman helped off ship (?).

16:12:22 CU bow of ship w/ Runnymede Park. CU Several people on ship waiving, man in pith helmet waving, woman shielding eyes in wind. People on small boat & man taking pictures of ship in distance. Journalists writing notes; emaciated man lying on boat floor. People on shore watching. People walk ashore w/ bags of possesions; men watching. Woman helped by woman & man. Young man has papers checked by soldier & turned back.

16:13:32 Night & people boarding Runnymede Park. Men staning looking; ambulance leaves.

16:13:42 POV Small boat on water around hull of Runnymede Park. Side of beef into small boat.

Note: Ships had been refused landing in Palestine by British, then returned to France, finally went to Hamburg where British forcibly unloaded passengers.

Post-WWII; Jewish Exodus; Immigration;

[Palestine & British Troops, Jerusalem]

LS of Jerusalem, Arab up hill past camera. High angle, British armored vehicles along street past Old City. CU sign: No Entry & barbed wire. Mixed group of people waiting behind barbed wire. CU British soldier & checking woman s paper. MS searching man. View thru barbed wire, soldiers stopping car. Soldier w/ machine gun behind sandbagged observation post, view from inside.

18:56:41 Night & checking papers. LS Jerusalem w/ Arab up hill past camera. MS donkey on path, tilt up to Jerusalem across valley w/ YMCA tower & King David Hotel. Telephoto shot. Road alongside Old City. Arabs & trucks alongside road; standing & kneeling beside base of wall praying to Mecca. Entering Old City thru Jaffa Gate. View inside. Overhead shot of British military vehicles thru street below.

18:58:33 POV from on top of military vehicles thru streets toward Old City. Ground shot w/ vehicles past. Vehicles down road; up road in opposite direction.

18:59:32 MS Arabs sitting drinking tea, smoking hookah pipes on rocky ground. Talking.

18:59:50 LS out archway of Scottish marching bagpipe & drum band. British troops marching single file past.

19:00:13 MS people single file past British soldiers at barbed wire check point, people waiting. Men searched, frisked. CU checking papers. Soldiers checking under hood of car & inside. Policeman directing car thru checkpoint. POV from checkpoint; cars waiting.

19:02:11 CU sign: No Entry; Entrance to H.Q. 9 Inf. Bde HQ E. Pal (East Palestine). CU soldier checking papers. British soldier w/ machine gun behind pile of rocks next to road, joined by rifleman who knocks over some of the rocks.

19:02:35 View from inside revolving door. Army vehicle thru street in Jeruslaem. Dusk & patrolling, checking papers, frisking. Military vehicle w/ headlights; troops patrolling.

British Occupation; British Mandate; Guard Duty; Peace Keeping; Curfew;

Orphans Admitted to Haifa (1947)

Palestine

Shipload of Jewish orphan children arrives in Haifa from Cyprus. Ship coming into dock, kids wave from behind wire cage. Ships name E . Comfort. British (?) soldiers on board. Young women off ship. Young women nurses wait by ambulance w/ Hebrew lettering. Children, some injured, leaving ship, given food. Children eating & wave from bus.

WWII Refugees; Relocation; Resettling; Middle East;

YBS - Founding of Israel

1947 - Jewish refugees from Europe on board ship attempting to land in Palestine. Sign United Nations Palestine Commission, UN in session. Jewish troops routing Arabs from Haifa, bodies on ground. Negev desert area, Arabs rounded up and taken prisoner.

15:26:38 Tel Aviv, David Ben Gurion arrives by car for installation. Jewish soldiers present arms. Israeli flag flying. UN soldiers with Israelis waving white flags as they retrieve dead from battlefields.

15:27:13 Dr Chaim Weizmann with wife and others wave to crowds. UN in session, Arab members walk out when Israel admitted to UN, empty seats. Abba Eban in UN. Israeli flag raised.

United Nations - Austin Reads Letter re Palestine

? at table talking about proposals that have not yet been submitted to Security Council. ...statement adopted by Jewish Agency for Palestine & National Council of the Jews of Palestine which meet on March 23rd. Express concern with US actions in UN re Palestine. Says Jewish state will be glad to co-operate with Arab neighbours.

Middle East

[United Nations Meeting On Palestine]

Walter / Warren Austin speaking to United Nations Security Council on Palestine partitioning and problems; Security Council urges UN to take steps necessary to bring about cease-fire. US wants temporary trusteeship established until Arabs & Jews can solve their problems. Wants Security Council to call for special session of UN. 1. All parts of plan must be carried out. 2. Further steps must be taken immediately, towards this end establishment of UN trusteeship. Calls for special session. 3. Security Council should instruct Palestine Commission to suspend its efforts to impose the partition plan.

United Nations Security Meeting on Palestine

Jewish Agency representative speaking re mandate in Palestine and the future of Jerusalem. Pan round other delegates. Israeli man speaking of atrocities committed against Jews in Jerusalem by Palestinians. British representative speaking re mandate and evacuation of British troops from Palestine. Warren Austin speaking re draft resolution 204 calling for truce in Palestine - objective is to save human life - calls for cessation of hostility. Votes taken re resolution on Palestine / Jerusalem and Jewish State - motion carried.

Israeli Army Troops Reviewed

Exterior building / barracks? Troops on parade ground - drill - present arms. Inspected by ?. Soldiers at checkpoint, civilians have papers checked. Jerusalem? Aftermath terrorist attack? bomb damaged building, crowds as rescue workers bring out body.

Jewish Refugees in Palestine

British soldier lying on beach - grounded Jewish refugee boat - beached belongings. Jewish refugees, some huddled in blankets. Dancing Horah on beach watched by British soldiers. Checkpoint - Nobody allowed beyond this point . Refugees queue. British army officers

06:14:19 City shots - CU faces - people selling belongings on the streets. Pedestrians - bicycles. Many close shots smiling faces.

06:14:59 Refugee camp / compound ? crowds watched by British army. Dancing Horah. Armed troops. Young men walking through sand escorted by armed British troops. British officers on beach - grounded ship. Cuts. Man folding clothing. Headlines of The Palestine Post Newspaper. Tel Aviv Outlawed - Martial Law . Barbed wire on streets - British army presence. Queues stretching down street. British soldiers smoking. Man helps blind refugee.

06:18:52 More city scenes- horse drawn carts - street traders. Woman gets shoeshine. Shops - flower seller. Tracking shot through street lined with crowds.

06:19:56 Army checkpoint - army officer giving orders ? Officers into building

[Attlee Opening Remarks At Conference Attended by Arabs On Palestine]

Ext. Tilt down columns of stone buliding to parked limousines of delegates; people walking.

23:48:08 SOF Int. w/ Attlee, Bevin, Arabs & others entering room; large circular table w/ papers.

23:48:20 Attlee: Your royal highnesses, your excellencies, gentlemen...to welcome to this conference, the representatives of the Arab countries of the Middle East...have watched...the Arab National revival.

23:48:55 ...it is my ernest hope...a way may be cleared toward some acceptable solution of this intractable problem. I need hardly tell you how much His Majesty s Government deplore the state of unrest & disturbance into which Palestine has been plunged to the detriment of the interests & happiness of every community, and indeed of every individual there. You as statesmen know, that no conference can achieve anything if those attending it have made up their minds in advance & are determined to adhere to preconceived opinions. And a matter of this kind, where a great cache of interests are involved, there must be give & take. It is only along the path of negotiations where all views are respected, weighed & taken into consideration, that we can hope to emerge into the daylight.

23:49:58 You & your peoples w/ us & the peoples of the British Empire. (Applause.)

23:50:11 Shots of speech & CUs.

British; England; British Mandate; 1940s; Negotiating; Peace Negotiations; Near East;

NOTE: May be 24Jan47.

Ceasefire in Palestine

Israeli soldiers with grenade launcher - troops looking through binoculars - field telephone. Badge on uniform showing war correspondent. Soldiers smoking cigarettes. Ground to air - plane flies over. Civilians clearing up after fighting - house with bullet holes - pan over settlement / kibbutz ? bomb damage. Man feeding calf. Men cutting bananas - cooking in field kitchen. Jewish troops wih machine guns, not fired. Jewish men with donkey cart carrying milk churns. Officer on field telephone. Delousing. Plucking chicken

06:30:18 Arab prison / internment camp - prisoners through gate carrying bedding etc. Arabs wearing uniforms with diamond patches - barbed wire and watchtower.

06:31:14 Cutting bananas - digging trenches - various shots camp and prisoners. Israeli officer questions Arab.

News In Brief - Israel - Prisoners Returned

Top shot city with damaged building. Soldiers look out from behind sandbags. Soldier using binoculars. Soldiers sitting on artillery / field guns. Prisoner exchange overseen by Red Cross. Injured helped. Convoy led by Red X car along road.

Middle East War

News in Brief - Palestine

Israeli flag flying. Fighting along the Negev front. Soldiers shooting - machine gun. Bodies. Egyptian prisoners of war who had attacked Israeli food convoy CU faces.

Middle East War

Palestine - New Jewish State Formed Amid Strife

First picture of the battle for Haifa, which was won by the Jews after a two day seige. Pan over city. Jewish troops in lorry. Jewish troops patrol streets with guns. Soldiers searching bomb damaged building. Troops search surrendering Arab. Refugees - women with belongings in push chairs. Palestinian woman holding child speaking to camera (mos). Bodies on street. Armoured car down street. Two young soldiers holding out Israeli flag. Shots through barbed wire.

15:15:02 US recognition of Israel in announced to UN delegates (MOS). Delegates listening and shake hands.

15:15:42 Crowds gathered outside building in Washington to watch young boy unfurl flag of new Jewish state. Crowds celebrate, dance horah.

State of Israel Formed

Crowd gathered outside buidling in Washington to watch young boy unfurl Israeli flag.

News in Brief - Count Bernadotte

Count Bernadotte leaving New York for Rhodes to supervise UN Security Council truce in attempt at settlement of Arab-Israeli war in Middle East. Bernadotte and wife pose on aircraft steps.

Strife & Death In Palestine: UN Headache

VS UN Security Council meeting; CU sign United Nations Palestine Commission ; US? delegate speech ...the United States will be ready to consult under the charter with a view to such action as may be necessary to maintain international peace...not to enforcing partition .

Strife & Death in Palestine - U.N. Headache

VS ship at sea w/ Jewish refugees packed onto deck and in bunks - smiling faces - people brush teeth, shave etc. Man looks through binoculars - refugees run to hide below deck, man puts child under tarpaulin. Refugees look up as planes fly over. Navy warship approaches. Refugees climb out of cargo hold; sick women lay on deck, wrapped in blankets. Warship alongside, UN personnel climb aboard. Refugees fix banners to ship - Hagana Ship Unafraid . Ship in dock - refugees taken off.

NB some of the footage similar to scenes from The Illegals by Meyer Levin.

Middle East.

NB Some of the footage similar to scenes from The Illegals by Meyer Levin.

News In Brief: Palestine

VS city street filled with smoke - firefighters at work among rubble of bombed buildings - civilians help search for survivors and salvage possessions. Bombed out cafe w/ sign Brazil Coffee . Injured baby w/ bandaged head in hospital cot. Men and women form human chains across road leading to bomb site.

Terrorism. Middle East.

Strife & Death In Palestine: UN Headache

VS UN Security Council meeting; CU sign United Nations Palestine Commission ; US? delegate speech ...the United States will be ready to consult under the charter with a view to such action as may be necessary to maintain international peace...not to enforcing partition .

Passport To Nowhere R2 of 2

Jewish camp Nili Hachshara , on Julius Streicher former farm at Pleikershof. Israel flag on roof top; Agricultural students learn farming, field plowing, sew seeds. Ext. another shelter in former barracks & apartments; people look out the windows, men debate outside the building.

21:54:46 Int. shelter hall divided w/ wooden panels into small cubicles; family in their cubical. Men in collective bachelor quarters, play cards, read; people in the crowded room.

21:55:27 Polish DP s built shelter in Germany s woodland; people in the yard, blacksmiths in their workshop make axes; electrical engineer & other professional skilled workers busy in their workshops; incl. woodcarvers, welders, metal smiths & others, all w/ workshop production on display.

21:56:29 Baltic state women from Latvia, Lithuania & Estonia in big hall do various handicraft arts, sew fabric dolls, make hats.

21:56:52 Doctors in hospital listens to heartbeat, female dentist; CU people of various professions, man in the demolished building w/ little girl holding on his shoulder, knocks together some boards.

21:57:30 DP Children in class room, boy writes on black board; kids around the table, group of kids leave unaccompanied children s shelter to be reunited w/ their relatives (sign: Western Distric Children s Center UNRRA Team 507?), say goodbyes & climb into truck. Czechoslovakia, train w/ kids arrives for emotional reunion w/ their families.

21:58:27 Unaccompanied children's shelter, kids play outside, sit in the grass, play ball, toddlers play, walk in the circle holding hands, CU young kids, toddlers in the nursery, CU babies.

21:59:24 Long lines of homeless people on the road, women w/ baby buggies, people carry all that's left from their belongings, LS travelers on the road. The End.

Post-WWII Europe; Charities;

[Golda Meir Speaking, in US to explain to Jews how State of Israel has been formed.]

Meir down steps of TWA airplane. MCU at microphone: I ve come back to the United States to tell Jews in the United States how the State of Israel has been formed & how the Jews in the State feel about the present war situation.

17:25:46 On Saturday morning three things happened in Tel Aviv: the first Egyptian planes bombed Tel Aviv; Tel Aviv Jews found out in the morning that the United States had recognized the State of Israel; and the first boat came in from Europe carrying Jews to the State of Israel, & I can guarantee you that very little attention was paid to the bombing. Jews were elated over the recognition of the United States & were full of joy & happiness that Jews can come to the State of Israel now without anybody standing in there way. We are convinced that if for instance the United States was to lift the embargo & the Jews got all the arms that are necessary for them this war will end very quickly. She walks off.

17:26:42 End of shot.

17:26:59 Repeat coming down airplane steps. Posing looking left & right, waving.

17:27:26 Walk on tarmac towards camera, other passengers behind.

17:27:48 Posing on steps. At microphone: I am here to ask Jews in the United States that as long as they will give us the aid that we require, in a very short time the State of Israel will be a state in peace. Poses.

I have come back to the United States...interested in peace in the Holy Land, to tell them...this is going to be a short war...

17:29:39 The Jews are holding their ground in the country in spite of the fact that they have been outnumbered by the Arabs; and the Arabs have come much better equipped w/ heavy arms than the Jews have in their possession.....it means life or death to them. Arabs who are invading Palestine from the Arab states have not that vital interest...

Diplomacy; Diplomat; US-Israel Relations; ca 15May48; 1948; Independence; Aid; Weapons;

[Israel Immigrants & Arabs; Fighting Aftermath ca Jun-Jul48]

POV past mud village. Immigrants (?) sitting on bus.

22:00:09 MS Flag, hand holding it out car (?) window seen from inside car. Ext. of Red Cross car & flags blowing in wind. Men out & walk up road w/ flags. Waving flags. CU flag in wind.

22:00:55 Boy riding on mule, people walking past stone wall & village.

22:01:09 LS barren hills.

22:01:19 Burros w/ hay along road; women walk w/ baskets on heads. Red Cross workers & Arab man look at map on hood of car. Sheep past. Man leaves in car down road towards village.

22:02:19 British (?) soldiers beside jeep; walk to people w/ water, woman drinks. People standing seen thru broken barbed wire. CU woman drinking. Man walking w/ several torah in cloth; Jewish people following. MS & CU of torah. LS people walking on road; away from Red Cross car.

22:03:22 Men w/ ladders outside tall gates of stone walled complex. Some w/ Red Cross or Red Crescent arm bands. Priest helps open sheet metal gate. View up street past men & nurse. MCU man w/ small Red Crescent flag; walks thru rubble of destroyed building collapsed into courtyard. Removing wounded & injured women & children.

22:04:51 MCU Destroyed church & icon. Collapsed wall.

22:05:02 MS Many Jewish women walking along road in countryside past camera, one w/ Torah. Meet group of British soldiers; one kissing woman. Group walking past & seen thru broken metal gate. Walking & talking w/ soldiers. Waving. Women playing harmonica.

22:06:02 Palestinians (?) w/ soldiers outside wooden doors of stone building. Nun, Red Cross, civilians. Group beside rubble & sandbags w/ collapsed wall behind. Wounded carried on chair; group of civilians moved out. Man taking notes.

22:06:57 LS of destroyed corner of multi-storied church building. People in entranceway. Entering 6/1 past Arab soldiers, priests. People on rooftop behind sandbags, priest below. Statue of Christ holding cross.

22:07:27 MCU woman w/ tiny baby.

22:07:31 View out of Red Cross car window following man w/ flag on country road. POV arriving at parked busses w/ immigrants. Soldiers standing. Women off bus & walking along road. POV from car past Palestinians. Red Cross flag on car in wind; shadow along roadside. CU Driver. View of busses following. Past people in field.

Near East; Jul48; 1948; Settlers; War Aftermath; Israel; Palestine;

New Israel State Fights For Its Life

22:32:18 Pan over many tents in encampment. MS of men walking up to wire fence; CU smiling & smoking. CU lifting chain off gate.

22:32:33 Harbor w/ men & women boarding small boat; CU baby in tub carried on board; women & children boarding boats. CU whistle. LS small one stack boat past breakwater. MCU Israel flag flying on ship. CUs man & woman smiling & looking, pointing. Shoreline from water.

22:33:05 Freighters docked at pier, crate lifted aboard by crane. Soldiers up gangway w/ large packs.

22:33:15 View from rooftop of harbor w/ small ships anchored.

22:33:18 MS Men & women wave toward camera from ship railing. Man in suit greeting men on shipboard. People in small boat; helped ashore.

22:33:32 High angle of city (Tel Aviv ?) traffic & roundabout. MCU Ben Gurion out of car; walking past military into building.

22:33:42 Small plane in distance over small modern building w/ French or Italian flag.

22:33:48 Street w/ rubble after bombing aftermath. CU Body partly buried in rubble. Flies over dead corpse. Body on rooftop. Men beside body on ground.

22:33:58 Men w/ gun parts & crates of weapons. CU small grenades (?), shells. Rifle parts. CU Nazi book.

22:34:12 Lighthouse tower or lookout w/ men on top. Barbed wire at base. Israel flag on top. CU Israel soldiers. CU flag.

1948 Indepenence; Near East; Refugees; Immigrants;

World Affairs - Palestine & Europe Centers Of Unrest (Czechoslovakia & Hungary, Mar48)

23:13:55 UN Security Council meeting.

23:14:05 MS US delegate Warren Austin.

23:14:08 LS & MS removal of woman spectator objecting to use of American troops. Others listening.

23:14:21 MS Canadian delegate, General McNaughton speaking (Ralph Bunche behind): ...these recommendations & these appeals have not had the effect of bringing peace & order in the Holy Land. The threats uttered during the General Assembly have now turned into acts of violence purging on Civil War; and the sparks which were ignited by intense emotion & by conflicting fashions now might at any moment, unless they are quenched, cause a conflagration which would certainly result in a breech of international peace.

23:15:07 LS Moving van in front of large Czechoslovakian Embassy mansion.

23:15:18 Ambassador Yuri Slavik (sp?) at desk after resigning.

23:15:27 Large barn & Imre Nagy, ex-Hungarian Premier; MCU. SOF: ...I saw the free people of my country subjected to the Communism domination...

Cold War; Anti-Communism; Near East; United Nations; 1948; Mar48; Diplomats; Diplomacy;

[Palestine / Israel Scenics & Destroyed Village, ca May48]

CU sign: En Nabi Yusha, also Hebrew & Arabic. Half destroyed wooden house overlooking farm valley. Israel soldier w/ rifle & unid. man looking at large book fo pictures. Destroyed concrete buildings. Young men look at badly damaged small tank. Kids walk thru destroyed stone houses.

01;26:30 CU sign: Hotel Safad, also Hebrew & Arabic. Three soldiers talking in shade w/ village on hillside behind. Six men walk up hillside.

01:26:41 Large town w/ sea beyond. Pan over valley & trees. Destroyed stone bridge; roadblock. Men w/ rifles inspect destroyed stone bridge. Destroyed truck beside road.

01:27:21 Looking down on village w/ large modern building behind. View from below of destroyed houses. Two men walk thru ditch or ?? Man by barbed wire fence across road.

01:27:36 Large wide fertile valley, pan.

01:28:00 Sign post: Samakh; Tiberias. Sign: Rosh-Pina.

01:28:05 Arab men moving cattle along road, one man w/ rifle; school bus behind. Soldier by check point.

Near East; War Aftermath; 1948;

NOTE: Destroyed 16May48. See Google website for more description of Al-Nabi Yusha.

[Israel; 3rd Session United Nations, 1948, Paris, France]

Eric Johnston sitting on desk speaking SOF: I have just returned from Israel...& to report my conclusions to President Truman, & also to Governor Dewey. I was in the city of Haifa on the day of Count Bernadotte s death (17Sep48); I had talked w/ him only a short while before he left for Jerusalem. He told me then, & I think Americans would like to know this, that the much publicized Bernadotte Plan, as submitted to the United Nations, was merely intended to be the basis for discussion. I brought back w/ me a film record of my journey in Israel & I thought perhaps you might want to see some of the things I saw; some of the things which made me believe so deeply in the new civilization which is developing there i Israel.

05:12:27 MOS People looking across stony hilltop from behind sandbags. Johnston pointing & talking to woman (wife?) & Israeli soldier.

05:12:35 Jeep w/ Johnston & others down steep road. Looking at walls of deserted (?) village. Walking along pipeline along dirt road & hay field. Two couples riding in jeep. Papers checked by soldier. Past sign along coast.

05:13:24 Coast road, Tel Aviv beach & Jaffa port across bay. Johnston talking with IDF Head of Operations Yigael Yadin, w/ sea & navy ship behind.

05:13:32 Johnston & woman walking w/ Ben Gurion; sitting & talking at outdoor table.

05:13:46 ohnston talking with Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Shertok (Sharet) on porch.

05:13:57 US flag on modern building (Embassy?). Int. Johnston talking w/ ?? (American Ambassador?)

05:14:12 Johnston & wife standing w/ others. Talking in doorway w/ doctor, tilt up to Weizmann Institute of Science. Int. w/ scientist & others.

05:14:32 LS across valley w/ village at bottom of hill. Johnston beside church. CU looking at hebrew sign.

05:14:46 Christian monk out of church in Jerusalem & shake hands; talking w/ Johnston & wife. Greek or ?? Orthodox priest talking w/ group.

05:15:00 Talking w/ arab. Talking w/ others. Looking over hillside of houses.

05:15:19 - 05:15:33 Sitting on desk SOF repeats beginning of opening statement.

05:15:36 United Nations w/ Trygve Lie at desk. SOF: applause, man to podium, speaks in French of Count Before disappearing Bernadotte sent us his suggestions for a final settlement of the Palestinian problem. The French delegation is happy that these suggestions are put as a priority like the recommenations of Nov47. The establishment in Jerusalem of an international authority; this is the only way to preserve the holy places. Germany will be democratic only if could progressively normalize its economic activities first, then its political life w/o being brougth down by poverty. There are already signs for a new way forward.

05:17:02 High angle shots of podium; ls from rear of hall; man returning to seat.

Near East; Israel Palestine Debate; French Diplomat;

[1948, United Nations Mediators Folke Bernadotte & Bunche Arrival ??]

Si. Two-engine United Nations Dakota plane arrives w/ markings on side. Folke Bernadotte off followed by Ralph Bunche. CU Bernadotte, greeted by ?? Pilots, handshaking. Military man or pilot w/ Hotel Zion briefcase. Into terminal building.

06:50:14 Si. Bernadotte, Bunche & ? seated at table for press conference w/ reporters; man at large open reel tape recorder.

06:50:31 Si. Standing, shaking hands w/ military man or pilot.

06:50:36 Sd. Bernadotte lighting cigarette while chit-chatting.

06:50:49 Sd. Reporter SOF: Is it your opinion that a full scale war has started again in Palestine after the end of the armistice?

06:50:56 Sd. Bernadotte SOF: I m happy to say that I haven t gotten a report...I wouldn t say there is a full-scale war going on in Palestine today.

06:51:08 Sd. Reporter: Have you still hope that there will be a solution of the problem...

06:51:16 Sd. Bernadotte: Will I know my mission is not ended now, I m glad to have noticed that both parties, both the Arabs & Jews have told me that they hope I will continue my mission as mediator for Palestine; and this is now a set back, we had success in the beginning...it goes up & down...I am still hopeful.

06:52:04 Sd. Reporter: Are you concerned that the work the Dutch crew of the KLM plane did? Bernadotte: ...without the help from KLM, and w/o the help of the wonderful crew that we had at our disposal I would not have been able to go around to different places in Palestine as I did w/o my travelling in yoiur plane I couldn t have fulfilled my mission to try to get a truce in Palestine. And I know I speak in the name of the Secretary General & the whole organization of the United Nations...

Note: Bernadotte appointed mediator 20May48, 30Jun48 arranged 30 day cease-fire, assassinated 18Sep48.

[Israel President Weizmann in NYC; Truman at Girard College] (May48)

Title: New York City. US & Israel flags outside ?? MCU of President Chaim Weizmann & wife posing for photographers.

20:34:50 Title: Philadelphia; over President Truman in open car in motorcade thru gates to Girard College. Truman w/ three others, handed statue by student. Ext. people watching as Truman w/ shovel plants tree.

20:35:20 Truman standing w/ young boys; sitting talking to them.

May 1948; Israel State Visit; Diplomacy;

News In Brief - Israel President w/ Truman & Leaving on Shipboard] (May48)

Israel President Chaim Weizmann presents President Truman w/ Torah; CU of Torah & MS of two. Newreel cameramen.

20:36:02 Weizmann & wife on shipboard w/ photogrpahers seen from above; MCU.

20:36:17 People waving from dock at liner leaving

May 1948; Israel State Visit; Diplomacy;

News In Brief - New York (Jun48)

20:39:36 United Nations Police in uniforms posing w/ Trygve Lie before boarding Sabena airlines for Palestine. CUs & boarding, waving goodbye.

June 1948; Peacekeeping; Peacekeepers;

Palestine - Truce Allows Jews To Retrieve Bodies From.... (Aug48)

20:43:54 Israeli soldiers, men & women in loose formation. CU man w/ handlebar moustache..

20:44:02 Women at attention, reviewed by ??, unfurls unit flag.

20:44:24 White United Nations (?) jeeps past w/ white flags on narrow gravel road. Heavily destroyed fort or ?? Military officers stand by jeep; man walks across hillside w/ large white flag.

20:44:47 Arabs & others w/ white flags waving. Men beside corpse & stretcher. Bodies.

1940s; 1948; Arab-Israeli War;

Bernadotte - U.N. Mediator Slain By Assassin s Bullets (Sep48)

20:45:20 Count Bernadotte out of plane followed by Ralph Bunch, CU.

20:45:32 High angle ls of Paris United Nations building. Int. w/ Security Countil meeting (SOF) after his death had been received. United Kingdom delegate leading meeting makes statement.

1948; Arab-Israeli War; Political Assassination; Diplomat; Peacekeeping; Middle East;

NOTE: Killed on 16Sep48.

Weizmann In Jerusalem - Arabs Get Aid (Dec48)

20:49:49 Israel President Weizmann walking w/ wife; posing w/ other Israeli VIPs.

20:49:59 Israel (?) flag from tower of building, tilt down showing some damage.

20:50:05 Convoy of trucks w/ white flags up road, past camera. US (?) & other military standing, talking. Trucks going around damaged bridge.

Truck stops, uncovering tarp, inspecting crates of aid for Arabs. Trucks pulling up to building (20:49:59).

1948; Arab-Israel Conflict;

NOTE: Needs more research.

Israel / Palestine - Fighting Continues, May 1948 (cuts)

Men looking at wreckage of bombed out building. Ambulance. Troops with wreckage of plane. Street scene. Unexploded bomb - casing removed from UXB. Egyptian insignia on wreckage of plane. Digging trenches. Military plane over - fired on. Soldiers with wreckage of plane. Captured tank. Israeli soldiers on lookout tower. Bomb damaged building. Wrecked military equipment. Military truck with Israeli Star of David. Plane over, bombing? Hosing down building, body carried from building. Downed Egptian plane.

State of Israel Formed Amid Violence

Pan down building. Men with arms - guns, bullets and grenades. Group of men on street. Bomb damaged buildings. Man with machine gun climbs over rubble. Cat walks down deserted street. Party with pilot of small plane. Aerial views, superstructure of plane obscures much of frame. Ground to air - aircraft in flight.

Bomb damage at port - ship in harbour. Body in rubble.

War in Jordan and Israel (cuts)

Camel - encampment with barbed wire. Arab League ? Jordan ? Military parade in Jordan ? , young boys march alongside soldiers. Drum major with baton. West Bank ? Military trucks carrying troops into town. Locals clapping at arrival.

03:48:37 Arabs on donkeys along desert road - tracking shot crossing Jordan river bridge. Travelling with military convoy through desert region. Camel with load of hay

03:49:31 Troops in truck - rooftops of Old City Jerusalem - Church and Al Aqsa Mosque. Arabs in trucks.

War in Jordan and Israel

Ceremony at Avenue du General Leclerc

Arabs standing with religious man in compound of fort? Arab soldiers on lookout towers of fort. Exterior large unid. building. Muslims outside mosque - remove shoes and enter to pray. Interior Muslims at prayer. Muslim praying on battlefield. Arab soldiers (Jordanian ? Arab league? ) run across field towards building. Troops take building. Troops lying in field firing rifles. Troops secure building and raise flag.

War in Jordan and Israel (cuts)

Police outriders escort car of King Abdullah of Jordan. King takes salute and back in car. Crowds on street. Military trucks arrive carrying soldiers, locals applaud arrival. Tracking shots through outskirts of Jerusalem? Military vehicle activity by bridge. British flag flying over building. Arab with gun looking over wall. Mosque of Omar seen through window grill. Arab with gun aiming through window. Rooftops of Jerusalem. Various shots buildings, many bomb damaged - King David Hotel? Various shots old city. Interior deserted hospital? Arab with gun at window. Religious man? with Arabs inside hospital?

[United Nations Delegation Visits Berlin, Germany]

18Oct48 - 14 advisors from US UN Delegation, some w/ home movie cameras, arrive Templehof Airport in car convoy to see Berlin airlift. Group w/ US officers & officials at airport; runway construction or repair seen in background. Delegation in large stadium; on street see rubble; Soviet World War II Monument near Reichstag; at British Sector border. Groundman signals in a twin engine plane. UN delegation off plane; posing & into cars, leaving.

21:29:14 11Jul48 AUSTRALIAN PRIME MINISTER BEN CHIEFLEY ARRIVAL Gatow, Berlin, Germany. Chiefley off plane greeted by VIPs including Gen. Herbert, British Commandant Berlin. Chiefley speaks (MOS) to BBC reporter & newspapermen.

21:31:20 14Mar49 DP JEWS LEAVE FOR PALESTINE FROM GERMANY Young men & women look at Palestine poster on door. Crowds in camp w/ Israel flag in BG. Band marches thru & young listen to speakers (MOS). Israeli flag flying from stand, German monument beside.

21:32:38 Procession of cars q/ flag & decorated (funeral?). Bus w/ branches over hood, filled w/ people & people follow as convoy leaves grounds. Procession of private cars, some decorated with branches moving thru city streets & arriving at railroad station. People walk & mill about; group at station singing. Young Jews board trains. Saying good bye to people on train who have flowers.

Post-WWII Displaced persons; Jewish Refugees;

Israel - Pineapple Harvesting

Men digging fields and laying irrigation? Planting pineapples - agriculture. Plantation - harvesting fruit. Baskets of pineapples carried on heads to waiting lorry.

State of Israel Formed

Israeli flag flying from passenger ship Kedmah. Sign re departure and boarding times. People up gangplank. French newspaper headlines re terrorist activities in Israel. Ships funnel as whistle blown (mos). People waving ship off. On board ship, various shots Jewish passengers. Brief shot building in London? Union Jack flags - crowds outside.

Truman at Congress (re Israel)

Washington - Capitol building as Presidential car arrives. Interior Congress. Mass of press cameras. Truman on stand (mos). Truman (wearing white spatz) with George Marshall leaving building. Interior Congress - all stand

[1948 Haifa Damage, Haganah Activities, Bodies, Refugees & Building Damage]

People in street in front of heavily damaged buildings. Men w/ pistol & rifle walk thru narrow street.

06:28:09 CU signs: Arabic & English - Suitcases Factory R & T. Bitar, tilt down to man w/ grenades on belt.

06:28:13 MS Woman & two children beside wall. Men in street standing, looking.

06:28:20 British soldiers in jeep. British army truck w/ arabs in back. Woman & children sitting on luggage & belongings in street.

06:28:36 Barge w/ men past ship Lacklan. Men & children w/ luggage on dock. Soldiers on dock. Arabs loaded into truck. MCU woman & boy. Dead bodies lying in street.

06:29:00 MS of tower of mosque. Men riding on dump truck w/ rifles up hill past stone retaining wall (?). Arab policeman & civilian soldiers w/ rifles thru narrow street

06:29:20 MS Three men pushing rugs on cart beside two Arab men w/ rifles. Flag on pole on top of building.

06:29:29 LS up city hill from behind sandbagged barrier. CU civilian in soldier/s helmet. Two men talking to old Arab men. Two Haganah (?) men frisking searching two men in street. MS helmetted civilian w/ gun. Arabs on ground under guard by Arab ? w/ rifle. Men talking to Arab w/ hands raised, woman watches.

06:29:53 Women w/ baby carriage & belongings. Arab police w/ suitcases & carrying belongings guarded by rifle. LS walking group of men w/ rifles past destroyed buildings.

06:30:07 High angle of Haifa (?) w/ oil storage tanks & ships anchored in harbor.

06:30:10 High angle of stone buildings w/ damage. Narrow street w/ man & woman held at rifle point. Men walking, patrolling streets. Questioning women & man in doorway.

06:30:31 Two men w/ rifles holding pictures of ?? & Lawrence of Arabia (?).

06:30:39 Two women pushing cart of belongings & walking w/ cans on head down street. Men w/ rifles clowning in street w/ guns. View down narrow street of stone houses & cars.

06:30:51 British soldiers talking w/ Arab & local men.

06:30:55 CU Khamra Square wall sign & Out of Bounds sign. Street w/ heavily damaged houses on both sides. Woman on wooden chair by overturned cart. Men guard arab men. CU of one. Men walking away.

06:31:19 Three men w/ rifles crossing concrete bridge w/ houses behind. High angle shot of bridge & young people, tilt up to houses on hillside. Pan towards harbor w/ ships. Army truck w/ soldiers away from camera. Men w/ sten guns past, destroyed buildings behind, climb over rubble. Question old Arabs. Man & woman w/ raised arms surrender; man searched by soldier. Another searched. MCU of Arab prisoners.

06:32:09 Women w/ belongings thru street. CU women.

06:32:32 MS Six or seven dead bodies. MCU of one. Pan across them. Armored van away from camera.

06:32:36 CU two young men w/ guns holding Israel flag. Soldiers seen in street behind barbed wire.

Guerilla Fighting Aftermath; ca Jan48; Near East; Palestine;

NOTE: Short shots but good quality.

Royal Diary

Shah Pahlevi of Iran arrives at Northolt airfield - greeted by Duke of Gloucester - reviews RAF personnel. Shah reviews Guard of Honour outside Buckingham Palace. King George VI & Shah of Iran into Palace. King George, Queen Elizabeth & Shah of Iran on rear terrace of Palace, into garden. Review & decorate Palestine Police to mark end of service.

02:01:35 George VI inspects King s Own troops at Chatham Dockyard. Royal Navy Cadet Corps. line up for review - little kids in uniform.

British Royal Family. State Visits. Postwar Britain. Middle East. 1940s.

[Israel Independence (?)]

Building w/ balcony & Israel flags flying; woman & children w/ photo of Herzl hanging. Arab sitting by building, kids around; Orthodox boys look at camera.

18:24:28 Trucks loaded w/ civillians thru street, flags flying; past crowds on sidewalk. Crowd outside travel agency watching; high angle of interesection w/ trucks, people watching. Street level. Teenagers w/ balloons & waving.

18:25:03 Groups dancing the Hora surrounded by others. CU laughing, hugging. Soldier & boys talking; young people climb on jeep or truck. MCU of ?? Two military in sports car. CU Moshe Sharet (aka Shertok) w/ moustache, hat & suit. CUs Golda Meir aka Myerson; CU Ben Gurion.

18:25:59 Truck w/ people, apartments behind w/ street level damage. Boys watching; others watching. store fronts w/ many people, banners above.

18:26:23 Old man on donkey w/ flag & boys walking alongside, CU.

1940s; 1948;

Note: bounce or printer ride is printed into the NARA masters.

[Israel Army Training]

Field w/ army trainees laying prone; others watching. MCU in grass laying w/ rifles. Practicing running & falling flatd on barbed wire barriers, laying as others run voer. Troops at attention in field; CUs. Israel flag on pole in wind.

05:50:40 Girls & boys at fence talking to recruits. Soldiers tarining near orchard, practic running forward under observation of trainers. Firing at targets, checking hits. Assembling rifle parts & loading shells in Sten (?) gun. CU of trainer.

05:51:51 Riding horses in single file on sand. MCUs. Three soldiers advance along roadside & set up ?? gun, firing.. CU. Hidden behind stumps w/ guns, observing.

Military Training; Middle East; ca 1948;

[Ca 1948 Henry Morgenthau, JR & Mr ?? on Palestine, Israel & need for admittance to United Nations]

Henry Morgenthau, Jr. w/ Mr. Shita at table reading SOF: From what I ve seen & heard I m afraid the United Nations may become nothing more than an international debating society like the International Disarmament Conference of the 1930s. The United Nations must act promptly to establish peace in Palestine w/ the 29Nov47 resolution of the General Assembly as a minimum basis. If the United Nations acts quickly then the state of Israel can become the strongest bulwark of Democracy in the Middle East. Delay is very costly; it is costly in human life, in the gift dollars of the contributed in the United States thru the United Jewish Appeal & especially costly in the economy of the state of Israel. Israel has had to place about 100,000 men under arms to defend itself against the Arabs. Moreover there are some 400,000 displaced Arabs facing a hard cold winter. The development of Israel will raise the standard of living in the neighboring countries & only a high standard of living can ensure peace & stability in the Middle East. I believe that 99% of the American people want peace. Only by becoming an instrument of action for peace, & not a debating society, can the U.N. achieve a solution of the major problems confronting it. Speed is vital in the matter of establishing peace in Palestine. What has already been accomplished in the immigration of 65,000 Jews into Israel in the last five months is one of the greatest acts of humanitarianism in the world history. The only other movement of this magnitude was the transfer of the Greeks out of Turkey after the 1st World War. I m afraid unless the United Nation acts promptly, Israel may be sold down the river. There are hurdles in the path of large scale immigration...

06:56:16 The Joint Distribution Committee has been doing a wonderful job...funds of the United Jewish Appeal...are vitally important...

06:56:47 CU of ?? Perhaps you want me to say a few words of what we expect of this Assembly; our first claim is to be admitted as members to the United Nations. We believe admitting Israel as a member will not merely be an act of justice, it will also be a decisive step towards peace because it will remove any vestige of doubt from certain minds that Israel has come to stay & that fighting against it serves no useful purpose... Our second claim is that there should be no reduction of our territory. We need that territory in its entirety, not for any reasons of prestige but as land to settle our people... Our third claim is for Jewish Jerusalem. The Holy City of Jerusalem within the walls must be made international, but modern Jewish Jerusalem must belong to Israel because only Israel can insure its prosperity & protect it against any attack. Israel is a child of the United Nations & it is determined to remain loyal to its parent body. It s going to base its whole policy upon loyalty to the United Nations but it is up to the U.N. to be loyal to its child to see that it grows & prospers... Goes on to praise Morgenthau s past & future work.

1940s; ca 1948; ca 1949; Immigration; Resettlement; Near East; Post-WWII; Membership;

[UNESCO Beirut Conference; Arab Refugees ca 1948]

UN flags on poles in front of UNESCO building, tilt down to park; VIPs walk past, man waves at camera, building seen behind. Police; couple to camera from car w/ flag on fender, up stairs.

07:22:28 POV from car past Arabs along sidewalk w/ backs to camera, another in street looking at camera.

07:22:33 Woman walking between two men in fez. Orthodox priests in robes; other Catholic priests walking w/ well-dressed crowd. Orientals & others.

07:22:55 UNESCO on building entrance, tilt down to police. MCU men in fez. Int. w/ men standing on podium. Standing men including sheiks.

07:23:07 Man at microphone from below front, LS, CU, LMS holding speech. Other shots. Arab sheiks in robes wearing headphones. Turkish delegation; Libyans. MCU President speaking (MOS). Syrian delegation. Man at board: UNESCO Beyrouth Expositions.

07:23:51 Woman at mimeograph printing presses. Women typing at desks. Sign re 44 nations have signed UNESCO charter.

07:24:11 Ext of buildings w/ UNESCO flags on poles, parking w/ drivers by cards. Soldiers.

07:24:26 Men wearing fez down steps past military lining sidewalk. Christian church w/ plane overhead, tilt down to street. Stone wall & Arabs out w/ boys. Old men talking by wall. Arabs gathered in courtyard looking at camera. Various groups talking, kids eating from ??. Baker passes out bread to kids. Arab street sign. Man w/ peg leg walking w/ crutches; kid w/ kettle w/ water on head.

07:25:25 Minarets of mosque, Arabs in front. Man walks thru w/ jugs on poles. Refugees & tents. Arab families beside tents posing; women & children. man giving clothes tor kids to woman beside tent. Kids run out of tents to camera. Old people sit on ground talking.

Palestine Refugees; Post Israel Independence (?);

Chaim Weitzmann visits USA

El Al aircraft landing. Chaim Weizmann and others down aircraft steps and greeted - Abba Eban ? El Al plane taxiis. Chaim Weizmann and party down steps - small crowd at airport. Sequence repeated. Weizmann standing in front of microphones. Weizmann into car an away. CU Star of David on tail fin of plane and El Al -Israel National Airlines on fuselage. Weizmann speaking On the eve of the first anniversary of Israel s declaration of independence ... brings greetings to American people -- gratitude to America... .

[Communist Sympathisers March Following May Day Loyalty Parade]

1949 May Day Loyalty Parade, NYC: military w/ large US flags. Communist sympathizers march on same day, w/ banners inc. End KKK Terror , Free Ingram? Family , Read the Harlem Worker and No War Bases for Africa: Freedom for the African People ; marcher in Ku Klux Klan costume. Further shots of marchers and crowd watching behind barriers; placards inc. Lets Stop Universal Military Training Hail the State of Israel , Return to Roosevelt s Peace Policy and The Soviet Union Wants Peace .

02:05:03 Catholic priests in Procession of Protest against Russia at NY polo ground [brief].

Civil rights.

Title: Israel (Military Parade)

03:29:10 LS crowd w/ many military & banners, three flags flying. Reviewing stand w/ Ben Gurion standing, army officers saluting. Troops marching; ?? troops; women marching.

03:29:40 MCU of Chaim Weizmann watching. Military & civilians watching. CU pin on civilian man. Nurse standing beside ?? in wheel chair missing lower legs.

03:29:56 MS crowd watching from grandstand. Troops leadng mules w/ guns & packs. Tanks & troops past

Military Parade; 1949;

Title: News In Brief (Polish Airlines; Marshall w/ Service Award; Margaret Truman; Federal Security Agency)

05:20:19 C-47 w/ Polish flag; Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT on side. Air crew w/ stewardess (?), boarding plane, taxiing.

05:20:43 Washington DC. Man at desk from behind newsreel cameras. MCU at mic (MOS) wearing tag 1000.

05:21:00 President Truman & George Marshall hold plaque w/ eagle for cameras, others stand beside them. MCU of Award: The United...for Distinguished Public Service . Woman (Mrs. Marshall?) standing behind plaque. Marshall shakes hands.

05:21:34 Margaret Truman talking (MOS) to women journalists (press conference). CU wearing pearls.

05:21:57 Couple w/ baby w/ reverend (Norman Vincent Peale ?) Christening or Baptising. CU baby.

05:22:23 Washington DC (?). Man at desk, speaks (SOF): I am leaving today to go abroad to visit England, Ireland, Sweden, Switzerland, Italy & Israel. Each of these countries has something of particular interest to the Federal Security Agency which we need to know more about. In England we are particularly intersested in the system of grants to colleges, educational institutions of higher learning. While I m in England I want to learn something first hand of the National Health System that they have there. Ireland has a particularly interesting problem for us for they ve done a great deal in the way of their Social Security System, particularly for the older people & that is rapidly becoming a serious problem with us. Sweden has a health service & certain convelescence hospitals which we are very interested in knowing more about. Switzerland had a great medical service, its set up on somewhat different lines than we are visualizing here & we re anxious to know more about it because possibly they have had some experience useful to us.

Religious Ritual; November 1949;

Title: News In Brief (Israel Remains Returned; Argentina Military)

06:03:08 Israel. Jewish men standing beside Italian airliner. CU Chaim Weizmann talk (MOS). LS Trucks w/ casket & soldiers standing leading motorcade & crowd walking up road to Jerusalem (?). MCU Women crying, man wiping eyes.

06:03:48 Two soldiers walking ahead of crowd filling street.

06:03:51 Two rabbis reading beside casket draped w/ Israeli flag. CU of urns or ?? in glass case, tops w/ names on them. (Remains returned from Europe?).

06:04:05 Argentina. Woman in uniform standing across street w/ large group of women & men behind. Army officers (Peron?) saluting as flag raised on monument. MCU of three women in blazers. Statue of rider on horse w/ flag raised. Generals march up street. School boys wearing blazers & short pants waving small flags. Soldiers at attention. CU boy w/ statue behind. MCU marching boots.

ca June, 1949; Ceremonies; Dictator;

Title: Israel (Iraqi Jews (?) Arriving Israel, ca November, 1949)

10:02:20 Near East Transport 4-engine passenger airplane arrives, CU logo. Child handed off, women in scarfs helped off. Man carrying large hooka or ??

10:02:42 Man w/ child kisses tarmac; otehrs also. Walking off airfield; walking into refugee camp w/ many tents; carry dried flowers; woman w/ bucket on head; others w/ multiple buckets.

10:03:11 MCU girls w/ metal pans looking at paperwork. Children & woman washing clothes on ground. Woman scrubbing child w/ soap. CU old man w/ white beard; others. GOOD.

NOTE: Probably early Baghdad emigrants arriving.

News In Brief (United Jewish Appeal Delegation Returns After Palestine Visit; Liner Haifa Dedicated) (Mar49)

20:53:07 Group of men & women off TWA airliner, posing; pan across waving at camera. Coats have tags on them. Walk past camera & into terminal. Photographers.

20:53:41 Two men (Abba Eban?) shake hands.

20:53:53 Title: New York City Israel America Line ocean liner at dock. Looking down on people on dock. Lowering of British flag. CU of Captain on dock, gives flag to Israeli. Raising Israeli flag. Bow of ship Haifa.

1949; Post-WWII; Post-WW2; Immigration;

Note: Haifa was first Israeli Ocean Liner.

News in Brief - [US Ambassador To Israel] (1949)

Tel Aviv, Israel

James MacDonald, America s first Ambassador to the new State of Israel, presents his credentials to President Chaim Weizman.

MacDonald & other VIP past Guard of Honour. Israeli and US flags flying.

Int. MacDonald led into room & making speech to Weizman, Ben Gurion & others (mos); watched by US & Israeli military and VIPs. Shaking hands. Two women, Mrs MacDonald & ?? Weizman, Ben Gurion & MacDonald sitting w/ tea cups talking.



UN Delegates clapping and walking out. Empty desks in front of Syria, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia desk signs. Israeli delegation enters shakes hands takes seat behind place marker Israel . Isaeli flag being raised outside UN in Lake Success or Queens (?)

[UN Airlift, Gardermoen, Norway, Tel Aviv, Israel - Lebanese Relief, 31Mar-02Apr78] Pt. 1 of 2

Slate: 31Mar78 Cockpit w/ air crew; CU & MCU crew; hands on throttle. Navigator w/ 3-ring binder & notes.

16:27:55 CU tail of lane w/ US flag, MAC 12778; tilt down to military troops & trucks on tarmac. US Air Force officer talking to two Norwegian airmen, CUs. United Nations patch.

16:28:32 Tail of plane & tilt down to winching vehicle into plane. Interior shot of truck backing in. Preparing truck & trailer & LS of loading. (C5A or C-141)

16:29:13 Black slug.

16:29:23 Backing white UN truck into plane, US AF man watching.

16:29:43 Black slug.

16:29:52 Slate: 31Mar78. Norwegian airmen in front of plane wing. Norwegians loading packs & duffel bags into plane from truck. Shot of US Air Force markings on plane.

16:30:32 Troops march out to plane, board, MCU. Officer salutes.

16:31:19 Plane taking off towards & over camera.

16:31:47 US & ?? in UN white trucks on tarmac, snow behind. Preparing to load plane.

16:32:39 Slug

16:32:48 Slate: 31Mar78. Rear of plane cargo doors open & backing truck; CU Norwegian soldiers w/ rifles; guard dog into crate & closing.

16:33:38 Cargo plane landing. Norwegian troops march past & board. CUs. Photographer taking picture. Officer. MS pilot thru window. Plane taxiing in CU. Plane taking off in LS.

16:35:34 Slug.

16:35:42 Slate: 31Mar78. Line of UN white helicopters. Plane taxiing, pan across row of UN trucks. Men preparng tractors w/ front loaders. CU Norewgian. Man preparing helicopter blades for loading. Norwegian airmen on balcony watching. Plane landing past equipment.

16:37:14 US Airman at desk talking on radio. MCU, writing on pad; picks up telephone, then radio.

16:37:57 MS Sign: Gardermoen Flystasjon w/ snowbank.

16:38:05 Black slug.

16:38:08 Plane landing towards camera, snow alongside runway, pan w/ touchdown.

16;38:34 Slug.

16:38:41 Cargo plane taxiing, watched by Norwegian airmen. Line of troops w/ two planes visible. Nose cargo doors opening. View from interior. Ext. & pulling hellicopters up to ramp, attach chain & moving inside; tractor pushing helicopter. Guard dog in MCU snarling & barking w/ plane behind. View from above loading copter. Continued...

UNIFIL; Peacekeeping Preparations; 1978; Airlift;

[UN Airlift, Gardermoen, Norway, Tel Aviv, Israel - Lebanese Relief, 31Mar-02Apr78] Pt. 1 of 2

Continued... View out cargo doors from inside empty cargo plane; white UN tractors backing in. Helicopters prepared to winch in, guiding in nose cargo door. Norwegian troops in line in front of plane. Nose cargo door lowered closed w/ sun behind plane

16:44:27 Slug

16:44:34 Cockpit shots; CUs crew in flight. CU United Nations patch on leather jacket. Crew working, gages, Norwegians talking, drinking coffee MCU reading, sleeping.

16:47:18 Slug

16:47:27 Tel Avivi. Unloading helicopters, side by side in nose, Norwegian troops watch; guard.

16:48:48 CU shoulder patch Canada & Maple Leaf insignia. Guiding UN truck & trailer off. Viw of planes on tarmac, unloading helicopters from nose, MSs. Tractor off. GOOD.

16:50:19 Slug

16:50:27 Slate: 01Apr78. Norwegian peacekeeping troops seated w/ weapons in back of UN trucks in convoy at airport; US AF planes beyond. Trucks move out. Main terminal w/ sign: Ben Gurion Airport.

16:52:23 LS AF C-141 Starlifter (?) cargo plane landing towards & past camera. Taxiing. Rear doors opening.

16:53:14 Slug

16:53:21 MS Norwegian troops in blue berets march past; board trucks w/ rifles & field packs, UN helmets. Israeli policema watching. UN officers in shade. Unloading truck pulling trailer from plane. Canadian troops watching. Norwegian troops talking.

16:55:26 Truck convoy leaving. Italian & Norwegian officers talking, looking at paper (orders?)

UNIFIL; Peacekeeping Preparations; 1978; Airlift;

[1950s: Egypt & Nasser; French Police & Students Riot; International Conference; Israel Navy; Nasser & USSR; USA Air Rescue]

Egypt. High angle Cairo street w/ large awnings over crowd, military review, troops marching & women under shade applaud. Nasser & others in military uniforms standing reviewing. Army troops jogging in ceremonial fashion. Military vehicles w/ soldiers, tanks past. Diplomats (?) watching. Pickup trucks w/ soldiers in back pulling light artillery; personnel carriers

12:30:04 France. French student demonstration blocking street, pound on passing buses. Police in street. Sidewalk filled w/ students, police pushing & chasing w/ capes & batons. Kicking, knocking down students on motorscooters. Arrests.

12:31:03 LS high angle of newly built city w/ large convention hall, hills behind & tall buildings. MS w/ flags on poles, palm trees. Int. delegates to front w/ curved table. MS of podium w/ translation booths behind: English, France; Espanol. Delegates w/ name plates: French, Canada, Afganistan, Australia, Germany. MS of U-shaped table & men w/ headphones listening, applaud.

12:31:54 Israel. Ben Gurion reviewing Army & Navy troops at attention. Cameraman & others watch ship into harbor w/ life ring INS Elath. Men down gangway including Dayan. View from ship of seated military crowd around harbor. Ben Gurion at microphones, Moshe Dayan & ?? behind; reverse shot of Ben Gurion looking towards ship docked. CU military (French?) & others. Sailors greeted. LS of crowd boarding ships.

12:32:30 Cairo, Egypt. Twin-engine plane arrives w/ USSR civilian representatives off. Review soldiers; meet reporters ??. Nasser & Soviet rep posing w/ others. Slug.

12:33:14 Title. USA: Air Rescue Marks Anniversary. Shadow of four-engine plane over water. B-29 bomber in flight. Int. w/ CU of man looking out w/ binoculars; men in doorway & view of life rafts. PBY & men carried ashore, pose w/ stubble beards. Man at desk w/ many phones & talking on telephone. Hangs up, pushes button, CU horn. Flight crew out of ready room, run to PBY rescue plane. Takes off over camera. Air to air in flight. Men on life raft wave & plane lands & taxiis over. Men helped into bunks inside. Shot from above as PBY takes off, also from alongside. In flight against sunset.

Military Power; Middle East; Rioting; International Conference;

United Nations And World Disputes (main title missing) Pt. 1 of 2

Diplomats into & signing United Nations Charter in San Francisco, 1945, w/ circular table. Big Five leads... Truman watches Stettinius sign.

02:32:36 General Assembly (Lake Success?).

02:32:44 Map of SE Asia. Indonesian people working, copra, rice, polishing shells. Oil drilling. Mass of people. Sukarno (?) at microphone. Dutch military operations.

02:33:39 Jul47 Security Council meeting on Netherlands & Indonesia. Truce signing Jan48. Dec48 fires, refugees. Security Council in Paris meeting. Round table conference w/ Netherlands & Indonesia in The Hague. CU signing paper. Handshaking. Map of Indonesian islands.

02:35:35 27Dec49 The Hague w/ Queen Juliana signing sovereignty over to Indonesia. CU of signature page. Sukarno at Djakarta inducted as President, thru streets.

02:36:16 Map of India. Montage: truck up winding road, rice paddy, rice harvesting, grinding grain, sisal, streets, textile mill, Colonial building. Ghandi walking thru streets & crowds. Ali Jinnah riding in carriage. Nehru speaking (MOS) at Independence

02:37:33 LS Lake Success w/ flags, delegates of India & flag flying. Map showing Pakistan, Kashmir, India. Ali Jinnah at Independence & flag raising. Map showing Jammu & Kashmir. Ghandi at mic & reviewing military. Troops in mountains. Artillery firing, explosions, fires.

02:39:10 Security Council meeting. Adm. Nimitz meeting w/ representatives to administer plebiscite.

02:39:35 Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan sitting on couch w/ Nehru

02:39:45 Map of Middle East. Street scenes; Jewish settler s house, farm field; fruit picking & packing.

02:40:15 General Assembly meeting, voting.

02:40:33 UN cars traveling in Palestine, shaking hands at fence. Map showing Gaza, West Bank & Israel.

02:40:57 Fighting, fires in street, people crossign barbed wire carrying goods. Bombing aftermath w/ fires, many people.

02:41:23 Palestine ?? building w/ UN flag; group posing w/ Count Folke Bernadotte w/ Arabs & Jews. Ext. of hanger after assassination w/ VIPs. Loading coffin. Fighting, treating wounded. Road near Jerusalem & fighting. Ralph Bunche as mediator & others at square conference table. Signing by Yigael Yadin in uniform & others (Agreement w/ Egypt signed in Rhodes 24Feb50).

02:42:45 Soldiers up hillside steps w/ Israel flag; on top of ?? & Independence celebration. Flag raising at Lake Success, New York United Nations headquarters.

Post-WWII History; Diplomacy; Diplomats;

Israel (Immigrants)

Two stack liner arriving; people waving from dock. Immigrants down gangway. MCUs, families greeted. Hugs. Station wagon w/ rooftop rack loaded w/ suitcases past camera. Bus past w/ people waving.

08:12:19 Pan across view of settlement of newly built houses on slight hillside, looking across valley.

08:12:28 MS woman washing dishes at outside faucet. Hanging clothes on line; men driving McCormick tractor. Field of agave?

Jewish Immigration; Arrivals;

[Post-WWII - Yugoslavia - U.S. Ambassador Garden Party w/ Tito]

July 4th reception. Dept. Prem & Foreign Minister Eduard Kardelj & wife greeted by Amb Allen in white dinner jacket & Mr Smodolka, Chef de Protocol of foreign office. Marshall Josip Broz-Tito arrives, drinking cocktails w/ Allens. Shots at Mr. Kardelj's table, at head of table Dr. Vilfan dept foreign minister & foreign Yugo. delegate to UN. Madam Koprula wife of Turkish Amb., Smodlaka, Kardelj, & Lady Peake wife of Brit. Amb. CU of Tito table w/ Mrs Allen, Mrs Kardelj, Sir Charles Peake, Brit Amb., Madam Delcoigne wife of Belgian Minister, Dr. Leo Mates, Dep. Foreign Min., Mr. Dozy, Dutch Minister, & Belgian minister. Tito lighting Mrs Allen cigarette. Table of Mrs. Vilfan, Dep. Dir of Info, Vidmar, Pres. of Fed. Parliament; Dr. Brecelj & his wife, VP of Slovenia. Other diplomats from Canada, France, Sweden, Israel, Finland.

Sands of Sorrow [Part 1]

[Film introduced by Dorothy Thompson. Film deals with the plight of Palestinian Arab refugees from the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.] Tent camp in Gaza Strip. Refugees living in squalor. Mothers and children.

01:17:13 UNICEF distribution truck - Egyptian soldiers distribute blankets and food. Refugees queue for help.

01:19:48 Food sent by UN loaded onto trucks in Gaza. Refugees in relief centres behind barbed wire. Registration cards checked.

01:21:13 Man who was once Palestinian Mayor but is now refugee queues for flour. Men out of hut carrying ration of food. Barrel holding powdered milk with UNICEF on top rolled off truck. Milk powder mixed with water in mixing sheds prior to distribution. Milk ladled into jugs. Children queue for milk; CU children drinking.

01:23:33 Arabs round camp fire - cooking pot. Arab woman repairing / sewing clothes.

Sands of Sorrow [Part 2]

[Film deals with the plight of Palestinian Arab refugees from the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.]

Refugees [20% of whom are Christian Arabs] with Lebanese priest Father Shukri Surur (Srur) who every night allows the most frail to sleep in his monastery in Gaza. Arab girl watering seeds which have been supplied by Father Surur. Priest handing out vegetables to Arab children.

01:24:57 Desert - Olive groves - Bethlehem - Church of the Nativity - Arab refugee camps. Church of All Nations. Orphanage for homeless Arab refugee children. Arab woman Miss Hussini (Husseini) who has converted her home into sanctuary for 125 children - outdoor school - classes. Boys tending garden. Boys playing football.

01:27:25 Children at long tables eating. Crying baby. Children sleeping two in a bed. Women refugees cutting out material to make clothes - at sewing machines. Women folding childrens clothes. Little boy refugee given new clothes.

01:30:03 Old City of Jerusalem - refugees working in shops - shoe repairs / cobblers. Refugees making tin cups for children in plumber s shop. Carpenters. Desert road through hills - signpost Jerusalem - Dead Sea - Jericho.

01:31:24 Mount of Temptation - refugee camps near Jordan River.

Sands of Sorrow [Part 3]

[Film deals with the plight of Palestinian Arab refugees from the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.]

Amman - capital of Jordan - houses on hillside. UN relief experts with map on bonnet of car. Ruins of ancient Roman amphitheatre which has become home for Arab refugees. Refugees living on hillside. 01:33:02 Children at school - outdoor or in tents. Mass of children playing. Squalid tents.

01:34:38 Women walking for water w/ cans on head. Tents sprayed with DDT insecticide. Mother tending sick child. Children with malnutrition - swollen stomachs [died a week later].

01:35:42 Refugees vaccinated against smallpox and typhoid. Doctors and nurses. Hospital tents - CUs patients. Muslim Arab at prayer. CU faces of all ages. Funeral procession w/ Arab men. Crying babies. Child being examined by doctor. Penicillin injection given. Mother and new born baby. VS Arab children.

01:39:48 Dorothy Thompson says refugee numbers have grown to over a million - appeals for relief. Mentions various religious organisations / churches who are helping. Shots of The American Middle East Relief organisation giving aid. Appeals for clothes for refugees.

The Hard Core

International Relief Organization Presents; Photographed & Directed by Arthur Zegart; written by Patricia Zegart; narrated by Walter Abel. United Nations Office of Information.

Abel to camera about what the Hard Core means, refugees etc. Man running along wall, Displaced Person, leaving DP camp in Germany. Another man on crutches down steps of brick building & waves goodbye as first man boards back of trucks w/ others. Train w/ passengers wearing tags looking at camera, arrives alongside ship w/ large International Relief Organization banner. Boarding ship w/ suitcases & backpacks. ship leaving.

21:27:34 Man on crutches missing foot turns & returns to DP camp building where he looks at posters; enters door saying Rejected & Deferred; IRO Counsellor. Blind, old, sick seen in CU. Kids on balcony with tuberculosis; families on mattresses under orchard trees.

21:28:50 Sign: Neuburg Vocational Training & Rehabilitation Center Entrance. Physical Therapists working w/ crippled children & adults exercising on floor mats in gym. Some w/o arms & legs walking, playing basketball. Man w/ artificial legs walks out door. Men w/ one arm etc. gardening; bookbinding; women operating knitting machines. Tailor. Blind man at loom; armless woman weaving; men in machine shop; welding.

21:32:23 Netherlands Mission interviewing for relocation. Paperwork signed. Sweden taking some TB cases looking at x-rays.

21:32:58 Ship Galilah w/ Israeli flag & unloading passengers on stretchers into ambulances. French interviewing aged. Old people in Denmark knitting, making crafts. Children in Denmark after being cured of TB of the bone. Blind boarding plane in Munich & taking off for Norway; arrival by bus & lessons in classroom. Blind learning braille in Norway. Learning trades. Doctors treating eyes; hospital bed & doctor w/ teen-age patient after restoring sight in one eye. Visiting w/ Norwegians.

21:36:24 Those left behind waiting in IRO center. Old, children, handicapped. Will they be forgotten?

21:;37:08 J. Donald Kingsley interviewed.

Post-WWII Refugees;

Writing Through The Ages

Encyclopaedia Britannica Films

Adapted from a visual unit produced for the British Ministry of Education

11:33:16 Young English kids in classroom at wooden desks writing using ink wells.; postman pushes letters through door. History of writing explored: African tribesman cutting symbols into spear; diagram showing American Indian signs for times of day; Indian next to teepee drawing picture symbols on animal skin. Map of world showing early systems of writing.

11:34:43 Map of world showing areas of development of types of writing. CUs Chinese person writing w/ upright brush on rice paper. Mesopotamia - cuneiform marks carved in wet clay w/ reed. Egypt - hieroglyphics on stone tablets. Papermaking from papyrus strips, inking onto papyrus. Map showing Palestine - invention of Alphabet from Semitic symbols Aleph & Beth - 22 sounds & 22 letters - map of Gebal on Syrian coast - Phoenician trading routes carrying alphabet with them.

11:38:51 Ancient Greece, Acropolis - origin of words writing & bible explained. Roman carving; writing on waxed wooden tablet w/ metal stylus. Development of French style of lettering.

11:40:29 Recreation of monk in Middle Ages writing at desk - crucifix on wall - book copied by hand. Re-creation of first printing press workshop c1450 - pages peeled off press. CUs early popular books - Shakespeare - Captain Cook Round The World. CUs handwritten letters from Queen Elizabeth I, Captain Cook, Alexander Pope.

11:42:12 Back to kids in classroom practicing handwriting. CU kid carefully copying story The Hare and the Tortoise. Your handwriting has taken three thousand years to develop . The End.

History; Literacy; Literature; Communication; Calligraphy; Educational Films;

Home Of The Homeless

United Nations Film Board / International Refugee Organization

Documentary narrated by Henry Fonda, written by Samuel Spewack; photography & direction by Arthur Zegart. re plight of those made homeless by WWII.

15:22:39 High pan across large Displaced Persons, DP, camp in Germany - Warner-Kaserne, Munich [former SS barracks]. Tracking shots past run-down buildings. INT cramped conditions; young families w/ hanging blankets for privacy. People wash, shave in morning; queuing for coffee; breakfast in room.

15:24:31 DPs leave camp for work.

15:24:51 Women wash family s clothes & sewing pyjamas out of old Luftwaffe parachutes. Men in camp work as mechanics, masons, carpenters, cooks, machinists. List of departments within camp. Truck enters camp past policeman. Man working out calorie rations on abacus.

15:26:00 Women collect rations. Meeting of camp community; bulletin board advertising social & cultural events. Young kids in class learning English. Greek Orthodox women at religious service. Kids reading in camp library. Little boys in boxing ring. EXT game of volleyball in yard, shell-scarred barracks in BG. Girl & Boy Scouts. Sign Konservatorium Warner-Kaserne in Munchen ; little girls in ballet class; man playing grand piano in bare room watched by young boys.

15:28:09 DP camp hospital - people treated for tuberculosis, TB, row of beds w/ sick men. Elderly women wait only for death . Man w/ amputated leg on crutches in yard. VO re highly trained DPs - skills unwanted by adopted country. Loudspeakers - announcer at microphone - CUs smiling DPs as VO lists many nationalities in camp: they have been certified medically & politically pure . DJ changing record to play on loudspeaker - VO says he is an acceptable immigrant but won t desert his sick father.

15:30:22 DPs interviewed & checked by doctor. Fingerprinting, row of file boxes; women into trucks. ..lucky ones sponsored by foreign country for resettlement in US, Canada, Australia, Israel, Latin America . Others look at bulletin board, walk, wait. DPs exist in a land where they are resented as living memorials of slave labour and concentration camps... High pan across camp rooftops to fields beyond. The End.

Welfare; Charity; Relocation; Post-WWII Europe;

Title: Israel (Vera & Chaim Weizmann)

03:56:43 Civilian VIPs, sailors at attention in dress uniforms. Weizmann w/ goatee & dark glasses helped by wife & military man up steps to ?? Haifa in background? Flag raised w/ minorrah & saluted by Israeli officer. People on dock waving. Single stack liner.

1950;

Title: News From Abroad (Pope; Germany (?) Signing; Huge Passenger Plane; Eddie Cantor in Israel)

04:00:54 Italy. Catholic procession down steps of St. Peters followed by Swiss Guard & mlitary wearing badges. Pope Pius XII carried on litter. CU. LS of huge crowd in square; Pope thru.

04:01:47 Kneeling priests on stone floor & Pope performing Mass. Swish pan...

04:01:55 Germany. Unid. politician up steps, greeted; w/ several others in front of flag w/ bear. People seated, applaud; two men signing at table in front. Applause. Bald man (USA Defense Secetary Louis Johnson?) signing as woman in print dress watches. Swish pan...

04:02:21: England Large passenger prop jet. Men at side w/ BOAC steps visible behind; boarding plane w/ lettering Bristol Brabazon I. Taxiing. Fly over low. Swish pan...

04:03:28 Israel. Men w/ Eddie Cantor walking into village; kids, village elders. Canter & wife (?) in school yard w/ children clapping, playing. MCU Cantor dancing; CU. Kids sing & clap. Cantor holds up child. People leaving. Eddie Cantor w/ woman & home movie camera.

04:04:14 Cantor walking w/ group.

1950; Religion; Celebrity Vacation; Tourist; Diplomacy; Entertainers;

NOTE: Bristol Brabazon 1, Type 167, was larger than Boeing 747 but was never put into service. Designed to carry only 100 people in spacious fuselage.

Title: Israel (Weather, various locations; Water Flow Studies on Mississippi River)

11:13:05 Seawall w/ trees blowing, waves in. Flooding w/ people thru water in carts, bicycles, crossing makeshift bridge across street. Swish pan...

11:13:32 Unidentified Location. Waves blowing against jetty. Dock w/ boat tied up. People on hillside blown about. Policeman (Gibraltar?) helping woman across street. Pedestrians running pushed by the wind (Spain?). More walking & blown about. Ropes along edge of sidewalks. Swish pan...

11:14:26 Views of heavy floodwaters thru & over dike; POV past flooded houses.

11:14:43 Vicksburg, Mississippi. CU sign: Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Station. Interior w/ working model of reservoirs & waterways. Large model of spillway w/ man watching, adjusting. Man standing pointing at large model of snaking river w/ many ox-bows. Monitoring & adjusting flow into working model. Checking measuring instruments.

Egypt (Gaza Arab Refugee Camp, Nov50)

Palestine Arab refugees in tents in Egyptian refugee encampment. Kids, barbed wire fence; man reading to group standing. Men receiving registration cards.

23:18:52 Egyptian army passing out clothing, flour, rice. Kids lined up; milk given out & kids drinking. Women & children.

War Aftermath; 1950;

[Ralph Bunche & Family After Winning 1950 Nobel Peace Prize]

CU Si. Ralph Bunche holding card from son congratulating him on getting the Nobel Prize & pan to boy, back to card. MS Bunche at desk looking letters (brief). Bunche looking at letters, looks at camera; at letters.

06:33:42 Sd. MCU w/ son, says to him SOF: Of all the congratulatory messages...this is the very best...

06:34:03 CU smiling, SOF: It is very nice to receive these...I am deeply honored by this award, but my happiness is in no way in causing me to forget that whatever I was able to do in Palestine was a result of the fact that I was backed by the great international peace organization, the United Nations; by the Secretary General Mr. Trygve Lie, by a great & loyal & hardworking staff of more than 700 international civil servants. I am very happy that this award came to me as a result of my work in & for the United Nations.

06:35:24 CU repeat of similiar statement...for the Nobel Peace Prize for this year...

06:36:06 CU repeat similiar w/ some variation.

06:38:09 MS Bunche holding son s card seated w/ wife, son & daughter standing. CUs of wife.

1950; Ethnic; Blacks; African-Americans; Near East 1949 Armistice Agreement; Arab-Israeli Conflict; UN Mediator;

NOTE: has light nitrate decomposition printed into film prior to transfer. Probably filmed while teaching at Harvard 1950-1952.

[ca 1950 Unid. European woman visiting Israel orphanage, Yemenite Hashed Camp; Kibbutz or Youth Aliya]

European woman helps ?? out of car visiting WIZO (W.I.ZO.) orphanage (?) in Jerusalem (?). European woman in MCU w/ kids & teacher in play yard. Inside, visits baby in crib. Nurse or employee feeding small child. Women leaving thru gate after visit. Other shots during visit.

06:39:51 View down gravel street w/ laundry on clothes lines between corrugated metal settlement huts or sheds. Women walking thru Yemenite Hashed camp (?); Yemenite women hide from camera, cooking. Man in CU. Heating water. Tents among olive trees. Washing clothes.

06:40:46 Man in hat & overcoat standing in front of tent w/ writing on it. LS of camp w/ tents & metal or stucco huts. MCU & Jewish woman helping woman to feet.

06:41:09 Visiting women at Kibbutz or Youth Aliya Camp. MCU visiting unid. VIP woman, CU. Walking tour w/ two men in suits.

06:41:41 CU Picking Jaffa oranges; woman w/ young people picking oranges & loading crates labeled King Sol. Boys walk past irrigating sprinklers. Visiting woman past young women picking or weeding plants, MCUs. Other repeated shots.

06:43:20 Young men throwing medicine ball outside house & doing acrobatics while others watch.

06:43:30 European woman giving gift of Neilson s Malted Milk & other candy. MCU young women. boys feeding cattle.

06:44:06 Boys & man return from fields in cart pulled by donkey.

06:44:10 More shots of youth & male camp leader.

06:44:36 Girls playing ballgame; CUs

06:44:41 Girls in chicken coop feeding & gathering eggs.

Hadassah Charity (?); Magic Carpet Immigration; Immigrants; Resettlement; Israel; 1950s;

Israel

Women soldiers drill on parade ground with rifles- spectators - Israeli flag raised. Women present arms - more marching.

Israel

Israeli Navy with anti aircraft guns. Naval launch.

Israel - Building a Kibbutz

Construction site - Men up tower holding Israeli flag. Banner builders of the Negev desert being unfolded and tied to pole. Kibbutz flag being tied to pole. Barbed wire fences being erected - surveyor - measuring out land - girls with barbed wire reel - Wooden building frame unloaded from lorry. Erecting wooden frames - bricklaying breeze block foundations. Carpentry - hammering nails into building, entire sides go up temporary tent living accommodation

[Weitzman meets with Truman]

Car past camera & up to side of White House. Weizmann presents Truman with gift in Rose Garden. Many photographers as he is helped out of car. CU. People waving Israel flags. Weizmann & wife walking past camera & waving. Out of Union Station. Cameramen & soundmen. Motorcade away from station. Out of W.H. & into car. Press conference with reporters taking notes. Sitting in garden at microphone. Speaking (MOS) into mic.

[United Nations Meeting]

United Nations meeting with Israeli man listening.

NY, United Nations

[1950s Arab Refugee Camp]

Arab refugee camp of tents, washing hanging on lines. Old man walking in sand, kids & families in crowded area between tents. Families receiving supplies. Clothes, pans of food given out; milk served from behind wall by two boys into pans & buckets. Kids drinking.

07:09:23 Barrel marked UNICEF rolled off truck. People lined up given supplies, blankets, flour. Men given paper for food. Men filling sacks from bulk flour bin.

07:10:15 Barbed wire fence, people & burrows behind. Man checking people thru gate. CU man signing papers. Food given out, men walk w/ rations. Rolling barrels into warehouse. Men mixing water & powdered milk (?). More distribution as man fans flies.

Near East; Palestine; United Nations Aid;

Israel

Kibbutz. Buildings constructed - view over farm - close ups local faces - pipe laying for irrigation - breaking up rocky ground with pickaxe - nice shots young Jewish children. Men taught use of rifle - sheep in pens - patrolling fence of Kibbutz land next to Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee).

[Hungarian Refugees; Egyptian Prisoner Return; Hong Kong - Lowu Border; Israel & United Nations]

Refugee group walking in overcoats & scarfs toward camera, older people & some carrying children. Dirt road & sandy soil beside barbed wire fence. Jeep & soldiers across desert. Refugees walking past camera w/ suitcases. Guard tower in background.

18:57:28 Men crossing timbers of destroyed bridge crossing small stream on barge. Walking thru mud & along road. Kissing grouind on opposite side of border. Crowd around busses, people getting off. Men signing papers. Crowd talking in narrow street between houses. People in wagon behind team of horses.

People standing about.

18:59:11 Woman spooning soup for little girl. Int. people sitting in office talking, smiling. Kids & adults, parents. MCUs.

18:59:51 Sign on door: American Joint Distribution Committee. United HIAS Service. People leaving. Women clerks interviewing people. Hand out papers. People talking in front of wall map.

19:01:02 Title: News In Brief. Nurse & Egyptian soldiers, patients, walking outside quonset hut.

19:01:10 Pan along line of white American Red Cross ambulances w/ Star of David; men standing about & nurses w/ some in wheel chairs. Men helping walking wounded, men carried on stretchers. MCU of man signing paperwork. Ambulances leaving.

19:01:43 Tel Aviv (?) airport terminal. Ambulances lined up, wounded w/ missing leg in wheel chair. ambulances past.

19:02:03 Title: Egypt Israel flags on poles, arabs in robes, military & civilian men in fez sitting at table. Egyptian airman at microphone Men in fez listening, MCU speaker.

19:02:40 Hong Kong - China Border Railroad & border ceremony. Men w/ suitcases escorted across. Sign: HKP Immigration Control Office Lo Wu. Europeans, British Mlitary & Chinese woman past. Men pose.

19:03:51 View of Chinese inside, Europeans walking out, thru gate & to Hong Kong train. Walking past Lowu sign. Walk up dirt road, into station wagon.

19:04:31 DC-3 overhead at airport. Crowd of journalists talking to Moshe Dayan in uniform, laughing. MCU. Biplane. United Nations DC-3 taxi & officers off; Dayan greeting. Sihk, British (?) General; Into low building w/ ?? flag.

19:05:50 Interior UN military officers talking w/ Dayan & ??. Sentries saluting outside by sandbagged position. Dayan walking w/ United Nations General; others w/ sihk. Cameramen.

United Nations Peace keeping; China - Hong Kong Border Exchange; 1950s; 1956ca; 1957ca; Military; Negotiations;

David Ben-Gurion in NYC parade with Impellitteri

Motorcade - CU Ben Gurion on steps with Impellitteri. Military march past. Flags of USA and Israel marched past. Ben Gurion in open top car - more military parade - motorcade. Crowds lining sidewalk applauding - ticker-tape - Israeli sailors - crowd - Good close up Ben Gurion and Impellitteri. Certificate presented. Top shot military personnel and band march up 5th Avenue. Top shot motorcade - crowds - New York police parade led by police on horseback.

Red Roundup: 17 Commie Leaders Arrested, 4 Hunted

??Jun51 VS Communists arrested in dawn raids under Smith Act leave court house, driven away in US Marshall vans. Includes Israel Amter, Frederick Vanderbilt Field, Eugene Dennis, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, Betty Gurnett and Claudia Jones.

Anti-Communism. HUAC. Witch hunts.

News In Brief: Princeton, N.J.

Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion visiting Albert Einstein at his home in Princeton - shake hands & pose for cameras in garden.

1950s.

Jerusalem The Holy City

Encyclopaedia Britannica

Pan over stack of urns, city walls & minaret. Pan along wall & top of walls, gate slowly opening; view along walks, priest or monk in garden. White stone & pan over wall, wrought iron on balcony, Gethsemane & Mt. of Olives. Pan over hillside.

05:21:08 Mosaic (?) of holy subjects. Jesus Christ; apostles; various Christian crosses; monks; three women walk carrying jugs along top of stone wall to well. Villa Dolorosa w/ woman following Arabs & donkeys. View down into courtyard of monks. Greek Orthodox to Tomb of Holy Sepulchre. Bells, minaret & Dome of the Rock. View across city from behind bells. Other churches, stone carvings & Pillar of Holy Fire.

05:24:50 Door opens, monks praying. Burial ground on hillside; pan across hillside. Wailing Wall & men & women praying, touching, woman putting note into stone. Moslem shrine & Dome of the Rock. Arabic inscription & decorative tile arts. The End.

Travelogue; Religions; Islamic; Mohammedan; Jewish; Jews;

News In Brief - Chaim Weizmann Funeral in Israel

Zionist leader and founder of State of Israel buried.

First Disciples

Family Films / Church Films dir. Edward Dew

Zoom in map of Judea, Samaria etc. Jesus walking through rocky hills en route to Galillee - comes across John the Baptist talking to followers - Andrew and John leave John the Baptist and follow Jesus - into cottage, Jesus answering their questions - Andrew off to share news of Jesus w/ brother Simon - takes him to meet Jesus; You are Simon son of John you shall be called Seefus [Peter] - means Rock or Stone. Jesus w/ three new disciples stop for rest; Philip arrives, Jesus puts hand on shoulder Follow me . CUs disciples. Philip finds Nathanial - tells him of Jesus - wait by roadside. Nathanial kneels before Jesus - You are the son of God, you are the King of Israel . Jesus w/ group of new Disciples.

Bible Story. Jesus Christ. Morality. Tacky / kitsch.

Birth of the Savior

Family Films/Church Films, dir. Edward Dew

Costumed re-enactment.

07:01:21 Map of Palestine aka Israel BC; shadow of Roman spear.

07:01:33 Israelites queue to pay Roman taxes; soldiers beat man. Prophets around table; man shows whip scars. Mary of Nazareth in cottage; hears voice of God; she responds How can this be, I have no husband? , kneels w/ eyes to heavens.

07:05:39 Elderly couple in cottage; Mary arrives; Mary gazes up out of window.

07:08:15 Joseph in cottage, snuffs out candle, goes to bed. Light on Joseph s sleeping face w/ voice of angel Gabriel.

07:09:34 Joseph helps Mary onto donkey; journey to Bethlehem; outside inn at night, Joseph pleads & innkeeper offers stable. Innkeeper w/ Mary, Joseph & donkey in stable, leaves lamp.

07:12:38 Three shepherds around camp fire, one playing flute; hear voice of God, shepherds look up to heavens. Shepherds arrive at stable; Mary w/ Jesus in manger; shepherds kneel, Mary & Joseph watch. CU baby Jesus.

Bible Story; Jesus Christ; Morality; Tacky; Kitsch; Gags; Oddities; Immaculate Conception; Myths;

NOTE: Good quality color.

Childhood Of Jesus

Family Films/Church Films, dir. Edward Dew

06:01:17 Painted backdrop of Bethlehem. CU Baby Jesus in manger; Mary and Joseph take Jesus to temple in Jerusalem, priest holds him, another priest at table w/ scroll. CU Simeon w/ Jesus; Simeon w/ Joseph, Mary and Jesus.

06:04:40 Wise men around campfire at night; wise men talk to people in Jerusalem. King Herod w/ aides; priest reads from scroll; MCU Herod rubs hands together. Herod instructs wise men to find child and tell him location. Star in east.

06:07:14 Wise men visit baby Jesus w/ Mary & Joseph. Joseph hears message from angel in sleep; Joseph, Mary and Jesus escape to Egypt

06:09:08 Herod angry; orders all boy children to be killed. Mary & Joseph w/ Jesus in Egypt. Angel tells Joseph to take Jesus to Israel. Joseph builds fire by roadside, Mary climbs off donkey. Mary and Joseph living in Nazareth; Joseph making furniture, Mary by cradle. VS farming fields, streams running, crops.

06:12:12 Painted backdrop, LS Jerusalem. Mary & Joseph search for 12 yr old Jesus. Have you seen Jesus anywhere? No...we best go back & look for him. Mary & Joseph at temple.

06:13:16 Jesus talking w/ teachers. Jesus at home w/ Joseph in workshop; gazes out of window.

Bible Story; Christianity; Religion; Jesus Christ; Morality; Tacky / kitsch;

NOTE: Good quality color.

The World Dances Pt. 2 of 4

Fenneman to camera re Ukranian folklore.

08:24:22 Two women in Ukranian costume, headscarves etc., sing on either side of man playing accordion. Couple perform Cossack style comedy dance w/ baggy pants etc. - man wearing fuschia silk tunic - woman spins round then man spins her around onto floor. [Konstantin Hopher & Jane Mueller Ukranian Folk Dancers - song by Valentina Melentjew.]

08:27:05 Japan montage: gong, snow-capped Fujiyama mountain, Imperial Palace & ornamental bridge in Tokyo, giant statue of Buddha, people in cherry orchard outside temple, Spring festival procession - women w/ babies in slings. Japanese man hits gong on stage set w/ Geishas. Cherry Blossom Dance performed by Geishas in dance arena w/ kimonos & parasols. Woman seated on platform sings & plays traditional string instrument & man chants or sings, good shots dancers in beautiful kimonos. Other women dancing.

08:32:51 Man does Lion Dance in gold-painted mask - other dancers wearing caracature masks of Japanese people - masks off & dance w/ cloth streamers or ribbons. [Mrs Fujima Kansuma s Japanese Folk Dance Group.]

08:35:47 Mexico montage: EXT Fine Arts Theatre, Mexico City, street scenes, traffic, market traders, people relaxing in Xochimilco on canal boats.

08:36:37 Lourdes Chavez dances Mexican dance accompanied by guitarists wearing sombreros. CUs.

08:38:56 Israel montage: Tel Aviv street scenes; road building, farming, group marching (brief). Woman sings Israeli folk songs inc. Harmonica w/ man on accordion while dancers perform various dances. [Barry Denovitz Israeli Folk Dance Group w/ Ely Shapiro.]

08:45:06 Armenia: people in desert village. Gong. Men & women on set perform stylised courting dance to repetitive rhythm - wearing fez hats, veils & lurid sequinned Ali Baba pants etc. Woman pounds drums & cymbals at back. [Karoun Tootikan and the Ruth St. Dennis Dancers w/ Eric Ward.]

08:47:06 Fenneman in office SOF re Cuba & introduces dance. Dancers perform Rhumbalero in colourful frilly outfits - drummers; pan out from CU of woman singing. Man w/ huge red frilled sleeves on black suit shakes maracas while dancing. [Ramon Talavera s Cuban Folk Dance Group and Dacito Mego on Bongos.]

08:50:44 Title Intermission . Note: Continued on LN 504-092.

Good vibrant colour.

Tacky / Kitsch; Oddities; Stereotypes; Folk Dancing; Folk Music; US World View; Racial Stereotypes.

[Erich Johnston at Mandelbaum Gate, Jerusalem Israel w/ ?]

Israel Police, Port & Marine Division outside Mandelbaum-Gate inspection post. CU sign. Eric Johnston shaking hands of officer & men.

16:20:33 Walking w/ ?? out of house (?) followed by others. Hand shaking.

Politics; Motion Picture Association; Middle East;

Note: 16Oct53 President Eisenhower appointed Johnston as Special Representative to the Near East at rank of Ambassador to negotiate with Israel & the Arab States on development of the Jordan Valley. Johnston left the next day.

Israel Marks Independence Day

Men and women soldiers of the Israeli army marching in Independence day military parade. President Ben Zvi seated in review stand, Moshe Dayan on his far right

01:00:21 Premier David Ben Gurion seated in review stand.

01:00:27 General Ezer Weizmann head of Airforce (later President of Israel) looks up at planes flying, Troops on camels followed by tanks. Planes fly overhead. Spectators including young men in wheelchairs.

Workshop For Peace Pt. 2 of 3

Guides giving tour to visitors, show model of buildings; takes through building showing chambers of three councils: Trusteeship & concept explained.

05:42:03 British Togoland delegates speak to Trusteeship Council under New Zealand s Leslie Knox Monroe Presidency. Representative speaks on people s behalf.

05:43:31 Guide points out painting symbolizing struggle for peace by Jose Vela Zanetti. Visitors enter Economic & Social Council meeting. Sit & listen w/ earphones to translation. French delegate speaking.

Translators working in various languages. MCU young woman listening. Specialized United Nations staff members listening behind name plates.

05:46:26 Security Council meeting room. Mural in front. Empty room & filled. Dag Hammarskjold speaking about outbreaks in Palestine between Palestine & Israel. Chief of Staff of UN Peacekeepers introduced. Abba Eban speaking against Syria; Syria responds.

05:48:58 Views of offices. Camera follows morning mail van into building, unloaded & sorted for floors. Letters, newspapers. Moved by dumbwaiter up the building, then again sorted by individual offices. Delivered to offices.

Diplomacy; Educational Film; Post-WWII; United Nations;

News In Brief: Israel

VS Israeli soldiers inspect corpses following Israel-Egypt border killings.

Hazor Archaeological Excavation Reel 1

Yadin to camera narrating the history of Hazor and reason for excavation as he walks along site. Refers to Biblical references, Pharaonic references and the letters of Tel Amarna. Throughout film Yadin narrates - both to camera and V/O. map of location, showing its strategic place. Yadin to camera intercut with details of ruins and finds. Refers to Professor Garstein (previous archaeologist to excavate). CUs figurines, inscriptions, pharaohs mummies, hieroglyphs (relating to Hazor). Egyptian wall paintings. - Egyptian coins found at Hazor. Pans along Tel Hazor. 05:05:35 1955 footage fo first season dig. - LS and CUs excavating, little train built for getting rid of earth dig up. Chute on slope on mount. Nicknamed Hazor Express (05:06:33).

New immigrant labourers hired to help with dig forming chain to rid area of heavy rocks. Cubes help to mark squared off plots to identify areas of dig. Clay sherds (shards) found, washed (05L07:50) collected, identified, glued together and recorded.

05:0827 Yadin to camera re how to identify the nature of the enclosure. AVs site. Remains of houses, stone foundations of walls, 05:11:10 fine brush for tremoving delicate objects. graphs of strata of different cities/ layers, proof fires, layers of ash, gates to city, CUs door shoe, vessels, pots, bowls - including examples of Mycenaean pottery imported form Greece. 05:12:03 Little terracotta bull. pulling out huge jug. Hebrew door sill over Canaanite temple. 05:13:19 Site of child burial - skeletons of children and babies buried in large vessels. 05:13:50 paintbrushes to clean teeth and uncover the skeletons. AVs remains of temples, Canaanite Deity (05:14:44) , standing stones, 05:15:09 -one carved with two hands - symbol of Moon God, also statue of Moon God. Pottery, clay containers for worship. - silver plated statue - 05:15:55 image of woman with snake. 05:16:30 Potter s wheel and clay mask.

- End reel 1.

Hazor Archaeological Excavation Reel 2

CU clay masks. Yadin walking and talking on site in front of huge Canaanite sacrificial stone (3-4 tons)(05:18:24), - Orthostats (standing stones). Digging with picks. Cutting trench to find objects in temple. various basalt statues with emblems of Hadad, weather God. 05:21:14 Bull, other animal figures. Large cooking and storage vessels. Drainage pipe for draining blood of animal sacrifices. Statue of man. Bronze plate of Canaanite leader wrapped in robe. Cuneiform Babylonian writing. 05:23:12 Removal of debris uncovers basalt lion, hauled up with jack of car. Head of lioness. 05:24:03 Crane lifting lion out of ground (15th Cent BC). Yadin to camera, climbing Tel. Row of pillars, sickle 4th Cent BC, trench to find 21 different layers. AVs floors, walls etc. 05:26:28- Solomon s casement walls, fortifications, city gates - similar to gates discovered in Megiddo. Quote from Bible which helped them identify the finds. Refers to archaeologist MacAlister. 05:29:14 Gezer excavations by American team. - proves Yadin s theory about Solomon s gates. Casement wall from time of King Ahab. Citadel discovered in 1955. Two capitals of pillars. Excavations in progress in merchant s houses; 05:31:59 pestle and mortar. House with flight of stairs, pillared courtyard. Rich man s house, leaning pillars - poss caused by earthquake. Beautiful pots and vases. 05:33:06 Hebrew inscriptions, ivory and carved stone objects. 05:34:25 Blocked gate in ancient city wall - camouflage (against Tiglath Pillesser II attack) - evidence of his destroying Hazor - ashes on objects. Yadin in vision walking around dig. 05:36:16 Yadin sync. re search for spring, water source. enters deep shaft, throws stone down, 05:37:25 hits underground water table.

Yadin walking along different parts of excavation.

NB MUSIC SECTIONS ON SOUND TACK IS NOT PUBLIC DOMAIN - DO NOT USE

[UN Security Council Meeting re Gaza Incident]

INT 692nd UN Security Council meeting opened by Turkish President re complaints by Egypt and Israel. HA shot of council chamber - delegates take seats. MS US delegate speaking; if the preliminary reports we have received are proved to be true, the incident which has occured in the Gaza district is indefensible from any standpoint...my government has repeatedly made its position clear in this council, we oppose any policy of reprisal or retaliation... ; notes general improvement in recent relations between Israel and Arab states; cuts to Egypt and Israel delegates listening; a display of restraint in the face of extreme provocation is to be commended... . UK representative notes large loss of life as a result of Gaza incident; the incident is undoubtedly the most serious of its kind which has occurred on the Israeli-Egyptian demarcation line since the signing of the Armistice agreement in 1949...the Egyptian government has acted with commendable restraint... . LS meeting in progress.

05:56:23 Dag Hammarskjold speaking re Gen. Burns ? presence in Palestine. President urges Egypt and Israel to exercise restraint and not to use force. Meeting closed.

Middle East.

News In Brief : Tel Aviv - Ben-Gurion launches bond drive. Interior Ben Gurion addresses audience (not heard)

Eisenhower on Arab Israeli Relations. Good quality sound

Press conference where Ike answers question re prevention of warfare in the Middle East. Re Russian influence in Middle East - says US has tried to befriend every nation in Middle East - that Arabs and Israelis need each other for trade etc. Asked question re Texas. Answers question re Modern Republicanism political philosophy - free enterprise - leadership. Asked whether there is knowledge of Russian moving arms to Mid East. Questions re economy.

Israel Civil Defence Exercise - street scenes downtown Jerusalem, Zion Square traffic - crowds being moved by soldiers- people sheltering in doorway - firecrackers exploded to make smoke - exterior building sign Zion Hall. British troops ? with anti-aircraft gun - troops hose down firecracker box. Injured escorted to ambulances. Smoke coming from upper floor apartment - injured lowered on stretcher - carried to ambulance.

(? re Suez crisis)

Middle East War

Israeli tanks down street to cheering crowds. Artillery fired , smiling Israeli officer ends at 06:30:31. Clip repeated twice more

Near East Crisis - Invasions Complete, UN Will Take Over

06:23:11 Aerial over Port Said in smoke after bombing, British troops arriving. Sunken vessels in harbor. 06:23:33 Sign: Port Said Aerodrome. Aftermath of attack: walls w/ bullet holes, destroyed buildings / people in windows & doorways smiling. British & French forces in streets; unloading trucks. Patroling streets. Many people in streets; men gather spilled flour sacks. POV from tank patrolling.

Suez crisis; Nov56; 1956; Fighting Aftermath;

NOTE: Covers French, British and Israeli forces holding their positions as UN discussions go on re Suez Canal. Russians hint at volunteer forces being aired.

Full-Scale War Looms In Middle East

Mid-east war looms on Gaza Strip / Negev Desert.

08:22:18 United Nations military convoy stopped along road; truck wreckage smoking inspected on border area after fighting. Bullet holes circled w/ chalk, holes in windshield glass. Officers looking at bodies. Weapons inspected, shells / ammunition.

08:22:55 MCU soldiers. MCU looking at sabotaged Beersheba - Tel-Aviv railroad line w/ tracks cut; notes taken for United Nations Truce Commission.

08:23:12 United Nations plane arrives, UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold down stairs, shakes hands, walks (Ralph Bunche barely visible) surrounded by journalists at airport. Talking w/ ??. Soldiers carry dead body on stretcher.

Israel; Egypt; Palestine; Apr56; 1956;

NOTE: Pre-Suez Crisis.

Near East Raid - Israeli Troops Attack Egypt

12:57:06 INT Israeli Parliament (Knesset). Brief shot Ben Gurion & Begin talking w/ Dayan in BG (12:57:12).

12:57:16 Israeli troops march in review (probably May Independence Day parade) past PM David Ben Gurion, President Ben Zvi - soldiers in jeeps & truck pull torpedoes past camera.

12:57:38 Female soldiers march w/ rifles. Egyptian Army parade w/ troops, tanks, artillery thru city.

Suez Crisis; Oct56; 1956; Middle East; Military Strength;

Palestine

13:11:06 LS excavatiion of Biblical city of Hazor unearthed by Hebrew University expedition led by Dr Yigael Yadin.

13:11:10 Yadin pointing in MCU. Archaeologists & students digging & sifting thru ruins. Broken pottery shards / chards reconstructed.

Archaeology; Middle East; Holy Land; 1950s; 1956; Ancient History; Desert;

War Over Suez

View of ships in harbor at entrance to Suez Canal. Ferry. Ships lined up in canal. MCU of Abdel Nasser talking to reporters. Israel soldiers on Sinai Peninsula walking toward camera alongside canal. Bodies alongside in sand, some nearly buried. Convoy of warships tdoward camera w/ battleship followed by two aircraft carriers, others in distance. Four British jets overhead in close formation.

14:36:15 View from plane of parachutes dropping & opening. Soldiers down nets on side of ships & wading ashore from landing craft w/ heavy black smoke from oil fire on shore.

14:36:35 Street w/ burning three story house. Street w/ Arabs milling about, bags of flour or ?? on ground. POV from army truck moving thru street w/ rubble alongside.

14:36:45 Ext. of United Nations; interior w/ Henry Cabot Lodge, John Foster Dulles & others. LS of interior of General Assembly. Dag Hammerskjold boarding airplane. United Nation Troops (Emergency Police Force) marching up street w/ Arabs cheering & waving from behind rope. Eisehower at desk speaking says US believes the UN can end the bloodshed as proven in the past. The End.

Cold War; Middle East;

[United Nations Security Council Debating Resolution on Suez Crisis]

Russian?? speaking in English at Security council table w/ Peru, ?? , United Kingdom delegates says that Britain & France declared today that they would occupy key positions in Suez Canal area unless Israel & Egypt quit firing w/in 12 hours. Cut-aways of Egyptian delegate; Henry Cabot Lodge of United States; Hammarskjold. Egyptian delegate speaks in French.

14:39:48 British delegate speaks, reading statement from British Prime Minister saying that they ve asked Egypt & Israel to withdraw 10 miles...answer w/in 12 hrs or British & French will intervene in strength necessary. Repeatedly stresses its occupation will be of a temporary nature.

14:42:19 Lodge of US reads resolution re Israel having penetrated deeply into Egyptian territory in violation of Armistice agreement w/ Egypt & calls for pull-back & others to resist use of force.

14:43:39 Several LS of Security Council room. (MOS) Shots of packed gallery.

14:44:47 MCU of Abba Eban listening. French spoken in background. Lodge continues speaking in English for US asking Israel cease immediately & withdraw...

14:46:08 Security Council President from France speaks in French on French point of view.

14:46:37 English delegate speaks on action of British & French action and that Security Council should support it & asks rejecting the proposed Council draft resolution & says he will vote against.

Middle East Debate; War;

Suez Crisis

09:30:45 Exterior and interior united Nations building with delegates. Interior council chamber - delegates from Finland, Thailand, Greece, United Kingdom, Egypt, Abba Eban from Israel. Various shots round chamber and previous shots repeated - cuts.

09:34:03 Aerials Suez Canal area - Naval ships in port. British soldiers marching (Scots ?). Streets with British soldiers and native Egyptians.

Israel

Tel Aviv Military (Independence Day) parade - tanks - military vehicles and troops - cutaways to Prime Minister Ben Gurion - Chief of Staff Moshe Dayan, President Ben Zvi and others on reviewing stand.

Israel - Hammarskjold

Hammarskjold met at airport - into limo and away. Enter Government office in Jerusalem. Interior- Hammarskjold meeting with Ben Gurion, Golda Meir and Bunche?

[Suez War Aftermath ca 1956 - 1957]

Title: Israel - Telenews. Minaret top. Israel jeep w/ three soldiers past.

18:46:07 Workers beside oil storage tanks, pipelines. Soldier w/ rifle guarding, man painting tank. MS four or five pipelines, valves & workers. Building.

18:46:22 Sign: Hebrew & English - Beer Sheba. aka Beersheba. Railroad tank cars parked. Men attaching hose, another man turning valve. Shot of multiple hoses between pipeline & tank cars. Man opening lid on tank car. Locomotive pushing train (brief).

18:46:58 Title: Egypt - Telenews. Freighter President Jackson thru Suez Canal, April, 1957; first ship thru after reopening of Canal.

18:47:32 Title: Jordan - Telenews. Soldiers standing & sitting in doorway, coils of barbed wire strung across street.

18:47:39 Government building, parked & moving traffic.

18:47:43 Men around table in bar w/ bottles & glasses, taking notes & talking

18:47:58 Title: Israel - Telenews. Parked line of armored cars & trucks. Bank Leumi sign behind. Tanks & troop carriers.

18:48:12 Tank seen thru metal sculpture looking like atom at entrance to ?? Line of large bombs standing on end. Men pushing tail of fighter jet airplane onto fuselage to assemble, many workers. Man working in cockpit. MIG-15 painted on side, nose. Man off plane.

18:48:44 Man sitting in cockpit of propeller driven ?? fighter plane w/ insignia of crescent & three stars.

Post-1956 Suez War; Petroleum; Aftermath; Shipping; Near East; Military;

Eisenhower Doctrine to Congress

Applause as Ike takes stand. Speaker presents President - Ike thanks Vice president Nixon and Speaker. Ike speaks on Middle East situation - international communism - Russias desire to control Middle East - not oil but World domination.

Suez - Israel - Egypt

UN in Gaza, Arabs Riot

Demonstrator on rooftop - Egyptian flag. UN troops. Demonstration, crowd. UN officer. Arab demonstrators - man on rooftop with flag. UN soldier looking through binoculars standing in front of UN flag. Israeli army officer - Chief military Rabbi. Jerusalem - Israeli anti government demonstration by Herut party (Begin s party). Interior Israeli parliament - o head shot Prime Minister Ben Gurion speaking. Night riots - man arrested. UN officers. Jeep with Israeli flag. Troops - tank. Arab demonstration.

Middle East - [Suez invasion - retreat]

Deadlock Ends - Israelis To Quit Egyptian Territory

Crowd outside Knesset awaiting decision re Gaza and Egypt. Golda Meir at United Nations and others from Israeli delegations; Egypt delegation.

(Suez)

[Egypt & UN Soldiers, ca 08Mar57; Israel & Pipeline Construction]

Title: Egypt. Railroad flat car loaded w/ cheering men waving. Freight cars w/ men standing on top & on ground w/ Egyptian flags cheering military General, soldiers.

08:15:17 Laborers unloading large burlap bags of grain off freight cars onto truck.

08:15:28 Soldier in field w/ radio, camel kneeling loaded w/ boxes. Arabs tying load on pack camel. UN soldiers looking at maps. UN soldiers w/ field packs along road, jeep, arabs & camels w/ loads along road.

NOTE: Probably at time of Israel pullout of Gaza & Sharm-el-Sheik, ca 08Mar57.

08:16:01 Title: Israel. Pan of oil storage tanks & small equipment in front of desert hills.

08:16:08 Pipeline running into lake or sea. Men welding pipeline & pipe line along ditch. Men constructing wooden barracks or buildings & carrying mattresses. Fitting windows, nailing; carry bed frame.

08:16:36 European men, women & children assisted from bus & into housing.

08:16:51 Two men w/ guns patrolling, tower & fence.

08:16:59 View from top of cliff of valley. Pan w/ truck load of pipe sections for pipeline along desert road. Men w/ jack hammers & digging for pipeline; crane placing pipeline into trench, bulldozer filling. View across desert to Dead Sea or coastal bay. Men buliding large pipe valves & storage tank behind.

Immigration; Settlements; 1950s;

NOTE: Probably water pipeline.

News in Brief - Israel (Tel Aviv Protest March Against UN Order to Evacuate Gaza Strip)

22:35:42 Overhead of crowd w/ banners marching past spectators. Large banner asking in French for free passage of Israel shipping thru Suez Canal. Pan over crowd filling square.

22:36:01 Shot over shoulder of speaker (MOS) & crowd below. Pan crowd.

Demonstration; Jewish Demonstrators; 1957; Feb57; United Nations Order;

Israel [Agriculture Aid To Own Arab Poputation, 1957]

Israelis & Arabs at ceremony. Arabs using new combines provided by Israel for Negev farming. CU camel. Combine. CU Arab. More combining.

Near East;

News In Brief - Israel

Farm buildings with shell pocks & damage on Israeli buildings. People out of metal lined shelter. Repairing Electric poles. UN observers study map.

News In Brief - Israel (Tenth Anniversary Celebration)

22:40:55 LS over Jerusalem military display, soldiers & flags. Ben Gurion to speakers stand past cameramen, crowd of spectators in background.

22:41:09 Troops marching in review. Trucks, artillery & tanks past.

Jewish State; 1958;

NOTE: poor audio from film.

Lebanon Crisis - Election Held, Fear Rebels May Fight On; [Israel Gets French Fighter Jets]

Fighters w/ rifles overlooking valley. CUs.

22:45:44 City w/ rebel leader & diplomat & others in street talking. CU rebel leader. Other Arabs w/ rifles, in groups, pose for camera.

22:46:04 Mountain road, burned & destroyed motorcycle. People looking over edge & men carry empty caskets after assasination attempt on premier. Body carried up in coffin.

22:46:28 Fighter jet landing w/ drag parachute in Israel. Row of French fighers w/ Israeli insignia. Pilot looking at plane.

Near East Military; Rebellion; Military Weapons; Military Aviation; 1958; Military Aid;

INCLUDING:

02:04:55 map. Dramatisation of the discovery of a scroll - Bedouin with goats across desert, goat on high mountain ledge.

02:06:00 - American photographers DJ Nelson & Milt Farney (?), full frontal of Masada, men climb the mount, ruins on top. Dead Sea from top of mount, Roman encampment, Herod s castle (all before Yadin excavation in the 1960s). Driving along Dead Sea, man into salty sea, egg floats on water, man floats. Ein Gedi oasis, waterfall and pool. Landrover through canyon.

02:11:46 - Bedouin camp. sheiks welcome then. Inside tent with ornate rugs. Riding on camels. Donkeys with baby donkey. Sheep. Goats. Boy climbing camel. Trekking with camels along desert. Sword fighting - argument. Caravan of camels. Man coming out of cave.

02:20:27 Hebrew University , CU Yigael Yadin authority on Dead Sea Scroll and son of late Professor Sukenik who early recognized the value of scroll.

Into vaults of University where scrolls are kept. jars where scrolls were found, Yadin showing photographers the scrolls, esp the Isaiah scroll (like Bible book of Isaiah) - longest and best preserved. Finger pointing at ancient Hebrew text on parchment. Habakuk commentary. 02:23:49 - Thanksgiving scroll - faded, unknown to Bible.

02:24:22 - out of vault. Man shooting of camera. Title Sand Sheiks and Scrolls .

02:25:02 J

INCLUDING:

02:29:50 - pan over rooftops of Jerusalem. CU Professor Avigad studying fragments of Dead Sea Scroll. CU matching bit with tweezers and reading through magnifying glass. Transliterating onto notebook Hebrew text.

02:32:21 pan over Old City of Jerusalem (part of Jordan) - dome of the rock, Gath Semane. Barbed wire. Forces photographers to fly fro Israeli Jerusalem to Jordanian Jerusalem via Athens.

Aerial views of port of Jaffa, plane wing, Mediterranean islands, approaching Athens. Landing, Acropolis. BEA plane - boarding.

02:35:00 - Damascus Gate (of Old city of Jerusalem. Various churches,Rockefeller Museum. 04:35:36 Inside museum - Jars with scrolls, fragments. Reconstructed writing tables and inkwells from Qumran caves. Coin of Romans and King Herod s time.

02:37:11 - Kando the middle man who received the first scrolls from the Bedouins and sold them on to scholars. 02:37:42 - POV car along desert to Amman - museum.

02:38:30 - NG

02:38:53 - Dr. Adjani museum curator in Amman - shows jars. skulls several thousand years old, perhaps from Jericho. Artifacts from Jericho, head of Tigi, Goddess of Amman., coins. Curator shows sections of famous copper scroll first motion picture film of this scroll ). - taken out to bright sunlight for shooting. CU bits of scroll. Curator examining scroll and pointing to it. 02:43:24 - on the road, camel crosses road, woman drawing water from hole. Arab / Bedouin men riding on camels at a fast trot. On the road again towards Qumran caves. Dead sea waves lapping shore. man tasting sand for salt. Qumran monastery excavations. Men going into Qumran caves using torches made of rags soaked in petrol tied to wooden club.

02:49:16 Hidden City of Petra including temple of Nabateans. Beautiful carvings into rock.

02:50:56

Russian News of The Day 1959 #11 March

Khrushchev s visit to GDR Leipzig, East Germany. International Spring Trade Fair Khrushchev & delegates walk thru USSR exhibition hall; model of Soviet Sputnik, car models, Khrushchev w/ GDR leaders Walter Ulbrich & Otto Grotewohl look at cars & smile. Khrushchev wearing flower chain at Indian exhibit. Shots of delegates w/ Khrushchev thru trade fair. CU Khrushchev answers reporters questions. Night crowds in city square. Khrushchev & others walk thru cheering crowds, shake hands w/ public, woman presents K. w/ flowers & kisses him. VIP s w/ K., Ulbrich & Grotewohl on podium, applause, Khrushchev at microphone. LS podium w/ huge picture of Khrushchev. Applause, fireworks.

21:16:21 Plane on runway, VIPs greets K. returning from GDR. Photographers take pictures, Khrushchev shakes hands w/ Suslov, Brezhnev, Mikoyan & other VIP s, car w/ VIP s drives away from airport.

21:16:45 3rd meeting of UPWP 3rd meeting of United Polish Worker s Party, congress hall, VIPs on podium incl., Soviet delegation led by Ignatov, Chinese delegates w/ Ju De(?) & others, standing applause, high angle stage. On podium 1st secretary of the United Polish Workers Party, Wladyslav Gamulka.

21:17:46 After Great Plan Big explosions, huge crane in the open pit coal strip mine, men work inside the crane, big scoop shovel. CU coal dug up by tractor, into the train cars.

21:18:52 Kamchatka Big waves & fishing boat, island thru fog. Ship on water from various angles, CU sailors in ship s control room; men pull out huge fishing net, various shots of fishermen, CU huge amount of fish pour out. Ice on deck. View of island mountain.

21:19:39 Kremlin, USSR Deputy Chairman of Presidium of Supreme Soviet Ivan Kodice meets Ambassador of Israel Aria Arel(?), delegates read their speeches & exchange papers, shake hands.

21:20:21 South Tadzhikistan Spring, blossoming trees in the field surrounded by dry mountains, tractors on road to fields; pour in seeds in the planters; tractors on the field planting cotton. CU drivers.

21:21:08 Moscow Big canteen hall, food expert committee taste dishes on canteen s menu. People in the cafeteria pick food from display counter, CU various dishes. Women pick food from counter covered w/ huge variety of dishes. Man pours tea from big tea urns; various shots of people eating in canteen.

21:22:12 Celebration of Kazakhstan's National artist Aman Kulmamedov(?) 30 yrs. in the theater. Shots of Amad in various theatre plays. On stage, applause, Kazakhstan s Deputy Minister of Culture Kavusov reads congratulation speech (MOS), applause; various people give presents, kiss, applause. CU artist Amad.

21:23:15 World Cup in Hockey USSR & USA hockey teams on ice rink; scenes from final game, end of the game, won by USSR w/ score 5 - 1, teammates shake hands.

Newsreel; Communist; Communism; Cold War; 1950s; Diplomacy; Mining Industry; Diplomacy; Awards;

The Peace Fund R1 of 2

Kid sleeping, several boys in shower w/ soap; girl combing hair; smiling kids; boys playing outdoors; young woman teacher & class.

15:01:41 Montage: German fighter planes, Hitler, bombs drop & explosion w/ collapse of water tower, buildings collapse. Titles. Montage of steel mill; large electrical insulators, large machines, POV across bridge; POV of RR & engineer in cab. Collective farm & men working around haystack, woman gathering large basket of eggs. SOF talking about suffering of WWII & high death toll of soldiers & civilians. Translator over her voice.

15:04:46 Thatched house & boys w/ motorcycle outside; Nazi soldiers around similar house. US soldiers lighting roof of thatched hut in Vietnam. Woman holding child in front of burning hut.

15:05:24 Hydroelectric power lines & dam. Bridge above giant water spillway. Truck driver (SOF) talking of giving to Peace Fund in name of his father & mother. Trucks & drivers working w/ his voice over, driving thru snow.

15:07:03 Slow motion of US soldiers off helicopters & panic looks of peasants Aerial of bomb exploding. GOOD.

15:07:50 Bacteriologist in lab. Scientist who saved million of lives talks (SOF) of giving to Peace Fund.

15:09:08 Israel soldiers at machine guns & slow motion optically manipulated firing of large gun. Burned children.

15:09:31 Boris Polevoy, author of The Story of A Real Man (SOF) & Chairman of the Board of Peace Fund tells of receiving large amount of mail donations & letters. Ends abruptly.

Humanitarian; Charity; Fund Raising; Anti-War; Vietnam War;

The Peace Fund Reel 2 of 2

Brass monument base w/ bas relief of workers & gifts; tilt up statue of warrior w/ onion domes of orthodox church behind. Tilt on up to flag flying on top of domed building. WWII donations & women; others. Russian fighter planes lined up. Soldiers & people giving gifts. Pilots hugging & kissing. Factory & railroad w/ equipment. Tank across snowscape.

15:13:04 Author Boris Polevoy talking about all donations accepted by Peace Fund. Crimean artists w/ paintings they are giving. Envelopes, coins, Madonna & child relief, watches,

15:14:33 Bow of ship sliding down ways, men on top of electrical transmission towers, workers in steel mill & elsewhere. Children packing boxes. Factory workers bottling medicine.

15:15:11 Vietnamese children, planes dropping bombs in air to air shot in slow motion, kids into culvert bomb shelter.

15:15:26 Packing medicine & crates loaded onto ship; ambulance loaded. Burnng Vietnamese village intercut. Kids waving goodbye to ship. Plane being loaded for Palestine; another large freight jet taking off at twilight for earthquake victims. People addressing envelops & packages to Peace Fund. Stills of families. People dancing outdoors at cafe & in street. Child dance.

15:17:17 Poet Robert Roeshevski (sp?) looking out window on snowy day w/ traffic below. His bookshelf scanned as he talks about why we write when war is going on.

15:18:26 Pedestrians in winter coats, talking. Cars behind & walking, smiling. End Credits. The End.

Humanitarian; Charity; Fund Raising; Anti-War; Vietnam War;

In Search of Peace Pt. 2 of 2

Nigeria, sign for US Technical Assistance Program for Fisheries. Alliance for Progress sign in South America. Montage of people working w/ locals.

07:40:10 ?? on camera re peaceful evolution...

07:40:28 Rusk ...building an international world order...no country, no citizen can live alone any more...

07:41:07 ?? speaking: ...the UN offers us an opportunity... Talks about Cyprus peace keeping w/ visuals; peacekeepers between Arabs & Israel ...this has served our own national interests... Scenes in middle east & Cypress. POV troops thru streets on armored carrier. United Nations meeting w/ Arthur Goldberg talking w/ delegates.

07:43:20 ?? speaking.

07:43:34 Rusk speaking re enmity ...to late in history...we must improve our relations w/ the Communist World...we can t have a Third World War...

07:44:32 Another speaker... re Europeans; methods for running a modern society ...coming not from Moscow, they are coming from the Free World...

07:45:20 Romania w/ monument, street scene, WWII monument of heroic worker. Romanian woman speaks (SOF) of our country being independent, having own ideas... Others comment. Tractors on dock.

07:46:37 Int. of supermarket & people shopping (brief). Man talking on camera re commonalities, continuities, exchange programs.

07:47:52 VO continues over Berlin wall w/ barbed wire & man working; guards. People waving across wall.

07:48:19 Atomic blast. Arms control talks

07:48:36 Speaker on camera

07:48:56 CU Rusk ...what we think about problems in other parts of the world & what we do about them...what we do and think makes a great deal of difference... Visuals of various countries & daily life. Rusk n camera, then VO of various situations of government agencies involved overseas. ...in this mid-60s period.

Cold War; Economics; Government Propaganda; 1960s; State Department; Diplomacy; Anti-Communist;

Amercan Foreign Policy; Rationalization;

Exhibicion de Modas De Israel

Internatonal fashion show introduced by Harry Belafonte who has just been to Israel. Sylvia Sydney is other commentator. Fashion show to raise funds for bonds for Israel. Mostly evening dress fashions. Proceeds to State of Israel bonds.

Family Films Presents A Preview of Teenage Crusade

intro by Rev. Donald R. Lantz sitting at desk w/ tape recorder in front of map of Israel, photos & poster on wall. Talks of talking teenagers and what they wanted to discuss. Christianity. Problems. Family. Parents.

01:47:10 Turns on tape recorder & good CU of open reel tape running. Clip from Teenage Family Parents w/ group discussion by teenage students and advisor. God s Plan discussed.

01:49:10 Lantz talks about standing up for Christian principles. Kids talk in front of hall lockers, one a cheater and one clean cut saying I couldn t cheat . Actors and actors are dedicated Christians.

01:49:30 Clip from Teenage Loyalty.

01:50:24 Lantz introduces Teenage Testament. Waiter in fountain picked on by bunch who are laughing at him for carrying his copy of New Testament. He says this faith is most important to him. Preaching.

01:52:25 Lantz discussing Teenage Crusade s attempt to getting kids involved.

01:54:30 Clip from Called To Serve. Guy talks about ministry and people being involved. Personal evangalism & witnessing for Christ.

01:55:50 Christian party and games. Painting on jalopy. Kids on set with Christian creche. Youth evangelism at work promotion for potential users.

Evangelicl Religion; 1950s; 1960s; Americana;

Israel - Jordan Border posts (Out of rack at start)

Jordanian soldiers man an outpost on the Israeli-Jordan border. Bullet holes pointed out on jeep. Man questioned. Arab soldiers insepction. Arabs with guns in foxholes.

01:02:.38 (Out of rack at start) Israeli soldiers on railroad open platform Israeli soldiers in military vehicle - jump out and patrol - officer with binoculars watching Arabs, stop and question Arab - checks papers.

[Selected Scenes - Middle East - Israel]

Secretary General of the United Nations Dag Hammarskjold w/ Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion of Israel & ??

11:31:33 Ben-Gurion on review stand as troops & tanks pass in parade. Troops march past, IDF military vehicles. Review stand w/ Ben Gurion, Moshe Dayan & President Ben Zvi saluting; tanks past, women soldiers march past. Arabs & others watching. Children dance past doing folk dances.

Military Parade;

Trial of the Century - Eichmann Tried for War Crimes

Outside trial building.

Overhead view inside tribunal. Eichmann brought to bulletproof box with guards. Man looks over shoulder. Eichmann between guards stands up. Judges sit under sign w/ 7 branch chandelier (menorah). Eichmann hears accusations read out (poor sound). Eichmann s attorney Dr Robert Servatius from back, CU in profile. Eichmann with earphones. Israeli Attorney General & Chief prosecutor Gideon Hausner. Profile Eichmann with guards. Judges writing

Trial of the Century - Eichmann Tried for War Crimes

Outside trial building.

05:15:53 High angle inside tribunal. Eichmann into bulletproof box w/ guards. Lawyers (?) w/ one looking over shoulder. MCU Eichmann between guards stands up. Judges enter & sit under Jewish manner (menorah). Eichmann hears accusations & indictment read (SOF).

05:16:54 Eichmann s attorney Dr Robert Servatius from back, CU in profile. Eichmann w/ earphones. Israeli Attorney General & Chief prosecutor Gideon Hausner. Profile Eichmann w/ guards. Judges writing.

News In Brief - David Ben-Gurion Arrives in Canada

Premier David Ben Guiron of Israel down from plane and greeted by Prime Minister John Diffenbaker of Canada. Arab pickets at airport. Ben=Gurion lays wreath at War memorial. Mountie salutes. Ben Gurion with various people in front of building.

Massada OUttakes

Archeological excavations at Masada (correct sp), near Dead Sea in Israel.

03:13:32 GVs of rock

03:13:50 Dead Sea. Eagle flying. Pan along Masada, then from Dead Sea to Masada. Show Herod's Palace and Roman encampment. Overhead shot of visitors. Pan up Columns of Herod's Palace. Various shots of stone warehouses. Mosaic floors. Various locations on top of Masada, including Dead Sea in background.

03:25:32 Dead Sea close-ups with salt on dead branches.

Return to Masada

Commentary re excavation in October 1963. First few minutes water damaged - poor quality. 05:14:41 - helicopters flying and landing - Israeli army help to the excavation. volunteers digging. Wheelbarrows with shards, sieving fragments. 03:15:35 - map of location.

03:15:50 Aerial views of Dead Sea and top of Masada. Digging. chart of site. Western palace - King Herod s admin center. Ritual baths. 03:16:56 - mosaic floor, - Hellenistic design. Using fine brushes to reveal mosaic.

Roman baths. Underground cistern to provide water in this desert fort. Channels storm water. waterfall. HA excavation site. store houses. reconstruction of the stone walls of original grain store houses. 03:20:52 - Northern Palace of Herod. Aerial views of whole fort including mountainous surroundings. Various levels of palace with mosaics. columns, Hebrew marking, circular foundation, pillars with painted plaster.

03:23:16 - Yadin, director of Masada expedition - Yadin sitting on shooting stick. 03:23:31 - sync Yadin to camera re harsh hot weather 05:23:35 - youth paramilitary practising rifle shooting. GVs. 03:24:51 - desert storm. 03:25:21 - flowers emerge after storm. 03:25:40 - Yadin sync re young volunteers who change every fortnight to dig on site. Volunteers climbing mount. 03:26:29 - interview English volunteer about why he came. Various excavating activities including rolling rock down mountain. 03:28:01 - working day ends. 03:28:33 - singing around camp fire. accordion.

03:29:51 - Radio in Hebrew - morning call. Out of tents and back up mountain. More archaeological activities - sorting through sherds, finding coin. GVs o fortified wall of Masada. Charcoal stove. grind stone for flour. 03:32:55 - finding of scrolls (CU of Hebrew text - upside down...). 03:33:26 Yadin examining a find. Finds are marked. Restoring pots by trying to fit sherd pottery pieces. Draughtsmanship - of pots. Punched card system for filing finds. Oil lamps, spoons, keys , woman s sandal, basket, cloth, arrowheads.

03:37:56 - aerial of Roman encampment on West side, Yadin looking down. Catapult and stone missiles. Ramp. 03:40:04 Yadin sync to camera - re Roman siege. and the final suicide story of the Zealot (melodramatic mode of storytelling). GVs Masada and environs.

Masada

Archaeological Excavations near Dead Sea in Israel.

Sherds with ancient Hebrew inscriptions. Scroll fragments.

Various views of this fortress rock. Roman relics. Birds flying in sky. Crows perched on rock.

Archaeologists at work. 03:03:53 Yigael Yadin examining finds. Coins - Shekel with pomegranate motif (05:04:30). Posts, Yadin (03:04:18) at magnifying glass checking scroll fragments. and at desk. GVs Massada, Herod s palace. Frescoes, murals restorations, mosaic floor. GVs Judean desert, river bed, Digging and scaling high rock. Water reservoir. 03:08:02Warehouses with date stone. Herod's palace details. 03:08:32 - GVs Masada. Volunteers digging. synagogue. Woman making pitta bread in ancient stove. Comb, beads. Roman camps in surrounding, stone "bullets . Roman ramparts. Sherds with inscription (Hebrew names). Braid of hair (03:11:35). Basketry.

Visitors to site, Rabbi visiting with Torah on shoulder.

[Funeral of John F. Kennedy - Part 3 of 3]

[2 tape rushes w/ natural sound - DO NOT SELL ANNOUNCERS VOICES]

Brief shot de Gaulle departing Dulles Aiport terminal. Arrival of German president Heinrich Lubke, Chancellor Ludwig Erhard & Defence Minister Gerhard Schroeder - greeted by Dean Rusk - photocall & out of terminal to car.

19:51:25 Arrival of Israeli President Shneour Zalman Shazar & Foreign Minister Golda Meir - Rusk moves them down reception line of Israeli Embassy staff - photocall L-R Shazar, Rusk & Meir - Israeli Ambassador & Military Attache present. EXT Israeli delegation escorted to car by Rusk.

Global Beauties - Greek Girl Reigns as Miss Universe

Large crowd watching seen from stage w/ spotlights playing across.

MCU Brazil contestant in swimming suit w/ sash & tilt up to face. Miss England turning; French; Greek; Israel; Republic of China; Miss USA. Girls parade in swimsuits.

02:09:42 Women in evening dresses.

02:09:54 Miss Greece w/ crown has sash put on, others congratulate. News cameramen.

Beauty Contests; Contestants; Bathing Beauties;

News Highlights of 1964

02:26:23: Lyndon B. Johnson wins a second term as US president, beating Republican Barry Goldwater

02:27:07: Lord Hume defeated as Harold Wilson elected Britain s Labour Prime Minister

02:27:21: Nikita Khruschev forced from office, delivers speech to UN; replaced by Leonard Breschnev

02:27:44: Death of Nehru; Nehru with JFK; Hindu funeral

02:28:16: State funerals of General Douglas MacArthur and Herbert Hoover

02:28:56: Pope Paul VI mobbed on visits to Jerusalem, Sea of Gallilee, and Bombay

02:29:32: US increases aid and troops in South Vietnam

02:30:12: Hurricane Hilda hits Eastern Seaboard

02:30:30: Earthquake hits Alaska, $500 million damage

02:30:49: Civil Rights Bill signed by LBJ in presence of Martin Luther King

02:31:23: Space probe by Ranger

02:31:42: New York World s Fair by day and night.

Act Of Faith - Woman Walks From France To Holy Land.

Woman leading burrow along gravel road. Madame Genevieve ? w/ her donkey arrives in Nazareth. Sign.Accompanied by kids & others. Arabs watching, talking to her. She made walk as act of pilgrimage following the recovery of one of her children from serious illness. Woman greeted in streets; talks to priest and nuns.

CU of woman, CU of burro. Visits Church of the Holy Sepulchre & Church of Annunciation. Woman praying in church. Church paintings.

Christian Religion; Middle East; Catholics; Journey; Tourist;

Israel: The Story of the Jewish People Pt 1 of 3

Julien Bryan / International Film Foundation

Impressionistic animation of Biblical history & the Hebrews. Moses. Covenant. Map of Canaan. Portraits of first Kings in land of Canaan. Temple, Ark of Covenant. Pagan worship, destruction of Jerusalem by Babylonians.

07:34:26 Jews into captivity in Babylon. Created synagogue & tried to change oral to written tradition. Rebuilding Jerusalem. Greek & Roman occupations of Jerusalem & Jewish uprisings.

07:36:20 Start of Christian religion. Romans destroyed Jerusalem. Development of Jewish law, the Talmud. Migration of Jews and Jewish influence on Muslims. Map of dispersal across North Africa & into Spain. 07:38:14 Crusaders vs Jews. Inquisition.

07:39:23 Jewish ghettos in cities by 15th Century as could not own land. Emancipation of 18th Century in Western Europe & the rise of prominent Jews including Disraeli; continued persecution in Eastern Europe & emigration to US.

07:40:45 Animated montage of persecution during WWII including caricature of Hitler, anti-Jewish posters; & concentration camp gas chamber tableau. Map of Middle East pointing to Palestine. [End of animated segment.]

Religion - Judaism; Genocide; Holocaust; Anti-semitism; History;

Israel: The Story of the Jewish People Pt 3 of 3

Kibbutz workers eat in dining room; children separated from parents. Indian boy presents parents w/ menorah [Jewish candle holder] made in Kibbutz high school. High school students in class & studying, secondary education not yet free. Children of poor immigrants work in fields. Persian immigrant learning silverworking trade while father labours on building site: integration of Oriental & North African Jews is Israel s most serious internal problem

07:52:17 Man looks at Jerusalem s holy sites & Old City walls across the border. Wife & daughters praying at home while men at synagogue; family gathers for Sabbath meal - father reads from Torah at synagogue.

07:53:44 Streets of Tel Aviv deserted; crowds at beach - young Israelis socialising rather than practising their religion. Schoolchildren learn Jewish history - teacher using Bible as textbook of history.

07:54:40 Archaelogical dig - ruins excavated. Oil drilling. Poor natural resources but exploited where possible Chemical mining from dead sea & exports from port of Eilat on Red Sea coast. Workers at car assembly plant - parts from abroad but Israeli fibreglass shells used.

07:55:58 VO Highest standard of living in Middle East . Immigrant physicist from New York at home w/ family learned to speak Hebrew by intensive study . Physicists at work in atomic laboratory. Indpendence Day parade display of Israeli military strength - tanks, aircraft & troops parade - young people in military service. Women marhcing. CUs teenage boys wearing helmets, assemble weapons.

07:57:26 No Man s Land between Arab & Israeli sections of Jerusalem - kids playing in street. Arab legionnaires drill across barbed wire. Arabs in refugee camp examining map of area & its resources. Jordan river, disputed territory, canals or conduits built by Israel to channel Jordan water to barren Negev desert. Desalinisation plant for seawater. Crops irrigated. Ceremony on hilltop - women watch small boy plant sapling in ground as rabbi reads. End titles over montage of Israeli street scenes, beach, farming, industry.

Religion - Judaism; Farming / Agriculture; Collectivism; Manufacturing; Politics; Economics; Israeli Army;

Class / Caste System; Social Problems; Travelogues - Middle East; Post-WWII; 1960s; Religious Ceremony; Archeology Secularism;;

Cease-Fire Uneasy Truce in Mid-East

United Nations Security Council in session re six day Middle East War. Syrian Ambassador - Russian delegate Federenko - Israeli Ambassador Gideon Raphael -

22:37:25 Burning buildings - bodies lying in desert. Israeli troops with prisoners of war - one blindfolded. POWs walking with raised hands. Train and car with bullet holes. Military vehicles. Injured soldier on stretcher. Tracking shot past wrecked UAR military vehicles along Gaza Strip. Body hanging out of jeep. Arab under arrest. Egyptian POWs. Empty office with picture of Nasser.

22:39:05 UAR commander General Abdul Husseini meets with Israeli military leaders and surrenders unconditionally. Signing surrender. Israeli troops by tank. Israeli flag raised. White flags flying

22:39:44 Bethlehem - Israeli troops on the streets with tanks - some locals watching. More locals coming on to streets.

22:40:07 Tank entering Jerusalem - people crying. Jews on streets. Israeli troops entering Old City. Moshe Dayan at Wailing Wall - Israeli flag. Israeli troops march towards camera.

Egypt Accepts United Nations Cease-fire

Tank past camera; Israelii soldier with binoculars; in fox holes; Westbank - Sign Welcome to Gaza covered with another sign. Moshe Dayan - damaged buildings; soldiers move forward; searching prisoners.

Exterior of United Nations; Arthur Goldberg & other delegates; Abba Eben (MOS) speaking; voting; pan of United Nations Building & tilt up.

Middle East War

Middle East - Jordan River

Allenby Bridge - exchange of prisoners between Israel and Jordan. Over 400 Jordanian troops return home. Wounded carried over crossing point.

Middle East War

Middle East - Soviet Defeated in U.N. Vote

Interior General Assembly - voting board. Russia defeated after calling for condemnation of Israel as agressor. Arab and Israeli forces face each other over Suez Canal, Soldiers in group. Military truck leaving with troops.

Middle East War

News in Brief - Suez

Despite cease-fire fighting flares up in Suez area. Shots burning tank and destroyed Israeli military vehicles. Next day - Israeli flag raised and Jewish soldiers pray.

News in Brief - Syria

Border ofIsrael and Syria. UN jeeps on way to peace talks. Interior Israeli border guard bunker - soldier with gun. Soldier walking along border on patrol.

22:25:11 Road sign Mahanayim. Cars going to second conference on Israeli side of border. Car with UN flag leaving after meeting adjourned. Sign by tent Syrian delegation. Guards outside tents.

United Nations - Goldberg Proposes Durable Peace

UN in session. CU Kosygin. US Ambassador Goldberg making speech. What the Middle East needs today are new steps towards real peace ... .

22:43:56 Whiz pan - Jericho, Israeli flag flying over occupied territory. Arab refugees with belongings heading for Amman. Refugees climbing over wrecked bridges. Refugee aided by Israeli soldiers - man carries little girl. Refugees struggle to get across Jordan River.

USS America (CVA-66) Rescue Ops. of USS LIBERTY (AGTR-5) Mediterranean Sea

MLS The USS Little Rock (GLG-4) cruising past the starboard side of the USS Liberty (AGTR-5); (scene has some scratches, out of focus); UH-2A helicopter enters the scene from the R, flies past the Liberty on over the Little Rock. LS Port beam view, USS Little Rock underway at slow speed; swish PAN to the R, the USS Liberty, lying to; UH-2A helicopter enters the scene from the R; swish PAN back to the Little Rock underway at slow speed and in partial silhouette. MCU PAN Slowly to the R along the port side of the Little Rock; PAN continues to the R showing the wake . PAN off the fantail of the Little Rock. MS Beam view - message is being sent from the bridge area by a signal light. (Unsteady, off colour, somewhat bluish lavender) MS Destroyer underway, number on the port bow appears to be 778, ship is believed to be the USS Massey (DD-778) moving off to the L. (scene is soft, unsteady) alongside the USS Liberty showing casualities / injured in the boat; man climbing down a ladder Injured man climbing down a ladder into the boat; being assisted by the crewmen. Looking down over the bow of the utility boat; man on the bow lets go of a line, the boat backs away from the USS Liberty. Stern view, utility boat underway en route to the USS Little Rock Crewman walking about the deck of the USS Liberty ; other crewmen seen walking and talking. Officers on bridge. CU One of the ventilator stanchions with a large shell hole in it; small peppered holes from bullets. MS General view of the weather deck area of the USS Liberty showing the damage to the ship; PAN upward showing part of the bridge. MS Two shell holes in the side of the gun tub .CU Vice Admiral William I. Martin, Commander Sixth fleet, touring the LIiberty, walks by in the FG looks at one of the machine gun tubs. CU Martin chatting with officers . Martin with two officers touring the LIiberty Adm Martin chatting with Chief Petty Officer and other officers up in the bridge area. Martin coming down the ladder from the bridge area, Junior Officers following behind. HA CU Adm walking down to the main deck from a ladder - shaking hands with crewmen. CU Martin, two Junior Officers standing to his R, one taking notes; Adm making a tour of the Liberty. Adm chatting with a man in khaki's.Adm looking over a machine gun tub, large gaping hole in the FG. Adm with his back to the camera, several Squadron patches sewed on the back of his jacket; he talks with a man in khaki's . The ADM and group of Junior Officers gathered next to the damaged machine gun tub.

CU Junior Officers chatting with a Senior Officer. Chaplain from the USS America (CVA-66) talking with a CPO.

Liberty was attacked by Israeli aircraft during 1967 Middle East War

USS Liberty (AGTR-5) Going Into Drydock

HA MS Rear view, diver in a wet suit in water inspecting torpedo damage to hull of USS Liberty (AGTR-5). MCU Diver, Daniel McDuffie of Virginia Beach, Va., inspecting damage of hull. CU Gaping hole caused by the torpedo in hull, diver seen off to left. Diver coming up to stern of a small boat and climbing aboard. MS Extensive damage done to bridge of Liberty - two men are walking over the deck. Extensive damage to the starb'd side of ship's bridge. Many holes in the side of the bridge. Two officers, in khakis, inspecting the torpedo hole damage. MS Sailors carrying coffins aboard the ship; ship is tied up to the dock as the men move over the brow. CU Looking past the stern of an unidentified ship, as the Liberty is towed stern first in mid BG towards the drydock; zoom in towards the port quarter of LIiberty. Liberty being assisted by tugs stern first towards dry dock - buildings of Malta seen in BG.

CU Dock worker with a coil of line in his hand, waiting for the ship to enter drydock. MS Bow view, Liberty, with tugs off the starboard side. Maltese civilians lining a seawall watching the ship being moved towards drydock. Several children looking down over the high wall. CU Dock workers on dock waiting for ship to enter. CU Dock workers handling lines from starboard bow of ship. MCU Some of the dock workers in FG, starboard bow of ship enters from left. Man standing on edge of entrance to drydock, as the ship moves into drydock. CU Rear view, man in white coveralls looking towards the torpedo hole in hull of ship. LA MCU Crewmen up on deck of Liberty at quarters for entering drydock - One of the dock workers watching ship enter. MLS Looking down port side of ship in drydock still moving slowly; men in a small boat underway alongside are watching for any classified material which may come up out of the torpedo hole of ship; zoom in towards the two men in wet suits. CU Faces of dock workers talking. MS Group of people standing on the dock looking towards the starboard side of ship in drydock, drydock still full of water. CU US Naval officer chatting with an unidentified man, as they look towards the ship. Officers and crewmen up on deck edge of ship; diver in a wet suit off to right on deck. CU Dock workers face, as he looks towards the ship. MS Looking up towards the men up on starboard bow of ship. MS Dock workers hauling in on a line on dock; US Naval officer and British officers stand in BG. CU Line of dock workers hauling in on a line. PAN, to the US Naval officer and British officers chatting.



Liberty was attacked by Israeli aircraft during 1967 Middle East War

USS Liberty (AGTR-5) Returning from Mid-East

Various AVs USS Liberty (AGTR-5) underway en route to Little Creek, Va.; open sea in BG slow PAN around to port beam of ship. AtoG LS Stern view, ship underway in the narrow channel; area is unidentified AtoG HA MCU Looking down over ship's at the piers, crowds on the piers. AtoG MLS Starb'd quarter view, ship easing in towards the pier to tie up; slow PAN around stern PAN off the port side, on over the USS Donner (LSD-20) at the pier along with many other ships. AV MLS PAN Around stern of Liberty tying up at the pier port-side-to; AKA's, LST's, LSD's and other types of ships are tied up to the various piers. MLS Looking down over dock area, ships tied up in BG; PAN on over dock area, showing hundreds of cars parked in FG,

LIiberty being eased up to pier in mid BG. CU Looking over left shoulder of co-pilot in camera helicopter, USS Liberty is seen thru the starboard window. AV Stern view, ship pulling away from the camera 'copter. MLS Stern view, ship underway. AV Port beam view, ship en route to Little Creek - port beam of ship; several of the crew are on deck in whites as they stand against the dark ship.

ELS Liberty passing over the Chesapeake bridge tunnel in a heavy rain. (scene is very jumpy).AV ELS Ship moving off to right; PAN over the bridge tunnel area. Starb'd quarter view, Liberty underway in Hampton Roads. AtoG LS Port bow view, ship underway, small craft underway in BG (dark) MS Port beam view, ship, screws kicking up some wake; tug off the starboard bow; PAN back away from ship and tug.

Liberty was attacked by Israeli aircraft during 1967 Middle East War

Wounded Crewmen from USS Liberty on Board Aircraft Carrier USS America

USS Liberty (ATGR-5), wounded crewmen surrounded by the officers of the America, medics and spectators. Wounded members of the USS Liberty secured in stretchers on the hangar bay. CU Some of the wounded, some of the crew spectators in the hangar bay. MCU Three of the wounded on stretchers, hospital corpsmen talking to two of the men, some wounded are standing in the BG with crutches. MCU Officers, some of the wounded walking out on the deck-edge elevator. MS Doctor and medics carrying wounded out on the deck- edge elevator, one man is being given intravenous transfusion by one of the medics. CU The wounded on the stretchers on deck, several personnel surrounding the wounded; elevator rises to the flight deck level, men will be taken aboard C-1A aircraft of VR-24 Squadron. MS Wounded personnel on the flight deck, tremendous crowd of medics and wounded and crew spectators on the flight deck area. CU Two medics carrying one of the stretcher cases to the hatch-way of the C-1A. CU Looking down over one of the wounded men with his medical records secured under strap. HA CU Looking down over the wounded man on a stretcher as he shakes hands with one of the men in dungarees off to the L while waiting to be loaded. The wounded man being moved towards the hatch-way of the C-1A. CU One of the wounded men in a stretcher, personnel standing around to the L and R. Stretcher case being put inside the C-1A. (Badly Over exposed) CU Men standing by the hatch of the C-1A. CU Another stretcher case being taken up to the hatch of the C-1A. Stretcher case being taken onboard the C-1A. CU Interior view of the C-1A, with the stretcher cases being secured inside the plane.

Liberty was attacked by Israeli aircraft during 1967 Middle East War

[Lebanon - Marines Landing]

Short stubby plane in flight and POV from plane over coastline and harbour. Military commandment briefing with map of Lebanon and Israel. Marines landing.

The President: June 1967 [Part 1 of 3]

Arrival of PM Harold Wilson at White House in motorcade 02Jun67 - Rule Britannia on soundtrack - Black sailor holding Union Jack. LBJ & Wilson into White House - shots of meeting re Middle East problem w/ LBJ speech heard peace and justice are again in the balance...council of an old and trusted friend is most welcome - VO re Maritime declaration to challenge Egyptian blockade of Strait of Tehran. CU newspaper headlines inc. Arabs, Israelis Lunge Into War & US Asks Cease Fire .

08:33:48 CU teletype message coming through re start of Middle East War, 05Jun67. LBJ, MacNamara & others in WH Situation Room after news came in of fighting - 4am - LBJ looking tired & worried, map of Middle East on wall behind - crisis meeting [MOS]. VO re exchange of teletype messages between Kosygin & LBJ. EXT White House, LBJ sends off MacNamara & Rusk to brief Senate & House leaders - LBJ back into WH.

08:35:30 INT Oval Office, LBJ monitoring events in Middle East: CU television showing proceedings of UN Security Council meeting - U Thant, Gideon Rafael & others seen; LBJ watching television & crouching in front of teletype machine as messages come through.

08:36:23 Crisis meeting in WH Cabinet Room - special committee of National Security Council established by LBJ w/ George Bundy as Executive Secretary [MOS].

08:37:08 Good shots of demonstrations held outside White House - Arab men chanting No more Israel! & Palestine is Ours! - waving banners inc. Palestine is Arab & Aquaba is Arab - Israeli flags - Syrian [or United Arab Republic ?] flag - banner w/ President Nasser of Egypt. People listening to transistor radio on sidewalk - Egypt joining US & USSR in agreement to ceasefire [MOS]. Israelis dancing & singing in Hebrew - American Jews - peace banner inc. You don t have to be Jewish to enjoy the Gulf of ? CU boy wearing badges To Hell With Nasser & To Hell Mit The Arabs . Israeli flag used to collect money - banner in BG End Arab Possession .

08:38:56 LBJ s 102nd press conference outside WH, 10Jun67 after Syria agreed to ceasefire. PoV from aircraft - LBJ off Presidential plane at Austin, Texas, greeted by Congressman Jake Pickle. LBJ greeting crowds, shaking hands, picks up toddler. LBJ in white tuxedo attends Southwest Democratic Dinner w/ pregnant daughter Luci & husband. LBJ dinner speech heard in VO After three weeks of wrestling with the Middle East, it s a real pleasure to come home tonight to the peace and quiet of Texas politics...I am for peace, territorial integrity, political independence and the unrestricted navigation in the Houston ship channel .

1960s. US Domestic & Foreign Policy. Racism. Religious Conflict / Strife.

War Threat: Middle East In Grave Danger

Top shot almost deserted streets of Eilat, Israel after blockade of Gulf of Aqaba by United Arab Republic [Egypt]. Men guarding port w/ machine gun. Men guarding oil pipeline / refinery. Israeli Army reservists called up - young men in uniform waiting outside building. Tank units go through battle manoeuvres in Negev Desert.

12:00:59 Knesset building in Jerusalem. US & British nationals at airport [?] after being advised to leave - passports checked w/ CUs French, American & British passports.

12:01:33 INT UN Security Council emergency session - Chinese chairman - Soviet delegate Federenko [VO re refusal to join US, France & Britain in attempts to keep peace].

6-Day war

Mid-East: Israeli-Egyptian Battle Erupts

Israeli port under armed guard - VO re reports of fighting between Israeli & Egyptian troops along Gaza Strip & Sinai border due to onogoing Gulf of Aqaba blockade. US aircraft carrier Intrepid moving through Suez Canal - CU aircraft on deck. Mass rally in Cairo by Arab Socialists in support of UAR President Nasser; Nasser & King Hussein signing 5-year mutual defence pact. Jordanian trucks & tanks through desert. High shot Jerusalem. Chief of Staff Yitzhak Rabin inspecting troops in Negev Desert. Troops on lookout post above Jerusalem.

Middle East. 1960s.

Soviet Rejected: UN Bars Move To Censure Israel

UN Security Council emergency session called by Russia after UN refused to demand withdrawal of Israeli troops from occupied territories, Kosygin. First Israeli oil freighter DOLPHIN passing through Straits of Tiran in Gulf of Aqaba after blockade lifted - heading for port of Eilat - armed Israeli troops wave from hilltop. Speedboat guarding freighter mounted w/ anti-aircraft gun?

Middle East. 1960s.

United Nations: Kosygin Dims Hope For Early Peace

Alexei Kosygin & Soviet delegation off plane in New York City for special session of UN Security Council. Kosygin & daughter Ludmilla posing for cameras. INT UN chamber - Kosygin & Gromyko - LS & zoom-in Kosygin addressing council w/ demands for Israel to withdraw troops [MOS].

12:21:53 Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt & wife meeting President Johnson at Camp David after LBJ speech same day as Kosygin address - photocall on terrace.

12:22:17 Jerusalem Wall dividing East and West of city demolished after Israeli victory; orthodox Jews pilgrimage to Wailing Wall.

Middle East. 1960s.

News In Brief: Israel

Richard Nixon meeting Minister of Defence Moshe Dayan in Tel Aviv [ Moshe Pearslmen, Army spokesman in background ] as part of fact-finding tour of Israel - posing for cameras.

US Foreign Policy. Middle East. 1960s.

Holy City Open: Pilgrims, Tourists Crowd Jerusalem

Jerusalem filled w/ pilgrims after barriers removed - Thanksgiving service held by victorious Israelis commemorating those killed in war. Israeli Christians on bus tour of areas previously under Jordanian control - Mount of Olives & Damascus Gate. Tourists from Tel Aviv wander through old city - Church of the Holy Sepulchre - Greek Orthodox priests in black robes down Via Dolorosa. VO re increased global diplomatic strain caused by Israel annexing Jerusalem.

Middle East. 1960s.

News In Brief: Jerusalem

Israeli Arabs pray in Jerusalem s mosques for first time in 20 years. Vars shots mosque exteriors, Arabs arriving & washing feet, entering to pray. Mosque of Omar (Dome of the Rock). Arab families from Israel & Israeli-occupied Jordan reunited for worship.

Religion - Muslims. Middle East. 1960s.

UN Force At Suez On Cease Fire Mission

Guard on lookout at Suez Canal after violation of Israel-Egypt ceasefire. Norwegian General Od Bull [?], head of UN Truce Supervision Team, arrives having approved new headquarters at Quantara. Convoy of UN vehicles w/ UN flags arrives. Israeli General Garesh [?] talks w/ UN troops. Israeli patrol boats arrive by truck. Soldiers relaxing & manning armoured vehicles.

Middle East. United Nations Peacekeepers. 1960s.

Jerusalem

Crowd walking to Wailing Wall, CU of weeds & notes between stones looking down on people praying. Other closer shots. Orthodox Jews; women beside wall.

Religion; Religious Ceremony; Religious Observances; Holy Days; Prayer;

News In Brief (Miss Universe Contest, 1967)

Beauty contestants, Miss Finland, Miss Israel, Miss Sweden, Miss Denmark walk out in swimming suit competition. CU Miss USA, Sylvia Louise Hitchcock crowned. Miss Venezuela was 2nd.

Bathing Beauties; Motion Picture Promotion;

News In Brief - Suez, Egypt

14:12:06 Night fires of Egyptian oil storage depot.

14:12:47 Title: Israel

14:12:50 Doctors, nurses move patients & treat crewmen in hospital from destroyer Eilat. Families waiting. Nurse & patients in ward.

14:13:19 Caskets carried by sailors, followed by mourners in Haifa. Women crying. Lowering casket; military at service. Wreaths placed.

1967; Oct67; War; Navy Ship Sinking; Middle East;

United Nations

14:13:54 Security Council meeting & voting w/ hands raised in agreement w/ USA & allies against Russian position on Israel & Egypt.

1967; Oct67; Middle East Peace; War; Tensions;

Hazor Archaeological Excavation - Outtakes

02:20:20 (time code jump) houses in Galilee - kibbutz. Vessels uncovered, man kneeling sorting vessels in situ. Hands carved on stone (Moon God), stone statues, basalt lion.

01:04:13 Fine brush to unearth delicate vessels. 01:04:46 skeletons and burial vase. Careful removal of small vase from vessels. Woman grinding stone. graphs. 01:05:39 man with wheelbarrow carting out shards. stone entrance. Various stone door furniture. 01:07:18 digging along deep ancient wall, vessel buried underneath. AVs walls. 01:08:43 very large bowls and vases. , removing heavy stones and c containers - reveals statues etc. various archaeological finds. Basalt god swivels on round stone. 01:10:48 very old man digging. carvings, digging with spade to reveal door hinge ?, sweeping earth, vessels buried in earth, paintbrush to clean around, AVs people digging. 01:14:30 lion head, gradually digging out whole body of lion, tying lion on to planks and cranking up. Crane lifts lion.

01:19:35 Prime Minister David Ben Gurion visiting, helped up rock by archaeologist Yigael Yadin, other guests including IDF Chief of Staff Haim Laskov & other generals. Greeting President Ben Zvi and wife out of car, talking and showing. President examines shards. Others washing shards.

Piles of shards being sorted. women sitting around table and eating. 01:21:45 woman restoring vessels. 01:22:20 - AVs Hazor site and excavations. Finding vessels. Large urns, women sorting shards. Pillars, lion, skeletons of children, winch, more, repeat activities of objects and activities.

01:32:55 MS Ben Gurion walking along high stone wall, led by Yadin. Army Generals follow (brief).

Deep shaft, removing lion, more vessels, statures, lion, small bull, AV clearing earth with wheelbarrows, cleaning pottery.

01:38:10 Black where reel ended. Restarts after 01:42:42. Clearing earth gently with small tools and brushes. Various vessels.

01:42:59 Archaeological team poses for group shot - Yadin joins the frame and sits in middle front.

01:43:30 deep shaft . Old man sweeping. Various sections of the digs. AVs the Tel and surrounding countryside. Flight of steps.

01:49:40 Yadin (suit and tie) standing on platform showing vessel to young woman. Seems to be a conference or convention (signs behind them - picture is flipped) CUs Yadin

01:50:10 On Hazor site - AVs various parts of dig.

Repeat group shot - soft focus. Back on archaeological site - many shards, stone etc. Ancient walls, fields around Tel, inscriptions on stones,Pan landscape around the Tel, AV whole Tel. Many shots of activities and findings, including pillars, stone walls, people digging, stone water pipes / gutters, urns etc.

Black over reel change, time code repetition for a few seconds. Similar shots of finds, area, work, cleaning, AVs site. Women washing shards in troughs. LS and AVs Tel l. Deities, statues etc. Day s work ends, coaches pick up workers. Repeat or similar winching of large lion. Basalt stones. Train takes away debris.

Russian News of the Day 1971 #40 October Pt. 1 of 2

Big visit . Paris, Eiffel tower, very high angle of city, airport, plane runway, French President George Pompidou w/ wife walk towards plane. Brezhnev & wife exits plane, smiles, shake hands w/ Pompidou and other French delegates.

00:45:07 Brezhnev & Pompidou walk past band & military troop honor guard, enter car, high angle motorcade on the road, big welcoming poster roadside, high angle guard of honor. Brezhnev & Pompidou arrive at Elysee Palace in open top car; enter Elysee palace hall, stand at microphones, various angles of Brezhnev, audience, shot of French & Soviet leader s wives. French president & Brezhnev sit on the chairs & talk.

00:46:33 Plans to Intergrate . Czechoslovakia, high angle city, sugar factory build by Poland, big machinery, workers cover natural gas pipeline w/ protective cover, shot of long pipe line thru field.

00:47:08 GDR, Soviet-German cement factory, construction, grinding machinery, technicians work on construction plans at the table.

00:47:24 Dairy bottling plant, milk poured in bottles w/ automatic machinery. Very high angle of construction site, various machinery, man welds.

00:47:44 School of ore diggers . Kazakhstan, high angle buildings, workers walk down the stairs, students in class room, workers improve their knowledge, CU students, teams leader, Lenin's prize winner.

00:48:23 Workers in underground coal mine working w/ various automatic machinery, CU workers, full carriages of coal on the underground rail line.

00:48:58 25th anniversary of WWII war crimes trial, shots of the trial, people in court room. Fascist planes drop bombs, shots of dead bodies incl., young kids.

00:49:31 Vietnam, planes in sky, bomb explosions, woman cries, people covered in blood, wounded kids, 00:49:46 Israel & Palestine, destroyed buildings, soldiers on tanks.

00:49:51 Moscow, Nurnberg war trials 25th anniversary meeting, shots of audience, various speakers on podium, incl. Nurnberg trials prosecution assistant Smirnov, Vietnam court's chairman, CU various speakers, shots of audience.

00:50:37 Moscow, exhibition of professional clothing, shots of clothes for various specialty workers, high angle people look around exhibition hall, people in all union meeting, discuss future protective clothing providing for all industry workers, applause.

00:51:18 continued

World Congress of Peace Forces: Peace To You Our Planet Earth R4 of 6 (Same as 221129)

25-31Oct73 (Continued from LN 400-253) Brezhnev s speech (SOF) in front of large auditorium. CU of delegates applauding. All audience stand & applaud. Brezhnev raise hands w/ Chandra(?), everybody joins hands.

11:06:16 Press office, teletype, typing & on telephone. People buy newspapers on street; CU of newspaper articles of Brezhnev s speech. Polish, NY Times, Czechoslovakian & other newspaper articles.

11:07:25 In Congress: Secretary General Perara (?) of World Federation of the United Nations Associations thanks (in English w/ Russian voice over) Brezhnev for his inspiring speech. Other national representatives incl. Gusta Fuchehova(?) from Czechoslovakia, Krishna Menem of India, Abdel Karim (?), poet of Palestine, ?? of Finland tell how soviet leader has inspired them w/ his speech.

11:10:20 High angle Moscow city scenes. Various delegates talking casually with each other. CU taking notes. Delegates at various meetings listening, speaking incl. President of International Federation of War Veterans - Cooper(?); British Labor Party member & 1959 Nobel prize winner for Peace, Philip J. Noel-Baker; Russian Archbishop Patriarch Pinen(sp?); Congress Vice-President & leader of Amnesty International Sean McBride.

1970s; Communism; Communists;

World Congress of Peace Forces: Peace To You Our Planet Earth R5 of 6 (Same as 221129)

High angle Moscow city scenes. Int. delegates talking casually w/ each other. CU taking notes. Delegates at various meetings listening, speaking incl. President of International Federation of War Veterans - Cooper(?); British Labor Party member & 1959 Nobel prize winner for Peace, Philip J. Noel-Baker; Russian Archbishop Patriarch Pinen (sp?); Congress Vice-President & head of Amnesty International Sean McBride. 11:13:30 25-31Oct73 African country Guinea-Bissau that won independence from Portuguese colonialists. Children stand around flag pole; revolutionaries thru brush. Revolutionary soldiers march thru fields w/ artillery on shoulders. Man w/ gun & others stand on mountain ridge overlooking valley. State Commissioner Vas Kabraul(?) makes his statement in commission against neocolonialism. Latin-American speaks. Other speeches including film director Stanislav Rostocky asking for end to arms race.

11:15:42 B/W Flashback - aerial & ground shots of city in ruins after WWII.

11:16:19 Back in meeting w/ representatives speaking incl. Iraqi Minister of State. People listen; man speaks against Israel intimidating Arabs. (Yom Kippur War ended days earlier).

11:17:23 Reception of multiracial women.

11:17:52 Flash back - African women soldiers w/ guns & babies on their backs educating their people at blackboards in clearing. Mozambique.

11:18:25 Speech by South Vietnam National Liberation Front representative; tells story of Letong, 4 year old boy held hostage for 3 years by Saigon authorities. Scenes of Letong, who now lives in liberated district, eating, learning to hoe, playing near car. Footage & stills of people held in detention in Vietnam intercut w/ delegates listening.

11:19:59 Cosmonaut Herman Titov speaks of Vietnam resistance.

Leaflets distributed by Palestinian delegates. People w/ peace posters applauding. International press center & journalists, delegates in meeting room, camera man in background.

11:22:05 31Oct High angle of Moscow city in snow. Final day of the World Congress in Kremlin Palace. Artist draws Indian woman, man smoking pipe. Delegates talk in entrance hall. Congress session begins, all applaud. Various speeches incl. VIP's Michael Zemjanin(?), Romes Chandra(?) Audience listening intently, all rise, applaud, cheer holding hands. Montage: aerial views of clouds, fields; CU various nationalities, smiling faces, young boys laugh. Children run through flowery field, two kids run on beautiful seaside, birds fly up from beach into blue sky. Credits. 11:26:44

1970s; Communism; Communists;

World Congress of Peace Forces: Peace To You Our Planet Earth Pt 5 of 5

03:13:24 African country Guinea-Bissau that won independence from Portuguese colonialists. Children stand around flag pole & revolutionaries thru brush. Revolutionary soldiers march thru fields w/ artillery on shoulders. Man w/ gun & others stand on mountain ridge overlooking valley. State Commissioner Vas Kabraul(?) makes his statement in commision against neo-colonialism. Latin-American speaks. Other speeches including film director Stanislav Rostocky asking for end to arms race.

03:15:36 B/W Flashbacks - city in ruins after WWII, view from airplane to demolished town.

03:16:13 Back in meeting other country representatives make speeches incl. Iraqi Minister of State. People listen; man speaks against Israel intimidating Arabs. Reception of multiracial women.

03:17:46 Flash back - African women soldiers w/ guns in hand & babies on their back educating their people at blackboards in clearing. Mozambique.

03:18:2? Speech by South Vietnam National Liberation Front representative, tells story of Letong, 4 year old boy, who was held hostage for 3 years by Saigon authorities. Scenes of Letong, who now lives in liberated district, eating, learning to hoe, playing near car. Footage & stills of people held in detention in Vietnam intercut w/ delegates listening.

03:19:46 Cosmonaut Herman Titov speaks of Vietnam resistance. Leaflets distributed by Palestinian delegates. People w/ peace posters applauding. International press center & journalists, delegates in meeting room, camera man in background.

03:21:49 31Oct High angle of Moscow city in snow. Final day of the World Congress in Kremlin Palace. Artist draws Indian woman, man smoking pipe. Delegates talk in entrance hall. Congress session begins, all applaud. Various speeches incl. V.P. Michael Zemjanin(?), Romes Chandra(?) Audience listening intently, all rise, applaud, cheer holding hands. Montage: aerial views pf clouds, fields; CU various nationalities, smiling faces, young boys laugh. Children run through flowery field, two kids run on beautiful seaside, birds fly up from beach into blue sky.

World Congress of Peace Forces: Peace To You Our Planet Earth Pt 4 of 5

(Continued from LN 400-215) Brezhnev s speech in front of large auditorium w/ English translation over speech. CU of delegates applauding. All audience raise to applaud. Brezhnev hold hands w/ Chandra(?), everybody joins hands.

03:06:2? Press office, typing & on telephone. People buy newspapers on street; CU of newspaper articles of Brezhnev s speech. Polish, NY Times, Czechoslovakian & other newspaper articles.

03:07:30 In congress: Secretary General Perada (?) of World Federation of the United Nations Associations thanks Brezhnev for his inspiring speech . Other nation representatives incl. ?? from Czechoslovakia, Krishna Menem of India, Abdel Karim (?), poet of Palestine, ?? of Finland tell how soviet leader has inspired them w/ his speech.

03:10:14 High angle Moscow city scenes. Various delegates talking casually with each other. CU taking notes. Delegates at various meetings listening, speaking incl. President of International Federation of War Veterans - Cooper(?); British Labor Party member & 1959 Nobel prize winner for Peace, Philip J. Noel-Baker; Russian Archbishop Patriarch Pinen(sp?); Congress Vice-President & leader of Amnesty International Sean McBride.

President Carter State of the Union Address 1980 - Part Three

re Five Year Defense Program:

It's imperative that Congress approve this strong defense budget for 1981...

...recently we and other NATO members have decided to develop and to deploy modernized, intermediate-range nuclear forces to meet an unwarranted and increased threat from the nuclear weapons of the Soviet Union.

re conflict in the Middle East - peace treaty between Egypt and Israel .. . We are now engaged in further negotiations to provide full autonomy for the people of the West Bank and Gaza, to resolve the Palestinian issue in all its aspects, and to preserve the peace and security of Israel. Let no one doubt our commitment to the security of Israel. In a few days we will observe an historic event when Israel makes another major withdrawal from the Sinai and when Ambassadors will be exchanged between Israel and Egypt.

15:22:44 Re decision to normalize relations with the People's Republic of China . Increase of forces in Indian Ocean, Northeast Africa and Perisan Gulf.

Reconfirmes 1959 agreement re Pakistan. Asks Congress for additional military and economic aid for Pakistan. In the weeks ahead, we will further strengthen political and military ties with othernations in the region. We believe that there are no irreconcilable differences between us and any Islamic nation. We respect the faith of Islam, and we are ready to cooperate with all Moslem countries.

15:25:20 re possibility of imposing draft - Selective Service System .

re accountability of Intelligence agencies. Peace & human rightsin Middle East & Southern Africa - repressive regimes (doesn t specify which).

Peace--a peace that preserves freedom--remains America's first goal. In the coming years, as a mighty nation we will continue to pursue peace. But to be strong abroad we must be strong at home. And in order to be strong, we must continue to face up to the difficult issues that confront us as a nation today.

15:28: 28:54 re excessive dependence on foreign oil and need for clear energy policy - Our Nation will then have a major conservation effort, important initiatives to develop solar power, realistic pricing based on the true value of oil, strong incentives for the production of coal and other fossil fuels in the United States, and our Nation's most massive peacetime investment in the development of synthetic fuels. The American people are making progress in energy conservation. Last year we reduced overall petroleum consumption by 8 percent and gasoline consumption by 5 percent below what it was the year before. Now we must do more.

(more about energy policy in Part 4)

We can provide the complete transcript of the speech.

Strategic Defense Initiative - Brilliant Pebbles Effectiveness in Global Protection (Star Wars)

Animation of turning globe with Brilliant Pebble orbiting earth providing protection against hostile missile launches. Animation on globe of launch from submarine of coast of United States.

04:00:52 Saddam Hussein with army officers - missile launcher in Iraq

04:01:05 Animation of supposed rocket launch from Iraq against Israel, Saudi Arabia and Syria. Animation shows Brilliant Pebbles taking out missiles.

04:02:38 Military parade in Libya, Colonel Gaddafi on stand.

04:02:52 Animation of supposed missile launch from Libya - missiles reach targets and detonate. Same scenario repeated using Brilliant pebbles.

04:03:28 Unauthorized or Accidental deployment from Submarine off coast of US. Brief shot submarine

04:03:37 Animation of supposed missile launch from sub - without defence, targetted cities destroyed. Same scenario using SDI - missiles destroyed.

[C-141 Starlifter]

Air Force Now

AF officer in front of, & talking about, C-141A. Insignia Military Airlift Command.

06:26:35 Night shots C-5 aircraft landing at Tel-Aviv, Israel.

06:27:00 1973 Middle East war - Israel Army in desert; wrecked tanks. Airfield - C-5 and C-141 - supplies & military equipment off loaded. Golda Meir watches.

06:27:50 C-141B aircraft modification program stretched the body of C-141A and added in flight refuelling capability. Interior factory at Lockheed, Georgia - draughtsmen and production. Airfield with C-141B Starlifters lined up. Loading equipment - interior. Interview w/ Flight Engineer on handling. In flight refuelling. C-141B in flight air to air shots.

[President Zia of Pakistan at White House Dinner, 07Dec82]

Marines w/ flags descend Grand Staircase followed by Pres Reagan & Pres Zia & wives. Out tall lentrance & stop for photographers. Into Dining Room. Camera stop & start.

22:36:56 Pan around dining room, Reagan to lecturn & speaks: If I was late getting up here it was because I just had to finish the story. Reagan says that their talks had shown they are even more frequently in agreement bolstering hopes for SE Asia & Middle East. Talks about refugees in Pakistan returning to Afghanistan. ...reinforced our commitment to Pakistan...we will not waver in this commitment.

22:40:12 Differences may come between our nations, or have come between our nations in the past, but they ve proven to be transitory while the ties that bind us together have grown stronger year by year...

22:40:50 Reagan proposes a tost & raises his glass, everyone stands up & sips. Applause. Sit down.

22:41:46 Zia to mic. Gives prayer, then addresses Reagans & others: ...I see very little to what I can add to what you have said...the people of Pakistan are deeply committed...to the dictates of Islam. Islam ordains upon its followers a belief in the equality & universal brotherhood of mankind. Talks about US as a melting pot & Pakistan similiar but on smaller scale. Talks about Pakistan as a melting pot of various people from all over into Indus Valley.

22:45:40 Thus we are indeed the heirs to a rich & a varied, if somewhat turbulent, historical heritage... Mr. President unfortunately a new & menacing turbulence has arisen in our region... Speaks of Resolution adopted by United Nations. War between Iran & Iraq; ...and the suffering recently visited on the Lebanese & Palestine people continue to cause us profound concern & anguish. Calls for a solution to the Palestine problem. ..it is the first time the Arabs have put up a unified plan for the solution of the Palestine problem. To the best of my knowledge it is for the first time that the President of the United States of America has put up a very comprehensive plan w/ so many positive elements in this... Urges him to follow thru on it.

22:50:10 We cherish this union of partners, though unequal partners, but as two sovereign states... ...let America be the torch bearer of Peace; Peace not only on the American continent but Peace in Afghanistan, Peace in Vietnam, Peace in Somalia, but above all Peace in Palestine. Asks for a toast.

22:51:35 To the health & happiness of President Reagan... Glass raised, applause, fade out.

Ceremonial Diplomacy; Formal Dinner Ceremony; Speeches;

Note: Zia, a military dictator who took control in bloodless coup, imposed strict Islamic law, channeled US military aid to fight Soviets in Afghanistan, & was assassinated 17Aug88 in a planned air crash.

USIA Television TV Satellite File No. 5000 (sic): USA/USSR Relations, Pt. 2 of 4

Summit: Regional Issues. Afghan, camel, etc. walking in front of Soviet personnel carrier. Soviet troops marching in dry Afghanistan camp.

08:04:51 President Reagan speaking: The next few months will be no time for complacency, no time to sit back & congratulate ourselves. The Soviets have rarely before, & not at all in more than three decades, left a country once occupied. They have often promised to leave, but rarely in their history, and then only under pressure from the West have they done it. Tank on truck & other military vehicles on road.

08:05:20 Soviet troops walking past stores in Afghanistan. Army convoy on road.

08:05:26 Pres. spokesman at briefing: Our understanding of the agreement that was negotiated is that the Soviets commited themselves to complete withdrawal & in that context it would seem logical that Soviet advisors should be part of that.

08:05:46 Planes dropping flares (?) over Afghanistan city; tanks through; Afghans firing weapons. Iran Iraq war, tanks, mortars & rockets fired. UN meeting w/ Shultz speaking (MOS), rocket at sea fired from ship. Soviet ships. Destroyed Gulf oil platforms on fire w/ fireboats.

08:06:51 Israeli soldiers & Palestine scene w/ kids throwing rocks.

08:06:57 Soviet Minister or negotiator greeting Shultz in Moscow.

08:07:23 Daniel Ortega w/ others in Nicaragua. Men at peace talk table signing ?? Ortega standing behind.

Diplomats; Diplomacy; Cold War; Middle East; Central America; Propaganda:

Strategic Defence Initiative - Ballistic Missile Defense in a Changing World (Star Wars)

Montage using effects - missiles etc. President Bush speaking excerpt from State of the Union Address- says he has directed that the SDI programme be refocused on providing protection from limited ballistic missile strikes whatever their source.

04:45:20 Title Global Protection Against Limited Strikes (GPALS).

Split screen effect of enemy missiles and threats to security - Russia - Libya .

04:46:45 President Bush - We know that this is a dangerous World .... nations capable of weapons of mass destruction on the increase.

04:47:16 Title January 1991 Turning Point - Patriot missile intercepting Scud missiles aimed at Israel. President Bush - Patriot is proof that missile defence works ... poor quality pix from Gulf War.

04:48:13 Animated map showing Third World Ballisitic Missile Nations. Graphic showing how GPALS would work.

04:48:53 Missiles fired. Intercut with animation including Brilliant Pebbles.

04:50:27 Split screen sequence of SDI progrmme to date.

04:51:01 Jan 1991 test at Vandenburg AFB of ground based interceptor rocket Aeros (phon) animation of intercept technology.

04:52:07 Laser defence technology. Laboratory tests with lasers. Field experiment - tower exploded with lasers. Animation of sensors in space.

04:53:14 Control centre - technicians at maps and computers. Graphic showing reduced costs of defence.

04:53:55 Henry E. Cooper Director SDI speaking re defence necessity.

Brilliant Pebbles Effectiveness in Global Protection

Strategic Defense Initiative - (SDI - Star Wars) anti-ICBM missile program of 4,000 satellite constellation in low-earth orbit. Originally named Smart Rocks when initiated by Edward Teller, Lowell Wood & Gregory Canavan at Lawerence Livermore National Laboratory.

00:30:31 Computer animation of turning globe w/ Brilliant Pebble path orbiting earth providing protection against hostile missile launches from outer space, or submarines off coast of United States.

00:31:03 Saddam Hussein w army officers - missile launcher in Iraq.

00:31:16 Animation of supposed rocket launch from Iraq against Israel, Saudi Arabia & Syria. Animation shows Pebbles taking out all missiles. Targeting boosters shown; then from space showing Pebbles descending from orbit to hit rising missiles.

00:32:51 Military parade in Libya, Colonel Gaddafi on reviewing stand.

00:33:04 Animation of supposed missile launch from Libya - missiles reach targets & detonate. Same scenario repeated using Brilliant Pebbles defense.

00:33:40 Unauthorized or accidental missile launch from submarine off coast of US. Brief shot submarine.

00:33:49 Animation of supposed missile launch from sub - without defence, targeted cities destroyed. Same scenario using SDI - missiles destroyed before reaching targets.

00:34:30 Path of Brilliant Pebbles system over globe. Animation of rocket & missile launch.

00:34:56 SDI logo & credits.

Missile Defense System; Anti-Nuclear Threat; Department of Defense; DOD; Propaganda;

Ballistic Missile Defense in a Changing World

Animated SDI logo

Montage using effects - USSR missiles, etc.

01:14:57 President Bush speaking excerpt from State of the Union Address: Looking forward I have directed that the SDI programme be refocused on providing protection from limited ballistic missile strikes, whatever their source....

01:15:29 Animated globe turning & title: Global Protection Against Limited Strikes - GPALS.

Split screen effect of enemy missiles & threats to security: Russia & Libya.

01:16:53 12Feb91 President Bush at Pentagon news conference: We know that this is a dangerous World .... nations capable of weapons of mass destruction on the increase.

01:17:25 Title January 1991 - Turning Point. Patriot missile intercepting Scud missiles aimed at Israel. Continuation of 12Feb91 press conf.: Patriot is proof positive that missile defence works .... poor quality pix from Gulf War, missile crater & recovered parts.

01:18:21 Animated map showing Third World Ballistic Missile Nations. Graphic showing how GPALS would work. Chart of satellites & Theater Missile Defenses.

01:19:03 Missiles fired intercut with animation including Brilliant Pebbles.

01:20:36 Partial screen sequence of SDI programme to date.

01:21:12 28Jan91 test at Vandenburg AFB of ground based interceptor rocket ERIS tests; animation of intercept technology. High speed camera footage of first test impact.

01:21:52 1990 test of model proving ability to lock onto plume of ballistic missile. Brilliant pebbles shown.

01:22:17 Laser defence technology. Laboratory tests w/ lasers. Field experiment of directed energy; tower exploded w/ lasers. Animation of sensors in space. Delta 1 AD (?) series animation.

01:23:24 Control center - technicians at maps & computers. Large screens. Graphics showing reduced costs of defense.

01:24:04 Henry E. Cooper, Director SDI, speaking re defense necessity. National Test Bed Media Lab logo.

Strategic Defence Initiative; Star Wars; Propaganda; Department of Defense; Gulf War;

STS-82 Earthviews

Note: Shuttle Discovery launched on 11Feb97. Second misson to service Hubbell Space Telescope.

01.25.11 Orbit 15 Mid Atlantic Ocean Sun burst; earth curvature in mid Atlantic Ocean west of the Canary Islands. Sunburst on left w/ earth in upper portion of screen turning as suburst moves across from left to right. GOOD.

01.26.05 Orbit 15 Pacific Ocean Sun burst and cloud cover over Pacific Ocean, south of Christmas Island. Earth filling left diagonal of screen, largely lit on edge of curvature and going to almost black in upper left corner. Blue of ocean visible.

01.27.05 Orbit 11 Sunset Sunset on earth curvature; ultra violet air-glow can be seen. EArth in upper half of screen as sun disappears up.

01.27.29 Orbit 135 Night, California Coast. Southern California coastline. Many lights visible w/ earth in upper half of screen. Some stars visible.

01.29.03 Orbit 135 Night, California Coast Southern California Many lights and shuttle moving fast across. Large bay rimmed w/ lights, smaller clusters inland, clouds across some of area. Pull back to show larger area of coast. Zoom in to smaller town area.

01.30.49 Orbit 132 Night, Florida Peninsula Southern half of Florida Peninsula which includes St. Petersburg and Tampa Bay area, Ft. Myers, Orlando, Cape Canaveral, Fort Pierce, Palm Beach, Fort Lauderdale and Miami. Filling screen w/ camer twisting.

01.31.15 Orbit 132 Night, West Coast, Mexico Night scene of mexico s southern west coast cities. Light clouds moving over many lights. Earth filling upper 80 percent of screen and earth moving left to right.

01.33.00 Orbit 116 Night, Mideast Cities along the Mediterranean Sea from Egypt to Israel; Lebanon, Syria, Turkey and Cyprus, also Amman, Jordan & towns in western Saudi Arabia. Earth filling screen w/ lights along right side ringing coastline.

01.35.14 NASA logo.

Space Research; Space Race; Exploration; Tranquility; Peacefulness; Leisure; Weather;

Wadi Ara, Megiddo, Heathrow Landing

Travelling shots from car along road thru Wadi Ara (connecting valley from coast to Eastern Galilee). Arab (Palestinian) villages alongside road, mosques, minarets. Largest village (town) is Um el Fahm (07:05:09). These villages are within Israel but bordering with the West Bank. Throughout road signs in Hebrew and Arabic, pine trees on hills.

07:05:33 Landscape around Tel Megiddo (Armageddon). Tel (archaeological hill) from a distance.

07:06:35 CU Panel with pictures of archaeologists who excavated on tel (including Yigael Yadin). 07:07:00 Views from Tel onto neighbouring landscape, 07:07:55 - PAN up palm tree against sky.

GVs and details of archaeological excavation (dig) carried out in July 1998. 07:08:12 - ruins, stone wall people digging under tent (to protect from sun). 07:09:25 - plastic buckets with sherds and other findings. 07:11:23 - Man with base of broom sweeping earth - floor of ancient room. HA views of site. 07:12:17 - PAN views from Tell onto fields and valleys. 07:16:09 - workers rolling enormous rock. 07:14:05 - zoom onto Arab village on opposite hill.

07:14:47 - thistles, dry fields, 07:15:44 walk down stone path (camera jerky).

07:16:34 - Cacti -(prickly pear) VS shots.

07:19:14 - Travelling shot from car along pine woods. 07:20:18 - HA vew of valley (Jezreel), Arab village zoom in.

07:20:19 Approach Kibbutz Beit Alpha (07:23:14 - sign Beit Alpha synagogue & Museum). Beautiful Mosaics in ancient synagogue. Synagogue ext and interior.

Peace Trip R2 Hague Appeal for Peace

Nicole MacLaren, student from Jamaica, addresing youth gathering. Rocio Silverin from Global Kids, talking to youth gathering about Global Kids projects such as homelessness and young people having power. Other students address gathering about differences between First world and Third World re access to technology, colonialism, set of demands for UN Secretary-General. Israeli student re letter to Kofi Annan and she is here with Palestinian student and that is what it is all about. Music Theatre performance by Bosnian troupe on stage at conference center. Interior views of people walking through conference center. Narrator introduces debate over NATO campaign in Kosovo. Tiana Zivanovic, Serb peace activist, talks about Kosovo and Bosnian wars at conference session. Serbs and Kosovars talk and argue about war. Footage of Kosovo refugees. Int. with Jenese Anoudina, 24 year old Kosovo refugee, who talks about Serb atrocities and her own journey as refugee. Footage of Kosovo refugees. Tiana Zivanovic talks about effects of NATO bombing. Footage of bombing of Belgrade. Serb woman from audience talks about bombing and argues with Albanian refugee. Kofi Annan from conference podium on war in Yugoslavia and Kosovo. Footage of Kosovo refugees being put on bus.

Peace Demo

11May02 Evening in Rabin Square in Tel Aviv - demonstration organized by Peace Now, anti occupation of West Bank and Gaza strip. Old and young milling about, holding banners, flags,

Baha i Temple - Haifa

Tracking along Haifa streets with Temple and gardens in view. Walk into and down gardens - beautifully landscaped, hundreds of steps, terraced lawns, spectacular views of Haifa Bay with ships in harbour, temple and its copper dome, scultptures, group of Israeli women soldiers visting, gardeners at work, tourist group with tour leader. 03:58:42 Memorial stone of founder of Baha i faith. View Temple and gardens from below,

Old restored quarter in downtown Haifa - German Templar settlement - stone houses, signs in Gothic German. Entrance to restaurant housed in building in which Lord Kitchener stayed in 1843.

[Ein Sahan Training Camp, Syria - Islamic Jihad]

Israeli Defence Force (IDF) hand-out showing Ein Sahan, Syria - alleged terrorist / guerrilla training camp for Islamic militants. Shows display of weapons, men training and large cave filled w/ supplies & weaponry. Unid. man interviewed by television reporter [MOS].

Terrorism. Militants.

Jerusalem - Old City

Road outside old City - pan to new city. VS shots mountain and villages.

01:01:32 - NG

01:02:40 - Good Street scenes in the Old City - Arab cafe restaurant, people (natives and tourists), food sellers in market, bread stall (pittas), men crying their wares (Arabic), hustle and bustle, narrow souk street and alleyway, track along shops, music blares from radios, 01:06:09 cafe making desert, colourful sweet shops, nuts and spices in woven baskets. 01:07:30 - Arab woman selling fresh herbs. 01:07:57 - narrow street in residential area in Old City, arched room over alley.

01:08:56 - garden through narrow passage. Shaky shot of painting of Arab with camel (NG).

Masada Ceremony

Part of Ceremony to mark Masada as World Heritage Site

Film projected on large outdoor screen - Doc on Masada - AVs and other details of Tel (archaeological mount). includes shots from Yigael Yadin s excavation on site, with international volunteers working, Includes SOF Yadin speaking about finds (tape sound track in Hebrew).

03:02:02 Top of Masada lit up by torches - spectacular display of light and sound. Smoke and fire effects.

03:03:54 Ballet on stage.

03:05:06 (Son & Lumiere) Procession of children from around the world carrying their national flags, descending from the mount towards the stage (audience in foreground clapping)

03:08:39 Great fire works display - excellent for any generic fireworks shots.

Jerusalem

Pan over rooftops from Tower of David, city walls, Pan Garden of Museum, roof tops with some of new city in BG. Tourist on roof in FG. Mount Scopus and Mount of Olives included in pan. 03:12:51 - Golden Dome of the Rock. Pan from Dome over Old city rooftops - HA views churches and mosques (camera work jerky).

03:14:13 Jaffa Gate; Japanese tourist group entering. Orthodox Jew. 03:15:56 Pan ofWest Jerusalem, old city, dome of the rock, city walls and Judean hills from afar.

Galilee

Sea of Galilee, promenade alongside lake, 03:21:00 Capernaum church and gardens exterior and interior church, mosaics on floor. Inner courtyard.

03:25:18 Travelling shot from car along Sea of Galilee (palm trees in FG)

03:32:46 Enter Tiberias, streets, traffic up mountain, through villages (Chircassian). 07:34:20 Gates and church on Mount Tabor.

03:35:08 Israeli soldiers on Mt Tabor checking rifles.

03:36:03 Views of Safed and Valley of Jezreel, travelling shot from car driving down winding road of Mt. Tabor. (pass same soldiers en route)., Through Arab village.

[WWI - Rickenbacker, German Plane Crash; Wilson & Pershing; Middle East, Jerusalem, Allenby, Turkish]

Eddie Rickenbacker in cockpit of biplane, CU smiling. Plane from ground (brief). View of ground from air (brief). Under cranked (fast) soldiers running.

20:34:00 American soldiers guarding overturned biplane, soldiers looking. MS German (?) pilot sitting on ground.

20:34:10 Title w/o pix, black slug.

20:34:16 MCU President Wilson in top hat & fur coat w/ Gen. Pershing in uniform, laughing & talking.

20:34:36 Black slug.

20:34:40 Intertitle: ...Turkish dynamite makes work for the British Engineers. Blown up brick bridge; horse & wagons, pack train, across temporary floating bridge. Wagons & horses up sandy bank & across desert.

20:35:38 Intertitle: Two big guns are dragged forward through the sand. Pulled by large tracked tractor w/ front wheel, men riding.

20:36:02 Intertitle: Heat and sand is nothing new to this mounted machine gun battery of Indian troops. Indians in turbans walking beside large pack train of horses passng camera.

20:36:37 Flash intertitle: the Man who liberated Jerusalem, General Allenby, returns to Cairo where more troops are made ready for a desert campaign. Line of military officers w/ Allenby formally shaking hands w/ Egyptian civilians on railroad platform.

20:36:54 Mounted on horse, others around, riding off w/ British pennant. Troops mounted sitting on sand waiting.

20:37:15 Intertitle: In Bethlehem of Judea the streets ring w/ the tramp of men... Arabs & others watching British troops marching out of Old City or along street. Troops marching in opposite direction.

20:37:52 Intertitle: A strange scene...where a spy of the Sultan has fallen into British hands. Troops sitting on ground by trench w/ machine guns, slow pan to man sitting on back of armored truck & arab (?) translator.

20:38:27 Intertitle: At Cairo, fresh mounts... no pix.

20:38:31 Intertitle: Over the gleaming sands in the early hours... LS riders in lines doing drill (?).

20:39:00 Troops riding through shallow water & up sandy shore past windmill.

20:39:14 Intertitle: The Desert Battleship - From captured city of Jerusalem, General Allenby s fighters... Riding thru very dry desert w/ eroded streambeds.

20:39:41 Flash Intertitle: The retreating foe...destroyed a well. Men inspecting wooden broken parts, pose beside jumbled stones. View down shaft.

20:39:55 Intertitle: As the British press forward here, prisoners & supplies of war are taken... Soldiers w/ rifles marching large group of prisoners (Turkish?) past.

20:40:23 British into house w/ rifles & debris stacked & laying outside. Pan over guns.

Middle East; WWI; Heroes; Celebrities; 1917 - 1918 (?); Palestine;

News In Brief - Israel

Farm buildings with shell pocks & damage on Israeli buildings. People out of metal lined shelter. Repairing Electric poles. UN observers study map.

News In Brief : Tel Aviv - Ben-Gurion launches bond drive. Interior Ben Gurion addresses audience (not heard)

Trial of the Century - Eichmann Tried for War Crimes

Outside trial building.

Overhead view inside tribunal. Eichmann brought to bulletproof box with guards. Man looks over shoulder. Eichmann between guards stands up. Judges sit under sign w/ 7 branch chandelier (menorah). Eichmann hears accusations read out (poor sound). Eichmann s attorney Dr Robert Servatius from back, CU in profile. Eichmann with earphones. Israeli Attorney General & Chief prosecutor Gideon Hausner. Profile Eichmann with guards. Judges writing

Exhibicion de Modas De Israel

Internatonal fashion show introduced by Harry Belafonte who has just been to Israel. Sylvia Sydney is other commentator. Fashion show to raise funds for bonds for Israel. Mostly evening dress fashions. Proceeds to State of Israel bonds.

The Life of Jews in Palestine - Film title in French, English & Hebrew.

06:02:00 -Odessa Port - Jews boarding ship with heavy luggage. Crowd wave from pier. Tracking shots from aboard ship along Bosphorus, Constantinople in background. Very good details of boat traffic in canal, and towns alongside ti. 06:07:32 Hafia Sofia from ship.

06::08:00 - Jaffa & Tel Aviv. - Pan over rooftops. of new town of Tel Aviv, newly planted trees. Many empty plots. Sand dunes.

06:09:25 - Mayor Dizengoffv with dignitaries.

06:09:39 = teachers (women) seminary in Jaffa - coming out of school.

06:09:55 - Girl's school, Jaffa. - girls march in rows

06:10:44 - Agriculture lesson for girls. Digging in school garden. marching in rows with spades past camera. Male teacher in white suit and hat supervises.

06:11:32 girls marching in schoolyard. - very disciplined.

06"12"40 - Gymnasia Herzliya - fraternal shot, teachers coming our, then pupils marching in schools yard - boys dressed in Kossak - like uniform. Gymnastic. Pupils come out of school, including Moshe Shertok (06:14:11 (later know as Moshe Sharet).

06:15:17 - pupils celebration on sand dunes off Tel Aviv.

06:16:23 - Petah Tikva - overhead pan over settlement Ein Ganim - farm yard feeding chickens.

06:17:15 - Harvesting oranges - grove with supervisor in 3-piece suit and workers.

06:18:32 - orange sorting and packing in "Pardes" Cooperative.

06:19:40 - Train of camels delivering oranges to Jaffa port.

06:20:02:15 - Hadera settlement ("colony"). Main street - farmers riding horsed and donkeys. Very sparsely built up. rural. "Farmers & Yemenites" working in fields (Yemenites wear kippa, yarmulke).

Busy Main Street of Hadera - horses, carriages, camels, dusty "wild west" feel. Cattle mix in.

Harvesting and threshing grain.

children dance in fields.

06:24:08 - Settlement (colony) of Zikhron Ya'akov (named after Baron de Rothschild) - GVs rooftops and countryside. coming out Synagogue. Harvesting and threshing carts with hay. Spaying the vineyards.

06:27:29 - Haifa Technion and "Reali" school under construction - Jewish and Arab stonemasons.

06:29:23 - Kinneret farm (settlement). feeding chickens, women pioneers working in garden, (in dresses),

Young Yemenite singing to filmmaker

06:31:03 - Tiberias, Sea of Galilee (lake Kinneret) - tracking

Rabbi Meir Baal Haness tomb. Yeshiva - studying torah.

Rambam grave - orthodox Jews praying.

06:33:31 - Migdal agricultural farm.

The Life of Jews in Palestine - Film title in French, English & Hebrew.

06:34:10 - Yosef Trupmpeldor & comrades plowing field. Harvesting.

06:35:27 - Rosh Pina settlement in Galilee - high angle pan across countryside.

06:36:05 - Jews & Arabs picking almonds. children working in the school garden. working returning from agricultural work.

06:37:35 - Tracking from train on way to Jerusalem.

06:38:29 - Samson burial cave. Olive groves on cultured on terraced mountains.

06:39:48 - Panoramic view of Old City of Jerusalem. Pan of new city. Tower of David at Jaffa Gate.

06:42:02 - Wailing Wall - Jews walking along. Pan Jewish Quarter. C/U Praying at Wailing Wall.

Burial Caves of the Sanhedrin and Shimon Hatzadik.

06:47:10 - Dome of the Rock

06:47:45 - pupils of Ezra school, procession of pupils with famous teacher David Yellin.

06:50:34 - Bezalel school of Art (Jerusalem) - building, Principal Boris Schatz and pupils.

06:51:43 - Rachel's Tomb - women crying. Pan of Hebron, schoolchildren swimming in Solomon's Pool, Cave of the Patriarchs (Hebron) - Jews praying. Wadi Kelt.

06:57:06 - Pan along Jericho, Dead Sea, rowing along Huleh lake (Galilee)

07:01:37- spraying vineyards with sulphur. winery of Carmel Mizrachi. wine barrels

nes Tsiona settlement - pan across houses - Lehrer family bee-keeping. beehives, extracting honey. Tasting the honey from jars.

07:07:28 - "Bilu" (name for first wave of immigrants in 1882/3) celebrate in Gedera their 30th anniversary - march past camera. Gedera "main street" (another Rothschild colony). Cows in field, farmers with hay, dairy, train arriving in Jerusalem, Rehovot -Rishon LeZion Orchestra marches at head of procession. first fairground. Gateway with Star of David., exhibition of locally produced goods Maccabi members from abroad marching and athletic events. crowds. END

Early Russian Material

Fruit picking in orchard - agriculture. Children, young men and women with shovels and farming tools.

00:35:36 Mountains and the sands of Samson - tracking shot from rear of train as goes up into mountains. Cave in mountains, man coming out of entrance. Panning shots over fields / farms.

00:37:20 Jerusalem City - Panning top shot Jerusalem - buildings.

00:38:32 Tower of David

[Early Russian Material]

Fruit picking in orchard - agriculture. Children, young men and women with shovels and farming tools.

06:20:33 Mountains and the sands of Samson - tracking shot from rear of train as goes up into mountains. Cave in mountains, man coming out of entrance. Panning shots over fields / farms.

06:22:14 Jerusalem City - Panning top shot Jerusalem - buildings.

06:23:28 Tower of David

The City of David

Jerusalem - Damascus Gate - locals walking in street. Arabs street market and camel train outside old city walls. Entrance Jaffa gate from inside and outside city walls. Natives in narrow streets. Two men in uniform. Top shot David Street / market in Christian Quarter. Mosque. Arab selling something in street good CU faces, including young girl. Man wearing fez working on leather. Man softening sheep hide. Camel through narrow street. Merchants loading camels - camel feeding - donkey passes. Street market - natives carrying sacks of oranges. Silversmith - polishing with feet. Using bellows on fire. Al Aqsa mosque. Jews at Wailing Wall

Locals out of gate. Arab on donkey. Top shot and pan over City. Jewish suburb in Western Jerusalem - windmill in distance. 01:54:00 King David Hotel.

Cease-Fire Uneasy Truce in Mid-East

United Nations Security Council in session re six day Middle East War. Syrian Ambassador - Russian delegate Federenko - Israeli Ambassador Gideon Raphael -

22:37:25 Burning buildings - bodies lying in desert. Israeli troops with prisoners of war - one blindfolded. POWs walking with raised hands. Train and car with bullet holes. Military vehicles. Injured soldier on stretcher. Tracking shot past wrecked UAR military vehicles along Gaza Strip. Body hanging out of jeep. Arab under arrest. Egyptian POWs. Empty office with picture of Nasser.

22:39:05 UAR commander General Abdul Husseini meets with Israeli military leaders and surrenders unconditionally. Signing surrender. Israeli troops by tank. Israeli flag raised. White flags flying

22:39:44 Bethlehem - Israeli troops on the streets with tanks - some locals watching. More locals coming on to streets.

22:40:07 Tank entering Jerusalem - people crying. Jews on streets. Israeli troops entering Old City. Moshe Dayan at Wailing Wall - Israeli flag. Israeli troops march towards camera.

Ceasefire in Palestine

Israeli soldiers with grenade launcher - troops looking through binoculars - field telephone. Badge on uniform showing war correspondent. Soldiers smoking cigarettes. Ground to air - plane flies over. Civilians clearing up after fighting - house with bullet holes - pan over settlement / kibbutz ? bomb damage. Man feeding calf. Men cutting bananas - cooking in field kitchen. Jewish troops wih machine guns, not fired. Jewish men with donkey cart carrying milk churns. Officer on field telephone. Delousing. Plucking chicken

06:30:18 Arab prison / internment camp - prisoners through gate carrying bedding etc. Arabs wearing uniforms with diamond patches - barbed wire and watchtower.

06:31:14 Cutting bananas - digging trenches - various shots camp and prisoners. Israeli officer questions Arab.

Chaim Weitzmann visits USA

El Al aircraft landing. Chaim Weizmann and others down aircraft steps and greeted - Abba Eban ? El Al plane taxiis. Chaim Weizmann and party down steps - small crowd at airport. Sequence repeated. Weizmann standing in front of microphones. Weizmann into car an away. CU Star of David on tail fin of plane and El Al -Israel National Airlines on fuselage. Weizmann speaking On the eve of the first anniversary of Israel s declaration of independence ... brings greetings to American people -- gratitude to America... .

Chaim Weizmann with Jewish Agency Meeting.

London street corner, people entering building. Door of Jewish Agency, men enter. Sign on building Zionist organisation, Jewish Agency for Palestine. Interior, meeting in progress Weizmann speaking to Mrs Dugdale, niece of late Lord Balfour. Participants left to right Mr J. Linton - Mr Berl Locker, Mrs Dugdale, Dr Weizmann - Professor S. Brodetsky - professor Namier - Mr Bakstansky. Weizmann standing at relief map of Palestine on wall. Meeting continues.

David Ben-Gurion in NYC parade with Impellitteri

Motorcade - CU Ben Gurion on steps with Impellitteri. Military march past. Flags of USA and Israel marched past. Ben Gurion in open top car - more military parade - motorcade. Crowds lining sidewalk applauding - ticker-tape - Israeli sailors - crowd - Good close up Ben Gurion and Impellitteri. Certificate presented. Top shot military personnel and band march up 5th Avenue. Top shot motorcade - crowds - New York police parade led by police on horseback.

Egypt Accepts United Nations Cease-fire

Tank past camera; Israelii soldier with binoculars; in fox holes; Westbank - Sign Welcome to Gaza covered with another sign. Moshe Dayan - damaged buildings; soldiers move forward; searching prisoners.

Exterior of United Nations; Arthur Goldberg & other delegates; Abba Eben (MOS) speaking; voting; pan of United Nations Building & tilt up.

Middle East War

Eisenhower on Arab Israeli Relations. Good quality sound

Press conference where Ike answers question re prevention of warfare in the Middle East. Re Russian influence in Middle East - says US has tried to befriend every nation in Middle East - that Arabs and Israelis need each other for trade etc. Asked question re Texas. Answers question re Modern Republicanism political philosophy - free enterprise - leadership. Asked whether there is knowledge of Russian moving arms to Mid East. Questions re economy.

Eisenhower Doctrine to Congress

Applause as Ike takes stand. Speaker presents President - Ike thanks Vice president Nixon and Speaker. Ike speaks on Middle East situation - international communism - Russias desire to control Middle East - not oil but World domination.

Suez - Israel - Egypt

Foreign Affairs - Palestine

Jan46

Aftermath of police headquarters bombing in Jerusalem. British policemen patrol. Empty street.

Israel Civil Defence Exercise - street scenes downtown Jerusalem, Zion Square traffic - crowds being moved by soldiers- people sheltering in doorway - firecrackers exploded to make smoke - exterior building sign Zion Hall. British troops ? with anti-aircraft gun - troops hose down firecracker box. Injured escorted to ambulances. Smoke coming from upper floor apartment - injured lowered on stretcher - carried to ambulance.

(? re Suez crisis)

Israel

Kibbutz. Buildings constructed - view over farm - close ups local faces - pipe laying for irrigation - breaking up rocky ground with pickaxe - nice shots young Jewish children. Men taught use of rifle - sheep in pens - patrolling fence of Kibbutz land next to Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee).

Israel

Women soldiers drill on parade ground with rifles- spectators - Israeli flag raised. Women present arms - more marching.

Israel

Israeli Navy with anti aircraft guns. Naval launch.

Israel

Tel Aviv Military (Independence Day) parade - tanks - military vehicles and troops - cutaways to Prime Minister Ben Gurion - Chief of Staff Moshe Dayan, President Ben Zvi and others on reviewing stand.

Israel - Building a Kibbutz

Construction site - Men up tower holding Israeli flag. Banner builders of the Negev desert being unfolded and tied to pole. Kibbutz flag being tied to pole. Barbed wire fences being erected - surveyor - measuring out land - girls with barbed wire reel - Wooden building frame unloaded from lorry. Erecting wooden frames - bricklaying breeze block foundations. Carpentry - hammering nails into building, entire sides go up temporary tent living accommodation

Israel - Hammarskjold

Hammarskjold met at airport - into limo and away. Enter Government office in Jerusalem. Interior- Hammarskjold meeting with Ben Gurion, Golda Meir and Bunche?

Israel - Jordan Border posts (Out of rack at start)

Jordanian soldiers man an outpost on the Israeli-Jordan border. Bullet holes pointed out on jeep. Man questioned. Arab soldiers insepction. Arabs with guns in foxholes.

01:02:.38 (Out of rack at start) Israeli soldiers on railroad open platform Israeli soldiers in military vehicle - jump out and patrol - officer with binoculars watching Arabs, stop and question Arab - checks papers.

Israel Marks Independence Day

Men and women soldiers of the Israeli army marching in Independence day military parade. President Ben Zvi seated in review stand, Moshe Dayan on his far right

01:00:21 Premier David Ben Gurion seated in review stand.

01:00:27 General Ezer Weizmann head of Airforce (later President of Israel) looks up at planes flying, Troops on camels followed by tanks. Planes fly overhead. Spectators including young men in wheelchairs.

Israel / Palestine - Fighting Continues, May 1948 (cuts)

Men looking at wreckage of bombed out building. Ambulance. Troops with wreckage of plane. Street scene. Unexploded bomb - casing removed from UXB. Egyptian insignia on wreckage of plane. Digging trenches. Military plane over - fired on. Soldiers with wreckage of plane. Captured tank. Israeli soldiers on lookout tower. Bomb damaged building. Wrecked military equipment. Military truck with Israeli Star of David. Plane over, bombing? Hosing down building, body carried from building. Downed Egptian plane.

Israel - Pineapple Harvesting

Men digging fields and laying irrigation? Planting pineapples - agriculture. Plantation - harvesting fruit. Baskets of pineapples carried on heads to waiting lorry.

Israeli Attack on Iraqi Nuclear Plant

Material brought back from Israel of attack on Iraqi nuclear plant (IDF) - F-15(?) F-!^(?) various shots from ground, air and of bombing of nuclear reactor. Planes in formation, above mosque, above clouds and shot so reactor Bombs falling, explosion of reactor.

Jewish Colonization - Esdraolon or Jezreel Plain

Trucks & cars past camera. LS of arid land with horse team, fences, weeds & settlement along stream or gully. High shot of farm buildings. People working in garden setting bananas & digging for orange trees. Hay baler & pitching brush into it. Young riding on it & tying bales. Watchtower in Ginegar settlement. Chicken coops. District govt. offices at Affule. Ain Harod & kids out of school--lecture in school garden. Living houses in Ain Harod. Laundry; children's house; CU 2 girls. Woman milking in Beth Alpha. CU of various types colonists. Constables (ghaffirs) line up for inspection, with rifles. SIGN Ein Harod-Telyosef (crossroad). Settlement in ls. Ploughing with horse & mule teams in Balfouria settlement. LS Emek from Galilee mts. Nazareth.

Jewish Infantry Brigade of British 8th Army 23-29Mar1945

Officers gather round table in wooded area looking at maps. Smoking cigarettes. Officer with monocle.

12:07:55 Top shot jeep driving up mountain road. Officers out of jeep with maps looking at terrain and maps. CU insignia with Star of David. Soldiers loading and firing artillery into mountains. Sergeant drawing Star of David on shell case. Gun fired. Slate in Hebrew and English.

12:11:02 Convoy of armoured vehicles down road. Trucks carrying troops up and past. Soldier on sentry duty by flagpole. Flag has Star of David. CU Star of David on military vehicles.

12:14:52 War graves. Sign Plot 4 Jewish Burials. Two men walk among graves. CU marker for M. Zilberberg, Jewish Bn. Palestine Regiment.

Massada OUttakes

Archeological excavations at Masada (correct sp), near Dead Sea in Israel.

03:13:32 GVs of rock

03:13:50 Dead Sea. Eagle flying. Pan along Masada, then from Dead Sea to Masada. Show Herod's Palace and Roman encampment. Overhead shot of visitors. Pan up Columns of Herod's Palace. Various shots of stone warehouses. Mosaic floors. Various locations on top of Masada, including Dead Sea in background.

03:25:32 Dead Sea close-ups with salt on dead branches.

Middle East - Jordan River

Allenby Bridge - exchange of prisoners between Israel and Jordan. Over 400 Jordanian troops return home. Wounded carried over crossing point.

Middle East War

Middle East - Soviet Defeated in U.N. Vote

Interior General Assembly - voting board. Russia defeated after calling for condemnation of Israel as agressor. Arab and Israeli forces face each other over Suez Canal, Soldiers in group. Military truck leaving with troops.

Middle East War

Middle East War

Israeli tanks down street to cheering crowds. Artillery fired , smiling Israeli officer ends at 06:30:31. Clip repeated twice more

Near East Crisis - Invasions Complete, UN Will Take Over

06:23:11 Aerial over Port Said in smoke after bombing, British troops arriving. Sunken vessels in harbor. 06:23:33 Sign: Port Said Aerodrome. Aftermath of attack: walls w/ bullet holes, destroyed buildings / people in windows & doorways smiling. British & French forces in streets; unloading trucks. Patroling streets. Many people in streets; men gather spilled flour sacks. POV from tank patrolling.

Suez crisis; Nov56; 1956; Fighting Aftermath;

NOTE: Covers French, British and Israeli forces holding their positions as UN discussions go on re Suez Canal. Russians hint at volunteer forces being aired.

News in Brief - Five Dead in Terror Blast

British soldiers and police clearing rubble of police station near Tel Aviv which was blown up by terrorists killing five policemen. Bomb crater in road. Bomb damaged building - demolition of unsafe walls.

News In Brief - Israel - Prisoners Returned

Top shot city with damaged building. Soldiers look out from behind sandbags. Soldier using binoculars. Soldiers sitting on artillery / field guns. Prisoner exchange overseen by Red Cross. Injured helped. Convoy led by Red X car along road.

Middle East War

News in Brief - Palestine

Israeli flag flying. Fighting along the Negev front. Soldiers shooting - machine gun. Bodies. Egyptian prisoners of war who had attacked Israeli food convoy CU faces.

Middle East War

News in Brief - Suez

Despite cease-fire fighting flares up in Suez area. Shots burning tank and destroyed Israeli military vehicles. Next day - Israeli flag raised and Jewish soldiers pray.

News in Brief - Syria

Border ofIsrael and Syria. UN jeeps on way to peace talks. Interior Israeli border guard bunker - soldier with gun. Soldier walking along border on patrol.

22:25:11 Road sign Mahanayim. Cars going to second conference on Israeli side of border. Car with UN flag leaving after meeting adjourned. Sign by tent Syrian delegation. Guards outside tents.

Palestine

British troops assembled in street - camels moving out. Street scenes - arabs and troops. Army horses. Troops with turbans on horseback. Horsedrawn ambulances up and past. Street scene, Australian? troops.

03:07:45 Essex Battalion, Royal Horse Artillery and 5th Cav. Div. crossing the River Jorden at Jisr Benat Yabub.

Mayor of El Kuneitra surrenders the town to 5th Australian Light Horse, Maj. General H.W. Hodgeson arrives as CO of the Australian Mounted Division. Brief shot soldier on field telephone.

Palestine - Agriculture

Ploughing with horses developing wasteland in plain. Hedera, largest settlement in Samaria showing homes, gardens, fields etc with sand dunes. Tractor ploughing field. Top shot orange plantations in Samaria.

05:35:12 Farming scene at Arab farm - ploughing among orange trees, weeding in orange grove, digging irrigation channel. Cows feeding from byre. Cows trot out of shed.

05:36:30 Women picking oranges in one of the largest plantations in Reheboth. Oranges packed into crates. Yemenite boy packing oranges.

05:37:33 Children saluting flag in Ramat Rahel.

05:37:55 Young people clearing ground for planting of trees. Arab shepherd with flock of sheep.

Palestine - Arrival of Jewish Refugees - January 1945

Ship docking, people wave from deck; ambulance arrives.

04:17:19 Police check papers.

04:17:33 People wave from inside freight car; people getting off. Greetings. Nurses help woman walk across platform. Sign on freight car with Bagdad + Star and Crescent on car as it stops in Athlit. People hugging & greeting. Men carry stretcher to ambulance w/ Star of David.

04:19:10 LS of people walking up road from train. Soldiers checking woman & men past & through gate. 04:20:41 Int. Doctor & nurse getting children to strip for disinfection. Washing kids & scrubbing hair. Showering. Examination.

04:23:29 Feeding mostly adults at washtubs outdoors, soup kitchen.

NOTE: Also on LN 501-062 & 220 more complete. BUT this may be better quality.

Post-WWII; Emigration; Immigration; Ethnic;

Palestine - Arrival of Jewish Refugees - January 1945

Ship docking, people wave from deck; ambulance arrives. Military supervising people off gangway. View from within, people past & loading of baggage wagon. Young people on deck passing camera & down gangway. Truck past; people dancing Hora on deck. People leave dock area. Train backing up past people along tracks, many wave from filled freight cars. Sign on freight car with Bagdad on car as it stops in Athlit. People hugging & greeting. Nurses helping some. Men carry stretcher to ambulance w/ Star of David. LS of people walking up road from train. Soldiers checking woman & men past and through gate. LS of refugee camp. Interior & Doctor & nurse getting children to strip for disinfection. Washing kids & scrubbing hair. Showering. Examination. Feeding at washtubs outdoors, soup kitchen.

Palestine - Collective Settlements.

Ls of Jezreel Plain, in foreground in yard of Ein Harod settlement young men and women, leaving for work in fields, jump into trucks. Truck drives off down road. Carts, trucks, tractors and flock of sheep driven down road of settlement . Nablus Plain which is owned by Arabs and where Jews are forbidden to buy land. Nablus Plain with Arabs walking across field with cattle. Long shot of Jezreel Valley - this was once swamp land but is now land of rich settlement. Harvest in Jezreel Valley - combine harvester in wheat field. Sacks of wheat arriving at settlement. Arabs winnowing wheat. Vineyards in Jordan Valley - workers weeding around vines.

Arab workers tending Jewish vines under direction of owner.

Agriculture Kibbutz

Palestine - New Jewish State Formed Amid Strife

First picture of the battle for Haifa, which was won by the Jews after a two day seige. Pan over city. Jewish troops in lorry. Jewish troops patrol streets with guns. Soldiers searching bomb damaged building. Troops search surrendering Arab. Refugees - women with belongings in push chairs. Palestinian woman holding child speaking to camera (mos). Bodies on street. Armoured car down street. Two young soldiers holding out Israeli flag. Shots through barbed wire.

15:15:02 US recognition of Israel in announced to UN delegates (MOS). Delegates listening and shake hands.

15:15:42 Crowds gathered outside building in Washington to watch young boy unfurl flag of new Jewish state. Crowds celebrate, dance horah.

Palestine Problem - Announcement of the Sabbath in Tel Aviv

Friday night at dusk in Tel Aviv - Bearded Orthodox Jew playing trumpet to announce beginning of Sabbath. People at sidewalk cafe dispersing. People leaving shops and shop keeper putting up shutters. Wedding party coming down steps.

06:01:44 Morning prayer. Jewish man prepares himself for prayer - puts on shawl - Tefilin. Interior synagogue. Religious men at prayer - rites and ceremonies.

06:03:17 Jewish Passover week in Jerusalem.

Crowds at meeting in front of Hurva Synagogue. Various shots different orthodox Jews and Yemenites.. CU speaker at microphone. Three rabbis singing / chanting and praying for their murdered brothers. Pilgrims walk towards the Wall of Lamentations / Wailing Wall. Omar Mosque and minarets are visible. Top shot Jews at Wailing Wall. Various shots men and women at wall.

06:08:42 Morning Prayer - Tel Aviv. Torah displayed to congregation. Religious ceremony.

Palestine Problem - Art and Music

People entering concert hall. Poster - The Palestine Orchestra with Michael Taube and Pnina Salzman.

Shots of Pnina Salzman at piano and Michael Taube. Good shots hands playing on piano keys (Bechstein Grand)

08:17:38 Several shots people entering Katz art gallery - Poster re inauguration in Tel Aviv by Herbert Howarth of exhibition of sculptures by S.C. Stutzer. In foreground bust of Lord Gort. Howarth and Stutzer stand by sculptures of Hort and Marshall Montgomery.

Palestine Problem - Funeral Service of Henrietta Szold

Various shots exit of procession from the School of Nurses founded by Henrietta Szold and which was built on Mount Scopus, near the Jewish University. Sign over door Hadassah Medical Organisation. Henrietta Szold Hadassah School of Nursing. Two nurses leave building followed by man carrying wreath. Funeral cortege going down to Jewish cemetery at the Mount of olives. Body arrives at grave, not in coffin but on board. Body lowered into grave. Crowds gathered on hillside around grave.

Palestine Problem - Future Development of Tel Aviv

Municipal Council meeting to discuss the future development of Tel Aviv. Mayor Israel Rokach, followed by the secretary of the Mayor s office enter room where councillors are seated. Mayor opens meeting and turns toward plan showing development areas. Madam Doctor Goberskowsky speaking. CU three councillors, Mr Pinkas is in centre wearing skull cap.

09:30:00 Commission of Engineers study plans for new beach, standing on beach - camels walk behind carrying sand for redevelopment projects. Commission and surveyors walk along sand. Trucks arrive carrying workmen and surveyors. They meets up with planning engineers by sand dunes. Commissioners cross temporary bridge over Yarkon river where it meets the sea. Measuring depth of River Yarkon at the point where the Sir Arthur Waucope Bridge will be built - engineers study plans. Bulldozers / diggers levelling sand dunes.

09:33:52 Construction of new homes. Various shots pleasure villas being built in orange grove. Builders working. Finished house, women hang out washing. Making breeze blocks / Sipona Raffinb Blocks used in construction of houses. Laying water pipe. Bulldozers preparing road.

Palestine Problem - Jerusalem

Various shots Jerusalem showing valley - walls ancient city - Temple Mount. LS Modern Jerusalem - Hebrew University - students walk under arches. Top shot old city. Various surrounding countryside - trees. Two tombstones.

06:14:27 Walls of Jerusalem at Jaffa Gate - people coming and going. Selling oranges from stall. Arabs and Jews present. Crowds getting on bus including Arabs, Jews, Nuns.

06:15:18 Jewish Agency building ?. Closer shot doorway. Man leaving building.

06:15:47 Crowds of young people entering building.

06:16:06 Doors of Jewish Agency Building - nameplates The Jewish Agency for Palestine and Palestine Zionist Executive. Street scene - mosque and minaret - army truck down street. Large building - Rockefeller Museum ? Sign YMCA services club. Shot of old Jerusalem with Arabs in foreground

06:17:02 Interior offices - Mr Lowell Pinkerton, consul general of the United States talks with one of his consuls Mr Christian Steger. Secretary enters and gives letter to Pinkerton for signature. Two men continue discussion in front of large wall map of Palestine.

Palestine Problem - Jewish Brigade

Young men and women, some still wearing Yellow Stars, sign up for Jewish Brigade - old man at table going through card file. After registering at outdoor table they enter building, sign Recruiting Department, The Jewish Agency Palestine.

09:13:40 Mobile Jewish Brigade of Tel Monte. Little Police force drilling with arms. Members of this police force wear soldiers uniforms with Australian type hats. Police force and six mounted police march out across fields, in the background is the village of Tel Monte and an Arab working / ploughing with his camel. Police force training / manoeuvres as they run from woods and take up firing positions.

09:15:50 Jewish Brigade inspected by British army sergeant. Cadets on parade ground, CU inspection by British Sergeant. Cadets on firing range, fall onto mats and take up firing position. In the background Rishon Le Zion.

09:17:19 Parade in Sarafan of new Jewish recruits. CU Major W.R. Thomas saluting parade.

09:18:18 Synagogue used as watch tower. Magdiel on edge of Sharon Plain. Jewish policeman patrols on roof of synagogue, looks through telescope. Ground shot of synagogue with policeman visible on flat roof.

Palestine Problem - Jewish University in Jerusalem

L.A. Mayer, Jewish University Rector and prof of art & archaeology in office. Dr. D.W. Senator, administrator, and Ibn Sahaw, registrar, confer. Physics class, students listening, taking notes - teacher writing on blackboard. English literature class. Students touring exhibit. Prof. G. Weil director of Hebrew Univ. Library and others. Math class & manuscript with Einstein's signature. Cancer Research laboratory. Lab technicians working with slides and microscopes (one of the girls has been in concentration camp) . Students entering the lab buildings which are dedicated to Dr. Chaim Weizmann as per inscription.

Palestine Problem - Mikveh Israel Agricultural School

Cows in cowsheds - crossbreeds of Dutch cows and Arab bulls. Cart arriving with fodder. Students going to work in the fields after morning courses - travelling in open cart. Students in botanical gardens - gardening flower beds - sprinkler for irrigation. Teacher lecturing students re tropical plant. Teacher and students at monument to Charles Netter, founder of the school.

05:14:55 Newly arrived refugees at the agricultural school at Magdiel. Students walking down road after leaving Athlit where they had a brief stay. Students walking through orange grove carrying suitcases and belongings. Other students rush out to greet them. Sign in English and Hebrew Educational and Agricultural Institute.

05:15:50 Avanoth School - agricultural school where girls are taught household management. Top shot gardens - students working gardens - tending flowers. Field - student with horse drawn plough. Girls tossing hay which will be used for fodder. Refugees taught how to milk cows. Three older students take new on tour of school - stop at chicken hutch and feed. Kitchens where students are taught cookery skills - cooking for large quantities.

Palestine Problem - Nabi Moussa / Amman, Transjordan

Nabi Moussa Mosque, pilgrims coming out of mosque after praying on tomb of Moses.

06:19:17 Fete - Crowds arriving at Omar Mosque - Flags of prophets - Arabs escorted by police ? British army officer in crowd. More shots Arabs carrying flags. Crowds gather outside mosque. King Faisal gate area. Crowds, children, eating and drinking. Top shot dancing. Women and children. Good shot Mosque

06:23:17 Transjordan, Amman

LS Amman, camels in foreground. Marketplace, overexposed. Street scenes. Police detachments arrive at mosque where Emir prays every friday. LS Arrival by chauffeur driven car of Prime Minister Ibrahim Pasha Ashim and Minister of National Education Sheikh Fihmi (white turban). Arrival of Emir Abdulla Ibn El-Hussein - armoured car and four Cheress cavalry men as escort. Soldiers present arms. Interior courtyard of Mosque, men washing. Muslims (Moslems) kneeling at prayer. Emir leaving mosque following prayers, kisses ministers, smiles and salutes at camera and into car. Ministers leave.

Palestine Problem - Newspapers

Type setting room of Jewish paper Haaretz. Workers composing type using Hebrew lettering overseen by foreman. Proof of first page. Newspapers coming off presses. Editor in Chief and two assistants in office is brought news flash re the death sentence passed on the assassins of Moyne. Passes newsflash to secretary who translates on typewriter into Hebrew. Exterior building - newspapers given to street distributors who ride off on bicycles.

Interior of offices of Press Club of Tel Aviv, journalists being briefed by Moshe Shertock (later Moshe Sharet), Head of Political Department of Jewish Agency. Press leaving building, CU sign Press club.

08:23:25 Conference of Arab - Jewish Press. Messrs Scott, Clyde and Lodge enter room. Journalists take their seats. Scott starts meeting. Shots of journalists taking notes, in front row are seated an orthodox Jew and an Arab. Journalists asking questions - W.M. Clyde answering. CU sign Public Information Office.

Palestine Problem - Police Force

Palestinian police headquarters in Jerusalem. Arrival of car of General Inspector Rymer Jones, shot of Russian church in background as car approaches. Car arrives and Rymer Jones out. Rymer Jones in office, on telephone. J.M. Connell, deputy of Rymer Jones enters room. Rymer Jones, Connell and two assistants have meeting looking at map of Palestine using pointer.

08:28:40 Lord Gort inspects Palestine Police. Shots from window as car arrives with mounted police escort. parade ground with Union Jack flying. Good shots as Lord Gort inspects police on parade ground - then inspects line of mounted police on camels. British soldiers inspected. Police march past, Gort saluting, police / military vehicles in parade past stand. Police march in parade, British navy contingent bring up rear. Gort with police commissioner.

Palestine Problem - Revivim Settlement (kibbutz)

General view of settlement which consists of bell tents. Mail van arrives and young men and women pioneers run to meet it - post distributed.

09:37;29 Drilling for Water.

Shots of drill, Jewish workers overseen by wealthy Arab employer. Closer shots drilling operations. Pump house and well - water gushing out which is saline. Well is surrounded by barbed wire. Working on reservoir and dam.

Aqueduct in Ashdot Jacob (Yaakov) Settlement which brings water from the river Jordan to the settlement. Man in aqueduct cleaning it, shots of Jordan valley behind. Arab with flock of sheep near Roman Aqueduct. Water tower - camel train passes.

Pumping Station - interior pump house - workers open sluices. Pipes which take waters to a canal going to evaporation basins. Water flowing into canal. Opening canal - men swimming in reservoir. Irrigation of fields.

Palestine Problem - Schools

Exterior shots of Herzlia Secondary School in Tel Aviv, pupils leaving school. Ceremony in memory of Nazi holocaust. Top shot playground as pupils formed in ranks - ranks move sideways to form corridor for choir Children salute the flag, Choir singing Hymn of Faith (mos). Young male pupil walks into centre of square and reads the message of Faith and Revenge. CU of oath in Hebrew Palestine Will be Reborn . Top shot pupils perform callisthenics / exercises and formation marching in courtyard.

09:23:32 Bialik School in Neve Sha anan - exterior school with children coming out. Girls doing callisthenics / exercises in playground. Interior classroom, children about 7 years old, female teacher writing on blackboard, children listening and putting hands up. Kids writing in exercise books.

09:25:48 Hebrew class for new arrivals. Shots from back of class as male teacher writes a phrase from the Bible on blackboard. Pupils, older - more like teenagers, repeat phrase in Hebrew (mos). Shot of teacher in front of blackboard with portrait of Henrietta Szold framed in crepe and decorated with flowers on wall.

09:26:59 Tel Aviv Teachers school for Girls. Girls walking and talking in school yard.

Palestine Problem - Settlement in Palestine Mountains

Men and women clearing rocks from field - rocks removed by donkey cart - large rocks placed on improvised sled pulled by donkeys. Drilling rock and placing explosive in holes to break up. Small puff of smoke as rock explodes. Two men removing rock by means of a jack. Workers uprooting tree stump. Yard with agricultural machinery - this is factory where farming implements and machinery are made for other settlements.

05:24:52 Meeting of the executive committee in charge of the reparation of work in the settlement. Meeting during chairmans speech. Discussions - woman asks questions - members taking notes. Smaller group meeting. The executive committe in every kibbutz distributes the following days work schedule. Workers names being put on board, workers come to look at board

05:26:41 Women taking in clothes from washing line - laundry room. New members being given working clothes. Grain elevator in the settlement, cart with hay drives past in foreground. Water tower in Afikim

(kibbutz, collective settlement) - workers walking to dining room - washing hands - kitchens / servery - women preparing food. Tables during meal, eating

05:30:07 Children in playground - kids on climbing frame. Children seated at tables - settlers relaxing in garden area.

Palestine Problem

LS Tel Aviv taken from Jaffa. Top shots Tel Aviv showing residential houses. Young men wearing armbands stop car, driver gets out and shows his papers, scenes repeated, closer. Clock showing 11 am. Street scenes including Allenby Avenue, soldier directing traffic. Pedestrians crossing Rothschild Boulevard. Bus terminal, people waiting, people boarding bus. Men chatting on streets. Bus for Haifa, Hedera, crowd waiting for Haifa bus, people waiting for Jerusalem bus. Buses pull out of terminal . Synagogue in Tel Aviv .

09:06:50 The Cornice of Tel Aviv on Sabbath Day. Motor traffic is forbidden here for 2-3 hours on Sabbath and is traditional place for walking. Crowds walking along, sea in background. Street cafe. Large building. Dizengoff Square, families sitting on benches, fountain. Arab Jewish street market in Jaffa street at the junction point of Jaffa and Tel Aviv. People buying eggs / flowers / vegetables.

Arabs and Jews mixing freely on streets.

09:09:01 Construction of Cinema / Movie theatre. Group of actors from Habima Theatre coming down staircase.

09:10:18 Pales book shop on Allenby Street which specialises in Hebrew translations of classical books.

people looking at books on tables in garden of bookshop.

09:10:47 Top shot poor area of Tel Aviv, Neve Sha anan district where Jews live in wooden huts. Modern school.

[Post-WWII - Yugoslavia - U.S. Ambassador Garden Party w/ Tito]

July 4th reception. Dept. Prem & Foreign Minister Eduard Kardelj & wife greeted by Amb Allen in white dinner jacket & Mr Smodolka, Chef de Protocol of foreign office. Marshall Josip Broz-Tito arrives, drinking cocktails w/ Allens. Shots at Mr. Kardelj's table, at head of table Dr. Vilfan dept foreign minister & foreign Yugo. delegate to UN. Madam Koprula wife of Turkish Amb., Smodlaka, Kardelj, & Lady Peake wife of Brit. Amb. CU of Tito table w/ Mrs Allen, Mrs Kardelj, Sir Charles Peake, Brit Amb., Madam Delcoigne wife of Belgian Minister, Dr. Leo Mates, Dep. Foreign Min., Mr. Dozy, Dutch Minister, & Belgian minister. Tito lighting Mrs Allen cigarette. Table of Mrs. Vilfan, Dep. Dir of Info, Vidmar, Pres. of Fed. Parliament; Dr. Brecelj & his wife, VP of Slovenia. Other diplomats from Canada, France, Sweden, Israel, Finland.

State of Israel Formed

Crowd gathered outside buidling in Washington to watch young boy unfurl Israeli flag.

State of Israel Formed

Israeli flag flying from passenger ship Kedmah. Sign re departure and boarding times. People up gangplank. French newspaper headlines re terrorist activities in Israel. Ships funnel as whistle blown (mos). People waving ship off. On board ship, various shots Jewish passengers. Brief shot building in London? Union Jack flags - crowds outside.

State of Israel Formed Amid Violence

Pan down building. Men with arms - guns, bullets and grenades. Group of men on street. Bomb damaged buildings. Man with machine gun climbs over rubble. Cat walks down deserted street. Party with pilot of small plane. Aerial views, superstructure of plane obscures much of frame. Ground to air - aircraft in flight.

Bomb damage at port - ship in harbour. Body in rubble.