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Fidel Castro Fidel Castro Fidel Castro
Caption here. Caption here. Caption here.

Archival film footage on Castro from Footage Farm

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Cuban Crisis Excerpt

Fidel Castro greeted in Havana. Khrushchev with Castro and CU of speaking. Aerial observation film printed and studied. JFK speaks to nation. Pentagon & other buildings at night. Interiors of Pentagon. Troops to Cuba. Diagrams of SAC & briefings. Planes take off. Various Air Headquarters. Planes: F-100; F-104; F-105; RB-66; RF-101; Meeting of Organisation of American States who sanction use of force. Naval ships. Aerial of field with planes in place. Generals Le May and Sweeney. Air force build up. Practice napalm dropping. Aerial refueling. Kremlin. Incomplete

Isle of Youth (missing main & end titles) Continued on LN 504-126

The Newsreel - Radical Documentary - re Cuban community farm

Women in truck cab & get off truck laughing. Stills young people working on farm; crates of fruit; loading plants onto cart & tractor pulling off w/ load.

03:55:13 Stills Cuban children. Kids playing at outdoor nursery. Women & men harvesting by hand (not sugar). Young people clap hands, drum & sing. Women working w/ cuttings, wrapping. T-shirt Siempre se puede mas .

03:56:59 Clearing ground for agriculture w/ bulldozers. V.O. re past use of island by Americans. Egg packing. Milking cows. Hoeing & planting in field.

03:58:54 Man reading, men play dominos, women s and men s dance classes intercut w/ men planting. Large tents for visiting volunteer families. Cutting grass w/ scythe. Workers served food at lunchtime. Fat man with cigar dancing. People listen to live music.

04:02:35 Classroom & adult students. Prison where Castro was jailed transformed into hydraulic engineering institute w/ students in class, doing construction work on building; military drill.

04:04:18 Still photo begins. End of tape. Continued on LN 504-126

Propaganda; Volunteers; Revolutionary Movement; Newsreel Films; 1960s;

United States Army - School of the Americas - A Partnership in Democracy Pt. 1 of 2

Pan over jungle, US soldier SSG Alexander A. Figueroa, School of the Americas (SOA) Medical Course Instructor, w/ kids playing. Speaks to camera about program. Int. of elementary school w/ teacher & children at desks; US Army Medics giving medical check up to kids.

19:15:48 Colombian Drug Raid (14Oct94). Colombian Police Officer, SOA Counter-Drug Graduate speaks, Helicopter overhead; troops in small boat on river; police or troops in jungle at drug location. Aerial of giant explosion in jungle near road. Colombian soldiers carry large packages (drugs). Sample shown.

19:16:19 Colombian government building w/ flag flying. Prof. W. Michael Reisman, Yale Law School speaking. Ext. of Organization of American States building w/ sign.

19:16:32 School of the Americas exterior w/ flags of nations; CU of colored glass window w/ motto.

19:17:04 Jeanne Kirkpatrick, former U.S. Representative to the United Nations, speaks to camera: how to live in freedom; expansion of democracy & human rights. Sign: Ridgway Hall School of the Americas, Escuela de las Americas Officers walking past. Int. classroom, outside picnic for families.

19:18:17 Footage (poor) of obstacle course. Map showing Western Hemisphere. Communist parades. VO against Soviet & Cuba inspired Communism, subversion & insurgencies. Training also included those skills what is now termed Nation Building. Ext. of Ridgway Hall, Ft. Benning, Georgia w/ El Salvador Amb. Ana Cristina Sol speaking of professionalism. Military in camouflage & normal uniforms walking in front of building. Soldiers training on communications equipment in field in Spanish. Running in formation on track. Officer reading Fidel Castro Y La Revolucion Cubana . Kids & medic.

19:20:18 Training against narco-terrorists in building. Mine detecting; footage of Haiti overthrow of (SoF) elected president by military coup & the eventual restoration of that elected president by a US led multinational military action (Operation Uphold Democracy, 1994). Haiti army marching past palace; Baby Doc Duvalier on balcony w/ raised arms cheering. people. Casual military & police force; trucks of people thru streets. Soldiers in back of army truck w/ rifles.

19:21:11 Sen. Sam Nunn speaking about value of school & its role in respecting human rights. Class in human rights being taught by SSG Villa. Another class w/ students at computers. Soldiers in field w/ full pack seen from above, moving w/ rifles & bazookas (?) thru woods.

19:22:09 Prof. Edwin G. Corr, former Amb. to El Salvador & Bolivia (involved in Iran-Contra), speaking to camera over classroom scene. Map of Western Hemisphere showing Red Cuba. Soldiers in South American as medics, walking in city, talk of benefit of school. Colombian Police Medic, SOA Medical Course Graduate, in Spanish to camera w/ VO in English. Continued...

Military Propaganda; 1990s;

The Road to the Wall Part 1 of 3

Anti-Communist propaganda film. Gives brief history of Communism.

Footage from 1905 to 1960s

CU and pan on Berlin Wall. Montage refugees in several different countries and eras walking on roads, soldiers marching, crowds cheering, Lenin? giving speech. Baby. Corpses in forest. Castro in forest. Man

China 1960, crowd cheering and throwing paper in the air, men pulling heavy cart.

Berlin 1961, crowd and parade, man and woman running across no man s land escaping East Germany. East German ? military or police pushing civilians looking sinister, on horseback patrolling. Barbed wire, civilians searched,

Narration explains Marxism, portrait of Karl Marx. Red Army? Russian street early footage. Signs one way in different languages.

Demonstration with pickets frieden and peace . Checkpoint in forest in Germany with sign. Barbed wire, patrolling fenced border.

Portrait resident East Berlin, stills of his being shot by border guard when attempting to escape by swimming in canal.

Map of world, titles superimposed Berlin 1961 , Havana 1959 , Budapest 1956 , Coyoacan 1940 , Kronstadt 1921 , St Petersburg 1905 .

12:59:17 - 1905: Tzar Nicholas II at balcony of palace. Workers and peasants. Still Father Georgy Gapon with group and petition read (in English). Crowd outside winter palace to present petition. Crowd being shot at. Still Czar, still Gapon, still Lenin. Lenin gesticulating making speech. Tsar, Czarin and other dignitaries on parade, getting on horse. Still Czarin and son. Still Rasputin.

World War One, trenches, bombing. Miserable looking children stare into camera.

13:01:58 - March 1917 demonstration in St Petersburg, Czar troops turn on demonstrators, then army cheering with protesters. A.F. Kerensky speech, dubbed into English. Political prisoners freed. Speeches gesticulating. Lenin. Trotsky. Kerensky head of provisional government. Newspapers printed. Women s parade. Protest. Lenin speech dubbed into English re class war. Workers or soldiers digging field with shovels. Monument toppled. Crowds running and storming winter palace (staged).

Nov: Lenin, restless people in street. Trotsky s Red Army marching. Old woman making speech. Civilian protest against election dismissal, still of Lenin superimposed.

James Cagney narrates

Cold War

The Road to the Wall Part 3 of 3 (1st half) James Cagney narrates

Anti-Communist propaganda film. Gives brief history of Communism.

13:17:16 Czechoslovakia, 1948 : parliament. crowds cheering. Politician makes speech. Riot. Edvard Benes accepts Communist cabinet. Ian Masaryck assassinated, corpse superimposed hammer and sickle, funeral. Parliament. Benes dies, hammer and sickle superimposed, funeral. Still Churchill an iron curtain has descended... speech.

Parade in USSR , carrying hammers and sickles and large portrait Stalin.

anti-Communist riots, mixed footage East Germany and Poland, tanks.

13:20:04 Poland jazz musicians, cartoons.

13:20:30 Budapest 1956: Demonstrations, star falls off roof. Tank through street, troops firing. Prime Minister Imre Nagy. Looted streets, books burning. Russian tanks invade. Nagy executed. (not seen)

13:21:51 Havana 1959: Cuban peasants at work in sugar cane fields. Slum, poor children. kid bathed with bucket, Castro with guerrillas in forest and through Havana with cheering crowds. Castro brother raul. Che Guevara. Castro speech at podium, cheering crowd. With Krushchev. Firing squad. Two men executed.

Cold War

[Post-WWII: Joint Meeting Philippines Congress; Pro-Communist Hukbalahaps]

Int. w/ men listening, MCUs & CUs. LS across room, Roxas & Osmena. MCU Roxas at microphone (MOS) speaking, US flag on wall behind. (some out of focus). Delegates. Roxas speaking from floor.

06:51:52 Ext of home of Manuel Roxas car comes & goes. Int. w/ Ref. Ceferino de Los Santos; Rep. Tiburcio Lutero; Rep. Emilio Nietes; Rep. Juan Borra; Rep. Victor Gallago; Senator Salvador Imperial; Speaker of House Rep. Jose Zulueta.

06:54:12 Guingona - Rep. from Mindanao. Moro rep. in Malacanan w/ the Sultan & two other Mindanao officials.

06:55:18 Men at tables, large Hukbalahap poster behind & Filipino (?) & US flag. Man speaking (MOS). men smoking, eating banana while listening. MS & CU of Cabili. Others: Gerancio La Cuesta; Pedro Castro; King Seng; Emilio de la Paz; Tony Collantes; Tomas Babili; Monroe Hall (US); Jose Reyes; Jesus Barrera; Vishnu Gokhale (as from left to right).

American Occupation Government;

[Russia - Military Strength - 1950s & 1960s]

Missile on launcher turning; various Russian missiles, military parades.

15:26:13 Large bomber & two fighter jets in Air Force flyover. Missiles on launchers.

15:26:33 Color, missiles launched from ships. Rocket guns fired. Bigger missiles launched from ships. GOOD.

15:27:03 Aerials of bombers in formation; interior of pilot. Russian equivalent of cruise missile launched from plane. Missile hits target ship, explodes.

15:27:26 Russian pilot in cockpit. Air to air refuelling. Pilot; planes separating.

15:27:49 Radar plane taking off, interiors, control panels.

15:28:09 Jet Fighter - Mig? taking off.

15:28:17 Swept back winged fighter jet plane in flight, closes wings. CU pilot, control & hand firing; missiles launched from plane seen from air. GOOD sequence.

15:28:38 B/W Red Square 1950s & 1960s (?) military parades. Lartge missiles on trailers

15:29:04 Color. Red Square military parade w/ missiles. Khrushchev & Ben Bella watch parade, saluting. many missiles. Different military parades, masses of missiles.

15:30:34 Fidel Castro & K. watch parade. Other military watching. Crowds.

Cold War; Atomic Age; Nuclear Age; USSR; Communism;

Castro / Guevara / Executions

Rear view Castro strides down street followed by armed revolutionaries. Raul Castro and Che Guevara. Castro gesticulating at microphones. Top shots crowds in Havana. Castro with Khruschev.

02:03:44 Execution by firing squad of two men.

Unid. Anti - Communist Doc.

Russian tanks on streets of Budapest 1956

23:00:15 Havana 1959 - Cutting sugar cane - shanty towns - poverty - Castro and rebels in hills - short shot Che Guevara - revolution - Castro with masses - Castro with Khruschev - executions by firing party

23:02:08 Berlin 1961 Berlin Wall - putting up barbed wire - Flats in East and West Berlin. Refugees going to West Berlin - Templehof airport - sealed apartment blocks on East Berlin border. Animation galaxy

23:04:09 Khruschev in UN - Kennedy (JFK) adresses congress ?

23:04:23 Korea - Refugees helped by US sailors - Fighting in Korea - US naval ships - montage US aid to under developed countries - Statue of Lincoln - ends abruptly - incomplete

Castro Cuba and Communism - Danger on Our Doorstep - Reel 1

An expose of Cuban politics, showing the rise and fall of Fulencio Batista, Roman Grau San Martin, and subsequent rise of Fidel Castro.

Montage 1953 demonstrations against Batista's government, Castro with crowds etc.

09:42:00 Stockshots Cuba - Havana street scenes - natives cut sugar cane - cane transported by truck. Luxurious hotels - gambling in casino.

09:42:43 US base at Guantanamo - airfield - USAF officers talking.

09:43:05 1952 Some Reconstruction ? Batista stages coup with cooperation of army. Troops getting guns - arming tanks to move on Presidential palace. Pilot into plane. Police action. Warships in harbor. Cars approaching Presidential Palace. President Socarras surrounded by listening men. Mexican Embassy where President takes refuge. Batista with crowds. Cameras. Cuban flag superimposed over book of the Constitution.

09:45:17 Exterior Mexican Embassy - interior President Socarras - President, wife and family leaving for Mexico.

09:45:38 Batista with new Cabinet meeting. Students demonstrate against Batista s withdrawal of all civil rights by burying in mock funeral copy of the Constitution. Exterior police station - prisoner under interrogation. Meetings and demonstrations against Batista. José A. Echeverría addressing students in street. 1955 Street demos and riots - police violence - shootings. Student leader carried on stretcher to hospital where he later dies. Student leaders funeral - demonstrators carry coffin - mass of student demonstrators. Effigy of Batista hung outside radio station. Students run to University for sanctuary - police arrest ring leaders.

09:48:07 Student trials - defence lawyer Navarro ?. Police cars and vans transporting students. Newspaper headlines - stills body of student killed by police. Communists arrested. Interior minister meets with media re censorship. Newspaper presses. Car with Censura painted on bonnet. Crowds.

09:49:23 Title 26th July 1953. Castro revolutionary troops crossing field - Moncada Army Barracks near Santiago - unsuccessful attack - garrison troops with guns walking among bodies lying in courtyard.

09:50:02 Castro (no beard) with supporters. Soldiers from Moncada barracks going through clothing of dead revolutionaries. Army commander who beat off attack. Wounded soldier in hospital bed. Dead soldiers buried with military honours. Police force searching for arms. Police Chief General Canizares with arms at press conference. Bomb damaged buildings in Santiago. Police search for arms. Raoul Castro ?

1953 Anti Batista meeting. Students riot - demonstrations - injured on stretcher.

1955 Amnesty Fidel and Raul Castro and others freed from prison - celebrations.



Castro Cuba and Communism - Danger on Our Doorstep - Reel 1

An expose of Cuban politics, showing the rise and fall of Fulencio Batista, Roman Grau San Martin, and subsequent rise of Fidel Castro.

Montage 1953 demonstrations against Batista's government, Castro with crowds etc.

Stockshots Cuba - Havana street scenes - natives cut sugar cane - cane transported by truck. Luxurious hotels - gambling in casino.

US base at Guantanamo - airfield - USAF officers talking.

1952 Some Reconstruction ? Batista stages coup with cooperation of army. Troops getting guns - arming tanks to move on Presidential palace. Pilot into plane. Police action. Warships in harbor. Cars approaching Presidential Palace. President Socarras surrounded by listening men. Mexican Embassy where President takes refuge. Batista with crowds. Cameras. Cuban flag superimposed over book of the Constitution.

Exterior Mexican Embassy - interior President Socarras - President, wife and family leaving for Mexico.

Batista with new Cabinet meeting. Students demonstrate against Batista s withdrawal of all civil rights by burying in mock funeral copy of the Constitution. Exterior police station - prisoner under interrogation. Meetings and demonstrations against Batista. José A. Echeverría addressing students in street. 1955 Street demos and riots - police violence - shootings. Student leader carried on stretcher to hospital where he later dies. Student leaders funeral - demonstrators carry coffin - mass of student demonstrators. Effigy of Batista hung outside radio station. Students run to University for sanctuary - police arrest ring leaders.

Student trials - defence lawyer Navarro ?. Police cars and vans transporting students. Newspaper headlines - stills body of student killed by police. Communists arrested. Interior minister meets with media re censorship. Newspaper presses. Car with Censura painted on bonnet. Crowds.

01:21:00 Title 26th July 1953. Castro revolutionary troops crossing field - Moncada Army Barracks near Santiago - unsuccessful attack - garrison troops with guns walking among bodies lying in courtyard.

09:50:02 Castro (no beard) with supporters. Soldiers from Moncada barracks going through clothing of dead revolutionaries. Army commander who beat off attack. Wounded soldier in hospital bed. Dead soldiers buried with military honours. Police force searching for arms. Police Chief General Canizares with arms at press conference. Bomb damaged buildings in Santiago. Police search for arms. Raoul Castro ?

1953 Anti Batista meeting. Students riot - demonstrations - injured on stretcher.

1955 Amnesty Fidel and Raul Castro and others freed from prison - celebrations.



Castro Cuba and Communism - Danger on Our Doorstep - Reel 2

An expose of Cuban politics, showing the rise and fall of Fulencio Batista, Roman Grau San Martin, and subsequent rise of Fidel Castro.

April 1956 Shows Castro's unsuccessful attack on the Cuban Army's Domingo Golcuria base near Mantanzas, Cuban army officer answering questions. Bullet holes in car - many dead bodies lying in courtyard. Batista with Defence Minister Garcia Montes looking at captured arms

10:00:42 Show trial

10:00:59 Oct 1956 Col. Blanco Rico?, police spy assassinated (not seen) - exterior house - ten rebel suspects killed by brother of Canizares. - Funeral. Map - pencil circles New York Area where Cuban Freedom Fighters in exile work to raise funds to overthrow Batista. New York Yankee Stadium - leaflets dropped holding up baseball game. Map - pencil circles Miami area - Freedom fighters meeting in Miami. Arms which have been purchased for fight - some confiscated by US police - some reach Cuba and are stored. Mexico outlined on map - money changing hands. Qunitana outlined on map. Cardboard box loaded with small arms and ammunition. Castro s yacht after failed invasion attempt (Bay of Pigs) Cuban troops - rebel taken through iron gates. Woman tends grave. Remaining rebels in mountain camp - more rebels arriving - life in Sierra Maestra camp. Girl rebel. Man peeling potatoes. Castro sitting in barbers chair smoking cigar and having haircut. Castro shooting revolver during target practice. Man cleaning rifle. Woman sewing 26th July on jacket.

10:04:10 Havana - Batista smiling and meeting VIPs.

10:04:25 13Mar1957 José A. Echeverría organises Student attack on Presidential palace - troops with guns. Bystanders caught in crossfire. Bullet holes in bus. Body of José A. Echeverría - shot by police.

10:05:17 Rebels in mountain camp. 12Jul957 - Castro issues manifesto to all rebel groups - shots of him standing in group. Havana - man shows bullet holes in car - Funeral in Santiago of boss of rebel underground Frank P ? - huge crowds mourning. Bodies of other revolutionaries on pavement - hanged farmer killed for aiding Castro. Court scenes - woman praying at grave.

10:06:33 Castro sends message by pony express.

10:06:54 Che Guevara joins Castro. Rebel activities - building burning - burned out bus - Attacks on oil refineries and sugar plantations. More rebels welcomed to camp. Celia Sanchez talking. Che with arms. Castro and other rebels. Rebels on horseback. Guerilla fighting - rebels attack village at night.

Castro Cuba and Communism - Danger on Our Doorstep - Reel 3

An expose of Cuban politics, showing the rise and fall of Fulencio Batista, Roman Grau San Martin, and subsequent rise of Fidel Castro.

Field hospital - medics treating injured rebels. Battle scenes between rebels and Batista troops. Batistas commander surrenders to Castro. Woman take photos of prisoners for publicity.

1958 Batista sends his troops to flush out Rebels in mountains. Rebel radio broadcast.

10:10:38. Havana - Sandbags and sniper on roof of Presidential Palace - interior Batista meets with press. Government troops preparing to fight Castro - tanks and bazookas. Castro addresses rebels - reel to reel tape recorder. Other rebel groups in Caracas. Cuba - rebels firing guns - Government aircraft - battle scenes. Castro men attack houses on outskirts of Santa Clara. Che Guevara and men enter city under attack by air force. Civilians into air-raid shelters. House collapses - women and children - injured rebels. Battle for Santa Clara over, rebels relax - Che Guevara greeted by civilians. Anti-Communist rebel leader. Wounded woman - man putting cross on grave. Castro in group.

10:14:38 1Jan1959 crowds celebrate Batista flight. Crowds attack government buildings - looting. Crowds wreck gambling casinos previously run by Meyer Lansky, US gangster. Riots on streets - woman having hysterics. President of provisional government Manuel Urrutia. Wrecked buildings. Cuban army troops arrest leader and join Castro.

10:16:42 Demonstrations - people with 26 July banners. Castro rebels arrive in Havana with captured tanks and army vehicles. Castro enters Havana - cheering crowds.

Castro in the field

Mimeograph / Roneo copier - Castro s men printing propaganda leaflets. Underground with radio transmitter. Castro with his men in hideout. Castro and men looking at map - rebels with guns. Rebels up hillside through jungle. Rebel fires rocket ? Various shots firing rifles

Cuba And Castro: First Films From Behind Rebel Lines

Castro and rebels as he talks with people. Making weapons & mines. Radio & mimeo machine. Castro & others eating, looking at maps. Moving through hills. Firing guns & mortars. Batista & wife & children at reception. Still photographers.

Cuba And Castro: First Films From Behind Rebel Lines

Fidel Castro and rebels as he talks with people in mountain base. Making weapons and landmines. Radio & mimeograph machine. Castro and others eating large pieces of meat, looking at maps. Moving through hills - guerilla fighting - firing guns and mortars.

01:02:27 Gen. Fulgencio Batista with wife and children at press reception. Still photographers.

Cuban Revolution. Guerilla Warfare.

Castro and Cuba - partial

Castro supporters on lorry through cheering crowds. Castro walking through crowds. Castro addresses crowd from balcony for the first time.

Rally For Castro - One Million Roar 'Si' To Cuba Executions

Havana's presidential palace with large crowd beneath. With banners. Helicopter over. Fidel & others on balcony as Fidel Castro speaks.

Spotlight on History of the UN

Castro leaves for Cuba after UN meeting. Waves. Sukarno arrives & gets favourable coverage. BOAC plane with King Hussein of Jordan arriving and waves from behind microphone. Interior of UN & Harold MacMillan waits for Khrushchev to stop pounding desk with fists.

News Review Of 1959

Vice-President Nixon touring US Fair in Moscow w/ Kruschev during visit to Russia. Kruschev visiting US - at airport, in motorcade & posing w/ President Eisenhower at Camp David.

17:30:15 Animation of new Soviet space probe, first to take pictures of Moon - stills shown. Monkeys Abel & Baker sent into space by US. Project Mercury astronauts in weightlessness chamber

17:31:15 Castro addresses cheering crowds in Havana following Cuban Revolution.

17:31:55 St. Lawrence seaway opened - Ike & Queen Elizabeth on deck of royal yacht Britannia.

17:32:12 Celebrations to mark Hawaii s accession as 50th State of the Union - hula girls - volcano erupting.

17:32:41 Prince Akahito of Japan poses in ceremonial robes & on steps of Palace w/ new bride Mishiko Shoda.

17:32:58 Stephen Rockefeller out of church in Norway w/ new bride Anne Marie Rasmussen.

17:33:12 Shah Pahlevi of Iran after marriage to Farah Diba.

17:33:25 Destruction in Japan after worst typhoon in its history - civilians wade through flooded streets.

17:33:42 John Foster Dulles filmed not long before death from cancer.

17:34:00 Dalai Llama photocall w/ Nehru after seeking refuge in India from Communist Chinese occupation of Tibet. Nehru on horseback through mountain village.

17:34:28 Troops from Communist-held Vietnam attack Laos - exodus of refugees.

17:34:44 Ike arrives at National Airport after completing 11-nation tour - cheering crowds wave sparklers - Ike gives Victory sign from passing motorcade. Brief shot White House at night.

Space Race. Cold War. Royal Weddings. Southeast Asia. Anti-Communism.

Spinning Globes Main Title

21:10:08 Title - Triumphal March - Cuba Hails Castro As New Regime Takes Over

Ext. crowds in Havana s streets; tank w/ revolutionary soldiers; MCU one w/ flag on rifle. MCU Che Guevara.

21:10:26 Judge & Provisional President Manuel Urrutia at microphones. Crowd applauding.

21:10:37 Fidel Castro smoking cigar while riding on jeep w/ other soldiers. Crowds applauding.

21:10:54 Castro walking w/ others. Chearing crowd. Castro on balcony speaking, gesturing. CU. People applauding. Voice heard in background. LS of crowd.

January 1959; Cuban Revolution; Celebration; Celebrities; Celebrity;

Spinning Globes Main Title

21:16:45 Title: Rally For Castro - One Million Roar Si To Cuba Executions

21:16:50 LS of Presidential Palace w/ flag draped down, tilt down to platform & massive crowd w/ banners & placards.

21:17:22 MS of Castro speaking & gesturing w/ other soldiers w/ guns on stand, one holds glass of water. Crowd cheering.

Revolution Aftermath; Havana;

NOTE: Castro asking & getting approval to continue executions of Batista s supporters accused of war crimes.

09:02:43 Day, extreme high angle of large Havana crowd. Night, MCU Fidel Castro speaking, gesturing, CUs. Day, long shot from overhead.

09:03:04 Castro in baseball uniform & cap; President (?) looking through screen. Bearded catcher w/ Castro pitching as crowd watches. Cuban President (?) in suit & tie throws pitch. CU boys watching Castro pitching to batter. Castro (?) at bat.

Propaganda; 1959; Communism; Entertainment; Sports - Baseball; Revolution Anniversary;

Castro Cuba and Communism - Danger on Our Doorstep - Reel 4

An expose of Cuban politics, showing the rise and fall of Fulencio Batista, Roman Grau San Martin, and subsequent rise of Fidel Castro.

Castro addresses crowds in various situations. Castro drinking from bottle. Castro addresses crowds from back of jeep in Camp Columbia. Also in the jeep is anti-Communist rebel ? who later disappears. Rebels parade - cheering crowds.

10:19:46 Cuban refugees in Miami. Fist fight between Batista s son and ? - eventually separated by police.

10:20:20 Castro meetings - Celia Sanchez with Castro. Castro s personal tank by which he travels.

10:20:39 Venezuela - Castro visits - cheering crowds. Castro given honorary degree at University.

10:21:24 Castro visits New York - night shots as Castro addresses crowds in Central Park.

10:21:36 Cuba - Show trials - instruments of torture - Execution by firing squad of Colonel Cornelio Roha ? More show trials. Execution by firing squad of Lt ?

10:24:27 Exterior government building draped with flag. Interior Antonio N. Jiminez ? at microphone - in charge of Agrarian reform institute. Castro watches. Peasant farmers - deeds which make farming collectives. Che Guevara with President Osvaldo Torrado

10:25:28 Russian plane taxis - Mikoyen and party leave plane. Mikoyen with President.

10:26:00 Party - Che taking pictures of Mikoyen wearing straw hat. Castro drinking wine with Mikoyen at reception.

10:26:3 Sugar cane fields - peasants loading cane. Castro at rally? Construction work on homes in Havana. Castro gesticulating.

10:27:59 Womens militia march with rifles.

10:28:14 March 1960 French ship La Coubre, loaded with Belgian arms, catches on fire in Havana harbour. Panic as arms explode - injured - mangled ship. Street demonstration after Castro accuses US agents of blowing up ship - disaster which left 100 dead. Funeral - flowers on road in front of hearse.

Castro Cuba and Communism - Danger on Our Doorstep - Reel 5

An expose of Cuban politics, showing the rise and fall of Fulencio Batista, Roman Grau San Martin, and subsequent rise of Fidel Castro.

Wreaths bearing hammer and sickle. anti-Communist demonstration (small) Troops on street. Meetings.

Key West Florida - offices of Christian Anti-Communist Group - sign. Castro effigy hanged. Miami - Democratic Revolutionary Group formed - meeting. Manuel Antonio DeVerona ? former Cuban Prime Minister. Work in offices and radio of groups opposing Castro regime. New York Central Park - rally and fight between anti and pro Castro supporters. Man with blood on face.

10:31:34 Havana hotels - empty. Castro in television studio - Castro at desk talking to audience. Commentary explains that during broadcast Castro attacks Spain - shots of Spanish Ambassador Juan Pablo de Lojendio, Marques de Vellisca entering studio and restrained by crowd. Castro orders ambassador out of country. Anti-Spanish demonstration on the streets.

10:33:14 Newspaper offices interior presses (not running). Exterior Radio Continental. Exterior shops - signs re cigars.

10:33:36 Cuban Foreign Minister Raoul ? on visits to other Communist countries. Trade delegations from communist countries visit Cuba. Sergei G? one time boss of Russian spy ring in Canada who will become Soviet Ambassador.

10:34:21 Castro at microphone - Mayday 1960 Rally - Che Guevara at mic. Cuban President Osvaldo Torrado at mic. Rally and parade.

10:35:14 July 1960 Havana harbour - Tanker of Russian oil arrives. Tanker Pekin damaged after collision in Med. Delegation of Chinese Trade Unionists visit. Delegation meets with President Torrado - they are there to make deal on sugar.

10:36:27 Castro watches rally. Castro attends Latin American Youth Congress - Raul Castro leads the applause. Castro at mic. Street demonstration - anti-American.

10:37:55 Sept. 1960 Castro arrives by plane in New York - small group of pro Castro supporters - Castro stops car by them but is moved on by New York police. Castro in Harlem - Khruschev arrives and two greet each other surrounded by crowds. Castro at UN with Khruschev. Castro makes speech at UN. Castro visits Russian embassy. Russian plane to take Castro and party home. Cuban farmer.

Cuba Waits

Latin-American band and dancers - carnival. Havana coastline - skyline - street scenes - hotels - traffic. Cubans on streets - workers - industry - sugar cane fields - cutting cane. Irrigation of fields. Agriculture - farmer with ox-drawn plough / plow. Dairy cattle. Street market - fruit stalls.

08:02:28 Poverty in Cuba. Hungry children - shanty towns. Cuban police / army. Batista votes in elections. Moody shot revolutionaries walking in fields with the sun behind them. Castro and his troops in mountains - training and fighting - firing weapons.

08:03:48 1959 - Batista overthrown - street demonstrations - Castro arrives in Havana surrounded by jubilant crowds. Good shots Castro making speech from balcony (mos) gesticulating wildly. Pages turn of book re Constitution of the Republic of Cuba. New President Manuel Urrutia.

08:05:02 Castro visit to US. Motorcade - crowds waving flags - Castro waving outside Suttons Gift shop. Castro lays wreath on Lincoln memorial. Castro at press conference. Castro at microphones (SOF) speaking in English denies he is a Communist,

08:05;45 In Havana - Castro, Che Guevara and others preside over show trials - small boy denounces. Newspaper presses not running. Exterior Communist newspaper offices Hoy. News stand with Communist propaganda and magazines. Small statue head of Lenin. Jan 1960 Mikoyen visits - waves from aircraft steps - press photographers. Mikoyen opens Russian trade fair. Castro looking into microscope. Evening reception, Castro drinking wine. Che Guevara with camera taking photo of Mikoyen wearing straw hat with Cuba on.

08:07:15 Moscow - Che Guevara meets with Khruschev, trade agreement for Cubas sugar signed by Mikoyen and Guevera

08:07:44 Port of Havana - Russian ship - imported guns. Army marching with guns. Anti-aircraft guns. Russian tanks in parade. Castro watches, smoking cigar and wearing large glasses.

Ends abruptly.

Cold War

Cuban Crisis (partial)

Jan 1959 Castro enters Havana in triumph - crowds - Castro at mic. Castro with Khruschev. Russian ships en route to Cuba. Khruschev pointing. Still Kennedy with Gromyko. Spy / reconnaissance plane over Cuba.

Airforce rec lab - photos developed. Washington, photos being studied. Good shots photos of missile bases. Comings and goings at White House. Newspaper headlines re crisis. President Kennedy broadcast re Cuba. Capitol at night. Pentagon at night. Interiors Chief of staff offices. Sec. of Defense offices. Montage USAF base, troops arrive Guantanamo, evacuation of families. Strategic Air Command. Pilot briefing. Polaris submarine. Aircraft bombed up. Bombers take off. Dispersal operations at national airports. HQ Air Defence Command. Flying radar stations (nimrod?) Montgomery Air Defense Sector. Interiors control room, radar screen. HQ Tactical Air Command - F-100 fighter aircraft take off from Florida bases. F-104 take off. F-105, RV-66 and RF-101 take off.

07:07:03 Exterior Pan American Union building. Interior meeting organisation of American States (OAS) - empty chair for Cuba. Aircraft carrier and other naval ships at sea. Troops, tank. AV Airfield. General LeMay inspects planes. General Sweeney touring bases. Animated map re quarantine. Military equipment and personnel onto transport planes. Various planes landing Florida.

07:09:15 Training film, fighter planes dropping fire bombs, explosions. SAC bombers in flight. Mid-air refuelling.

07:10:11 Kremlin. USAF planes - ends abruptly.

Story of The Week - Cuban Rebels Take Over

AV, Havana, Cuba, Capitol building and surrounding area. Rebels parade through streets carrying 26th July of banners; mob smashing coin machines. CU, newsboy holding paper which headlines: "Se Fue batista". University students demonstrating on streets. American tourists take refuge in American embassy are transported to airport and depart. Tourists up aircraft steps

05:37:31 CUs, uniformed rebels carrying weapons gather in streets. Fidel Castro and his followers in the mountainous regions of Cuba. CUs, Fidel Castro looking at maps and talking to three officers. Low angle, Castro holding rifle, wearing fatigues. Castro moving through crowds in streets. Castro rides on hood of jeep toward camera waving to throngs. Excellent scenes, Castro on platform talking to followers (sof). Excellent profile and low angle views, Castro during speech gestures wildly. Cut-ins, audience.

[Castro Welcomed By USSR Following Cuban Revolution]

Cuban rebels w/ Castro in countryside. Montage guerilla fighting - machine guns firing, planes overhead, jeep exploding, black smoke over town. Victory parade through Havana - crowds cheering & running in streets - vehicles w/ Castro s troops swamped. Castro addressing crowd at night, white dove perched on shoulder. Aerials Havana.

15:16:30 Kruschev greeting Fidel & Raul Castro at the United Nations & posing for photographers. Che Guevara & unid. Cuban? man signing document, then shakes hands w/ Kruschev. Brief shots ?? addressing conference hall.

15:17:44 Cuban flag. Street scenes, Havana? - armed guards - slogans inc. Patria o Muerte .

15:18:26 Party Congress scenes.

15:18:49 Top shot Red Square November military parade. Kruschev & others saluting from mausoleum. Troops, tanks & rockets pass in review. Marchers in shape of star - parade in honour of October Revolution. Cheering crowds w/ banners & portraits inc. Kruschev hugging Castro. Cuban flag waved.

Russia / USSR. Communism. 1950s.

Spinning Globes Main Title

21:24:09 Title: Castro Triumphs - Havana Crowds Hail Success Of Revolt

Fidel Castro w/ others at table in Sierra Madre looking at map, CU. MCU soldiers & guns. Castro w/ rifle.

21:24:30 Aerial over Havana.

21:24:36 Rebels w/ rifles into Havana, MCU. W/ guns, on tanks in streets. Posing.

21:25:24 Carrying banners, cheering & fists raised thru streets; people w/ flags. Float. People on bus.

21:25:50 Smashing gambling table in street; smashed parking meter.

21:26:11 Newspaper seller w/ newspaper. Crowd down steps of Capitol & cheering.

Cuban Revolution; Celebration; 1959; Heroes; Celebrity;

Castro Resigns - Mass Demonstrations Show His Power Secure

11:59:31 Seated at table talking w/ others. At table in tv studio w/ microphone visible & others at another table.

11:59:44 Mass demonstration down street w/ student demonstrators w/ placards. Student speaker.

11:59:56 CU Ousted Pres. Manuel Urrutia shaking hands w/ well-wishers.

12:00:08 Osvaldo Dorticos Torrado who replaced him 18Jul59. CUs.

12:00:20 LS tv studio w/ cameras in front of Castro at table gesturing. MCU speaking behind microphones w/ name card on table: Dr. Fidel Castro.

Cuban Revolution Aftermath; Dictator; Revolutionary;

Isle of Youth (concluded from LN 504-125)

Cutting grass w/ scythe. Workers served food at lunchtime. Fat man with cigar dancing. People listen to live music. Stills.

05:02:32 Classroom & adult students. Prison where Castro was jailed transformed into hydraulic engineering institute w/ students in class, doing construction work on building; military drill.

05:04:17 Still photos of armed women; crowd cheering & holding USSR Soviet flags. Still of Castro. Title: Filmed in Cuba by the Newsreel.

Propaganda; Volunteers; Revolutionary Movement; Newsreel Films; 1960s;

Castro Rebuffed - Ike Acts To Cut Cuba Sugar Quota

President Eisenhower at White House press conference announces Cuba s share of US sugar market cut in response to Fidel Castro s deliberate policy of hostility . Journalists, photographers, etc.

Workers in tropical country in sugar cane plantations, cutting cane, bulls pulling loaded cart, tractor pulling loaded cart.

Castro Blasts US Again

Castro with others at Pan-American Youth Congress in Havana. Crowd watching w/ signs, Panama , Venezuela. Crowd waving.

Castro announces seizure of 3/4 of American property in Cuba.

Cold War.

News In Brief (Student riot in Venezuela)

Street with debris & broken windows.after Anti-Betancourt rioting. Pro- Castro students burn buses as firemen try to put them out. Army in street. Cold War; Communism; Revolutioni; South America

Mr K and Castro - Top Reds and Allies get Chill Greeting (Incomplete)

Cuban aircraft lands at New York Eidelweild airport. Castro leaves plane surrounded by security and New York Police. Castro makes speech saluting people of United States.

Cold War

News in Brief

Colorado: President Eisenhower visiting the Boy Scout Jamboree in Colorado In crowd with boy scouts, moving shot of Ike in open top linousine passing by thousands of boy scouts lining side of the road.

Cuba - Celebrates 7th Anniversary of Castro s revolutionary movement. Parade past Castro reviewing stand. VS Crowd, Castro. Raul Castro in Moscow addressing trade union delegates and then hugging woman on stage.

Russian News of the Day 1960 #46 November

Kremlin, Khrushchev & Gromyko meet Chinese People s Republic s Chairman Liu Shao-Chi (Shaoqi), Deng Xiaoping & others, shake hands, CU smiling Khrushchev, delegates at meeting table, all smile.

02:22:28 Reports of labor victories . Huge metallurgy furnace construction, flaming liquid steel, smoke.

02:23:14 Minsk, people crowds in big square to mark completion of Ukraine - Bulgaria gas pipeline, various shots of pipeline laying process, pipe pulled thru water, covered w/ protective coating, shot of long pipeline through field, people look at gas fire flaming in the air.

02:23:59 Kremlin, Brezhnev meet British Ambassador Sir Frank Roberts, delegates read out speeches & exchange documents, shake hands.

02:24:36 International youth evening, people dance surrounded by others applauding, CU various nationality people, talk, some w/ help of translators. 15th anniversary of International Youth organization, high angle hall, CU audience & podium Soviet Unions youth organizations chairman Reshekov(?), applause, LS stage.

02:25:30 River view of bank from quiet water, women in experimental stone-soil production factory, work w/ various machinery, CU produced roof tiles, machinery parts, bricks.

02:26:08 Large construction site, men on high cranes raise concrete beams, workers high up on construction girders, welding. LS building site.

02:26:33 Institute of Experimental Medical Tehnology & demonstration of machinery for treating critical kidney problems, professor in front of doctors shows dialysis machinery in operation on patient. Patient s blood pumped thru to filter, CU surgeons & patient, medical students watch its operation.

02:27:46 Kamchatka, small plane USSR- 41937, takes off, CU pilot, high angle smoking volcano, scientists in the aircraft look at volcano w/ binoculars, shot right inside the volcano.

02:28:23 Moscow, people in Red Square, band, delegation bids farewell to motorbike w/ sidecar race to Czechoslovakia, woman gives delegation trophy to hand over to Czechs at the border. Photographers take pictures, shots of long line of bikes leaving, first one carries Soviet & Czechoslovakian flags.

02:28:49 Pioneer house, exhibition of children s pictures, CU various paintings, kids look at pictures, boy shows his wood sculpture self portrait, shots of paintings & their owners.

02:29:47 Welcome . Moscow s train station; Kiev train arrives at platform, greeted by crowds, Ukrainian artists, writers & other guests greeted w/ flowers. high angle people. Ukrainian artists on the podium, LS podium, USSR national artist Caryev(?) welcomes guests, applause.

02:30:32 Abroad . Havana, Cuba huge cheering crowds applaud, 1st National Congress of Municipal Education, shot of Fidel Castro on the stage, speaker on the stage thanks revolutionary government for educating their nation, audience give standing applause. Castro at microphone speaks & gestures, LS stage, Castro s speech from various angles, applause.

Invasion Scare - Castro Masses Troops, Claims U.S. Agression

Cuban crowd on beach, Fidel Castro, Raoul (?) & others surrounded by crowds. LS of athletic stadium. CU of soldiers in berets in lines & driilling.

04:00:43 Moscow Khruschev welcomes Cuban delegation on newsmen & journalists, given Cuban flag & holds it up.

Soviets; Communists; Diplomacy; Cold War;

Mr. K. And Castro - Top Reds And Allies Get Chill Greeting

02:28:14 Day. Cuban four-motor plane arriving; Fidel Castro in fatigues followed by Cuban VIPs down steps; many NYC police at foot of steps w/ journalists & others, smiles & waves beside microphones.

02:28:41 Smiling Cubans lining fence, wave Cuban flags.

02:28:45 CU Castro speaking (SOF, English) haltingly & coached: ...salute to the people of the United States, I don t want to go; my English is the same, like the other time. About the other things I am going to tell, I wish that you, point to the General Assembly of the United Nations. Thank you very much.

02:29:15 Night. Arrival of Swissair commercial plane w/ Pres. Antonin Novotny & Poland s Wladyslaw Gomulka. MS Novotny at microphones (SOF, Polish). Still photographers behind police lines.

02:29:39 MS Gomulka speaking at microphone.

02:29:49 LS One-stack liner SS Baltica (Khrushchev arrival ship). Yacht w/ greet sign from Cuban Friendship Society & waving flags. Canoe w/ two men paddling & sign. Hecklers w/ large signs aka Khrushchev Is A Murderer etc. along Battery fence.

02:30:18 Int. Pier 73. CU SS Baltica bow w/ sign & K. waving from rail w/ others. Cameramen. K. down gangway. Waving to crowd from mic. Leaving past line of police & other security. Many cameramen.

Fall 1960 United Nation Opening Session; Diplomacy; Heads of State; Arrivals; Cold War Propaganda; Communists; Anti-Communism Demonstrators; Anti-Soviets;

History At U.N. - World Leaders Set New York A-Whirl

02:34:29 Traffic on New York City avenue outside Yugoslavian Embassy; MS crowds behind police line.

02:34:36 MS Gamal Nasser shaking hands w/ Josip Tito, smiling & hugging.

02:34:46 LS mansion at Soviet estate, Glen Cove, Long Island. MS Photographers. Nasser & Khrushchev exit, posing smiling.

02:35:06 LS Hotel Theresa, Harlem, NYC.

02:35:09 Castro & Nasser exiting thru crowd of policemen & photoraphers.

02:35:14 Ext. w/ demonstrators w/ signs.

02:35:16 Nasser, Fidel Castro & Raul (barely seen) posing.

02:35:20 Motorcade w/ Eisenhower waving from open car, crwods applauding.

02:35:39 Ike w/ Nehru in hotel room sit on couch / sofa. Stand & shake hands.

02:36:04 Still & newsreel photographers.

02:36:07 Ike & Nasser walk into room sit on couch, talking. Photographers. Stand & shake hands.

02:36:28 LS United Nations General Assembly. Nehru seen. MS United Kingdom delegation w/ Harold Macmillan; MS Nasser & delegation; MS Khruschev & delegation listening.

02:36:52 MS Dag Hammarskjold speaking, seated at podium (MOS).

02:37:04 Pan of applauding General Assembly.

02:37:08 MS Soviet delegation pounding on desk / table.

02:37:17 MS Fidel Castro gets up & walks to rostrum opens book & begins 4 1/2 hr speech. MCU (MOS).

African delegation watching / listening; USSR delegation; Castro (sound behind narration & music.

Fall 1960 United Nation Opening Session; Diplomacy; Heads of State; Cold War Propaganda; Communists; Anti-Communism Demonstrators; Anti-Soviets;

Spotlight Of History On The U.N. (Castro; Sukarno; Hussein; Macmillan; Khrushchev)

02:40:47 Airport & Castro at microphones; photographers. Boarding Soviet airliner & waving from steps.

02:41:09 Arrival of large Pan American jet w/ Sukarno. Indonesians watching from behind rail. Sukarno in military uniform waving; MCU.

02:41:26 BOAC arrives.

02:41:31 MCU King Hussein at microphone; newsreel cameramen. MS waving from behind mics.

02:41:41 LS United Nations building.

02:41:54 Int. General Assembly Hall w/ delegates seated. MS Harold Macmillan behind rostrum waiting.

02:41:56 Khrushchev & USSR delegation pounding table / desk. CU Macmillan talking (MOS). LS.

Fall 1960 United Nation Opening Session; Diplomacy; Heads of State; Cold War Propaganda; Communists; Soviets; Dictators;

Cuba (Fidel & Raul Castro, 1960)

07:54:58 People on speakers platform w/ Cuban flag behind; military marching w/ flag on 7th anniversary of Castro s revolutionary movement. Women marching & singing, troops parading. Spectators.

07:55:21 Fidel speaking (MOS) & gesturing from platform, crowd waving.

07:55:30 Interior of Moscow Trade Union House / hall, Raul Castro in uniform at microphones. CU. People applaud.

Communism; Socialism; Celebration;

Russian Fair - Castro, Cuba Wood By Reds

10:16:26 Crowd watching; USSR Premier Mikoyan outdoors, opens Soviet trade fair.

10:16:48 Int. touring exhibits w/ Fidel Castro. MCU large model of Moscow (?) airport. Fidel looking thru binocular microscope; CU Mikoyan.

1960s; Diplomacy; Economics; Communism; Communists; Cold War;

[Kruschev & Castro Join Kids At Red Square Winter Wonderland ]

Beautiful colour production. Kids arriving at winter playground in Red Square under Father Christmas archway - 1960 painted on ride. Kids playing on rides - piling down slides & landing in a heap - riding in horse-drawn sleighs through snow inc. CU boy grinning as sleigh moves along.

19:04:35 INT hordes of kids at party in grand ballroom [Kremlin ?] - good shot Kruschev holding hands w/ kids, man dressed as Father Christmas next to him - Voroshilov present. Kids performing vars dances in traditional costumes - young boys Cossack dancing - girls in colourful frilly dresses & bonnets - dance around Father Christmas & enormous Christmas tree.

19:06:26 Fidel Castro joins in celebrations w/ kids - poses w/ Santa Claus. EXT more Red Square scenes, tracking shots of happy children riding on sleighs inc. Castro w/ arm round little girl. Kruschev & Castro through large crowd. Kids dancing in huge circles around outdoor tree & inside ballroom.

19:07:36 Christmas-themed animation dated 1964. Christmas play / stage production in ballroom where kids party held - Santa & helpers - little girl wearing skirt embroidered w/ 1964 on stage, holding red star wand & makes speech - hugs Santa - audience applauds..

Russia / USSR

Selected Scenes from Revolution Betrayed

US troops unloading Cuban arms cache. Guns laid out on floor.

AVs coastline - huts / houses. Raid on Panama and Haiti by Castro forces. Negotiations between US and Castro officials for release of captured Cubans. Latin American street demonstrationsincluding El Salvador. Newspaper headlines re Castro / Cuba / Communism.

05:34:40 Montage shots Pre WWII Nazi rally. Rudolf Hess and Adolf Hitler speaking. ECU, Fidel Castro ranting as he speaks. Prisoners in Auschwitz concentration camp. Premier Khruschev and Mao Tse-tung of Red China waving at Red Square parade. Russian troops marching. Red Chinese men and women with rifles, cheering. MS, Mao Tse-tung and Khruschev greeting each other. Crowds in streets holding signs. CU of one of the signs Cuba Si Rusia No" (as it appears on sign).

Selected scenes from Revolution Betrayed - outtakes

Sec. of State Christian A. Herter in press conference with Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba. Press cameras. Cuban women marching with rifles - Cuban soldiers in formation. Military Prison, exterior and prisoners in yard.

10:42:43 VS, Castro speaking - gesticulating from balcony. Castro troops marching and in camp in forest. Castro with his men heavily armed. Raul Castro with Celia Sanchez - Castro talking to rebel troops.

10:43:36 Red Chinese officers presenting medal to Cuban.

Rebel camp Che Guevara and others. Guevera smoking cigar and teaching re weapons.

Men marching with banners; another group of men waving large knives as they march. Prisoners being pulled in wagon by team of oxen.

10:44:22 MCU, Premier Castro seated behind desk. Raul Castro greeting Premier Nikita S. Khruschev of Russia.

10:44:42 Fidel Castro ranting and raving as he speaks into microphone. MS, Adolf Hilter speaking from balcony. Book burning in Germany before WWII. Fire in Cuban street.

10:45:18 Large group of prisoners in the military prison. Show trial, Castro, Guevara and others on bench. Prisoners being shot by Castro firing squad. Brief shot unknown delegation. Military Prison riot.

10:46:55 Red Chinese in Cuba. Delegation met off plane. Chinese delegation in meeting room with President Torrado re trade deal.

10:47:15 Red Chinese invading Tibet, seat with shackles.

Brief shot Che. Brief shot Castro with Khruschev. Cuban soldiers receiving Red Chinese arms - looking at guns. Castro talking with his men. Men on the alert by AA gun. Gun is traversed. Cuban women with weapons.

No Game

Pro-Vietnam demonstration at Washington Monument picketed by Anti-Vietnam protesters. Banner Support GIs . Pan across protesters. Pro-Vietnam speakers. Anti-Vietnam protesters sit at Lincoln Monument.

01:48:30 Young priests & nuns. Protester carries baby on back w/ sign babies are not for burning . Sign No Vietnamese ever called me a nigger! . Quaker housewife w/ sign against war. Anti-war badge. Stand w/ books & leaflets Malcolm X, Castro, Guevara, Marxism etc.

01:49:54 Conservative youths w/ signs Bomb Hanoi and Victory Now , Just War . Banner Returned Volunteers .

01:50:16 Singers - Peter, Paul, and Mary. Crowd all around the reflecting pond.

01:50:43 Anti-Vietnam march to Pentagon. Peace marchers. Sign Journalists against the war in Vietnam . Sign Avenge Che . VO speakers re resistance to draft.

01:52:34 Helicopter in flight. MCU 2 military policemen & MP asks protesters to back out of the way. Confrontation outside Pentagon. MPs. People on top of building. Chanting Peace Now . Rows of police.

01:55:42 Aerials of bombs dropped on Vietnam. Brief shot US troops on ground.

01:56:47 Police hold protesters at gunpoint. Scuffle & confrontation.

01:58:50 Fat White man holds baton.

01:58:58 Vietnamese child, refugees and evacuees marched at gunpoint by GIs. Dead Vietnamese. GI takes ? from Vietnamese corpse - gruesome.

01:59:48 Protesters burn draft cards.

02:00:19 Night. Camp fire burning anti-war signs.

02:00:59 Police holding back demonstrators; occasionally beat sitting protesters.

02:02:55 Still Vietnamese woman holding dead or wounded child.

The Newsreel Radical Documentary; Anti-Vietnam march to Pentagon; 1960s; 1970s;

Isle of Youth (no main title)

The Newsreel - Radical Documentary - re Cuban community farm

Women & get off truck laughing. Stills young people working on farm; crates of apples; loading plants onto cart and tractor pulling off w/ load.

11:02:38 Stills Cuban children. Kids playing at outdoor nursery. Women & men harvesting by hand (not sugar). Young people clap hands, drum & sing. Women working w/ cuttings, wrapping. T-shirt Siempre se puede mas .

11:04:24 Clearing ground for agriculture w/ bulldozers. V.O. re past use of island by Americans. Egg packing. Milking cows. Hoeing & planting in field.

11:06:19 Man reading, men play dominos, women s and men s dance classes intercut w/ men planting. Large tents for visiting volunteer families. Cutting grass w/ scythe. Workers served food at lunchtime. Fat man with cigar dancing. People listen to live music.

11:09:58 Classroom & adult students. Prison where Castro was jailed transformed into hydraulic engineering institute w/ students in class, doing construction work on building; military drill.

11:11:43 Still photos of armed women; crowd cheering & holding USSR Soviet flags. Still of Castro. Title: Filmed in Cuba by the Newsreel.

Propaganda; Volunteers; Revolutionary Movement; Newsreel Films; 1960s;

US Breaks Relations with Cuba

Military parade to mark second anniversary of Cuban revolution - troops and military equipment past. Castro on review stand - tanks in parade. US Press Secretary Haggarty reads message from President Eisenhower.

Cold War

Hi-Jacked Plane - Jet released by Castro

Passengers and crew arrive in Miami following release from Cuba - Columbia s Foreign Minister who was among hi-jacked passengers - passengers walking around. Press conference - hi-jacker said to be former inmate of New Yoks Belle Vue hospital.

Kennedy Warns We ll Never Abandon Cuba

Demonstration in East Berlin re Cuba crisis - crowds with pro Castro banners and posters.

12:24:50 Kennedy speech aimed at communists. JFK says US restraint is not in inexhaustable - re American non interference doctrine. Mentions Hungary. Talks of guerilla fighters in Cuba.

12:27:03 Cubans in Miami stage rally thanking America for its support

Cuban Crisis / Cold War

Red Crowds celebrate May Day

Moscow May Day

Parade. Men and women marching. MCU women clapping. Khrushchev with cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. Rocket balloon launched in Gagarin s honour. Rocket-looking vehicle past Lenin portrait. Various floats with: giant atom sculpture, farmer sowing, Lenin. Khrushchev & Gagarin wave. Huge regimented crowd.

02:15:49 Cuba May Day - after Cuba s admission that Cuba is socialist nation.

Parade with Castro portraits. crowds with placards.

space race

Red Crowds Celebrate May Day

Moscow May Day

Parade. Men and women marching. MCU women clapping. Khrushchev with cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. Rocket balloon launched in Gagarin s honour. Rocket-looking vehicle past Lenin portrait. Various floats with: giant atom sculpture, farmer sowing, Lenin. Khruschev & Gagarin wave. Huge regimented crowd.

04:19:49 Cuba May Day - after Cuba s admission that Cuba is socialist nation.

Parade with Castro portraits. Crowds with placards.

space race

Castro, Cuba Bay of Pigs

Cuban soldiers and Castro being mobilized and on march. CU Castro signing orders. Tanks . missiles, trucks, men through dusty roads. Various POVs.American Plane overhead, truck on fire. Dead and Wounded Cuban soldiers being treated. Cuban artillery firing. Cuban soldiers marching towards front, also tanks, other equipment. Castro on field telephone. Firing mortars. Captured enemy equipment. Castro on truck, marching through water on shore, conferring with officers and soldiers. Column of men on shore inspecting craft used by Bay of Pigs invaders. Begins and ends abruptly.

Kennedy Warns We ll Never Abandon Cuba

Demonstration in East Berlin re Cuba crisis - crowds with pro Castro banners and posters.

13:07:28 Kennedy speech aimed at communists. JFK says US restraint is not in inexhaustable - re American non interference doctrine. Mentions Hungary. Talks of guerilla fighters in Cuba.

13:09:45 Cubans in Miami stage rally thanking America for its support

Cuban Crisis / Cold War

Cuba Invaded! Foes of Castro Open Offensive

Cuban Army pilots revolt and 2 B-26 light bombers fly to Florida with damage. Pilot and crowd of reporters. Rockets shown by Cubans to reporters. UN - Cuban Ambassador says they are trained in Florida. Stevenson denies them and says no agression has taken place. Troops shown training in Guatemala. Castro speaking and violently gesturing. Shot during Bay of Pigs campaign.

Cuba Invaded! Foes of Castro Open Offensive

VS two B-26 light bombers with damage seek asylum in Florida following bombing raids on military bases by anti-Castro Cuban pilots. Refugee pilot and crowd of reporters. Cuban Foreign Minister Olivarez [?] shows group of reporters remains of rockets fired by bombers. UN HQ - Cuban Ambassador says the pilots were trained in Florida. Stevenson denies accusation - says no US aggression has taken place against Cuba.

01:08:18 Troops training w/ rifles in Guatemala - possible training centre for Cuban rebels.

01:08:42 MCU Fidel Castro speaking to huge crowd - violently gesturing.

Cuban Revolution. Guerilla Warfare.

News Highlights of 1960

02:38:52: Street clashes in Algeria, General de Gaulle and crowds

02:39:07: Black South Africans demonstrating against apartheid

02:39:14: South African Premier survives assassination attempt by white farmer

02:39:30: Rioting and army mutiny follows independence in Belgian Congo, UN troops arrive, pro-Communist Premier Patrice Lumumba seized by forces of Colonel Mbutu.

02:39:57: Student riot in Japan against defence treaty with US, parliament invaded, President Eisenhower s visit cancelled, Japanese socialist leader stabbed to death by student

02:40:27: American U-2 spy plane crashes over USSR, pilot tried

02:40:50: Khruschev addresses UN assembly in New York; meets MacMillan and Castro

02:41:51: Castro in NYC

02:41:59: Princess Margaret marries Anthony Armstrong-Jones

02:42:09: Belgium s King Baudoin marries Spanish bride

02:42:17: Royal family at Balmoral following birth of Prince Andrew

02:42:23: Japan s Prince Narohito born

02:42:30: First male heir for Shah of Iran

02:42:36: John F. Kennedy Jr. born

02:42:50: Earthquakes in Agadir, Morocco and Chile

02:43:15: Hurricane Donna hits Caribbean

02:43:18: Two airliners collide over NYC in worst air disaster

02:43:28: Blaze aboard carrier Constellation in NYC docks

02:43:37: JFK defeats Richard Nixon to become US President.

Russian News of the Day 1961 #16 April

Lenin is always with us . Lenin museum, city celebrating Lenin's 91st birthday, people in exhibition halls, various paintings of Lenin. People look at historical documents, Lenin's Communist party s member card.

People who knew Lenin sharing knowlige w/ museums guests, CU people s faces. Very long queue through Red Square to Lenin s mausoleum.

21:39:42 Khrushchev s reception . Laos Prince Souvanna Phouma in airplane, reads magazine. At Sochi, Khrushchev & others incl. Gromyko(?) greet Prince Phouma on his official visit to Soviet Union, shake hands. Delegation enters building, sit around table, CU Khrushchev & Phouma.

21:40:27 Press-conference in house of scientists . Audience applaud as USSR scientists & Yuri Gagarin take places on stage, academician Nismeanov(?) presents Gagarin w/ gold medal, shakes hand, Gagarin shows medal to reporters, photographers take pictures. Gagarin makes speech (SOF), tells that he made this space flight to cosmos in name of his homeland, all Soviet nation and Communist party, applause.

21:41:59 Towards 22nd CPSU congress . Huge dam construction, workers up on girders, shots from various angles, big crane picks up 80 ton construction parts, construction truck along road over dam below.

21:42:49 Turkmenia, spring, man on donkey rides through blossoming orchard, sheep in the field. Tractor cultivating & planting cotton, CU seeds, man pours seeds into planter, tractor thru field.

21:43:26 High angle road through mountain woods, tractors dig pit for oil pipe line to Czechoslovakia, dir bulldozed out of the way, big pipe put in place, welding, men cover pipe w/ protective covering, high angle lorry carrying pipes on the road.

21:44:00 Moscow, photo exhibition of 7 year social work all around USSR countries, CU shots of various photographs, people looking at the pictures. Photograph of Khrushchev w/ big smile & white pigeon sitting on his hand.

21:45:01 We are with you Cuba . Cuba crisis. Shots of various newspaper articles featuring stories of USSR support to Cuba, people in big Cuba support meetings, all hold up hands to show they agree w/ Soviet government , demonstration protest march thru Moscow to US embassy; crowds w/ posters gather outside embassy, big line of police guards, various shots of protesters, shout out slogans: - freedom to Cuba .

Large cheering crowd waving fists & signs.

21:46:41 Cuban flag, fragments from Soviet-Cuba movie. Soldiers get their rifles, shot of soldiers marching, night ralley in Havana (?), huge crowd in the big square. Fidel Castro on the podium, crowds cheer, wave their hats.

21:47:25 Movie premiere in Moscow s Sport s palace, audience applaud, on stage chairman Babarovnikov, Cuba s ambassador and movie producer, Lenin prize winner Karmen, audience give standing applause. The End







Russian News of the Day 1961 #22 June

On the way to Vienna . Train arrives on platform, greeted by military guard, Khruschev off train, hugs w/ Czechoslovakian VIPs, applause, Khruschev cuts slice of traditional greeting - Bread and salt, lots of photographers take pictures, Khruschev w/ VIPs walks past cheering crowds & waves thru train window as train continues journey to Vienna. Shot of train thru countryside, cheering crowds in various cities greeting Khrushchev, all applaud, wave to train. Bratislava, night time, huge crowds greet Khrushchev, Czechoslovakian President Antonin Novotny on podium, wishes best luck in Khrushchev s upcoming meeting w/ Kennedy, applause. Khruschev on the podium, public applaud. Khrushchev waves through departing car s window, high angle long line of cars.

22:21:27 Towards 22nd congress of CPSU . Moscow, students in classroom in crafts class work w/ various metalworking machinery, boy speaks on camera (SOF) all production made in their workshop is present for 22nd Congress of CPSU.

22:22:29 Huge steel mill w/ men working; steam from chimneys, machinery, control panel room, shots of streaming molten metal & pouring steel.

22:23:33 Kremlin meeting to sign cooperation agreement between Soviet Union and Somalia, VIPs enter, sit at the table, CU chairman Mikoyan & Prime minister of Somalia Abdirashid Ali Shermake. Agreement signed by USSR ministers - Potolechev, Skotchkov and Zhukov & Somalian ministers, VIPs shake hands.

22:24:42 Moscow s International Film Festival s Organizing & Directing Committee . Group at table, woman goes thru movie star photographs. Committee members look at application forms sent by movie production teams from almost 50 countries, shots of Kino festivals booklet. Festival directors look at city s decoration arrangement models for Festival days. Press conference for international media, USSR Minister of Culture Kurcova answers reporters questions.

22:25:47 People gather to see aircraft, in which in 1955 Yuri Gagarin learned to fly, placed in museum. CU small aircraft, air force club s head gives gift documents to museum s director, demonstration statue on wheels w/ boy holding rocket on the top, motorbike riders w/ flags, air force students in parachutes march, other students march w/ big poster of Gagarin.

22:26:32 Moscow, British Trade Fair, various metalworking, plastic fabrication & textile machinery.

22:27:29 Tallinn, All-Union artistic gymnastics competition; female performs w/ ribbon. USSR champion s performance.

22:28:30 High prize . CU Fidel Castro at microphone, huge crowd. Castro talks w/ military men, w/ children, surrounded by people. Cheering crowds, VIPs w/ Castro on stage, young boy representative of Christians of Ecuador shakes Castors hand, applause, Castro greeted by sculptor Armando Gonzales. Fidel Castro at mic, thanks for Lenin Prize given to him; says its not just for him but for all Cuban nation.

Main Title (circling spinning globes)

01:51:11 Title: US Breaks Relations With Cuba

Cuban military parade to mark second anniversary of Cuban revolution, MCU of troops. Castro on review stand w/ ??. Artillery & tanks past stand, Castro w/ binoculars.

01:51:41 US Press Secretary James Hagerty reads message from President Eisenhower: There is a limit to what the United States in self-respect can endure. That limit has now been reached. Our friendship for the Cuban people is not affected. It is my hope & my conviction that in the not too distant future it will be possible for the historic friendship between us to once again to find reflection in normal relations of every sort. Meanwhile our sympathy goes out to the people of Cuba, now suffering under the yoke of a dictator.

Anti-Communism; Communists; Revolutionary; Diplomatic Relations; Anti-American Imperialism;

The Challenge of Ideas (1961) Pt. 2 of 3

John Wayne ...man as a responsible human being...the American way. Library, votiing, auction w/ auctioneer calling, hogs & pigs.

01:10:27 Edward R. Murrow talks of USSR & Communism. Khruschev reviewing troops. Animation of people on assembly lines. State running business, social life. What we oppose is the aggressive nature... Good 50 s weapons. Murrow introduces Hansen Baldwin (?) as expert on Cold War.

01:11:36 I have here policy statements of each of our services in the contest we are engaged in w/ the Communists... goes to map w/ USA dominated as white; communist dominated as black. Some grey. Nasser speaking in CU & other quick street scenes. ...exploit passions that smoulder there...

01:13:43 GI having picture taken on church steps, asks local to be in picture. People watch & smiles.

01:14:59 Turning globe w/ Murrow describing political actions of Communists. Success they ve had in expanding between 1945 & 1954. Communist Coup in Czechoslovakia in 1947. Funeral of leader, voting in rigged election. Military occupation turning states into puppets.

01:16:35 China & tanks fighting; artillery firing. Chinese army marching, Mao on stand. Tanks firing in park, street fighting, rooftop fighting, burning books in streets; 1953 East Germany, 1956 Poland & Hungary, Tibet in 1959 (not seen). Fighting in French streets.

01:17:51 Globe & Economic Method. CU Frank McGee typing at desk & talks of Soviets attempting to bury us . Factories, steel mill, auto assembly line & appliances. Shipping. Khrushchev in foreign country. USSR meeting w/ Castro in Cuba. continued...

Cold War Propaganda; Patriotism; Cliches; Pride; Celebrities; Economics; Foreign Aid; Communists; Free World; Anti-Communism

The Challenge of Ideas (1961) Pt. 2 of 3

John Wayne ...man as a responsible human being...the American way. Library, votiing, auction w/ auctioneer calling, hogs & pigs.

14:09:10 Edward R. Murrow talks of USSR & Communism. Khruschev reviewing troops. Animation of people on assembly lines. State running business, social life. What we oppose is the aggressive nature... Good 50 s weapons. Murrow introduces Hansen Baldwin (?) as expert on Cold War.

14:10:19 I have here policy statements of each of our services in the contest we are engaged in w/ the Communists... goes to map w/ USA dominated as white; communist dominated as black. Some grey. Nasser speaking in CU & other quick street scenes. ...exploit passions that smoulder there...

14:12:24 GI having picture taken on church steps (Spanish Steps, Rome), asks local to be in picture. People watch & smiles.

14:13:41 Turning globe w/ Murrow describing political actions of Communists. Success they ve had in expanding between 1945 & 1954. Communist Coup in Czechoslovakia in 1947. Funeral of leader, voting in rigged election. Military occupation turning states into puppets.

14:15:18 China & tanks fighting; artillery firing. Chinese army marching, Mao on stand. Tanks firing in park, street fighting, rooftop fighting, burning books in streets; 1953 East Germany, 1956 Poland & Hungary, Tibet in 1959 (not seen). Fighting in French streets. GOOD.

14:16:33 Globe & Economic Method. CU Frank McGee typing at desk & talks of Soviets attempting to bury us . Factories, steel mill, auto assembly line & appliances. Shipping. Khrushchev in foreign country. USSR meeting w/ Castro in Cuba. continued...

Cold War Propaganda; Patriotism; Cliches; Pride; Celebrities; Economics; Foreign Aid; Communists; Free World; Anti-Communism; Cancer Victims;

Castro Ransom - Tractors For Prisoners

12:25:22 Havana Agricultural Fair w/ Soviet tractors on display. Men looking at equipment. CU sign re Tractor Sovietico D-159-B. Men applaud Castro in long shot.

12:25:48 MCU Castro at microphones gesturing. Men watching from grandstands.

12:26:18 Women, childen & some men outside ?? Ten released captured Cuban-American men in camouflage pose for cameras. Driven off in cars.

1961;

Missile Bases - Castro Balks at UN Team

U Thant returns from conference with Castro, disembarks from plane after discussing dismantling of missile bases.

U Thant speech with journalists writing: bases dismantling in process.

White House. US press secretary announces naval quarantine to resume. Journalists.

Cuban Missile crisis

Cold War

Cuban Prisoners - Food and Drugs Readied for Castro - in exchange for freeing Captives from Bay of Pigs invasion

Plane and trucks on airfield in Miami , loading boxes into plane

Freedom! - Castro Captives Arrive in US

Freed prisoners from Bay of Pigs invasion exit plane. Amongst crowd on runway. Families reunited, hugs. NY lawyer James B. Donovan (who negotiated with Castro) with military applauded by crowd.

Miami overhead shot. Freed prisoners parading in car, at home with family and children, in church praying.

Cold War

News Highlights of 1961

Rioting on the streets of Cairo following Lumumba s death (Congo Independance Leader)

CU Fidel Castro making a speech in Cuba

Crowds throng around Tshombe following civil strife in the Congo

US troops in Laos and South Vietnam

Street fighting in Algeria

16:01:44: John F. Kennedy sworn in as US President

JFK meeting with General de Gaulle in Paris

JFK in Vienna with Khruschev

JFK arrives in Britain, greeted by PM MacMillan?

UN HQ, New York, following death of Hammarskjold in plane crash; Hammarskjold on peace mission with troops in the Congo; UN flags at half mast. U Thant sworn in

Yuri Gagarin given hero s welcome

USSR & US space race w/ Shepard & Grissom in sub-orbital flight and being picked up at sea.

Berlin Wall built to stop people fleeing East Berlin; escape attempts

JFK addresses UN with peace manifesto.

News Highlights of 1961

Rioting on the streets of Cairo following Lumumba s death (Congo Independence Leader)

CU Fidel Castro making a speech in Cuba

Crowds throng around Tshombe following civil strife in the Congo

US troops in Laos and South Vietnam

Street fighting in Algeria

09:01:44: John F. Kennedy sworn in as US President

JFK meeting with General de Gaulle in Paris

JFK in Vienna with Khruschev

JFK arrives in Britain, greeted by PM Macmillan?

UN HQ, New York, following death of Hammarskjold in plane crash; Hammarskjold on peace mission with troops in the Congo; UN flags at half mast. U Thant sworn in

Yuri Gagarin given hero s welcome

USSR & US space race w/ Shepard & Grissom in sub-orbital flight and being picked up at sea.

Berlin Wall built to stop people fleeing East Berlin; escape attempts

JFK addresses UN with peace manifesto.

News Review

[Cuban Missile Crisis Background Footage] (1962)

11:12:42 Title: The United States Air Force Cuban Crisis

11:13:02 Large crowd of people around Castro & rebels through streets at end of revolution. MCU past camera w/ Raoul. Speaking at mic & gesturing, people w/ placards & signs filling street.

11:13:48 Castro w/ Khruschev & NYC police during United Nations meeting.

11:13:53 Very low aerial alongside USSr freighters during missile crisis. K. speaking in CU. Still of JFK & Brezhnev. U-2 in flight. US AF technicians printing & inspecting aerial photographs showing missile placement.

11:15:16 White House & arrival of senior government officials. Newwspaper headlines. JFK speaking to nation (MOS). Capitol & other government buildings lighted at night. Doorway sign: Secretary of the Air Force; Air Force Chief of Staff; Chief of Staff; Chief of Naval Operations; Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Secretary of Defense;

11:16:37 Robert McNamara at podium. POV fly over of AF base; troops off plane; Hanger sign: Leehard Point Field. Operations room w/ huge map and tv camera. Animated map w/ lights. Briefing of pilots.

11:17:30 Nuclear submarine at sea. Loading bombs & rockets into planes and various AF jets taking off. Military VIPS out of buildings.

11:18:26 AF reconaissance plane w/ triple tail, 4 motors & large radar dome. Sign: Headquarters Montgomery Air Defense Sector. Men at console w/ phones, radar scopes, maps. Tactical Air Command & jets launched.

11:19:28 Pan American Union ext., Organization of American States & Dean Rusk. Navy ships at sea, army troops, tanks, airfield & plane inspection. Military VIPs. Animation of jets intercepting incoming rockets. Loading equipment into cargo planes & taking off. Air Fields from air. Bombing practice by fighter jets. B-52 refueling. Kremlin. Stills. Cargo planes, parachute drop. NATO HQ. Pilots waiting in jets. CU K. speaking. Headline: Khrushchev Orders Removal of Missiles . Reconnaissance photo w/ identification of buildings.

11:24:24 Stills of missiles on freighter. JFK in car w/ AF Generals reviewing planes; fly-over. POV w/ motorcade. JFK pinning ribbon award on unit flag.

Cold War; Atomic; Montage; Nuclear Threat;

Russian coverage re Cuban Crisis

US troops coming off plane - Kennedy at desk signing - ships en route - blockade - newspaper headlines - Khruschev making speech (Mos) Demonstrations.

20:13:58 Cuban soldiers on watch on beach - blood donors - interior factory making cans. Women and girls sewing - with rifle by side.

20:15:04 Women soldiers in Cuba. Castro makes speech

20:15:28 Tanks. American aircraft and submarines. Russian newspapers. Radar dish - Russian aircraft migs and missile raised, good.

20:16:20 Newspaper, photograph Khruschev Red Square military parade

20:16:40 Cuban beach, soldier looking out to sea. Aircraft taking surveillance photographs. Gunnery position on Cuba. Anti-aircraft gun.

20:17:03 Mikoyen with JFK. Kennedy sitting looking pensive - still Khruschev .

One Week in October Pt. 1 of 3

Cuban missile crisis - American Version

Reconnaissance photographs of Russian missiles & same area following missile crisis with no missiles.

05:01:21 Columbus Day parade. Baseball match, Yankees vs San Francisco Giants. Little girl in braces - poster girl for March of Dimes ( polio charity ). Jackie Kennedy w/ children of foreign diplomats. Fireworks in Uganda celebrating independence. Vatican, torchlight vigil. President John F Kennedy - JFK - with Ahmed Ben Bella, Premier of Algeria.

05:03:02 Havana AVs. Ben Bella w/ Castro.

05:03:11 US moon rocket launch, man follows ascent through telescope. Defence department training in fall out protection, civil defence, fall-out shelter stocked - various other fall out shelters including salt mines, banks, community shelter in Kansas. Food & water drums, medical supplies - radiological monitoring equipment off assembly lines & transported by railroad to various parts of America. Naval Supply Center Oakland. Forklift trucks move goods. Sign erected for community fallout shelter - radiation signs.

05:04:46 Election campaign, American Legion meeting & Truman making speech. Eisenhower speaking. Helicopter landing on White House Lawn.

05:05:16 Cuba beach scenes. Military parade. Desecration of monument. Demonstrations as Fidel Castro entering Havana 1959 - crowds celebrating.

05:06:23 United Nations - Castro & Khruschev embrace. Mikoyen visit to Havana. Trade agreement between Russia & Cuba signed. Russian cargo ships en route to Havana. Cuban refugees in small boats - women & children. Map showing proximity to USA.

Cold War; Diplomacy; Revolutionary; Emigration; Americana 1960s; Neighbors;

[Russian Coverage of Cuban Crisis]

US troops coming off plane. Kennedy at desk signing; ships en route - blockade - newspaper headlines.Khruschev making speech (MOS). Peace demonstrations in USA & Russia.

11:13:53 Cuban soldiers on watch on beach; hospitals & blood donors; interior factory making cans. Women & girls sewing - with rifle by side.

11:15:00 Women soldiers in Cuba. Castro makes speech.

11:15:23 Tanks. American aircraft and submarines. Russian newspapers. Radar dish - Russian aircraft, submarines & ships. MIGs and missile raised (GOOD).

11:16:15 Newspaper, photograph Khrushchev & Red Square military parade

11:16:34 Cuban beach, soldier looking out to sea. Aircraft taking surveillance photographs. Gunnery position on Cuba. Anti-aircraft gun.

11:16:58 Mikoyan w/ JFK. Kennedy sitting looking pensive - still photo of Khruschev .

Note: Sound not usable.

News Review of 1962

Main title w/ spinning globes

09:38:31 Title: News Review of 1962. Tilt down to square in Havana, Cuba. CU Castro at microphones Red puppet Castro & the Russians turned Cuba into an island fortress... Overhead of US bomber; int. w/ man at camera; photo of missile site. JFK at desk, 22Oct62 (SOF): To halt this offensive buildup...turn back. US navy plane over USSR ships, CU covered missiles on deck.

09:39:43 CU barbed wire & Berlin wall w/ Communists building & expanding wall. Soldiers remove body; holding back crowds. West Berlin Freedom Bell tolling,US troops marching. Lucius Clay. Tanks in parade.

09:40:34 Arc de Triumph, De Gaulle at desk speaking. Independence for Algeria. Pan over city, tanks & jeep thru street, soldiers along sidewalk, traffic. Ben Bella walking w/ crowds greeting.

09:41:07 India mountains & troops; crowds & demonstration w/ signs China Out. People turn in money & jewelry for defense effort. Bills, watches, Prime Minister Nehru speaking to large group, PM walking.

09:41:39 Eleanor Roosevelt obituary. Waving w/ FDR from White House balcony; w/ Churchill at FDR grave; CU talking to children touring home.

09:42:02 Vatican City, Pope John XXIII carried thru crowd at Ecumenical Council. LS.

09:42:20 Cape Canaveral launch of John Glen rocket, CU in space suit & greeted afterwards w/ LBJ watching. Street sign: Astronaut Way & ticker tape parade (GOOD) up Broadway, riding in car. Scott Carpenter in car after flight; showing capsule to woman; CU of Walter Schirra, meeting JFK, in rocking chair, w/ family at W.H. Telstar satellite hanging & turning; diagram of bouncing signal from US to Europe. Other space vehicles & Mariner Satellite launched to Venus. The End.

The Road to the Wall Pt. 2 of 2

Continued... Trials, courtroom scenes re mass executions. Still Stalin former allies, hammer & sickle over. High angle of trial, defendants, prosecutor (?) stills of executed man w/ hammer & cycle over.

01:10:21 Title: Coyoacan 1940: re Leon Trotsky assassination. Stills; hammer & cycle over.

01:10:42 German Nazi Wehrmacht marching, Hitler speech (SOF). Still of Popular Front demo w/ peace signs. NY Times headline: Reich & Soviet Join For Peace--Or War. Stalin, Molotov, von Ribbentrop.

01:11:24 German army trucks, WWII title, stuka planes dive bombing; bombers, explosions. Soviet tanks & troops invade Poland - stagey footage w/ snow - NOT September invasion!

01:12:03 Nazi troops march down Champs Elysées. German guns & mortars fired, explosions re invasion of Russia. Map USSR w/ arrows to Stalingrad, shows areas Russia expanded into after war.

01:13:21 Troops march on parade; tanks. Crowd cheering in East Germany stadium. Docks & cranes re trade, training. Troops run across barren fields. Montage: military exercise w/ Chinese w/ artillery, tanks, barge, woman on stretcher, refugees.

01:14:11 Czechoslovakia, 1948: Parliament. Ext. Crowds cheering, speaker on balcony. Riot, fightnig & police. Benes signs accepting Communist cabinet. Jan Masaryck assassinated, corpse w/ hammer & sickle, 01:15;13 Funeral. Parliament. Benes dies, hammer & sickle over still. Funeral w/ street crowds.

01:16:07 Anti-Communist riots, mixed footage East Germany 1953 & Poland 1956, tanks, soldiers, fleeing.

01:16:30 Budapest, 1956 demonstrations, star falls off roof. Tank thru street, troops firing. Fires. PM Imre Nagy at memorial. Looted streets, book burning. Russian tanks invade, firing. Still Nagy w/ Hammer...

01:17:49 Havana 1959: Cuban peasants cut sugar cane. Slum, poor children. Kid bathed w/ bucket, Castro w/ guerrillas in forest & thru Havana w/ cheering crowds. Castro brother Raul; Che Guevara. Castro speaks at podium, cheering crowd; w/ Khrushchev. Firing squad, man executed. Hammer & Sickle over still.

01:1937 Title: Berlin 1961 Pan of wall. Soldiers constructing, inspecting. West Berlin & East Berlin titlees over. Title down memorial. Airplane take off. Tilt & pan boarded up wall; various shots of wall. Still of moon & stars. Khrushchev & JFK speaking at UN (MOS). Korean war montage, ships, US aid activity. Washington Monument; Lincoln Memorial statue. Jefferson Memorial. The End.

Cold War Propaganda; History of USSR; Revolution; Communism; Communists; Socialism;

The Cuban Crisis

06:00:12 Stevenson speaking at UN Security Council, SOF: We now know that the Soviet Union, not content w/ Dr. Castro s oath of filiaty, not content w/ the distruction of Cuban independence, not content w/ the extention of Soviet power into the western hemisphere, not content w/ the challenge to the inter-American system & to the United Nations Charter has decided to transform Cuba into a base for Communist aggression, into a base for putting under the nuclear gun; & thereby to intensify the Soviet diplomacy of blackmail into every part of the world.

06:00:56 Aerial ls of naval embargo; various shots.

06:01:13 Cuban artillery set up in street & military guards along shore; sandbagged positions by sea wall w/ Moro Castle in background.

06:01:44 Cuban military march; civilians rally w/ placards at night.

06:02:09 Castro in beret speaking at microphone.

06:02:16 US Air Force cameras w/ large lenses placed in nose of plane. Cameraman in plane. Photographs w/ missile base marked; surface-to-air missile base.

06:03:20 Ext. Organization of American States & interior w/ meeting w/ Dean Rusk.

06:03:51 US Guantanamo Bay, plane lands & soldiers arriving.

06:04:14 Ext of UN. MCU Stevenson sitting; Cubans sit. U Thant & others listening. USSR rep speaking. Stevenson SOF: I am submitting today a resolution to the Security Council designed to find a way out of this calamitous situation. This resolution calls as an interim measure under Article 40 of the Charter for the immediate dismantling & withdrawal from Cuba of all missile & other offensive weapons. It further authorizes & requests the Acting Secretary General to dispatch to Cuba a United Nations observer corps to assure & report on compliance w/ this resolution. Upon UN certification of compliance it calls for the termination of the measures of quarantine against military shipments to Cuba. And in conclusion it urgently recommends that the United States & the Soviet Union confer promptly on measures to remove the existing threat to the secrutiy of the Western Hemisphere & the peace of the world & to report thereon to the Security Council. alling for immediate dismantling & withdrawal of missiles & UN observers.

Cuban Missile Crisis; Navy Embargo; Nuclear War Threatened; 1960s; 1962; Cold War; Anti-Communism;

[Russian Coverage of Cuban Crisis]

US troops coming off plane. Kennedy at desk signing; ships en route - blockade - newspaper headlines. Khruschev making speech (MOS). Peace demonstrations in USA & Russia.

15:14:01 Cuban soldiers on watch on beach; hospitals & blood donors; interior factory making cans. Women & girls sewing - with rifle by side.

15:15:07 Women soldiers in Cuba. Castro makes speech.

15:15:31 Tanks. American aircraft and submarines. Russian newspapers. Radar dish - Russian aircraft, submarines & ships. MIGs and missile raised (GOOD).

15:16:23 Newspaper, photograph Khrushchev & Red Square military parade

15:16:43 Cuban beach, soldier looking out to sea. Aircraft taking surveillance photographs. Gunnery position on Cuba. Anti-aircraft gun.

15:17:06 Mikoyan w/ JFK. Kennedy sitting looking pensive - still photo of Khruschev .

Note: Sound not usable.

News In Brief - Guantanamo naval Base in Cuba

Used for servicing of US ships on the Caribbean.

Castro claims of harassment to Cuban workers at Guantanamo.

Overhead shot from plane, near base. LS base with ship moored. Overhead shot car on pier. Cuban workers in ship, disembarking, going through gates showing papers to US guard. US guard counting workers with instrument.

Jeep past cactus curtain planted by Cubans behind wire fence. Marine surveilling with large binoculars, carrying gun in tattooed arm. Barbed wire with danger signs warning of mined area, bomb shelter, helicopter flies past.

New In Brief - Guantanamo Base in Cuba

Naval base used for servicing of US ships on the Caribbean.

Castro claims of harassment to Cuban workers at Guantanamo.

Overhead shot from plane, near base. LS base with ship moored. Overhead shot car on pier. Cuban workers in ship, disembarking, going through gates showing papers to US guard. US guard counting workers with instrument.

Jeep past cactus curtain planted by Cubans behind wire fence. Marine surveilling with large binoculars, carrying gun in tattooed arm. Barbed wire with danger signs warning of mined area, bomb shelter, helicopter flies past.

News review of 1962

Castro: Missiles Spotted

Main square in Havana. Castro giving speech. Overhead of plane. Man in plane operating radar (? ). Map showing missile locations. President Kennedy declaring ultimatum on Cuba, blockade. US plane flying over Soviet ship, top of ship with boxes. Man looks out plane window, pan over ship. Cold War, Cuba

10:29:20 Berlin Wall

Barbed wire with guard post behind, guard, flashing light at DMZ, wall. Guard on wall spies surroundings with binoculars, workers at wall with guard supervising. Four guards marching behind barbed wire, military trucks in street behind. East German guards carrying dead fleeing teenager. Military pushing crowd away. Van carrying dead boy s body pelted by people. Bell tolls. Alliance soldiers marching, Lucius Clay (?) tanks rolling. Cold War.

10:30:12 End of French - Algerian War

Arc de triomphe, de Gaulle. French soldiers and tanks in Algerian city,Vice Premier Ben Bella cheered in crowd. French decolonisation

10:30:44 India and China Joust

Himalayan mountains at Northern frontier in India, Chinese troops on mountain. Anti-Chinese demonstration in India, Chinese Out placards, people donating their jewellery. PM Nehru giving speech to crowd, saluting namaskar to camera. Cold War

10:31:17 Death of Eleanor Roosevelt

President FDR and Eleanor Roosevelt waving from White House balcony. Churchill mourning. Eleanor talking to children at family estate. Obituary

10:31:40 Pope s ecumenical Council

John 23rd in procession out of St Peter s Cathedral. Crowd of Catholic bishops, sitting inside St Peter s.

10:31:57 Space Conquest

Atlas 6 rocket John Glenn launching (first American to orbit earth), spectators watch. Glenn returns in space suit, CU Colonel Glenn, greeted by wife. Street sign Astronaut way , crowds celebrating, Glenn in car through crowd.

Banner for Scott, people looking at space capsule.

CU Commander Walder Schirra (made 6 orbits of earth). White House. Schirra with president Kennedy sit inside with family.

10:33:22 Telstar satellite. Superimposed on sky. Graph showing how Telstar works. TV picture off US flag.

Telecommunications.

Exhibition of space apparatus, capsules etc. Rocket launch, people watch.

Castro in Russia - Admits Regime Owes its Life to Soviets

Il 18 airliner with MIG fighter escorts from below. Soviet & Cuban flags. Castro disembarks plane, hugs Krushchev. MCU crowd cheering. Motorcade with motorcycle escort. track past crowd, Castro and Krushchev wave. High angle shot Red Square, military. Crowd hold giant portraits of Krushchev and Castro, wave branches. Castro speech. MCU Russian crowd waves small Cuban flags. Krushchev & Castro clap

COLD WAR

Starry Road R6

Moscow, motorcade thru city, Khrushchev & Tereshkova & Bykovsky in open top car, wave to crowds at roadside, pass tv camera man on platform; motorcade from various angles, high angle over bridge near Kremlin, Red Square filled w/ greeting crowds, LS VIP s on podium.

17:23:23 Speech by Valery Bykovsky (SOF), thanks Soviet government & communist party for giving him the great honor to fly in space. CU audience, applause, praises - Long live Communist party of USSR! Khrushchev next to the speaker applauds, praises Soviet government & leader Khrushchev. Applause, Khrushchev & Bykovsky hug & kiss, high angle square.

17:24:47 Speech by Valentina Tereshkova (SOF), thanks Lenin s Central Commitee of Communist Party & Soviet government for giving her the great opportunity to fly in space, applause. Thanks Khrushchev for his fatherly love & care towards Soviet cosmonauts, (Khrushchev looks very serious) thanks Moscow's citizens for warm welcome, applause, various shots of the crowds.

17:25:58 Khrushchev s speech (SOF) praises all Soviet Cosmonaut heroes, thanks their parents, CU Bykovsky s parent & Tereshkova s mother, applause, tells that he has no doubt that in near future there will be even more advanced space ships, LS podium, people cheer w/ flags, placards, VIP s incl. Gagarin,Tereshkova, Khruschev, Bykovsky, Brezhnev & others hold up joined hands, people cheer, smile, applaud, CU Soviet cosmonauts all smiling & holding hands up in the air, high angle Red square.

17:28:31 Celebration reception in Kremlin Palace, VIP s incl. Brezhnev, Bykovsky, Khrushchev, Tereskkova, Mikoyan & others walk up the stairs, applaud. Brezhnev presents Tereshkova & Bykovsky w/ honors,VIP s applaud, smiling Khrushchev & others. International Women s Forum greets Valentina Tereshkova at their meeting, various nationality women applaud, cheer in the audience, Valentina on the stage waves w/ neckerchief, smiles & applauds.

17:29:26 Motorcade w/ Valery Bykovsky in flower covered convertible car thru Moscow neighborhood where he was born, huge crowds on the streets cheer, applaud, present Valery w/ traditional Bread & Salt, Young Pioneers wave as Bykovsky puts on their present of a Pioneer hat, applause, Valery on the podium in front of huge crowd of people. Sign: Yaroslavl. Motorcade w/ Valentina Tereshkova in open top car, people crowds cheer, applaud, Valentina on podium in filled stadium. Tereshkova in various places around home town, greeted by huge crowds, ex work mates.

17:30:33 CU plaque of honor in factory saying: Here worked First Woman in space Valentina Tereshkova, Valentina shows that she still remembers how to work on textile machinery.

17:30:56 Tereshkova & Bykovsky in the motorcade thru Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, greeted By Castro in Cuba. Vlentina & Gagarin exit car outside United Nations building, reporters take pictures for a resolution of Space as a Atomic free zone, CU Gomyko, Tereshkova & Gagarin, shake hands w/ ? The End.

Space Race; USSR Communism; Communists; Cosmonauts Return; Heroes Welcome;

Crisis in Brazil

1961 Demonstration - anti Castro as Goulart returns to Brazil to assume presidency. G oulart down plane steps. Riots. Russian Trade show. Following army revolt riots ensue - looting of shops - troops on streets.

News in Brief - Castro in Moscow

Visit re purchase of Soviet goods

Castro hugged by Khrushchev. Talking and smiling across table. Castro takes cigar out of pocket. Officials look on and smile. Castro smokes and talks.

OAS Meets On Cuba - US Seeks Censure of Castro regime

Organisation of American States meeting at Pan-American Union .

Exteriors Pan-American Union building. South American ministers out of cars. Dean Rusk out of car.

Cuban-American exiles w/ flags march. Mounted policeman controls protesters. Signs Free Cuba . Dean Rusk. Conference table with ministers seated and audience around.

The Unending Struggle [Part 1 of 3]

[Documentary for US State Dept. re political, economic, military, and cultural interests of the US abroad, showing some of the ways in which the foreign service protects and advances these interests in Ecuador.]

High pan across rooftops of Ecuadorian city - street scenes w/ traders selling goods on sidewalk market - kids on carousel - VO re poverty of two thirds of world s population. Funeral procession through streets - coffin carried behind car - mourning women. Labourers at work - VO too often there is little to show for it .

Titles.

19:02:14 High shots across coastal city [Quito ?] & valley below Andes. CUs Indian, Spanish & mixed-race Ecuadoreans. Kids w/ bare feet. Statue of Columbus? on horseback. Shanty town on stilts above river. Horse & cart past wall w/ graffiti Viva Cuba .

19:03:45 US headquarters in Ecuador - smart modern complex in capital Quito. INT Presidential Palace - meeting of US Ambassador Maurice Burnbaum & members of ruling Junta re Alliance for Progress loans - vars CUs inc. President Ramon Castro Jijon.

19:06:30 Village school under construction - children explore unfinished building - VO re US contributions to tackling high illiteracy rate in Ecuador through new schools etc. - workers on site.

19:07:55 Vars people listen to portable radios in streets - radio broadcast from truck patrolling streets - INT broadcast under way in radio booth inside US Embassy - VO re 700 programmes produced by US Information Service in vars languages each year.

19:08:58 James F. McKeernan, Assistant US Information Officer, arrives at rural radio station to convince owner to broadcast USIS programming - VO Not every Ecuadorian station is favourably disposed to the American viewpoint... CUs McKeernan talks in Spanish w/ owner, explaining format of programmes - confirms that it is Anti-Communist in nature & refers to situation in Cuba.

Anti-Communism. US Foreign Policy. Poverty. Third World Aid. South America. 1960s.

Air Exodus Begins - 75 Cuban exiles arrive in USA

Crowd waiting arrival of first emigrants from Cuba, people off plane in mass group. Refugees talking on tarmac. Waving to people on airport roof. Talk to priests. Crying. Boarding buses. CU looking out bus windows. US Flag in CU.

12:08:36 Couple w/ young child walk beside small house. People waiting and interviewed in immigration office. Mostly women & children. Food passed out, sign in spanish on wall behind.

Anti-Communism; Anti-Castro; Cubans;

17th Chess Olympics in Havana

Castro enters with entourage. Castro sitting at long table of chess boards where Tigran Petrosian is playing simultaneous matches in display. Various shots as chess masters move arpound the room making chess moves on different boards. CU Castro smoking cigar - deep in concentration. Castro shakes hands with chess masters. Top shot hall with tables set out for tournament.

Florida [UN FAO Meeting]

University of Florida at Gainesville ext; int of meeting w/ many flags behind table at Food and Agriculture Organizations of the United Nations conference. CU Trinidad & Tobago, Argentina, Mexico & USA name plates. Anti-Castro pickets outside w/ placards against hunger due to FAO practices.

Cuban-Americans; Demonstration;

Congress of Achievement R1 of 2

View over Moscow & street level shots w/ Bolshoi Opera, banners, Officials walking in snow, Yeltsin? (17:23:16), ethnic groups posing for pictures. Steel workers at steel mill.

17:24:17 Man on horseback in mountains w/ herd of sheep. Sheep feeding at trough; Old men w/ medals in large yurt sipping tea or ?. Representative leaving for Moscow meeting in chauffered car, people wave.

17:25:47 Orange Soviet flag. Views of Moscow, VIPs walk to conference. Int. of Convention hall, delegates meet, greet, some named. Home movie cameras.

17:26:53 Fidel Castro. Belltower & 10 oclock. Delegates applauding in enormous auditorium. CU Brezhnev.

17:28:13 Brezhnev at microphone SOF w/ voice over translation. Applause.

17:30:16 People down escalators, meet in lobby, exchange addresses. Many medals & pins. Women walking in snow; teacher w/ student. Helping plaster new building.

USSR; Soviet Propaganda; Conference; 25th Anniversary;

Congress of Achievement R2 of 2

Long wide-angle shot from rear of conference hall. Delegates listening. Castro seen behind speaker. Various speakers, views of audience from above, from floor.

17:33:28 Composer w/ students at piano.

17:34:29 Delegates listening, TV camera, applauding standing VIPs. Kosygin & others speaking.

17:36:21 Interior of power station w/ men at controls & man iinspecting chemical plant (?). Ext. talking w/ foreman. Women workers. Chemicals or pharmaceuticals.

17:3806: Men talking at conference reception area. Meeting & speakers. Applause. Brehznev closing address. Flag. Credits. The End.

USSR; Soviet Propaganda; Conference; 25th Anniversary;

Echo of Granada Reel 2 of 3

Church service in Granada

08:02:44 Nighttime dancing in Granada

Bodies to Cuba, airport ceremony w/ Castro at mic.

08:06:58 Loading US equipment on navy ships. Troops embarking.

Russian News of the Day 1971 #41 November

I n name of World and Friendship . Paris, Eiffel Tower, high angle of city. Inside Versailes Palace, Brezhnev & French President George Pompidou enter big hall, sit at table & sign cooperation agreement between Soviet Union & France, shake hands, officials applaud, CU of smiling Brezhnev.

13:22:50 Brezhnev on official visit in East Berlin. High angle city view. Brezhnev greeted by Erich Honecker & walk thru huge crowds cheering w/ posters of Brezhnev & Honecker. Motorcade accompanied by police motorcycles, Brezhnev waves from car window.

13:23:13 Delegates enter long meeting hall incl. Brezhnev, Gromyko & Honecker, talk, smile, cameraman behind Brezhnev. Sitting around long table.

13:23:53 October, Canada city street. Kosygin on official visit, w/ Canadian prime minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau shake hands & both sign Soviet - Canadian cooperation agreement.

13:24:43 Cuba, crowds wave flags, Kosygin on official visit to Havana greeted by Castro, enter meeting hall. Kosygin & Castro in car past cheering workers crowd. Castro & Kosygin make speech (MOS) in front of big crowd of workers, all wear hard hats, all applaud.

13:25:39 Angela Davis speaks at microphone (MOS), protests on street w/ banner on her shoulder. Shot of Angela in court, in handcuffs escorted in to courtroom.

13:25:56 Moscow, Soviet Union House Meeting of Angela Davis supporters. People w/ posters, all applaud, cheer. Angela's sister on stage, clap hands & cheer. Various USSR youth representatives on podium. Speech by Fania Davis (MOS), public cheer, applaud.

13:27:01 Central House of Soviet military, 3rd All Nation War Veteran s meeting, people up stairs, talk in entrance hall, CUs of veterans in uniforms. Communist Party Secretary Ponomarjov on podium,public applaud. Army General Batov on podium, standing applause.

13:28:06 Daneck region, heavy machinery factory, welding, big sparks. People work in newly opened homeware department, man makes big spoons, women pack production in boxes, various machinery used, women pack sieves. Girl between big piles of kettles.

13:28:47 Uzbekistan, workers thru gates of citrus greenhouse on collective farm. High angle of hot houses. Man waters lemon plants, cuts open lemon, weighs fruit. Lots of letters on table, man writes. Checks plant roots w/ his 2 sons, walks thru large greenhouse.

13:29:55 Moscow, Kabardina-Bulgaria Republic s 50th anniversary concert. Dance group on stage performs fast traditional dance to applause.

Trade; Goodwill Mission; Agriculture Research; Political Supporters; Black Panthers; American Communist;

At The 26th Congress of the Communist Party Soviet Union - Special Issue

09:24:16 - 09:26:07 Fidel Castro speaks w/ Russian translation over, much applause.

09:26:07 - 09: Vietnamese speaker.

09:30:38 - 09:31:02 Printing newspapers, selling and people reading on street.

AFN Special Report on Soviet Danger Pt. 2 of 2

Dr. Paul Holman, DOD Soviet Specialist interviewed on weapons says US ahead except ground forces technology. Soviets have been outspending us. Visuals of USSR mililtary exercises.

17:34:05 Technology theft, legal & illegal. Espionage explained by AF officer, Major Hudson; says it saves money on research. Rockets fired

17:35:53 Map of Soviet weapons systems locations. Illustration of SS-20 missile system better than a lot of products in Europe at this time . Other rockets shown; military exercises in arctic. AF officer talks about how Soviets are building many new missile systems since US stopped deploying Minute Man missile.

17:37:34 Holman: they want crushing military superiority over the United States & all other possible enemies.

17:37:46 Air Force Now Presenter at desk & standing up dramatically: Today we see a nation who s leadership is taking extreme measures in an effort to achieve military & scientific superiority; we have seen that a history of brutal, bloody invasions, internal rebelliions & the cumulative effects of Communist rule have forged a national character that perceives the rest of the world w/ fear & distrust. The Soviet response to that perception has resulted in a reversal of their historic role. No longer are they the victims, they ve now become the aggressors.

17:38:20 Soviet tanks in Afghanistan. Map of Afghanistan. Afghanis watching Societ parade.

17:39:04 Presenter: Invasion & occupation; this is the Soviet version of global chess, making calculated moves in order to force defeat. But it isn t a game.

17:39:20 Middle East & views of Iran (?), crowded street scenes; man on camel past Sphinx. Map of Far East & China. Chinese troops marching single file across desert. Chinese laboratory & technicians. Major Hudson to camera. Soviet planes in flight; navy firing missiles & hitting plane. USSR using American built base at Cam Ranh Bay.

17:41:17 Map of Central America. Believe it or not it was Castro, & this just happened a few years ago, who convinced the Soviets that now was the time to support the Leftists & Revolutionary Movements in the entire region, particularly in Central America. ...lately we have seen the direct effort grow.

17:42:57 Presenter: Direct effort, direct involvement, deliberate oppresion in violation of International Law & basic Human Rights. Its a pattern that is all too clear; and a direct reflection of Soviet Doctrine in the International Arena. Today the Air Force &, indeed, the entire Free World is faced w/ a potential enemy whose continuing military expansion far exceeds the legitimate needs of self-defense...but we re also facing an adversary w/ its own internal problems. The Soviet fighting man is not ten feet tall, nor are we impotent...

Cold War Fear; Military Equipment; Hardware; Soviet Threat; Anti-Communism; Stereotyping; Myths;

Strategy of Acceleration

27th Congress of Communist Party.

Exibition Science Engineering Industry 1986.

Gorbachev.

01:07:35 Fidel Castro speaking.

01:08:35 Granada Invasion Oct83

01:08:58 Nicaragua contras & US advisors. (probably followed w/ more Grenada)

01:09:?? Nicaraguan speaker.

Starvation in Africa; Soviet rocket launches; Aerials of Moscow.